Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 12

Hos 12.1-14 tells us about the contention Yehovah has against Israel and Judah. As a result, judgment is coming if there is no repentance.

v 1…Ephraim feeds on the wind (getting nothing by going to Egypt for help and Baal worship, etc), and pursues the east wind continually (the poisonous and harmful influences from the east); he multiplies lies and violence. Moreover, he makes a covenant with Assyria (but the tribute was too high so King Hoshea broke that covenant), and oil is carried to Egypt (seeking their help-Hoshea is playing both sides).

v 2…The Lord (Yehovah) also has a dispute with Judah (they were going into idolatry too, but not as bad as Israel quite yet), and will punish Jacob according to his ways (Israel, the ten tribes); he will repay him according to his ways (as he deserves).

v 3…In the womb he took his brother by the heel (they were to imitate Jacob and strive for the birthright), and in his maturity he contended with God (to secure the blessing (Gen 32.24).

v 4…Yes, he (Jacob) wrestled with the angel and prevailed; he (Jacob) wept and sought his favor. He found him (Yehovah) at Bethel (Gen 28) and there he (Yehovah) spoke with us (what Yehovah said applied to them also);

v 5…even the Lord, the God of Hosts (Yehovah Tzavaot or Lord of the armies); the Lord (Yehovah) is his name.

v 6…Therefore return to your God, observe mercy and justice (as defined in the Torah-Mic 6.8; Zech 7.9; Matt 23.23); and wait (serve) for your God continually.

v 7…A merchant (trafficker), in whose hands are false balances, he loves to oppress.

8…And Ephraim said, “Surely I have become rich, I have found wealth for myself; in all my labors they will find in me no iniquity which would be sin (they were blind toward their own sin).”

v 9…But I have been the Lord your God since the land of Egypt; I will make you live in tents again, as in the days of the appointed festival (this alludes to Sukkot and this means they will need to depend on God, not their own strength and riches).

v 10…I have also spoken to the prophets, and I gave numerous visions, and through the prophets I gave parables (he stayed in touch with his people).

v 11…Is there iniquity in Gilead (yes)? Surely they are worthless (the idols). In Gilead they sacrifice bulls (alludes to their bull god there), yes, their altars are like the stone heaps beside the furrows of the field (thrown there by the plowman; their altars were worthless).

v 12…Now Jacob fled to the land of Aram, and Israel (Jacob) worked for a wife (Rachel), and for a wife he kept sheep (Jacob worked but he descendants have been blessed).

v 13…But by a prophet (Moses) the Lord brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet he (Jacob) was kept (by the intercession of Moses, at the Red Sea, in the wilderness, etc).

v 14…Ephraim (the northern tribes) has provoked to bitter anger (in spite of all these blessings God has given); so his Lord will leave his bloodguilt on him (just as they shed blood, worshiped calves or other gods, their reproach on God and his prophets will return on their own heads).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 11

Hos 11.1-12 tells us of how Yehovah loved Israel and of all the blessings they had. Then it discusses their ungratefulness and not listening to the prophets, but turning to idols. As a result, they are threatened with captivity in Assyria.

v 1…When Israel was a youth I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son (in the Exodus-from the time Israel was in Egypt Yehovah called him his son. Yehovah is always said to have “led” or “brought out” Israel from Egypt. Prophetically, this verse is applied to Yeshua as he returns from Egypt in Matt 2.15).

v 2…The more they (Israel’s prophets) called them, the more they went from them (went away from repentance and deliverance); they kept sacrificing to the Baals and burning incense to idols.

v 3…Yet it is I who taught Ephraim to walk (in the Torah, he took them in is arms (to carry and lead them); but they did not know that I healed them (Exo 15.26).

v 4…I led them with cords of a man, with bonds of love (to control them, not to injure them, humane), and I became to them as one who lifts the yoke from their jaws (as one is kind to his animal so it can eat); and I bent down and I fed them (a picture of bringing food to their mouths, like the manna, a type of the Torah and the word).

v 5…They will not return to the land of Egypt (to be captive); but Assyria-he will be their king (new land of captivity) because they refused to return (to me).

v 6…And the sword will whirl against their cities (they have rejected God’s gentle leading in love, they will now have a cruel enemy enslave them), and will demolish their gate bars (of their cities) and consume (them) because of their counsels (wisdom, false prophets).

v 7…So my people are bent on turning from me. Though they call them to the Most High, none at all exalts him.

v 8…How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I surrender you, O Israel (love surpassing all understanding)? How can I make you like Admah? How can I treat you like Zeboim (two cities totally destroyed with Sodom and Gomorrah; Yehovah speaks in human terms. This seeming “change” is in accordance with his secret purposes-Num 23.19)? My heart is turned over with me (upon me), all my compassions are kindled.

v 9…I will not execute my fierce anger (to destroy them as they deserve); I will not destroy Ephraim again (he will confine his judgment to that generation). For I am God and not man, the Holy (has a kedusha) One in your midst (he is absolutely righteous in what he does), and I will not come in wrath (to destroy them all).

v 10…They will walk after the Lord (after he extends mercy they will follow him and his Torah), he will roar like a lion (announcing his coming); indeed he will roar, and his sons will come trembling from the west (from the sea and distant lands).

v 11…They will come trembling like birds from Egypt (the south), and like doves from the land of Assyria (the east); and I will settle them in their houses, declares the Lord (birds are used here to show speed and how fast they will return to their dove cotes and shelters).

v 12…Ephraim surrounds me with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit (in their worship and the Baalim), but Judah yet rules with God (they had not yet fallen into the same sinful state), and is faithful with the holy ones (the priests, Levites, and true prophets).

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 10

Hos 10.1-15 carries on with the same theme as the previous chapters where the sins of Israel are brought out and God’s judgment is coming if they do not repent from their rebellion against Yehovah and his Torah.

v 1…Israel is a luxuriant vine (Isa 5.1; Psa 80.8-11; he produces fruit for himself (is prosperous). The more his fruit, the more altars (for idolatry) he made; the richer his land, the better he made the pillars (the “mazavot” or sacred pillars).

v 2…Their heart is faithless (divided because they worshiped Yehovah and Baal-1 Kings 18.21); now they must bear their guilt. The Lord will break down their altars (break off the horns, behead their altars) and destroy their (sacred) pillars (God will through the king of Assyria).

v 3…Surely now they will say, “We have no king, for we do not revere the Lord (they do not have a king because they did not fear Yehovah). As for the king, what he can do for us *he is useless, cannot help or defend them).

v 4…They speak mere words (with no integrity), with worthless oaths they make covenants (contracts and promises); and judgment sprouts like poisonous weeds (unjust decisions) in the furrows of the field (all parts of the kingdom).

v 5…The inhabitants of Samaria will fear for the calf at Beth-aven (same as Bethel-these calves were helpless and unable to deliver themselves or those who worshiped them). Indeed, its people will mourn for it (for the loss of it), and its idolatrous priests will cry over it, over its glory (veneration of it), since it has departed from it.

v 6…The thing itself will be carried away to Assyria as tribute to King Jareb (the Assyrian king meaning, “he will contend and increase”), Ephraim will be seized with shame (for worshiping a useless idol), and Israel will be ashamed of its own counsel (humiliated for giving in to these idolatrous practices and nonsense against Yehovah’s explicit commands).

v 7…Samaria will be cut off with her king (Hoshea was the last king), like a stick (debris) on the surface of the water (light and easily destroyed).

v 8…Also the high places (bamot ) of Even (Bethel), the sin of Israel, will be destroyed, thorn and thistle will grow on their altars (overgrown and in ruins), then they will say to the mountains (where their idolatry was done), “Cover us!” and to the hills, “Fall on us (virtually the same thing Yeshua said on his way to be crucified-Luke 23.30; see also Rev 6.16. There was no place to hide)!

v 9…From the days of Gibeah (the atrocity in Judges 19.22-30) you sinned, O Israel; there they stand (with the same immoral behavior); the war against the sons of iniquity did not overtake them at Gibeah (since Gibeah they persisted in the same sin without being destroyed by any war, but that is going to change).

v 10…When it is my desire (made up his mind), I will chastise them; and the peoples (Assyrians) will be gathered against them (to take them) when they are bound to their two furrows (double guilt which was apostasy from Yehovah and the royal house of David).

v 11…And Ephraim is a trained heifer (in the Torah) that lives to thresh (allowed to eat, but they became fat and strong by Yehovah’s blessings), but I will come over her fair neck (with a yoke; Yehovah rushed in on them, drove them, harnessed them to plow in hard field work, meaning bondage and exile); I will harness Ephraim, Judah (also) will plow (being equally guilty, Jacob (Ephraim) will harrow (break up clods in the field) for himself (punishment against Ephraim and Judah).

v 12…Sow with a view of righteousness (sowing and reaping allude to spiritual conduct), reap in accordance to mercy (chesed); break up your fallow ground (repent, turn new soil), for it is time to seek the Lord until he comes (Messiah) to rain (literally “teach” because rain is a type for teaching-Deut 18.15-19, 32.2; Joel 2.23) righteousness (as defined by the Torah) on you (Hos 6.3; James 5.7-8).

v 13…You have plowed (contrived) wickedness, you have reaped injustice (the natural result), you have eaten the fruit of lies (idols). Because you have trusted in your own way (believed the Canaanite lie about the excellence of Baal, etc), in your numerous warriors (their military strength, armies, generals, skill, foreign alliances).

v 14…Therefore, a tumult will arise among your people (Assyrian army), and all your fortresses will be destroyed (which they put their faith in, not Yehovah) as Shalman (Shalmaneser of Assyria) destroyed Beth-arbel (in northern Galileem between Sephoris and Tiberius) in the day of battle, when mothers were dashed in pieces with their children (nor mercy on them; Josephus fortified the caves and villages of the Arbel as a storehouse in 66 AD against Rome).

v 15…Thus it will be done to you at Bethel because of your great wickedness (utterly destroy it). At dawn (“as sure as dawn”) the king of Israel (Hoshea) will be completely cut off (the monarchy is totally destroyed-Hos 3.4).

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 9

Hos 9.1-17 is a discourse to the ten tribes telling them not to rejoice in their present prosperity because punishment for their sins is coming. The temporal blessings they wanted from their idols were not going to happen.

1…Do not rejoice, O Israel, with exultation like the nations (as other people)! For you have played the harlot (in idolatry), forsaking your God. You have loved rewards on every threshing floor (what he expected from the idol for his worship-an abundant harvest).

v 2…Threshing floor and wine press will not feed them, and new wine will fail them (they will be disappointed when the harvest comes in).

v 3…They will not remain in the land (it happened with the Canaanites and now it is going to happen to them), but Ephraim will return to Egypt (prophetically Europe), and in Assyria (prophetically Russia) they will eat unclean (some of the ten tribes will flee there when Assyria came, giving meaning to a prophecy in Deut 28.68. They will live in a lifestyle of Torah impurity on a level with the heathen-Ezek 4.13).

v 4…They will not pour out libations of wine to the Lord (Yehovah), their sacrifices will not please him (if they wanted to please him because there will not be a Temple); like bread of mourning are they to him (because food eaten at such a time was seen as unclean since all objects in a house of mourning was defiled); all who eat it will be defiled, for their bread will be for themselves, it will not enter the house of the Lord (because there will not be a Temple to come into during the exile).

v 5…What will you do in the day of the appointed festival and on the day of the feast of the Lord (they could do nothing because there was no Temple and they will be out of the land. You can’t keep the festivals outside of the land. They could not keep the festivals outside of the place God chose to put his name, which was the Temple-Deut 12.11; 2 Chr 6.6, 7.16; Hos 2.11)?

v 6…For behold (see, take note), they will go because of destruction (that was coming upon them); Egypt will gather them up (they will die there), Memphis (the principal city in Egypt) will bury them. Weeds will take over their treasures of silver; thorns will be in their tents (houses are deserted).

v 7…The days of punishment have come (upon Israel), the days of retribution have come (repeated for the certainty of it); let Israel know this! The prophet is a fool, the inspired man is demented (this was said about the true prophets because they were right, but the people did not want to listen), and your hostility is so great.

v 8…Ephraim was a watchman with my God, a prophet; (but now) the snare of a bird watcher is in all his ways (once there were true prophets there, but now there are false prophets ensnaring the people with false teachings and doctrines), and there is hostility in the house of his God (towards Yehovah and the true prophets).

v 9…They have gone deep in depravity as in the days of Gibeah (when the morality of Israel was low, as seen in Judges 19.1-30); he will remember their iniquity, he will punish their sins (being unrepentant like the men of Gibeah and Benjamin, when that tribe was nearly wiped out).

v 10…I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness (when Yehovah brought them out of Egypt, I saw your forefathers as the earliest fruit on the fig tree in its first season (this expresses Yehovah’s high regard for them). But they came to Baal-peor and devoted themselves to shame (Num 25-the Hebrew “boshet” means shame and is associated with Baal, and it can be seen in several names like Jerubaal is Jeroboshet in Jer 8.35; Eshbaal is called Ishboshet in 1 Chr 8.23; Meribaal is Meriboshet in 1 Chr 8.34), and they became as detestable as the that which they loved ( Yehovah singles out this idolatrous incident at Baal-peor because Baal worship was at the center of his contention with Israel).

v 11…As for Ephraim, their glory will fly away like a bird (suddenly and swiftly, never coming back, etc)-no birth, no pregnancy, and no conception (Yehovah withholding the fruit of the womb-notice the process is backward).

v 12…Though they bring up their children, yet I will bereave them until not a man is left (by the sword, famine, disease, or going into captivity). Yes, woe to them indeed when I depart (his protection and favor) from them!

v 13…Ephraim, as I have seen, is planted in a pleasant meadow like Tyre (prosperous and had plenty, was strong and planted with a purpose); but Ephraim will bring out his children for slaughter (to fight a losing battle with Assyria).

v 14…Give them, O Lord-what will you give (for their willful disintegration to idols, etc)? Give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts (sterility which was seen as a curse and a disgrace; it was also a way of sparing them from watching their children get slaughtered).

v 15…All of their evil is at Gilgal (once a good place where Israel was circumcised, the Mishkan was there, the first Passover in the land celebrated there, and the kingdom was renewed there when Saul was made king-1 Sam 11.14. But now much evil is done there); I came to hate them there (because they defiled the place where Yehovah was worshiped)! Because of the wickedness of their deeds I will drive them out of my house (the congregation was like an adulteress wife)! I will love them no more (not his special love he will always have had, but his general providential favor); all their princes (rulers, leaders) are rebels.

v 16…Ephraim is stricken, their root is dried up (like a plant with too much sun), they will bear no fruit (that generation was cut off). Even though they bear children, I will slay the precious ones of their womb (by war, famine, disease, and captivity).

v 17…My God will cast them away because they have not listened to him; and they will be wanderers among the nations (dispersed by Assyria and Babylon, where they are today. This is where the term “m’loh ha goyim” or fullness of the Gentiles comes from in Gen 48.19 and Rom 9.25-29, 11.25-26; Ezek 37.21; Isa 49.21-23).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 8

Hos 8.1-4 tells us that an enemy is coming swiftly to punish Israel for their sins against Yehovah and his Torah. These words will also apply to any belief system that replaces the Torah, teaches that it does not apply anymore, or has been done away with. This is called Replacement Theology.

v 1…Put the trumpet to your lips (meaning to cry aloud, give notice)! Like an eagle against the house of the Lord (Assyria was coming against Israel and Judah-Deut 28.49), because they have transgressed my covenant, and rebelled against my law (Torah).

v 2…They cry out to me, “My God, we of Israel know thee (the same plea can be seen in Matt 7.21-23, but they do not know the Lord in reality-its too late)!”

v 3…Israel has rejected the good (the Torah-Rom 7.12), the enemy will pursue him (Shalmaneser king of Assyria invaded Samaria).

v 4…They have set up kings but not by me (Jeroboam the first king, and the others, were disagreeable to him or approved); they have appointed princes (subordinate judges, rulers, governors) but I did not know; with their silver and gold they have made idols for themselves (like the calves at Dan and Bethel-1 Kings 12.28).

v 5…Your calf, O Samaria, has cast you off (has caused us to be cast out of the land), saying, “My anger burns against them (for worshiping these idols)!” How long will they be incapable of innocence (by faith; in their doctrine and worship)?

v 6…For from Israel is even this (the calf was their invention)! A craftsman made it, so it is not God (the creature cannot make God); surely calf of Samaria will be broken into pieces (to show it can’t even defend itself, it is useless).

v 7…For they sow the wind (by their sins of idolatry and false worship), and they reap the whirlwind (a harvest of destruction like a storm is coming with Assyria). The standing grain has no heads (stalks are stunted and did not rise above the ground); it yields no grain (harvests are non-existent). Should it yield, strangers (Assyria) would swallow it up.

v 8…Israel is swallowed up (not just their harvests, but the people also), they are now among the nations (in exile as captives) like a vessel in which no one delights (neglected because no one saw any value).

v 9…For they have gone up to Assyria (eschatologically Russia/Gog and Magog), a wild donkey all alone (obstinate, unruly, and exposed to wild animals Ecc 13.19); Ephraim has hired lovers (Egypt and Assyria in an alliance).

v 10…Even though they hire (allies) among the nations (Yehovah was to be their only “ally”), now I will gather them up (their “lovers” can’t help because Yehovah was against them); and they will begin to suffer for a while because of the burden of the king of princes (they had to pay tribute and taxes to the king of Assyria and his princes-Isa 10.8).

v 11…Since Ephraim has multiplied altars for sin (for their idolatrous sin offerings), they have become altars of sinning for him (instead of cleansing them of sin, it caused them to be guilty before Yehovah).

v 12…Though I wrote for him great things of my law (the Torah-Deut 4.6-8 says it was their source of wisdom and understanding in the sight of the nations; it is the Torah that separates the Jewish people from all the other nations because of its statutes, judgments and righteousness-Rom 7.12), they are regarded as a strange thing (because they ignored the Torah; it was as if it did not apply to them; just like people think today in Replacement Theology systems of all kinds. There are only two religions in the world, God’s in the Torah, and all the others).

v 13…As for the sacrifices of my gifts, they sacrifice flesh and they eat, but the Lord has taken no delight in them (the people had an outward form of religion, but they did not have the right attitude). Now he (Yehovah) will remember their iniquity (no pardon), and punish them for their sins; they will return to Egypt (some fled there to escape Assyria and went into bondage-Hos 9.3-6; Deut 28.68).

v 14…For Israel has forgotten his Maker and built palaces (temples for their idols); and Judah has multiplied fortified cities (to protect them from an enemy), but (it won’t save them because)I will send a fire (an enemy) on its cities that it may consume its palatial dwellings (the Temple of Yehovah, of their kings and nobles, especially in Jerusalem, done eventually by Nebuchadnezzar many years later).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Temple, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 7

Hos. 7.1-6 gives us a picture of the many sins of Israel alone, and the punishments for them. God wanted to bless them but he has too many complaints against them.

v 1…When I would heal Israel (attempt to heal their corruption), the iniquity of Ephraim is uncovered (became known), and the evil deeds of Samaria (the capital city); for they deal falsely (no one could trust anyone else). The thief enters in (the houses), bandits (robbers) raid outside (no traveler was safe).

v 2…And they do not consider in their hearts that I remember all their wickedness (known and recorded in the Sefer Zikaron or “Book of Remembrance”). Now their deeds are all around them (hedging them in like a wall); they are before my face (he can’t ignore them).

v 3…With their wickedness they made the king glad (criminals made the king happy, showing corruption reached to the top), and the princes with their lies.

v 4…They are all adulterous like an oven heated by the baker, who ceases to stir up the fire from the kneading of the dough until it is leavened (the adulterous/idolatrous desires of the people was so “hot” it was like a baker’s oven that didn’t need any more fuel on it until the fermenting process of the bread was finished).

v 5…On the day of our king (his birthday or the day of his coronation) the princes become sick with the heat of wine (drunk), he (the king) stretched out his hand with scoffers (became familiar with them).

v 6…For their hearts (desires) are like an oven (he continues the metaphor from v 4- they were ready for any evil to be performed) as they approach their plotting (lie in wait for an opportunity for adultery, rebellion against the king, murder, etc); their baker smolders all night (he puts wood in his oven and goes to sleep), in the morning it burns like a flaming fire (his oven has heated enough for him to start baking. In like manner, the evil in a man’s heart is hot like an oven, it rests devising how to accomplish their evil, and in the morning they are ready to carry it out).

v 7…All of them are hot like an oven (burn with eagerness to cause trouble) and they consume their rulers (their sin came back on their own heads. The furnace of Nebuchadnezzar devoured not only what was put into it, but also those who started the fire-Dan 3.22).

v 8…Ephraim mixes himself with the nations (learned their ways and customs, which Yehovah told them not to do-Jer 10.2; Lev 18.23, 20.23-26; Deut 4.15-19, 7.26, 12.29-32, 18.9; Isa 2.6, 30.22, 40.18; Psa 106.35; Col 2.8; Gen 35.1-2; Josh 23.6-7; Judges 9.27). Ephraim has become a cake not turned (burned and useless on one side, making the whole cake inedible. One side looked good, but underneath it was useless).

v 9…Strangers devour his strength (Assyria demanded tribute and it drained their treasury, and people were also taken-2 Kings 15.19, 29), yet he does not know (was aware of his condition) gray hairs (a sign of approaching death or national destruction) are sprinkled on him, yet he does not know (being void of wisdom he is oblivious to all the signs).

v 10…Though the pride of Israel testifies against them (they would not repent), yet they have neither returned to the Lord (Yehovah) their God (Elohim) nor have they sought him, for all this (hardened).

v 11…So Ephraim has become like a silly dove without heart (too foolish to notice the snare of the fowler); they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria (not knowing they were jumping out of the pan into the fire-this also alludes to the instruction later on during the birth-pains for the Jews not to flee to Europe or Russia).

v 12…When they go (for help and aid), I will spread my net over them (like a fowler-he will use foreigners to carry out his will as his instruments); I will bring them down like the birds of the sky (pulling them into the net of exile). I will chastise them in accordance with the proclamation to their assembly (according to all he has said through the prophets to the congregation about their destruction).

v 13…Woe to them, for they have strayed from me (forsaking Yehovah and his Torah)! Destruction is theirs, for they have rebelled against me! I would redeem them, but they speak lies against me (against the Torah, they believed they were “free from the law” and Yehovah’s revelation of himself there).

v 14…And they do not cry to me from their heart when they wail on their beds (with their idolatrous prayers; they were howling dogs because it does not come from the heart); for the sake of grain and new wine they assemble themselves (at their pagan altars calling upon God and other gods for help to fill their stomachs), they turn away from me.

v 15…Although I trained and strengthened their arms (by instruction in the Torah; how to be strong spiritually, which brings a blessing), yet they devise evil against me (by being ungrateful and by rejecting the truth and turning to idols in rebellion).

v 16…They turn (for help to Egypt and Assyria) but not upward (to the Most High in his Temple in Jerusalem), they are like a deceitful bow (it looked good but broke when it was bent, or it was warped, so it missed the mark, which is what the word “chata” or sin means. It is an archery term); their princes will fall by the sword because of the rage of their tongue (their blasphemy against God; blasphemy is calling something holy, or has a kedusha, when it doesn’t; or saying something does not have a kedusha when it does). This will be their derision (their fall will cause those who they sought help from to laugh and mock them) in the land of Egypt.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 6

Hos 6.1-11 tells us that some were moved to confession and repentance and returned to Yehovah. These verses are very eschatological also.

v 1…”Come, let us (Israel and Judah) return (to the image of God-Rom 8.29; 1 Cor 11.7; 2 Cor 3.18; the “arlah” or foreskin has been removed over their hearts and they can now be fruitful) to the Lord. For he has torn us (alluding to the lion imagery in 5.14), but he will heal us (the same hand that tore can also heal-Isa 30.12-17, 26); he has wounded, but he will bandage us.

v 2…He will revive us after two days (alluding eschatologically to 2000 years, also called the “last day”); he will raise us up in the third day (Yeshua said, “Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up” and alluded to this verse. Prophetically, Yeshua came after 4000 years from creation. He left for 2000 years, or two days, or “the last days” and will redeem Israel on the third day from his coming, or in the Day of the Lord. We have a picture of this in John 1.19-21. Yeshua appears in v 19, 29, 35, and 43, or four days. Then he is not seen till the “third day” after the previous four days of John 2.1, and we have a wedding which is a picture of the Messianic Kingdom, the seventh day. Another picture can be seen in John 11.1-29 and the resurrection of Lazarus, and resurrection is a theme of the Messianic Kingdom. Yeshua hears that Lazarus is sick, and waits two days in v 6. Lazarus dies and Yeshua comes after he has been dead for four days in v 39) that we may kive before him (Israel will be raised after 6000 years, or six days, on the seventh day of the Messianic Kingdom, the Lord’s Day, the Day of the Lord, the Sabbath of God, to believe in Yeshua as the Messiah).

v 3…So let us know (da’at), let us press on to know the Lord (Hos 4.6; Jer 9.23). His going forth (to redeem and save) is as certain (fixed) as the dawn (the sun is also picture for the Messiah_Psa 19.4-5; Mal 4.2; Luke 1.78-79); and he will come to us like the rain, the latter and former rain to all the earth (theses rains came in the spring and fall. Yeshua came and died and was buried and resurrected in the spring, fulfilling the spring festivals. His second coming will be in the fall, with the Natzal happening on Rosh Ha Shannah, his actual coming to Jerusalem on Yom Kippur, and the kingdom on earth begins on Sukkot. This will fulfill the fall festivals. Joel 2.23 says, “For he has given you the early rain for your vindication, and he has poured down for you the rain, the early and latter rain in the first month.” Unless there are two calendars, this verse would not be understood. The first month of the religious calendar is Nisan, when the spring festivals are, and the first month of the civil calendar is Tishri, when the fall festivals are. Yeshua came in the first month in the spring, and will come in the first month of the fall in his second coming. James 5.7-8 says, “Be patient, therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. Behold (see), the farmer waits for the precious produce of the soil, being patient about it, until it gets the early and late rains. You too be patient, strengthen our hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand”).”

v 4…What shall I do with you, O Ephraim (what could be done that has not already been done)? For your loyalty (mercy) is like a morning cloud (it doesn’t last long), and like the dew which goes away early.

v 5…Therefore, I have hewn (the people) in pieces by the prophets (to carve them into shape); I have slain them by the words of my mouth (because they rejected the words of the prophets); and the judgments on you are the light that goes forth (his judgments were for obvious reasons).

v 6…For I delight (desire) in loyalty (mercy) rather than sacrifice (when done with the wrong attitude and hypocrisy-see comments in Isaiah 1.11-15); and in the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings (Yehovah is not against the korbanot or Temple sacrifices because he commanded that they be done. The real issue is the mundane performance of any commandment, void of their deeper meanings and concerns of obedience, love, mercy, and justice towards others is just doing them in vain. They rejected the weightier measures of the Torah and did not have a whole heart or a right attitude-Matt 9.13, 12.7; 23.23-their hearts were wrong).

v 7…But like Adam they have transgressed the covenant; there (in Israel) they have dealt treacherously against me (played falsely).

v 8…Gilead (a city of refuge but wasn’t-Josh 20.8) is a city of wrongdoers tracked with bloody feet.

v 9…And as raiders wait for a man, so a band of priests murder on the way to Shechem (another city of refuge-Josh 20.7); surely they have committed crime (wickedness, lewdness).

v 10…In the house of Israel I have seen a horrible thing; Ephraim’s harlotry is there, Israel has defiled itself (by abominations and crimes of every kind).

v 11…Also, O Judah, there is a harvest appointed for you (exile), when (but) I restore (return) the fortunes (captivity in Babylon) of my people (the covenant nation, will return and settle in Judah, not Israel).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 5

Hos 5.1-15 tells us about the charges against Israel and Judah and how Yehovah’s judgment is going to fall on both of them.

v 1…Hear this , O priests (the spiritual leaders)! Give heed (listen), O house of Israel (the ten tribes)! Listen, O house of the king (civil leader in Israel)! For the judgment applies to you (the priests and kings were to enforce the Torah, now they are summoned before the true judge). For you have been a snare at Mizpah, and a net spread out on Tabor (in the north-they placed idols there).

v 2…And the revolters have gone deep into depravity (deeply corrupted themselves), but I will chastise all of them (he will openly reprove them for departing from the Torah).

v 3…I know Ephraim, and Israel (a parallelism) is not hidden from me (he knew their works); for now, O Ephraim, you have played the harlot, Israel has defiled itself (by idolatry and spiritual adultery).

v 4…Their deeds will not allow them to return to their God (their evil has closed them in and it took away their desire to do so). For a spirit (heart, desire) of harlotry is within them, and they do not know the Lord (Matt 7.15-23; 1 John 2.3-4).

v 5…Moreover, the pride of Israel (that in which she is proud; the glory) testifies (bear witness) against him (to his face), and Israel and Ephraim stumble in their iniquity (will fall and perish-Hos 4.5); Judah also has stumbled with them (because it has participated in the same sins and this predicts their fall).

v 6…They will go with their flocks and herds to seek the Lord, but they will not find him (in their sacrifices they will find no help-Hos 6.6; Isa 1.11; Jer 7.21; Psa 50.7-8; he has withdrawn from them).

v 7…They have dealt treacherously (a term for spiritual adultery-Mal 2.10-17) against the Lord, for they have borne strange sons (being idolaters, they did not teach their children the truth and they fell away, strangers to God). Now the new moon will devour them with their land (a month is coming when an enemy would come and take them away and they will fall quickly, shortly; their hypocritical offerings won’t save them).

v 8…Blow the horn (shofar) in Gibeah (north border of Benjamin); the trumpet (tzitzirah) in Ramah (north border of Benjamin); sound an alarm (cry aloud) at Beth-aven (another name for Bethel), “Behind you Benjamin (the enemy is coming after Judah after they are done with Israel).

v 9…Ephraim will become a desolation in the day of rebuke (when Yehovah brings judgment); among the tribes of Israel I declare what is sure (and there is no doubt it is going to come).

v 10…The princes of Judah have become like those who move a boundary (another name for the Torah; they chnaged the laws; but literally this was forbidden in the Torah in Deut 27.17 and it means “a deceiver”); on them I will pour out my wrath like water (in great abundance and can’t be stopped and will totally destroy everything).

v 11…Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment (about to fall), because he was determined to follow the command (Hebrew “tzav” and means a command of men; statutes concerning idolatry which brought about their destruction).

v 12…Therefore, I am like a moth to Ephraim (which has destructive powers)), and like decay to the house of Judah (wood corroding and eating away the flesh).

v 13…When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his wound, then Ephraim went to Assyria (looking for help from a foreign nation instead of Yehovah), and sent to King Jaareb (meaning “hostile” and a term for the king of Assyria-Hos 1.6); but he is unable to heal you, or to cure you from your wound (no help because their sickness and wounds were the result of their idolatry and Yehovah was punishing this).

v 14…For I will be like a lion to Ephraim (who has been provoked, and he sent Assyria in judgment), and like a young lion strong, ferocious and the symbol for Babylon) to the house of Judah. I, even I, will tear to pieces and go away (leaving Israel and Judah torn), I will carry away, and there will be none to deliver (as a lion carries away its prey to its den, there will be none to rescue them).

v 15…I will go away (withdraw his presence; Midrash says this is alluding to the Messiah-Matt 23.37-39; John 14.1-3) and return to my place (as a lion does- the Hebrew for place is “makom” and is an idiom for heaven) until (this word shows there is hope-Jer 31.13-22) they acknowledge their guilt (he will wait for their repentance) and seek my face (turn to Yehovah-Matt 23.39); in their affliction (trouble) they will seek me early (Isa 26.26-19, 30.7,26, 63.9; Zeph 1.17-18, 2.2-3 Jer 30.7, 50.4; Deut 4.30; Mic 5.3-these passages also allude to Israel returning to Yehovah and Yeshua during the birth-pains).

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 4

Hosea 4.1-19 is a prophecy where Israel is “subpoenaed” to appear before Yehovah to hear charges that are going to be brought against them for their idolatry, thefts, murders, lies, and adulteries.

v 1…”Listen to the word of the Lord, O sons of Israel, for the Lord has a case against the inhabitants of the land (these are Yom ha Din terms, or “day of judgment”, in a court or lawsuit against Israel), because there is no truth (emet) or kindness (chessed/mercy), or knowledge (da’at meaning knowledge of God in Torah) in the land.

v 2…There is swearing (false oaths), deception, murder, stealing, and adultery. They breakout (from the restraints of the Torah) so that bloodshed follows bloodshed (like a stream there was so much).

v 3…Therefore the Lord mourns (because nothing is growing on the land because of the devastations, drought or enemies he has brought) and everyone who lives in it languishes (is weak from hunger, disease, or wounds) along with the beasts of the field and the birds of the sky; and also the fish of the sea disappear (all of these creatures are for the benefit of man, and when they are removed it is a punishment).

v 4…Yet let no one find fault, and let none offer reproof (Yehovah is dealing with this, so Hosea, or anyone, is restrained from reproving the people); for your people are like those who contend with the priest (they were the teachers and the people rejected instruction from the Torah, and if they rejected the priests they will reject the prophets; they won’t listen).

v 5…So you will stumble by day, and the prophet (false) also will stumble with you by night (fall into the same calamities), and I will destroy your mother (the whole nation).

v 6…My people (as a whole) are destroyed for the lack of the knowledge (Hebrew “ha da’at” meaning the Torah), because you have rejected the knowledge (of the Torah-Isa 5.24), I also will reject you from being my priest (Exo 19.6), since you have forgotten the law (Torah) of your God, I also will forget your children (stripped of the status of being a priestly nation for a time).

v 7…The more they multiplied (in population and wealth), the more they sinned against me; I will change their glory into shame (from great to reproach).

v 8…They feed on the sin (offering) of my people (they took their korbanot and pay without rebuking them), and direct their desire toward iniquity (the priests were drawn to the sins of the people instead of stopping it).

v 9…And it will be, like people, like priest; so I will punish them (the priests and the people) for their ways, and repay them for their deeds.

v 10…And they will eat, but not have enough (their greed was insatiable); they will play the harlot (in idolatry), but not increase because they have stopped giving heed to the Lord (their idols can’t help them).

v 11…Harlotry, wine, and new wine take away the heart (understanding).

v 12…My people consult (ask counsel from) their wooden idol, and their wand (rod for divination) informs them (depending on how it is interpreted); for a spirit of harlotry has led them astray (instead of consulting the Urim v’ Thummim or consulting the prophets, they turned to idols and occult practices), and they have played the harlot from under their God (Hebrew “tachat” meaning subjection; this term is used when Israel was “at the foot” of Mount Sinai-Exo 19.17).

v 13…They offer sacrifices on the tops of the mountains (Yehovah said only in Jerusalem/Temple) and burn incense on the hills (only to be done in Jerusalem/Temple), under the oak, poplar, and terebinth, because their shade is pleasant (for their feasts). Therefore your daughters play the harlot, and your brides commit adultery (following the example of their fathers and husbands in Baal and Asherah worship).

v 14…I will not punish your daughters when they play the harlot or your brides when they commit adultery (only), for themselves (the fathers and husbands) go apart with harlots and offer sacrifices with temple prostitutes (set a bad example); so the people without understanding are ruined (being dull of hearing, they will be thrust down).

v 15…Though you, Israel, play the harlot, do not let Judah become guilty (don’t let Judah follow your example); also do not go to Gilgal or go up to Beth-aven (another name for Bethel instead of “house of God”; it became known as Beth-aven or “house of evil”) and take an oath: “As the Lord (Yehovah) lives (don’t invoke Yehovah in your idolatrous practices; they were mixing true worship with false)!”

v 16… Since Israel is stubborn like a stubborn heifer (unbroken will), can the Lord now pasture them like a lamb in a large place (no, because they were untamed)?

v 17…Ephraim is joined (linked) to idols; let him alone (abandon him for a time because he won’t listen).

v 18…Their drink is sour (in their stomach, lost its flavor and color, degenerated too far-Isa 28.1), they play the harlot continually; their shields (rulers) dearly love shame (because they got rich perverting justice through bribes).

v 19…The wind (of Yehovah’s wrath, the enemy like a whirlwind) wraps them in its wings (“kanaf” or corners) and they will be ashamed because of their sacrifices (they expected help from their idols to whom they offered sacrifices, but this will be the cause of their destruction).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundation-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 3

Hosea 3.1-5 contains the command to Hosea to go again and love the woman who was unfaithful to him and gives us a picture of how Yehovah will restore Israel.

v 1…Then the Lord (Yehovah) said to me, “Go again, love a woman (Gomer) who is loved by her friend (husband), yet an adulterous woman, even as the Lord loves the sons of Israel, though they turn to other gods and love raisin cakes (these were offered to idols-Jer 7.18, 44.19).”

v 2…So I bought her (acquired her by agreement) for myself for fifteen shekels of silver (silver is the metal of redemption and this was half the price for a slave-Exo 21.32) and a homer and a half of barley (a lowly, coarse grain and alludes to the low estate, poor, captive status of Israel).

v 3…Then I said to her, “You shall stay (sit) with me many days (reform her in a faithful relationship and cut off her adultery, alluding to Israel’s relationship with idols). You shall not play the harlot, nor shall you have a man (prostitute yourself, or marry another); so I will also be toward you (he will not take another wife).”

v 4…For the sons of Israel will remain many days (Assyrian Captivity, Babylonian Captivity, Roman exile for 2000 years) without a king (no civil government with a monarchy-Hos 10.15), or prince, without sacrifice (religious government through the Temple, korbanot, priesthood, etc) or sacred pillar (a monument to Baal or pagan gods, called a “mazavah”), and without ephod (the priesthood with the Urim V’ Thummim through which Yehovah revealed himself), or household idols (“teraphim” were deities that revealed the future; Hosea mentions objects connected to both the true worship of Yehovah and idolatry because they mixed the two together. Yehovah was going to take the true worship of Yehovah and the false worship of idols away for a time).

v 5…Afterward (after the dispersion, the birth-pains, etc) the sons of Israel will return (repent) and seek the Lord (Hos 5.15) their God and David their king (a term for the Messiah-Jer 23.5; Ezek 34.23) and they will come trembling to the Lord and to his goodness in the last days (“acharit yamim” and this is an eschatological term for when the Messiah comes).

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 2

Hosea 2.1-23 explains Hos 1 by being more expressive and giving more detail, confirming the redemption of Israel in the future. This section must be dealt with in light of Jewish law as seen in Deut 24.1-4. We will have two basic stages of marriage, betrothal and kedushin. A betrothal has a document called the Shitre Erusin with stipulations, and means you are married, consecrated and set apart and belonging to someone. The only way you can get out of it is with a divorce which must be delivered into her hand. The kedushin is the full marriage with a document called a ketubah. In Deut 24.1 he “takes” her and then “marries” her (Hebrew “baal” or masters her). Has Yehovah ever entered into a full marriage with Israel? No. Could you marry someone else while betrothed? Yes, with a bill of divorce. If that person put you out, could you go back to the first husband? Yes. However, if you have reached a full marriage and got a divorce from the first person, and got married again, and the second person divorced you, can they go back to the first person? No. So, can Yehovah divorce Israel (the north-Jer 3.8) and marry her (the new testament), even if she married and divorced in the meantime? Yes, because they were never in a full marriage yet. If it was a full marriage and they divorced, but neither remarried, can they remarry? Yes. God has never entered into a full marriage with Israel so he can remarry her, and that is what the new (renewed) testament is. It is the same covenant and a “renewal of vows.”

v 1…”Say to your brothers, “Ammi” (my people) and to your sisters, “Ruhamah” (pitied showing God’s love for his people).

v 2…Contend (strive, plead) with your mother (Israel), contend; for she is not my wife (ancient formula for one divorced-Jer 31.32-if God did not divorce them there would have been no need for a “renewed or “new” covenant), and I am not your husband (because of their spiritual adultery); and let her put away her harlotry from her face, and her adultery from between her breasts (in his mercy he says if they do this they can be restored),

v 3…lest I strip her naked (of the goods of this world, outward riches, etc. This was done in the case of adultery in Num 5.11-31 called the “Sotah.” This potion is read between Sukkot and Chanukah before 70 Ad and we see that the woman taken in adultery happened at Sukkot in John 8) and expose her as on the day when she was born (helpless, uncared for as they were in Egypt-Ezek 16.4) and make her like a wilderness, make her like a desert (parallelism meaning desolate), and slay her with thirst (drought is a judgment of God physically and spiritually).

v 4…Also, I will have no compassion on her children everyone is included in judgment), because they are children of harlotry (shamelessly going after idols).

v 5…For their mother has played the harlot (the whole nation, as evidenced by the words of the prophets-Isa 1.5). For she said, “I will go after my lovers (other nations they were commercially allied with) who gave me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink (motivated by the wealth of the nations, maintaining their friendship led them into participating in their idolatrous practices).

v 6…Therefore, behold (take note, see), I will hedge up her way with thorns (multiply her miseries) and I will build a wall against her so that she cannot find her paths (back to the Torah; the exile got in her way, and even though Israel and Judah lived among the heathen, they lost their desire for idols eventually).

v 7…She will pursue her lovers (other nations they were commercially involved with), but she will not overtake them (being walled in); she will seek them (with her wishes and desires) and not find them (her hope in idols was vain and empty). She will say (having understood through her distress that Yehovah is the only true God), “I will go back to my first husband, for it was better for me then (when she followed Yehovah and the Torah alone) than now!”

v 8…For she does not know (spiritually ignorant of) that it was I (not her false gods) who gave her the grain, the new wine, and the oil (satisfaction), and lavished on her silver and gold, which they used for Baal (in worship).

v 9…Therefore, I will take back my grain at harvest time and my new wine in its season. I will also take away my wool and my flax given to cover her nakedness (Yehovah will withhold the things she thought Baal was giving her).

v 10…And then I will uncover her lewdness in the sight of her lovers (her sin will be known by her allies and everyone she desired other than Yehovah), and no one will rescue her out of my hand (the nations looked on with joy as Israel was turned over to judgment).

v 11…I will also put an end to all her gaiety, her feasts, her new moons, her sabbaths, and all her festal assemblies (God gave these but they corrupted them; they were going into exile, no Temple, no joy; they couldn’t keep these outside of the land, or have ceremonial observances-Jer 7.34; Lam 1.4).

v 12…And I will destroy her vines and her trees (destroy her satisfaction and agricultural wealth, of which she said, “These are my wages which my lovers (her idols) have given me (for being a spiritual harlot). And I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field will devour them (deprived of cultivation, the animals will eat them).

v 13…And I will punish her for the days of the Baals (the festive days of Yehovah were turned into pagan festive days; they changed Yehovah into Baal) when she used to offer sacrifices to them (the various idols of Canaan) and adorn herself with her earrings and jewelry (the Baalim came under various names like Baal-peor, Baal-berith, Baal-zebub, etc), and follow her lovers (the idols and nations, etc) so that she forgot me (to impress the nations they were allied with, they began to worship their gods).

v 14…Therefore, behold (see), I will allure her (how God’s grace will entice her), bring her into the wilderness (of exile, but this also alludes to how Yehovah will allure Israel in the birth-pains-Zech 12.10; Jer 31.2; Isa 42.10-12; Ezek 20.32-44; Isa 16.1-6; Rev 12.13-17) and speak kindly to her (heart to heart).

v 15…Then I will give her her vineyards from there (the wilderness will have blessings; a source of teaching), and the valley of Achor (troubling) as a door of hope (Israel will be led back by affliction; the valley was used after the sin of Achan-Josh 7.24; they learned to be in reverence of Yehovah), and she will sing there as in the days of her youth (at the Red Sea), as in the day when she came up from the land of Egypt (in the first redemption).

v 16…And it will come about in that day (when this comes to pass, also alluding to the second redemption in the Day of the Lord when Messiah comes-Isa 11.11-16; Jer 16.14-15; Jer 33.1-26; Mic 7.7-20),” declares the Lord, “that you will call me Ishi (my husband) and no longer call me Baali (my master and a word that alludes to Baal worship; they mixed paganism with the true worship of God in the Torah).

v 17…For I will remove the names of the Baals (they went by different names as we have referenced in v 13) from her mouth, so that they will be mentioned by their names no more (repeated to confirm this as fact).

v 18…In that day (alludes to the Day of the Lord when Messiah comes) I will make a covenant for them with the beast of the field, the birds of the sky, and the creeping things of the ground (to be at peace with them, and alludes to spiritual enemies as well-no persecution). And I will abolish the bow, the sword, and war from the land (no more instruments of war), and I will make them lie down in safety (under the protection of the good shepherd Messiah Yeshua).

v 19…And I will betroth you to me forever (he is renewing his marriage relationship and that is why there is a “new” or “renewed” covenant-Jer 31.31-34; Rev 19.9); yes, I will betroth you to me with righteousness (with which he purchased his bride) and in justice (Yeshua proved Yehovah right, and judgment against those who do evil-John 16.8-11), in lovingkindness (love) and in compassion (undeserved mercy).

v 20…And I will betroth (used a third time; there is a custom among some Jews at a wedding that a bride circles her husband three times, building a wall around him-Jer 31.22) you to me in faithfulness, then you will know (yada’at-an intimate knowledge) the Lord (Jer 9.23; Isa 33.6).

v 21…And it will come about in that day that I will respond (hear, answer), “declares the Lord. “I will respond to the heavens, and they will respond to the earth (giving needed rain, dew, and moisture).

v 22…And the earth will respond (answer) to the grain, to the new wine and to the oil (the earth will open up, letting in the moisture and bringing increase and fruitfulness), and they will respond (answer) to Jezreel (Israel).

v 23…And I will sow her (what Jezreel means) for myself in the land. I will have compassion on her (Isa 54.1-8) who had not obtained compassion (“lo-ruhamah”-when Messiah comes ultimately-Rom 11.26), and I will say to those who were not my people (“lo-ammi”), you are my people (“ammi”)! And they will say, “My God (now read Ezek 16.1-63; Ezek 37.15-23; Zech 13.9)!”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Hosea-Chapter 1

Hosea (“Hoshea” meaning salvation) is the son of Beeri (my fountain) and was a prophet who lived in the eighth century BC, and the book covers a period of about 60 years from 785 to 725 BC, and his ministry spanned the rule of four kings: Uzziah, Yotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah of Judah, and Jeroboam II king of Israel. He is a contemporary of Isaiah and Micah in Judah, and the prophet Amos in Israel. Historically he will be prophesying about a coming Assyrian invasion because of the idolatrous practices of the northern kingdom. He will also bring out other sins like social injustice, violent crime, political rebellion, dependence on foreign alliances, selfish arrogance, and spiritual ingratitude. His message will be to the northern kingdom, also called Israel, Ephraim, Samaria, and Joseph. He is commanded by Yehovah to take a harlot for a wife to illustrate how he (Yehovah) has an adulterous wife because of idolatry, but it will also illustrate God’s love for his people and forgiveness.

Prophetically, we believe this book illustrates the passion Yehovah has to restore mankind and Israel. Being an eighth-century BC prophet, we also believe this book gives us a glimpse into certain events during the first three and a half years of the birth-pains. We will also need to see three things to see this prophecy in its context: the historical (Assyria invasion, etc); the Messianic (all the truths for us that even as a “harlot” God loves us and will send his “salvation”); the Prophetic (which is seen from six reference points which is the historical, Messiah’s first coming, Messiah’s second coming, the Birth-pains, the Messianic Kingdom and the Olam Haba). These concepts are true for any prophetic book. The main message is not the historical, but a prophetic restoration of man and the universe. We must get back to the basics in this book. We have a prophetic concept called “here now, but not yet.” Yehovah gives prophesies looking back as if on a “wheel of time” (Num 24.17). The prophetic application of the Tanak prophecies are what is lacking in the faith. How does this book relate to upcoming events?

Hosea 1.1-11 tells us that Israel is reproved for their idolatrous practices and their coming destruction and judgment is illustrated by the names of the children Hosea has with his harlot wife named Gomer.

v 1…The word of the Lord (Yehovah) which came to Hosea (meaning “salvation” and is related to the name “Yeshua”), the son of Beeri (my fountain) during the days of Uzziah (my strength is Yehovah), Yotham (Yehovah is perfect), Ahaz (possessor) and Hezekiah (Yehovah gives strength), kings of Judah, and during the days of Jeroboam II (let the people contend) the son of Yoash (God has given), king of Israel (prophecies will concern the northern and southern kingdom).

v 2…When the Lord first spoke through Hosea, the Lord (Yehovah) said to Hosea, “Go, take a wife of harlotry, and have children of harlotry (pointing to the harlotry of their mother and relates to the harlotry of the northern kingdom); for the land commits flagrant harlotry, forsaking the Lord.”

v 3…So he went and took Gomer (completion and perfect; it has the same consonants in Hebrew as “gamar.” Hosea marries a woman who isn’t this at all, just like us. She was far from it, but God sees the end and looks back. Another example of this is Yerushaliyim meaning “he sees peace” but there isn’t much of that right now but it will be. Again, Giod sees the end and looks back) the daughter of Diblaim (cluster of figs-Israel is represented by three types of trees: the vine out of Egypt, the fig tree in judgment, especially in Jer 8.13 and Mark 11.12-20; Luke 21.29-33), and the olive tree in the future redemption) and she conceived and bore him a son.

v 4…And the Lord said to him, “Name him Jezreel (sown of God, referring to Israel as a vineyard-Isa 5.1), for yet a little while, and I will punish the house of Yehu for the blood of Jezreel (for the blood that was spilled by Yehu in that area-2 Kings 9 and 10). And I will put an end to the kingdom of the house of Israel (in the family of Ahab, and ultimately by Assyria in 2 Kings 17.6).

v 5…And it will come about on that day that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel (2 Kings 17.6).”

v 6…Then she conceived again and gave birth to a daughter. And the Lord said to him, “Name her Lo-ruhamah (not shown mercy), for I will no longer have compassion on the house of Israel, that I should ever forgive them (as he had done time after time. Now they would be given into the hands of Tiglat-pilesar and Shalmaneser, kings of Assyria).

v 7…But I will have compassion on the house of Judah (even though they also went into exile eventually; however, they returned to the land after 70 years, unlike Israel), and deliver them (out of Babylon) by the Lord their God (by his power and nothing else), and will not deliver them by bow, sword, battle, horses, or horsemen (by military power).”

v 8…When she had weaned Lo-ruhamah, she conceived, and gave birth to a son (shows an interval of time, alluding to the milk of the Torah has stopped).

v 9…And the Lord said, “Name him Lo-ammi” (not my people) for you are not my people and I am not your God (a divorce-Jer 3.8; they rejected him and this is the final measurement of punishment; they were sown of God, the meaning of Jezreel, but they rejected the Torah and the milk of the word of God and were not shown mercy anymore and were taken by Assyria, the meaning of Lo-ruhamah, and were going to be Lo-ammi, not God’s people).

v 10…Yet (there is hope) the number of the sons of Israel will be (in the future) like the sand of the sea which cannot be numbered (because of his promise to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob-Gen 12.1-3, 13.14-16, 22.17, 26.1-5, 28.10-15; Rom 11.25-26); and it will come about that in the place where it is said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ it will be said to them, ‘You are the sons of the living God (through the Messianic Redemption and come into a right relation to Yehovah through Yeshua).’ “

v 11…And the sons of Judah and the sons of Israel will be gathered together (Isa 11.11-12; Ezek 37.15-23; Rom 11.25-26 as one nation), and they will appoint for themselves one leader (Messiah-Ezek 37.24-28), and they will go up from the land (of their dispersion-Isa 66.19-24) for great will be the day of Jezreel (they will be sown again and multiply in the redemption and deliverance provided by the Messiah-Luke 2.34).”

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Daniel-Chapter 12

Dan 12.1-13 tells us that the Jewish people will be in danger when the False Messiah is trying to conquer them and base his operations in Israel by the middle of the birth-pains. Michael the Archangel will fight for them and bring deliverance. It also refers to the resurrection of the dead, the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom, and when Ezekiel’s Temple will be dedicated.

v 1…”Now at that time (at the end of the Olam Ha Zeh or this present age, and into the Atid Lavo, the last one thousand years of God’s seven thousand year plan) Michael (one who is like God), the great prince who stands over the sons of your people (as protector), will arise (take action). There will be a time of distress (time of Jacob’s trouble, the birth-pains-Jer 30.4; Hos 5.15; Matt 24.21) such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book (of the living) will be rescued.

v 2…And many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake (Isa 26.20; 1 Thes 4.13-18; 1 Cor 15.52), these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace (they will await the second death in the final resurrection in Rev 20.5-15).

v 3…And those who have insight (spiritually) will shine brightly (be glorified) like the brightness of the expanse of heaven (Matt 13.43; Isa 30.26), and those who lead the many to righteousness (as defined by the Torah; by faith in Yeshua ), like the stars forever and ever.

v 4…But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book (don’t try to interpret it yet, it is obscure right now. This is the opposite of what John was told in Rev 22.10) until the end of time (the time of the end when what is predicted will come to pass and the truth be known); many will go back and forth (trying to find the meaning) and knowledge (da’at meaning knowledge of God in scriptural facts, as they study, converse with others when things become clearer as they compare one verse against another and current events become clearer, etc).

v 5…Then I, Daniel, looked and behold (take note and see), two others (other angels) were standing, one on this bank of the river (Chidakel or Tigris), and the other on that bank of the river (rivers were seen as channels of truth).

v 6…And one said to the man dressed in linen (Dan 10.5), who was above the waters of the rivers (as if he was standing on it showing dominion over the truth of scripture), “How long until the end of these wonders (or the “hidden end”)?”

v 7…And I heard the man dressed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, as he raised his right hand and his left toward heaven and swore (as in an oath) by him who lives forever (Yehovah), that it would be for a time, times, and half a time (1260 days or the final three and a half years of the birth-pains; 42 months from Nisan 10 when the False Messiah will declare himself God in the Temple, to Tishri 10 Yom Kippur when Yeshua returns to Jerusalem); and as soon as they finish shattering the power of the holy people (when Israel looks like it is to be annihilated-Hos 5.15), all these (events) will be completed (including Israel’s deliverance by Michael and whatever else was prophesied concerning these events).

v 8…As for me, I heard but could not understand (he did not know the meaning); so I said, “My lord, what shall be the end of these things (he wanted more information and a further interpretation about the events described)?”

v 9…And he said, “Go Daniel, for the words are concealed and sealed up until the end time (the Messianic Kingdom, after the 6000 years of the Olam Ha Zeh, this present age, is over).

v 10…Many will be purged, purified, and refined (during the birth-pains), but the wicked will act wickedly (close their eyes and ears to true instruction from the scriptures), and none of the wicked will understand (discern because they blind and deaf-Matt 13.13-15), but those who have insight (Hebrew “maskilim” from the root “maskil” in Psa 32, 42, 44, 45, 52, 53, 54, 55, 74, 78, 88, 98, 142, meaning those that have the true teaching or instruction) will understand (discern because their eyes and ears have been opened by Yehovah-Matt 13.10-11, 16).

v 11…And from the time that the regular sacrifice (in the Temple) is abolished (thirty days prior to the midpoint of the birth-pains, Adar 10, around the time of Purim) and the abomination of desolation is set up (in the Ha Kodesh, or holy place, in the Temple-Matt 24.15), 1290 days (this includes the thirty days prior from Adar 10, plus the 1260 days or “time, times, and half a time” of v 7, added together for 1290 days which takes you to Tishri 10 and Yom Kippur when Yeshua returns to Jerusalem-Matt 24.29-31).

v 12…How blessed is he who keeps waiting and attains to the 1335 days (from the mid-point of the birth-pains on Nisan 10 to the end of the birth-pains on Yom Kippur, Tishri 10, we have 1260 days, the last three and half years of the birth-pains. If you go from Tishri 10 and add 75 days to it you have 1335 days. This brings us up to Kislev 25 and the festival of Chanukah, a festival that celebrates the rededication of the Temple in the time of the Maccabees. This time, Ezekiel’s Temple will be dedicated. You are truly blessed if you have waited and now see this event because that means you have made it into the Messianic Kingdom).

v 13…But as for you, go your way to the end (of your life and your release from all the present affliction); then you will enter into rest and rise again for your allotted portion (his reward) at the end of the age (at the end of the Olam Ha Zeh, the end of the 6000-year “present age.” The Natzal, or “rapture” will occur on a Yom Ha Din Rosh Ha Shannah, Tishri 1, year 6001 from creation, the first day of the Atid Lavo, also known as the Day of the Lord, the Lord’s Day, the Sabbath of God, and the Millennium by some, the last 1000 years of the 7000-year plan of God. Daniel will be resurrected as part of the first resurrection-1 Cor 15.51-52; 1 Thes 4.13-18; Rev 20.4-6).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Daniel-Chapter 11

Dan 11.1-45 tells us how the angel backs up what he promised to Daniel to show him what the heavenly strategies were concerning the various kingdoms on the earth, and how all this would effect Israel in the future. This angel confirmed Darius the Mede and then tells the number of Persian kings after him, describing the fourth one. He then predicts the rise of Greece with Alexander the Great, and what happens after his death when Alexander’s kingdom is divided into four parts. In particular, he will discuss Antiochus, who will come out of the Seleucid Empire in Syria. His character, his wars, and his persecution of the Jews. He will be an eschatological picture of the False Messiah and his rule during the birth-pains (tribulation).

v 1…”And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I (the angel) arose to be an encouragement and a protection for him (Darius was favorable to the Jews; what he had been doing in the previous monarchy he would continue to do in the Medo-Persian court).

v 2…And now I will tell you the truth (of what will come to pass). Behold (see), three more kings are going to arise in Persia (Cambyses, Smerdis, and Darius Hystapis). Then a fourth (Xerxes) will gain far more riches than all as soon as he becomes strong through his riches, he will arouse the whole empire against the realm of Greece (this is around 480 BC and he was engaged in the battle of Thermopylae for instance).

v 3…And a mighty king (Alexander the Great) will arise and he will rule with great authority and do as he pleases (a widespread empire with no obstacles).

v 4…But as soon as he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up (when Alexander dies) and will be parceled out (into four parts) toward the four points of the compass, though not to his own descendants (his two sons were killed; it was divided out between four of his generals named Ptolemy, Seleucus, Antigonus, and Cassander), nor according to his authority which he wielded (their dominion was not as large or as powerful as Alexander’s was, being broken up). For his sovereignty (kingdom) will be uprooted (by his death) and given to others besides them (to whom it should be first divided into four).

v 5…Then the king of the south (Egypt and the Ptolemaic monarchy) will grow strong, along with one of the princes who will gain ascendancy over him and obtain dominion (Seleucus Nicator); his domain a great dominion (he was stronger than Ptolemy who obtained Egypt).

v 6…And after some years they will form an alliance (Antiochus II agreed to a peace treaty with Ptolemy II, who commissioned the Septuagint), and the daughter of the king of the south (Bernice, the daughter of Ptolemy II) will come to the king of the north (in Syria with Antiochus II) to carry out a peaceful arrangement (to marry Antiocus II). But she will not retain her position of power (unite the two kingdoms as planned. Antiochus II divorced her and took his former wife Laodice again, and they had two sons), nor will he remain with his power (in the alliance), but she will be given up (to death), along with those who brought her in (her wedding escorts to Syria), and the one whom she brought forth (her son was killed with her), and the one who sired her, as well as he who supported her in those times (could not help her; her father and political supporters and advisors; some believe this is also referencing her brother who could not help her because he was too late).

v 7…But one of the descendants of her line will arise in his place (Bernice’s brother Ptolemy III Euergetes succeeded her father), and he will come against their army and enter the fortress of the king of the north (he captured the main cities of the Seleucid Empire, Seleucia, and Antioch) and he will deal with them and display great strength (conquered much of the Seleucid empire).

v 8… And also their gods with their metal images and their precious vessels of silver and gold he will take into captivity to Egypt (a valuable booty after the expense of the war), and he on his part will refrain (stand secure) for years from the king of the north).

v 9…And he (the king of the north in Syria, Seleucus II) will enter the realm of the king of the south (to regain lost provinces from Egypt), but he will return to his own land (after a storm defeated his fleet that had his army, and was defeated by Ptolemy.

v 10…And his sons (of Seleucus II) will mobilize and assemble a multitude of great forces (Seleucus III and Antiochus III went to war with Egypt), and one of them will keep on coming (Antiochus III) and overflow and pass through that he may again wage war up to his fortress (Seleucus died, and Antiochus reigned alone. He came to Raphia, a fortress, to invade Egypt).

v 11…And the king of the south (Ptolemy IV succeeded Ptolemy III) will be enraged and go forth and fight the king of the north (Antiochus III). Then the latter (Antiochus) will raise a great multitude (as many as 70,000 men) but that multitude will be given into the hand of the former (Antiochus retreats to Antioch, leaving southern Syria to Ptolemy).

v 12…When the multitude is carried away (Ptolemy defeats Antiochus), his heart (Ptolemy) will be lifted up (with pride), and he will cause tens of thousands to fall (be slain); yet he will not prevail (though Ptolemy killed thousands and won the battle, Antiochus III escaped and will bother Egypt again).

v 13…For the king of the north (Antiochus III) will again raise a greater multitude than the former, and after an interval of some years (14 years) he will press on with a great army and much equipment (Ptolemy IV had died and he left his throne to his 5-year-old infant son Ptolemy V Epiphanes, s Antiochus III thought it was a great time for a new war against Egypt).

v 14…Now in those times many will rise up against the king of the south (that is against the king of Egypt. Antiochus joins forces with Philip V of Macedon around 200 BC to defeat young Ptolemy and divide Egypt); and the lawless ones (without Torah) among your people will also lift themselves up in order to fulfill the vision (of Dan 9.24, but it will not have the result they intended because it was misinterpreted. Antiochus actually returned from Egypt and took Jerusalem), but they will fall down (fail).

v 15…Then the king of the north (Antiochus III, also called Antiochus the Great) will come, and cast up a siege mound, and captured a well-fortified city (Sidon), and the forces of the south will not stand, not even their choicest troops, for there will be no strength to make a stand (Ptolemy sent his best commanders to help, but they were unable to stop the siege of Antiochus III).

v 16…But he (Antiochus III) who comes against him (Ptolemy of Egypt) will do as he pleases, and no one will (be able) to withstand him; he will also stay (for a time) in the beautiful (glorious) land (Judea), with destruction in his hand (he had chosen to do so, but he wanted the land to be a part of his kingdom).

v 17…And he will set his face to come with the power of his whole kingdom (to overcome Egypt), bringing with him a proposal of peace which he will put into effect; he will also give him the daughter of women (his daughter Cleopatra in marriage) to ruin it (to ruin Egypt from within). But she will not take a stand for him (did not cooperate with this scheme) or be on his side (will not play the role her father Antiochus wanted her to play, she was loyal to Ptolemy V).

v 18…Then he (Antiochus) will turn his face to the coastland (of the Mediterranean under Roman protection. He entered an alliance with Hannibal of Carthage, and invaded Greece, giving Rome a meaningful threat) and capture many. But a commander will put a stop to his scorn against him (the Roman Consul Acilius Glabrio defeated Antiochus at Thermopylae and Livius Salinator got a victory over his fleet at Phocea, and Aemilius Regillus defeated other ships near Ephesus, and Lucius Scipio won at Siphylus. These defeats drove Antiochus out of these areas), moreover, he will repay him with scorn (Antiochus was humiliated by these defeats and reproach came upon his own head.

v 19…So he will turn his face toward the fortresses of his own land (in retreat), but he will stumble and fall and be found no more (to pay back war expenses, he tried to rob a temple of Bel in Elymaeus in Elam, but the people rose up and defeated and killed Antiochus).

v 20…Then in his place one will arise (Seleucus Philopater, the oldest son of Antiochus)) who will send an oppressor (a tax collector) through the jewel (glory) of his kingdom; yet within a few days (a short time) he will be shattered (Seleucus) was assassinated after 12 years by Heliodorus who sought the crown for himself), though neither in anger (over something he did) nor in battle.

Dan 11.21-35 now talks about Antiochus Epiphanes IV who will be an eschatological picture of the False Messiah during the birth-pains.

v 21…And in his place a despicable person will arise (Antiochus will reign from 175 BC to 163 BC), on whom the honor of kingship has not been conferred (they never thought to make Antiochus IV king; Seleucus died, and his young son Demetrius was a hostage in Rome, and a baby son named Antiochus. Their uncle was Antiochus IV and was not the legitimate heir to the throne; an important note to keep in mind about the False Messiah), but he will come in a time of tranquility (come in peaceably) and seize the kingdom by intrigue (flatteries and deceit because he was not the rightful heir and took control before anyone could stop him. The False Messiah will do the same thing-Rev 17.1-13).

v 22…And the overflowing forces (armies) will be flooded away (those on the side of Heliodorus were crushed, with the help of Eumenes and Attalus and their forces) before him and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant (Ptolemy IV Philometer, the son of Antiochus’ sister Cleopatra; he was bound by a peace agreement with him).

v 23…And after an alliance is made with him (to surrender Syria and Israel that had come to Egypt by treaty and dowry for Cleopatra) he will practice deception and he will go up and gain power with a small force of men (come upon Egypt with no intention of letting them keep those lands (pretending to come to Egypt to help settle the throne, he slowly obtained one place after another with a small force).

v 24…In a time of tranquility (a fake peace; he will enter the richest parts of the realm, and he will accomplish what his father never did, nor his ancestors (master Egypt; since Alexander, no one had penetrated the fortresses at the border of Egypt and seized control); he will distribute plunder, booty, and possessions among them (those cooperating with him), and he devise schemes against strongholds (of Egypt in his mind), but only for a time (a limited time).

v 25…And he will stir up his strength (Antiochus will gather a large army and go to fight Ptolemy VI Philometer in Egypt) and courage against the king of the south with a large army, so the king of the south will mobilize an extremely large army for war; but he will not stand, for schemes will be devised against him (by his nobles; they will use betrayal and treachery against him to aid Antiochus).

v 26…And those who eat his choice food will destroy him (Ptolemy’s ministers will betray him), and his army will overflow (like a flooding river the army of Antiochus IV will destroy the army of Ptolemy, covering the land), but many will fall down slain (of the army of Egypt-see 1 Maccabees 1).

v 27…As for both kings (Antiochus IV of Syria and Ptolemy VI Philometer of Egypt) their hearts will be intent on evil (Antiochus captured Ptolemy and acted like a protective uncle. Meanwhile, Alexandria crowned his brother Ptolemy VII, so Antiochus besieged the city. He said if they recognized Ptolemy VI he would lift the siege of the city), and they will speak lies to each other at the same table (all their actions of respect to one another were lies because they were playing politics), but will not succeed (neither one was able to carry out whatever schemes they had in mind. Antiochus may have been trying to provoke a civil war, but this did not succeed either because Ptolemy VII understood his deceptive measures); for the end is still to come at the appointed time (the end result will be according to Yehovah’s plans, not theirs. The oppression of these kings against the Jewish people will culminate with their overthrow and their persecution will terminate according to the preordained counsels of Yehovah because the domination of Greece was coming to an end, opening the way for the fourth kingdom, Rome).

v 28…Then he (Antiochus IV) will return to his land with much plunder (during the siege of Alexandria; he returned home for some unknown reason); but his heart will be against the holy covenant (the Torah and the Jewish people), and he will take action (Jerusalem was on the way back home so he plundered the Temple-2 Maccabees 5.21), and then return to his own land (Antioch the capital).

v 29…At the appointed time (determined by Yehovah) he will return and come into the south (he came back to Egypt because Antiochus heard that Ptolemy VI had betrayed him and joined with his brother Ptolemy VII, so he returned to conquer the land), but this last time it will not turn out the way it did before (he will not conquer Egypt).

v 30…For ships from Kittim will come against him (the Ptolemy brothers sent an envoy to Rome for help, and Rome sent Caius Hostilius, Caius Popilius Laenas, and Caius Decimus in ships to confront Antiochus as he was going to besiege Alexandria and tell him to leave Egypt and the Ptolemies alone); therefore he will be disheartened (grieved; Popilius Laenas drew a circle around Antiochus and told him not to leave the circle till he agreed to leave, thus angering Antiochus), and he will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action (against the Jewish people and the Torah, he vented his anger on the Jews and thousands were killed because he wanted not only the gold and silver of the Temple, but he wanted the people to turn from the Torah and accept the Greek gods), so he will come back and show regard (favor) for those who forsake the holy covenant (in the Torah).

v 31…And forces from him will arise and desecrate the sanctuary fortress (the Temple) and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation (“shikutz somem” meaning an idol that causes horror- he set up a statue of Zeus Kyrios with his face on it on the altar-1 Maccabees 1.54-59).

v 32…And by smooth words (flattery, etc) he will turn to godlessness (lawlessness; be against the Torah) those who act wickedly towards the covenant (apostate Jews), but the people who know their God will display strength and take action (faithful Jews under the Maccabees will stand against him).

v 33…And those who have insight (into the things of Yehovah) among the people will give understanding (“binah” or an understanding of the facts) to the many (multitudes); yet they will fall by the sword (of Antiochus) and by flame (fire-2 Maccabees 7.1-5), by captivity (1 Maccabees 1.32; 2 Maccabees 5.24) and by plunder (of the city and the Temple-1 Maccabees 1.20-24).

v 34…Now when they fall they will be granted a little help (their numbers will increase and be able to carry on the war), and many will join with them in hypocrisy (seeing the Maccabean warriors succeed, some apostates joined but weren’t sincere but they were after their own glory, not Yehovah’s).

v 35…But some of those who have insight will fall (because they adhered to the Torah), in order to refine, purge, and make them pure (to separate them from the hypocrites and purge the dross and imperfections from their lives because all good people have these), until the end time (of the Grecian monarchy, and then we will have the Roman domination, as hinted to in Dan 11.30), because it is still to come at the appointed time (in Yehovah’s hidden counsel, plans and decrees).

We believe that Dan 11.36-45 refers to the False Messiah, not Antiochus, but some believe this also in reference to Rome or the bishop of Rome

v 36…Then the king will do as he pleases (Antiochus could not do this because the Romans stopped him-Dan 11.30), and he will exalt and magnify himself above every god (Antiochus wanted to further the worship of the Greek gods, and Zeus in particular, everyplace he conquered and said men should not see themselves as a god-2 Maccabees 9.12; so in this context, this refers to the False Messiah), and will speak monstrous things against the God of gods (the true God), and he will prosper until the indignation is finished (the birth-pains-Isa 26.20-21; Hos 5.15-this would allude to the last 1260 days of the birth-pains), for that which is decreed (in the secret counsels of Yehovah) will be done (his plan will not deviate from its desired end).

v 37…And he (the False Messiah) will show no regard (give his attention to) the God of his fathers (the False Messiah may be Jewish), or for the desire of women (this is an idiom for “Israel”-Song 1.8, 5.9; Rev 12.1; Jer 3.19, and literally means “the most desirable of women” meaning the most desirable among the nations), nor will he show regard (give his attention to) to any god (he will have no religious restraints at all, he is “lawless” meaning against the Torah-2 Thes 2.3-8); for he will magnify himself above all (that is decent and the loyalty that binds good men).

v 38…But instead he will honor the god of fortresses (he has no regard for any god except war, which is the object of his deification, and he will apply force to gain world power), a god whom his fathers did not know (no other king made war his “religion” like he will); he will honor (show esteem) with gold, silver, costly stones and treasures (he will spare no expense, pay any price, offer it all up to gain what he wants).

v 39…And he will develop for the strongest of fortresses (proceed against the fortified cities) with a foreign god (war-v 38); he will give great honor to those who acknowledge (him and conduct themselves according to his will) and he will cause them to rule over the many (not uncommon with any conqueror), and he will parcel out land for a price (the reward for anyone who accepts him, also not uncommon; the British parceled out land to those who made significant contributions to fight against the American colonists in the Revolutionary War).

v 40…And at the end time (appointed by Yehovah) the king of the south (an African continent alliance) will collide with him, and the king of the north (this may allude to the Oriental alliance because “east” is called “north” when talking about Babylon in Jer 1.13 and Assyria in Joel 2.20; possibly the “kings of the east” in Rev 16.12-16) will storm against him with chariots (mobile firing platforms), with horsemen (symbols of power), and many ships (they will be aided by powerful forces); and he (king of the north) will enter countries, overflow and pass through (these are land forces).

v 41…He (the False Messiah) will also enter the beautiful land (Israel), and many will fall; but these shall be rescued out of his hand; Edom, Moab, and the foremost (those in the forward edges of its southern border) of the sons of Ammon (these areas are not in the line of attack by the False Messiah, and the Jewish people have fled to these areas on Nisan 10 in the fourth year of the birth-pains and will be protected by God for 1260 days-Rev 12.13-17).

v 42…Then he will stretch out his hand against (other) countries (Rev 12.17), and the land of Egypt will not escape (the chief power of the African alliance; this alludes to a complete overthrow).

v 43…But he will gain control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt; and Libyans and Ethiopians will be at his heels (part of the African alliance will be subject to his command and taken captive).

v 44…But rumors (news) from the east and from the north (disturbances from these areas of the world) will disturb him (they are coming) and he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and annihilate many (he is provoked to respond).

v 45…And he will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion (his military headquarters and camps; he is losing the war) between the seas (the Mediterranean Sea in a poetic plurality of fullness) and the beautiful holy mountain (the Temple Mount); yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him (Yeshua returns on Tishri 10, a Yom Kippur, year 6008 from creation, exactly 1260 days from the midpoint of the birth-pains on Nisan 10, three and a half biblical years before-Num 24.24; Ezek 30.21; Zech 11.15-17; Matt 24.29-31; 2 Thes 2.8; Rev 17.8, 19.11-21).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Daniel-Chapter 10

Dan 10.1-21 introduces us to the prophecies in the following two chapters. It tells us about the mourning, fasting, and prayers of Daniel in preparation for the vision he had. This chapter is two years after Cyrus sent Zerubbabel with the first exiles back to Jerusalem.

v 1…In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a message was revealed to Daniel, who was named Belteshazzar; and the message was true and one of great conflict (it concerned tribulation on the earth), but he understood the message and had an understanding of the vision (they were clear to him).

v 2…In those days I, Daniel, had been mourning (on account of the seventy weeks prophecy and the problems the Jewish people were having in rebuilding the city and the Temple) for three entire weeks.

v 3…I did not eat any tasty food, nor did meat or wine enter my mouth, nor did I use any ointment at all, until the entire three weeks were completed.

v 4…And on the twenty-fourth day of the first month (his fast started on Nisan 3, and that means he fasted through Passover and Unleavened Bread, which tells us these festivals were not being kept in Babylon anyway; the twenty-fourth day of Nisan was the end of his fast), while I was by the bank of the great river, that is, the Chidakel (the Tigris River- Chidakel means “swift and sharp, and Tigris means “a dart”-rivers in the Scriptures were seen as “channels of truth”).

v 5…I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold (take note) there was a certain man dressed in linen (his identity is not mentioned so we will not speculate, but some say he is possibly the same angel in 8.15, and some commentators say the Messiah), whose waist was girded with pure gold of Uphaz.

v 6…His body also was like beryl (a blue sky color signifying he was from heaven), his face had the appearance of lightning (bright), his eyes were like flaming torches (Rev 1.14), his arms and feet like the gleam of polished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of tumult (like a multitude, strong and powerful).

v 7…Now I, Daniel, alone saw the vision, while the men who were with me did not see the vision (like Paul in Acts 9.7); nevertheless, a great dread fell on them (possibly heard the loud voice), and they ran away to hide themselves.

v 8…So I was left alone and saw this great vision; yet no strength was left in me, for my natural color turned to a deathly pallor, and I retained no strength (overcome by this heavenly individual).

v 9…But I heard the sound of his words (not recorded here); and as soon as I heard the sound of his words, I fell into a deep sleep on my face, with my face towards the ground (this supernatural being terrified him and the Ruach Ha Kodesh overwhelmed him-Acts 10.9-10; John 18.6; Rev 1.17).

v 10…Then behold (take note and see), a hand touched me and set me trembling on my hands and knees.

v 11…And he said to me, O Daniel, man of high esteem (by Yehovah), understand the words I am about to tell you and stand upright (off your hands and knees and stand erect), for I have been sent to you.” And when he had spoken this word to me, I stood up trembling.

v 12…Then he said to me, “Do not be afraid, Daniel, for from the first day (of his seeking on Nisan 3) that you set your heart on understanding and in humbling yourself before your God, your words were heard (in heaven), and I have come in response to your words;

v 13…but the prince of the kingdom of Persia (an evil entity who was the power behind their idols to influence them against the Jewish people) was withstanding me (resisting) me for twenty-one days (corresponding to the twenty-one days Daniel was fasting and praying); then behold (see), Michael (“one who is like God”), one of the chief princes (highest angel-princes) came to help me (Michael contends for Israel), for I remained there with the kings of Persia (executing the orders of Michael to influence these kings to the best interest of the Jewish people).

v 14…Now I have come to give you an understanding of what will happen to your people in the latter days (in the “acharit yamim”, a term used for when the Messiah comes and the Day of the Lord, etc, and this includes the succeeding kingships, especially with Antiochus Epiphanes IV), for the vision pertains to the days yet future (is for many days).”

v 15…And when he had spoken to me according to these words, I turned my face toward the ground and became speechless (couldn’t say anything).

v 16…And behold (take note and see), one who resembled a human being (in form, an angel) was touching my lips; then I opened my mouth and spoke (he received his speech back), and said to him who was standing before me, “O my lord (in honor and respect), as a result of the vision anguish was come upon me, and I have retained no strength.

v 17…For how can such a servant of my lord talk with such as my lord (or, “How can I, your servant, speak with you?” or “I am nothing, that you should talk with me”). As for me, there remains just now no strength in me, nor has any breath been left in me (“I haven’t recovered from the initial shock and awe, I still don’t feel strong enough to talk”).”

v 18…Then one with human appearance (in the form of) touched me again and strengthened me (the same one as in v 16)

v 19…And he said, “O man of high esteem (by Yehovah), do not be afraid. Peace be with you; take courage and be courageous (be the man, lift your spirit, heart, inward parts, bowels)!” Now as soon as he spoke to me, I received strength and said, “May my lord speak, for you have strengthened me (his heart revived and was able to hear, all fear was removed).”

v 20…Then he said, “Do you understand (know) why I came to you (he had told him in v 12)? But I shall now return (not immediately, but after he told Daniel the message which he came to deliver) to fight (to protect Israel, to contend with the schemes and baffle the designs of the evil spirits there; he is restraining Persia and he will depart when its time for the Greeks to take over) against the prince of Persia (to hinder him from executing his evil schemes against the Jewish people and influence the Persian court because of the obstacles he will put up in the way of the Jewish exiles who are returning to rebuild the city and the Temple under Cyrus the Persian); so I am going forth, and behold, the prince of Greece is about to come (another hostile force 200 years later who is destined to become a world power according to the vision God gave Nebuchadnezzar in Dan 2.31-45, who will also show opposition to the people of God as we shall see).

v 21…However, I will tell you what is inscribed in the writing of the truth (the book of God’s decrees upon men and nations, the deep secrets that God reveals according to his timing; of those things not yet disclosed about the future kingdoms, and the Jewish people who will live under them). Yet there is no one who stands firmly with me against these, except Michael your prince (Michael is empowered to save Israel and could be counted on to help the Jewish people in miraculous ways, despite the evil influence other evil spirits had over the various earthly courts and powers).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Daniel-Chapter 9

Dan 9.1-27 contains Daniel’s confession and prayer concerning the redemption. He is given a vision of the seventy weeks to be understood by him that relates to the work of the Messiah and the time of his coming after studying the prophecies of Jeremiah.

v 1…In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus (also called Astyages and king of the Medes and is called Ahasuerus; not the husband of Esther) of Median descent (not Persian), who was made king (by Cyrus) over the kingdom of the Chaldeans (Dan 5.31).

v 2…In the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, observed in the books (the Scriptures he studied; he studied them diligently and sought an answer to the seventy weeks of the exile that was prophesied) the number of years which was the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet for the completion of the desolation of Jerusalem, seventy years (he prays about this based on Lev 26.14 and Deut 28.15).

v 3…So I gave my attention (face) to the Lord God (Adonai Elohim) to seek (him by) prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes (as a sign of humility and sorrow).

v 4…And I prayed (this is a good model prayer for us) to the Lord (Yehovah) my God (Elohai) and confessed and said, “Alas, O Lord (Adonai), the great and awesome God (El), who keeps his covenant and lovingkindness for those who love him and keep (guard) his commandments,

v 5…we have sinned, committed iniquity, acted wickedly, and rebelled, even turning aside from the commandments and ordinances (they were unrepentant and God increased their punishment sevenfold, increasing it from seventy years to four hundred and ninety as we shall see -see Lev 26.18, 21, 24, 28; this prayer is modeled after Solomon’s prayer in 1 Kings 8.47-48).

v 6…Moreover, we have not listened to thy servants the prophets, who spoke in thy name to our kings, our princes, our fathers, and all the people of the land.

v 7…Righteousness belongs to thee, O Lord, but to us open shame, as it is to this day to the men of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and all Israel, those who are nearby and those who are far away in all the countries to which thous hast driven them, because of their unfaithful deeds which they have committed against thee.

v 8…Open shame belongs to us (repeated again to show that Daniel was affected by this, as were others), O Lord, to our kings, our princes (the royal family was shamed in Babylon), and our fathers, because we have sinned against thee.

v 9…To the Lord our God (Adonai Eloheynu) belongs compassions (mercies) and forgivenesses (both plural) for we have rebelled against him;

v 10…nor have we obeyed the voice of the Lord our God (Yehovah Eloheynu), to walk in his teachings (Torah) which he set before us through his servants the prophets (true prophets will teach the Torah, a major distinction to the so-called “prophets” of today).

v 11…Indeed all Israel has transgressed thy law (torahteycha) and turned aside (to deviate from the standard, an anomaly; Replacement Theology today is an anomaly. The word for “law” used in the New Testament is “nomos.” The word for “lawless” is “anomos” where we get the word “lawless” and “anomaly” is based on that concept), not obeying thy voice; so the curse (of Deut 28.15-66 and Lev 26.19-46) has been poured out on us, along with the oath which is written in the law of Moses the servant of God, for we have sinned against him.

v 12…Thus he has confirmed his words which he had spoken against us and against our rulers (“shophteynu” or judges) who ruled (judged) us, to bring on us great calamity (“ra’ah” or evil); for under the whole heaven there has not been done anything like what was done to Jerusalem (the severity of it all was unparalleled).

v 13…As it is written in the law of Moses, all this calamity (“ra’ah” or evil) has come upon us (Deut 11.26-28; 27.1 through 28.68; Lev 26.14), yet we have not sought the favor of the Lord our God by turning from our iniquity and giving attention to thy truth (the Torah).

v 14…Therefore, the Lord (Yehovah) has watched (looked) on the evil, and he has made it come on us. For the Lord (Yehovah) our God is righteous with respect to all his deeds which he has done (clearing him from any accusations of being unfair or unjust), but we have not obeyed his voice (so it was God’s justice).

v 15…And now, O Lord our God, who hast brought thy people out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand and hast made a name for thyself, as it is this day (people still talked about what happened in Egypt)-we have sinned, we have been wicked.

v 16…O Lord (Adonai), in accordance with all thy righteous acts (in fulfillment of what you said you would do), let now thine anger and thy wrath turn away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain (the Temple site); for because of our sins and the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people have become a reproach to all those around us (the unbelieving pagans looked at them with scorn and disgust).

v 17…So now, our God (eloheynu), listen (shema) to the prayer of thy servant and to his supplications, and for thy sake (his glory), O Lord, let thy face shine on thy desolate sanctuary (which was in ruins; and this is an allusion to the people among whom he dwelled).

v 18…O my God, incline thine ear and hear (the following petition)! Open thine eyes and see our desolations and the city which is called by thy name (Jerusalem and the Temple-Psa 48.1); for we are (Daniel on behalf of the people) are not presenting our supplications before thee on account of any merits of our own, but on account of thy great compassion.

v 19…O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and take action! For thine own sake (his glory in all of this), O my God, do not delay (the fulfillment of the promise to end their captivity in Babylon, the seventy years being finished or close to it according to the prophecies of Jeremiah), because thy city and thy people are called by thy name.”

v 20…Now while I was speaking and praying (vocal), and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplications before the Lord my God in behalf of the holy mountain (har kodesh-city and Temple) of my God,

v 21…while I was still speaking in prayer, then the man (in the form of) Gabriel whom I had seen previously (8.15-16), was lifted in flight approaching me (to clarify things) about the time of the evening offering (the time of the Tamid lamb, about 3 pm, the time of prayer),

v 22…and he made me understand and talked with me, and said, “O Daniel, I have come to give you skill in understanding (a correct insight into the future).

v 23….At the beginning of your supplications the command was issued and I have come to tell you, for you are highly esteemed; so give heed to the message and gain understanding of the vision.

v 24…Seventy weeks (70 shemittah cycles) have been decreed on your people (concerning them) and your holy city (failing to repent, Israel would now fall into a 490-year curse based on Lev 26.18-28), to finish the transgression (of Israel, seal up for judgment), to make an end to sin (as to guilt and punishment with a believer), to make atonement (reconciliation, to restore a covering) for iniquity (by the blood of Yeshua), to bring in everlasting righteousness (through faith in Yeshua; it will never wear out but continue to be perfect for believers of all ages), to seal up vision and prophecy (to fulfill it, give it meaning), and to anoint the most holy (the Kodesh Ha Kodshim of Zerubbabel’s Temple, the second Temple).

v 25…So you are to know and discern (take notice, observe, behold) that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem (Neh 2.1) until Messiah the prince shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks (or 483 years and this equates to 173,880 days after Neh 2.1 and Yeshua entered the city and the Temple on Nisan 10 in what is called the triumphant entry, and declared himself the Messiah, and four days later he was slain as the Passover lamb) it will be built again (the city and the Temple), with a plaza and moat, even in times of distress (under the rule of the Persians, Greeks, and Romans).

v 26…Then after the sixty-two weeks (the 483 years are over) the Messiah will be cut off (killed, removed from the land of the living) but not for himself (he was cut off for the transgressions of the people in a judicial way, not for his own sin, but the sins of many-Isa 53.8); and the people of the prince who is to come (Vespasian and Titus and the Romans; the prince is the False Messiah who will come out of Europe and a Revived Roman Empire) will destroy the city and the sanctuary (Temple), and its end will come with a flood (the Roman army), even to the end of the war, desolations are determined (from the beginning of this war to the end there will be nothing but desolation).

v 27…And he (the prince; the False Messiah) will make a firm covenant (a military treaty) with the many (Israel) for one week (the sixty-nine weeks being concluded, the remaining seven years are now discussed; this is the last week of the 490-year prophecy but there will be a gap of about 2000 years between the end of the 483 years and the beginning of the seven years. We believe this refers to the birth-pains), but in the middle of the week (literally “in the half of the week”; 1260 days into it, or Nisan 10, three and a half years into the birth-pains) he (the False Messiah) will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering (Titus did this during the siege of Jerusalem, but it will happen again with the False Messiah); and on the wing of abominations (the Romans “overspread” Israel and Judea with their abominations and idolatry, but this will happen again during the birth-pains) will come one who makes desolate (The False Messiah), even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate (the False Messiah will be destroyed-Num 24.24; Dan 11.45; Rev 19.20; 2 Thes 2.8-9).

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Daniel-Chapter 8

Dan 8.1-27 begins a series of three visions that tell about the progression of the kingdom of God. These visions came during the reigns of Belshazzar, Darius the Mede, and Cyrus the Persian. The first vision in Dan 8 tells us what will happen to the Jewish people and the people of God during the rise and development of the Medo-Persian and Grecian empires. In Dan 9 and the second vision, it tells us what will happen in the restoration of Jerusalem and the Temple and how the kingdom of God develops to the final fulfillment of God’s plan of salvation. In the third vision that covers Dan 10-12 during the third year of the reign of Cyrus, revelations are given regarding persecutions that are coming upon Israel in the near future, with Antiochus Epiphanes IV, and the birth-pains with the False Messiah.

v 1…In the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the king, a vision appeared to me, Daniel (and no one else), subsequent (after) to the one which appeared to me previously (in Chapter 7, this is about two years later).

v 2… And I looked in the vision, and it came about while I was looking that I was in the citadel of Susa (Shushan meaning “lily”), which is in the province of Elam (eternal, their heap); and I looked in the vision (not a reality) and I myself was beside the Ulai Canal (a canal that separated the citadel from the lower city).

v 3…Then I lifted my gaze and looked (to see what he could see), and behold (take note), a ram which had two horns (Medo-Persia) was standing in front of the canal (to the east). Now the two horns were long (high, straight), but one was longer than the other (Media was at first superior to Persia, but later Persia became greater under Cyrus and his successors) with the longer one coming up last.

v 4…I saw the ram butting westward, northward, and southward (refers to the Medo-Persian conquests of Babylon, Syria, and part of Greece to the west; Iberia, Albanis, Armenia, Scythia, and the Caspian Sea to the north; Arabia, Ethiopia, Egypt and India to the south), and no other beasts could stand before him, nor was there anyone to rescue from his power (temporarily his power could not be matched); but he did as he pleased and magnified himself (and it became a world power).

v 5…While I was observing (considering), behold (take note and see), a male goat (Greece-v 21) was coming from the west over the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground (swiftly, like he was flying); and the goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes (Alexander the Great).

v 6…And he came up to the ram that had the two horns (Medo-Persia), which I had seen standing in front of the river, and rushed at him in his mighty wrath (denotes Alexander’s initial battle at Issus in Asia Minor 250 years later).

v 7…And I saw him come beside the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck the ram and shattered his two horns (broke their power), and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he hurled him to the ground (Persia ceased to be) and trampled on him, and there was none to rescue the ram from his power (Darius fled back to Persia, was arrested by his own people and killed).

v 8…Then the male goat magnified himself exceedingly (Greece became powerful), but as soon as he was mighty, the large horn was broken (Alexander dies in 323 BC), and in its place there came up four conspicuous horns toward the four winds of heaven (Alexander’s empire was divided into four parts, relating to the four points of the compass; through his four generals).

v 9…And out of one of them came forth a rather small horn (Antiochus Epiphanes IV came out of Syria given to the Greek general Seleucus by Alexander called the Seleucid empire, and Antiochus is a type of the False Messiah) which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the beautiful land (“coveted one” or Israel).

v 10…And it grew up to the host of heaven (Jewish people), and caused some of the host of the stars (leaders) to fall to the earth (to be killed), and it trampled them down (by threats or deception, to get them to turn from the Torah, etc).

v 11…It even magnified itself to the equal to the Commander of the host (Antiochus, and later the False Messiah, dared to defy Yehovah, and even claimed to be God-that is what “Epiphanes” means), and it removed the regular sacrifice (in the Temple) from him (Yehovah), and the place of his sanctuary was thrown down (profaned and desecrated and he stopped the true worship of Yehovah).

v 12…And on account of transgression the host (Israel) will be given over to the horn along with the regular sacrifice (in the Temple); and it (Antiochus/False Messiah) will fling truth (as found in the Torah) to the ground (he persecuted Torah observant people, killed them, destroyed copies of the Torah and tried to abolish Torah observance. This is what is called “lawless” or “without Torah”), and perform (its will) and prosper (he did what he wanted and was successful for a time).

v 13…Then I heard a holy (had a kedusha) one (an angel) speaking and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking (possibly Gabriel who will deal with Daniel in 8.16 and 9.21), “How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, while the desolating transgression (that causes horror; an idol in the Temple), so as to allow both the holy place and the host (Israel) to be trampled (how long will this part of the vision last; how will it all come to an end)?”

v 14…And he said to me, “For 2300 evenings and mornings (so this number clearly refers to 24 hour days, not years); then the holy place will be properly restored (this equals 6 years, 4 months and 20 days in Biblical, Hebraic years, months and days. The date when the Temple was cleansed by Judah Maccabee is well known as Kislev 25, 165 BC-2 Macc 10.1-5. If one counts back 2300 days this period begins when Antiochus began a persecution in 171 BC).

v 15…And it came about when I, Daniel, had seen the vision, that I sought to understand it, and behold, standing before me was one who looked like a man (but wasn’t).

v 16…And I heard the voice of a man between the banks of the Ulai (near to where Daniel was-8.2), and he called out and said, “Gabriel, give this man understanding of the vision (he commanded Gabriel to explain the vision of the ram, goat and the little horn to Daniel. Gabriel will be his guide in Chapters 8 and 9).

v 17…So he came near to where I was standing (obeying the voice to converse with Daniel), and when he came I was terrified and fell on my face (the kivod/glory of Yehovah was upon him), but he said to me, “Son of man (ben adam), understand that the vision pertains to the time of the end (there is a fixed time for the end, in the distant future, after the 2300 days has ended).”

v 18…While he was talking with me, I sank into a deep sleep, with my face to the ground (his deep fear caused his strength to depart); but he touched me and made me stand upright (giving him the strength to see the vision explained).

v 19…And he said, “Behold (take note and see), I am going to let you know what will occur at the final period of the indignation (the persecution of Antiochus and the wrath of God against Israel. This also alludes to the birth-pains, telling us that these conditions will not always last), for it pertains to the appointed time of the end (or the appointed time for the end of this vision; the Grecian influence in the days of Antiochus).

v 20…The ram which you saw with the two horns represents the kings of Media and Persia.

v 21…The shaggy goat the kingdom of Greece, and the large horn that is between his eyes is the first king (Alexander).

v 22…The broken horn and the four horns that arose in its place represent four kingdoms which will arise from his nation, although not with his power (they were divided into Egypt, Asia, Macedon and Syria).

v 23…And in the latter period of their rule (of the four Grecian kingdoms above); when the transgressions (the Jewish people turn from the Torah to Hellenism-1 Macc 1.11) have run a king will arise (Antiochus who ruled the Seleucid empire in Syria, the little horn. Antiochus will be a picture of the False Messiah), insolent and skilled in intrigue (deceptive and cunning, will cover his plots with design, etc).

v 24…And his power will be mighty (possessing a large kingdom he goes to conquer), but not by his power (but by deception and treachery with permission from Yehovah), and he will destroy to an extraordinary degree (people astonished at his victories) and prosper and perform. He will destroy mighty men (of other nations) and the holy people (Israel).

v 25…And through his shrewdness he will cause deceit to succeed by his influence (his schemes were interwoven into his governmental policies); and he will magnify himself in his heart (pride), and he destroy many while they are at ease (pretending to want and keep the peace), he will even oppose the Prince of princes (Yehovah, profaning is Temple and trying to destroy the Torah and his people), but he will be broken without human agency (the horn will be broken by the hand of God; keep in mind this is a profile of the False Messiah also).

v 26…And the vision of the evenings and mornings (8.14) which has been told is true (2300), but keep the vision secret (do not make it public, preserve it for when the time comes), for it pertains to many days in the future (hundreds of years in the future, to the death of Antiochus who wasn’t even born yet; also the birth-pains were in the far future).”

v 27…Then I, Daniel, was exhausted (faint, broken) and sick for many days. Then I got up and carried on the king’s business; but was astounded at the vision, and there was none to explain it (the meaning was sealed up-Dan 12.9).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Daniel-Chapter 7

Dan 7.1-28 tells us about the vision Daniel had about four beasts and their rise and destruction. It also contains Daniel’s interpretation of the vision, with details on the fourth beast that troubled Daniel so much. Having finished the historical portion of the book, it now proceeds to the prophetic part and what will happen in the latter days.

v 1…In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon (seventeen years before his death) Daniel saw a dream and visions in his mind on his bed (when he was in a deep sleep) then he wrote the dream down and related the following summary of it (the same kingdoms in Chapter 2, and they are seen as hungry beasts).

v 2…And Daniel said (exclaimed, telling the major parts of the vision), “I was looking in my vision by night (“night” is alluding to our spiritual darkness when God and his plans can be seen or revealed to us), and behold (take note and see), the four winds of heaven (spiritual forces behind the four beasts/kingdoms) were stirring up (agitating) the great sea (turbulent unconverted humanity-Isa 57.20; Rev 17.15).

v 3…And four great beasts (the four kingdoms of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream-Dan 2.38-40) were coming up from the sea (humanity), different from one another (each had its own characteristics of oppression, each one dealt with the Temple in some way).

v 4…And the first was like a lion (Babylonian strength and power-Deut 28.49; Jer 4.6-7) and had the wings of an eagle (the king of birds, arrogant). I kept looking and its wings were plucked (the downfall of Babylon, it could no longer fly) and it was lifted up from the ground and made to stand on two feet like a man (not like an eagle, it could not overtake and destroy nations), and a human heart was given to it (weak, fearful and timid-Dan 5.6).

v 5…And behold (take note and see), another beast, a second one, resembling a bear (Medo-Persia-not as strong as the lion, but as cruel and hungry). And it was raised up on one side (Medo-Persia eventually became just Persia under Cyrus), and three ribs were in its mouth between its teeth (part of the prey it had captured and overcome and this could symbolize three battles they had won over Babylon, or the three areas of the world it conquered in the west, north and south-Dan 8.4. Or it could refer to Babylon, Lydia and Egypt who were oppressed by the Medo-Persian empire); and thus they (God’s will through the angels who stirred up the spirit of the Medo-Persian empire) said to it, ‘Arise, devour much meat (the bear is not as vicious as the lion and had to be commanded to devour flesh because the Medo-Persians were not as cruel as the Assyrians and Babylonians).”

v 6…After this I kept looking, and behold (take note and see), another one, like a leopard (Greece), which had on its back four wings (Greece and Alexander used speed in conquering nations in all four directions) of a bird; the beast also had four heads (Alexander died young, and his empire was divided between his four generals. Ptolemy took Egypt, Seleucus took Asia Minor, Antigonus took Asia and Cassander took Macedonia), and dominion was given to it (over the known world, a very large dominion).

v 7…After this I kept looking in the night visions (of that same night), and behold (take note and see), a fourth beast, dreadful and terrifying and extremely strong (the old Roman Empire); and it had large iron teeth (different generals and emperors). It devoured and crushed and trampled down the remainder (other kingdoms) with its feet (the nations not absorbed into the empire were exploited for slaves and service to the empire. A simple definition of a slave is a “tool with a mouth”); and it was different from all the beasts that were before it (it was not given a name in this vision); and it had ten horns (or kings/powers eventually, the same as the ten toes in Nebuchadnezzar’s image).

v 8…While I was contemplating (considering) the horns, behold, another horn (power), a little one (the False Messiah; Leviathan-Rev12.3, 13.1; Isa 27.1; Psa 74.13-14), came up among them and three of the first horns (powers/kingdoms) were plucked out (pulled) by the roots (fell to or were subdued to make room for the eleventh horn-Rev 17.11; Mic 5.5; Zech 11.4-17) before it (the little horn); and behold, this horn possessed eyes like the eyes of a man (had an understanding and an insight to take control, but not divine understanding or insight), and a mouth uttering great boasts (of blasphemy).

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia, Dan 7.9-14 is a Yom Ha Din Rosh Ha Shannah passage. This will happen on Tishri 1, year 6001 from creation.

v 9…I kept looking (observing) until thrones were set up, and the Ancient of Days (Yehovah) took his seat (for judgment-a Yom Ha Din or Day of Judgment); his vesture (garment) like white snow (pure and righteous in his judgment), and the hair of his head like pure wool (wise in judgment). His throne ablaze with flames (a consuming fire, severe), its wheels (galgalim) a burning fire (this is a Maaseh Merkavah vision like in Ezek 1 and Rev 4-5, meaning the “work of the chariot/throne”).

v 10…A river of fire (Torah judgment-Deut 33.1-3, Psa 97.3; Isa 29.6, 30.2) was flowing and coming out from before him (various judgments which could not be stopped); thousands upon thousands were attending him (waiting for commands, ready to execute them) and myriads (ten thousand) upon myriads were standing before him (parallelism); the court (of judgment) sat (the judge is ready and on the bench), and the books were opened (the Book of Life-Exo 32.32; Rev 3.5, 13.8, 17.8, 20.12-15; Dan 12.6; and the Book of Remembrance-Mal 3.16; Lev 23.24. These books are used for evidence, etc).

v 11…Then I kept looking (observing) because of the sound of the boastful words which the horn (False Messiah) was speaking; and I kept looking until the beast (Revived Rome) was slain, and its body was destroyed and given to the burning fire (of judgement).

v 12…As for the rest of the beasts (Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece), their dominion was taken away (absorbed into Rome), but an extension of life was granted to them for an appointed period of time (they continued to exist but they had no power; we still see elements of these kingdoms today in law, architecture, the arts, especially Greece).

Dan 7.13-14 is a look into the coronation of Messiah Yeshua on Rosh Ha Shannah, year 6001 from creation (Rev 4-5) and he is given an everlasting kingdom. The Natzal (rapture) happens on this day and the believers are taken to heaven to be there at his coronation.

v 13…I kept looking in the night visions (that same night), and behold (take note and see), with the clouds of heaven (believers who are in heaven-Matt 24.29-30; Heb 12.1; Isa 60.8; Rev 1.7-8; Zech 14.5 Jude 14 for example), one like the son of man (Bar Enosh in Aramaic, meaning “kinsman, weak, frail mortal”-this is a term for the Messiah and referred to by Yeshua in Matt 16.13, 24.30) was coming, and he came up to the Ancient of Days (Yehovah on the throne) and was presented before him (in heaven-Rev 4-5).

v 14…And to him (Messiah Yeshua) was given a dominion, glory and a kingdom (Rev 11.15-more expansive than before), that all the peoples, nations and languages (tongues) should serve him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion which will not pass away (be conquered); and his kingdom is one which will not be destroyed (these verses clearly show that the “son of man” is separate from the Ancient of Days, and has an eternal kingdom, which alludes to the deity of the Messiah).

v 15…As for me, Daniel, my spirit was distressed within me (literally “short of breath”); and the visions in my mind (heart, soul, spirit) kept alarming me (a parallelism-he didn’t understand what the visions meant).

v 16…I approached one of those who were standing by (one of the angels in the service of Yehovah) and began asking him the exact meaning of all this. So he told me and made known to me the interpretation of these things (the visons).

v 17…’These great beasts, which are four in number, are four kings (or kingdoms-v 23) who will rise from the earth (worldly support).

v 18…But the saints (tzadikim, holy ones by faith) of the Most High will receive the kingdom (the Messianic Kingdom) and possess the kingdom forever, for all ages to come (after the four kingdoms are destroyed).’

v 19…Then I desired to know the exact meaning of the fourth kingdom (what kingdom is meant by it and why it was so terrible) which was different from all the others, exceedingly dreadful, with its teeth of iron and claws of bronze (this description is added from v 7), and which devoured, crushed, and trampled down the remainder with its feet.

v 20…And the meaning of the ten horns that were on its head, and the other horn which came up, and before which three of them fell, namely, that horn which had eyes and a mouth uttering great (boasts), which was larger in appearance than its associates (inspired more terror).

v 21…I kept looking, and that horn was waging war with the saints (Rev 12.17-False Messiah makes war on the Torah observant believers in Yeshua during the birth-pains) and overpowering them (Rev 13.7-8-a temporary defeat)

v 22…until the Ancient of Days (Yehovah) and judgment (this is a Yom Ha Din Yom Kippur at the end of the seven-year birth-pains-Matt 24.29-31. Yeshua returns on a Yom Kippur and the righteous will enter the kingdom, and the unrighteous will be killed and sent to the Tophet and Sheol to await the Great White Throne judgment-Matt 25.31-46) was passed in favor of the saints (tzadikim/believers) of the Highest One, and the time arrived when the saints took possession of the kingdom (entered the Messianic Kingdom on earth).

v 23…Thus he said (the angel that stood by Daniel): ‘The fourth beast will be a fourth kingdom (Rome) on the earth, which will be different from all the other kingdoms, and it will devour the whole earth and tread it down and crush it (Rome conquered many territories with their abundant armaments, cruelty and tyrannical rule).

v 24…As for the ten horns, out of this kingdom (Rome) ten kings will arise (after it falls, eventually ten smaller states will carry on in the spirit of Rome, corresponding to the ten toes of Nebuchadnezzar’s image); and another (the False Messiah, making eleven) will arise after them, and he will be different from the previous ones (the False Messiah will not just be a secular power, but have ecclesiastical power also) and will subdue three kings (now making eight-Mic 5.5; Zech 11.8; Rev 17.10-11).

v 25…And he will speak pompous words against the Most High and wear down (exhaust) the saints (those left behind in the natzal, or rapture, will try to survive through the birth-pains. Those who come to the faith and follow the Torah will be persecuted during the birth-pains-Rev 12.17) of the Highest One (Yehovah), and he will intend to make alterations (changes) in times (“zimnim” meaning the “moedim” or the appointed times of the Torah. The False Messiah may try to hide the true dates for the biblical festivals and their fulfillments by changing the calendar, etc) and in law (“v’dat” meaning the Torah-all of this has already been done by Replacement Theology in Christianity; and the False Prophet and this apostate system will be behind the False Messiah-for more information on this see out teaching called “Supersessionism-Replacement Theology” on this website) and they (the times/seasons and law) will be given into his hand for a time (one biblical year), times (two biblical years), and a half a time (six months, altogether meaning 1260 days or 42 months, the last three and a half years of the birth-pains).

v 26…But the judgment (the court in Dan 7.10) and they (Yehovah in three persons) shall take away his kingdom to consume, and destroy it unto the end (on Yom Ha Din Yom Kippur at the end of the birth-pains-Matt 24.29-31.

v 27…The the sovereignty, the dominion, and the greatness of all the kingdoms under the whole heaven will be given to the people of the saints (tzadikim/believers) of the Highest One (Yehovah); his kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all the dominions will serve and obey him-Mic 4.6-8; Luke 1.33).

v 28…At this point the revelation ended. As for me, Daniel, my thoughts were greatly alarming me and my face grew pale, but kept the matter to myself (in his memory, and he did not discuss it with anyone at this point).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Daniel-Chapter 6

Dan 6.1-28 gives us the story of why Daniel was cast into a lion’s den by Darius. Daniel was appointed as one of the three commissioners over the 120 provinces of the kingdom, and their governors. This appointment made the satraps jealous, so they looked for a reason to get rid of Daniel, using religious laws that they knew Daniel would not submit to. This story will allude to the conspiracy, arrest, trial, death and resurrection of Yeshua also.

v 1…It seemed good to Darius (when he began ruling) to appoint 120 satraps (princes) over the kingdom (of the Medes and Persians), that they should be in charge of the whole kingdom (the empire was divided into smaller sections),

v 2…and over them three commissioners (of whom Daniel was one), that these satraps might be accountable to them, and that the kingdom might not suffer loss (of revenues).

v 3…Then this Daniel began distinguishing himself among the commissioners and satraps because he possessed an extraordinary spirit, and the king planned to appoint him over the entire kingdom (like Joseph, but this intent became known and stirred up the jealousy of the others, just like what happened between Gedaliah and Ishmael in Jer 40.1 to 41.1 and Yeshua with the religious leaders).

v 4…Then the commissioners and the satraps began trying to find a ground of accusation against Daniel (like Yeshua in Luke 6.7) in regard to government affairs; but could find or corruption, inasmuch as he was faithful, and no negligence or corruption was to be found in him (Luke 23.4).

v 5…Then these men said, “We shall not find any ground of accusation against this Daniel unless we find it against him with regard to the law of his God (aware of his faith in Yehovah, they devise evil plans).

v 6…Then these commissioners and satraps came by agreement to the king and spoke to him as follows, “King Darius, live forever (in this he will be a type of Pilate-Matt 26.1-4)!

v 7…All the commissioners (only two, with Daniel being the third) of the kingdom, the prefects, the high officials and the governors have consulted together (they are deceiving the king) that the king should establish a statute and enforce an injunction (prohibition) that anyone who makes a petition to any god besides you, O king, for thirty days, shall be cast into the lion’s den.

v 8…Now, O king, establish the injunction (no delay) and sign the document so that it may not be changed (no loopholes for Daniel to use), according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which may not be revoked (a well-known tradition-Est 8.8).”

v 9…Therefore King Darius signed the document, that is, the injunction (prohibition).

v 10…Now, when Daniel knew that the document was signed, he entered his house. He had windows open toward Jerusalem in his upper chamber (not towards the king’s palace); and he continued kneeling on his knees three times a day, praying and giving thanks before his God, as he had been doing previously (the Temple had been destroyed, but in respect to the prayer of Solomon in 1 Kings 8.46-48; Jonah looked and prayed toward the Temple in Jonah 2.4, David in Psa 5.7 and 28.1-2. You pray towards the Holy of Holies, and in the Holy of Holies you prayed towards the Ark, between the wings of the keruvim-Exo 25.22 and Psa 138.2. See also 1 Kings 18.29, 36; 2 Kings 3.20; Dan 9.21; Luke 1.10; Acts 2.15, 10.3).

v 11…Then these men came by agreement and found Daniel making petition and supplication before his God (knowing his times of prayer and his window was open so they could see him).

v 12..Then they approached and spoke before the king about the king’s injunction (they were eager to tell Darius about Daniel’s transgression of his edict), “Did you not sign an injunction that any man who makes a petition to any god or man besides you, O king, for thirty days, is to be cast into the lion’s den?” The king answered and said, “The statement is true, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which may not be revoked.”

v 13…Then they answered and spoke before the king, “Daniel, who is one of the exiles of Judah (a captive Jew to make this even worse), pays no attention to you, O king, or to the injunction which you have signed, but keeps making his petition three times a day.”

v 14…Then, as soon as the king heard this statement, he was deeply distressed (in himself) and set his mind on delivering Daniel; and even until sunset he kept exerting himself to rescue him (finding a way out for Daniel, like Pilate tried to do for Yeshua).

v 15…Then these men came by agreement to the king and said to the king, “Recognize, O king, that it is a law of the Medes and Persians that no injunction or statute which the king establishes may be changed.”

v 16…Then the king gave orders (unable to hold out against these conspirators any longer), and Daniel was brought in and cast into the lion’s den (Pilate was reluctant to have Yeshua killed, but was unable to stop the conspirators, too-Psa 22.13).

v 17…And a stone was brought and laid over the mouth of the den (a stone was over the mouth of Yeshua’s tomb-Matt 27.66); and the king sealed it with his own signet ring and with the signet rings of his nobles, so that nothing might be changed in regard to Daniel (no one could interfere or try to free him, just like Pilate allowed guards at the door of Yeshua’s tomb and sealed it-Matt 27.62-66).

v 18…Then the king went off to his palace and spent the night in fasting (upset over what he did), and no entertainment (concubines-Keil and Delitzsch on 6.18) was brought before him; and his sleep fled from him (like Pilate’s wife in Matt 27.19).

v 19…Then the king arose with the dawn (like the women did in Matt 28.1; Mark 16.2), and went in haste to the lion’s den (hurriedly, in person, because he cared for Daniel).

v 20…And when he had come near the den of Daniel, he cried out with a troubled voice (lamenting). The king spoke and said to Daniel, “Daniel, servant of the living God, has your God whom you constantly serve, been able to deliver you from the lions?”

v 21…Then Daniel spoke to the king, “O king, live forever (he is not upset with the king)!

v 22…My God sent his angel (like at Yeshua’s resurrection) and shut the lion’s mouth (by taking away their desire to injure him), and they have not harmed me, inasmuch as I was found innocent before him (by preserving him); and also toward you, O king, I have committed no crime (against him or the government, he was just serving his God not disrespecting the king).”

v 23… Then the king was very pleased and gave orders for Daniel to be taken out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den (like Yeshua was resurrected out of the tomb) and no injury whatever was found on him, because he had trusted in his God.

v 24…The king then gave orders, and they brought those men who had maliciously accused Daniel, and they cast them, their children, and their wives into the lion’s den (this was in keeping with Persian custom); and they had not reached the bottom of the den before the lions overpowered them and crushed all their bones (to show the lions were hungry).

v 25…Then Darius the king wrote to all the peoples, nations, and men of every language who were living in the land: “May your peace abound!

v 26…I make a decree that in all the dominion of my kingdom men are to fear and tremble before the God of Daniel; for he is the living God (not like the idols they worship) and enduring forever, and his kingdom is one which will not be destroyed, and his dominion forever (unlike the man-made idols and kingdoms).

v 27…He delivers and rescues and performs signs and wonders in heaven and on earth (outside of the natural laws), who has delivered Daniel from the power of the lions (who should have torn Daniel apart).”

v 28…So Daniel enjoyed success (prospered) in the reign of Darius and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian (who succeeded him).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Daniel-Chapter 5

Dan 5.1-31 gives us the account of a great feast King Belshazzar, grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, had using and desecrating the vessels from the Temple that were taken by Nebuchadnezzar. Daniel is brought in to read a mysterious handwriting on a wall during the banquet. Daniel reminds Belshazzar how Yehovah humbled his grandfather because of his pride and he should have learned that lesson and taken warning, but he didn’t. Yehovah was displeased with the desecration of the Temple’s vessels and is told his kingdom would fall and be given into the hands of the Medes and the Persians.

v 1…Belshazzar the king held a great feast (thinking he was quite safe from Darius and Cyrus now besieging Babylon, and the reason for the banquet is unknown, but see the comments in v 2 for one interpretation) for a thousand of his nobles, and he was drinking wine in the presence of the thousand.

v 2…When Belshazzar tasted the wine, he gave orders to bring the gold and silver vessels which Nebuchadnezzar his father (grandfather) had taken out of the Temple which was in Jerusalem, in order that the king and his nobles, his wives, and his concubines (unusual that they would be there) might drink from them (it is possible that Belshazzar thought the seventy-year captivity of the Jews predicted by Jeremiah was over and the prophecies were wrong, so he took the vessels from the Temple to celebrate thinking if those prophecies were wrong, so were the other prophecies about the demise of Babylon, the rise of the Medes and Persians, Cyrus in Isaiah, and the release of the Jews from captivity, and they thought the Chaldeans triumphed over the God of Israel. However, Belshazzar’s calculations about the seventy years were wrong).

v 3…Then they brought the gold vessels that had been taken out of the Temple, the house of God which was in Jerusalem; and the king and his nobles, his wives, and his concubines drank from them (they were mocking God).

v 4…They drank the wine and praised the gods of gold and silver, bronze, iron, wood and stone (they had idols made out of all these materials, thus they profaned these holy vessels (they had a kedusha).

v 5…Suddenly the fingers of a man’s hand emerged and began writing opposite the lampstand on the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace (which was best lit so that everyone could see the words), and the king saw the back of the hand that did the writing (because of the lampstand).

v 6…Then the king’s face grew pale, and his thoughts alarmed him; and his hip joints went slack (lost strength to hold his body), and his knees began knocking together.

v 7…The king called aloud (in a strong voice due to his bad conscience which now pointed to sinister implications) to bring in the conjurers, the Chaldeans and the soothsayers (losing his composure now). The king spoke and said to the wise men of Babylon, “Any man who can read this inscription and explain its interpretation to me will be clothed with purple, and have a necklace of gold around his neck, and have authority as third (ruler) in the kingdom (there seems to be a triumvirate of rulers under the king: the interpreter would rule as one of the three; Dan 6.1-3 tells us Darius kept the Babylonian model).”

v 8…Then all the king’s wise men came in but they could not read the inscription or make known its interpretation to the king.

v 9…Then King Belshazzar was greatly alarmed, his face grew even paler, and his nobles were perplexed.

v 10…The queen (the queen mother, possibly the wife of Nebuchadnezzar) entered the banquet hall (she was older and was not present at it) because of the words of the king and his nobles; the queen spoke and said, “O king, live forever! Do not let your thoughts alarm you or your face be pale.

v 11…There is a man in your kingdom (not “court” because he may have been removed from his position after the death of Nebuchadnezzar) in whom is a spirit of the holy gods (the language of Nebuchadnezzar in Dan 4.8, 9,18 meaning he had something more than human), and in the days of your father (his grandfather Nebuchadnezzar), illumination, insight, and wisdom like the wisdom of the gods were found (past tense) in him. And King Nebuchadnezzar, your father (grandfather) the king, appointed him chief of the magicians, conjurers, Chaldeans and diviners (being Nebuchadnezzar’s wife she knew firsthand about Daniel and how he helped).

v 12…This was because an extraordinary spirit, knowledge and insight, interpretation of dreams, explanation of enigmas, and solving of difficult problems were found in this Daniel (she uses his Hebrew name; his gifts superseded all the other so-called “wise men”), whom the king named Belteshazzar. Let Daniel now be summoned, and he will declare the interpretation.”

v 13…Then Daniel was brought in before the king. The king spoke and said to Daniel, “Are you Daniel, from among the exiles of Judah (he was acquainted with him and his origin, but it seems he was no longer close to the king or a part of his court), whom my father (his grandfather Nebuchadnezzar) the king brought from Judah?

v 14…Now I have heard about you that a spirit of the gods (notice he leaves out “holy”) is in you (he had something more than human), and that illumination, insight, and extraordinary wisdom had been found in you.

v 15…Just now the wise men and the conjurers were brought in before me that they might read this inscription and make its interpretation known to me, but they could not declare the interpretation of the message (could give no explanation).

v 16…But I have personally heard about you, that you are able to give interpretations and solve difficult problems. Now if you are able to read the inscription and make its interpretation known to me, you will be clothed with purple and wear a necklace of gold around your neck, and you will have authority as third (ruler in a triumvirate-6.1-3) in the kingdom.”

v 17…Then Daniel answered and said before the king, “Keep your gifts for yourself, or give rewards to someone else (he didn’t think that reading and unraveling the mystery merited a reward, or he thought the king would not be around in a few hours anyway); however, I will read the inscription to the king and make the interpretation known to him.

v 18…O king, the Most High God granted sovereignty, grandeur, glory, and majesty to Nebuchadnezzar your father (far above what Belshazzar was).

v 19…And because of the grandeur which He bestowed on him, all the peoples, nations, and (men of every) language feared and trembled before him; whomever he wished he killed, and whomever he wished he spared alive; and whomever he wished he elevated, and whomever he wished he humbled.

v 20…But when his heart was lifted up and his spirit became so proud that he behaved arrogantly (in utter disregard for the will of Yehovah), he was deposed from his royal throne, and glory (his) was taken away from him.

v 21…He was also driven away from the sons of men, and his heart was made like that of the beasts, and his dwelling place was with the wild donkeys. He was given grass to eat like cattle, and his body was drenched with the dew of heaven, until he recognized that the Most High God is ruler over the realm of mankind (all the kingdoms of men), and that he sets over it whomever he wishes (now the lesson is going to be driven home with what follows).

v 22…Yet you, his son (grandson), Belshazzar, have not humbled your heart, even though you knew all this (he chose to ignore God’s dealings with Nebuchadnezzar),

v 23…but you have exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of His house before you, and you and your nobles, your wives and your concubines have been drinking wine from them (blasphemous act); and you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood and stone (idols made of these materials), which do not see, hear or understand. But the God in whose hand (why he saw a hand) are your life-breath and your ways, you have not glorified.

v 24…Then the hand was sent from him (because the Temple’s vessels were profaned and idols were praised with them), and this inscription was written out (probably pointing to the wall as he said this).

v 25…Now, this is the inscription that was written out (in Aramaic): MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN (in the book called “Daniel” in the Artscroll Tanach Serie, Mesorah Publications, p. 163, several interesting scenarios are presented as to what could have been written on the wall that Daniel deciphered. See that book for a more detailed look at this, with illustrations of the various scenarios, and it says: “MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN were written in code, each letter in the alphabet substituted for a counterpart from the other end of the alphabet, e.g. Alef replaces Tav, Bet replaces Shin, and so on.” Then it goes on to say, “Shmuel holds that the letters forming the words were not arranged in their normal sequence.” It goes on, “Maharsha explains that the letters were written as three five-letter words one atop the other. The message can thus be read clearly when it is read from top to bottom instead of the customary right to left. Maharshal understands Shmuel to mean that there were five groups of three letters each, arranged one above the other. The message could only be understood by reading every fifth letter. The first word was formed by letters, 1, 6, 11; the second by letters 2, 7, 12; the third by letters 3, 8, 13; the fourth by letters 4, 9, 14, 5, 10, 15. Rav Yochanan says the words were simply written backward from left to right).”

v 26…”This is the interpretation of the message: ‘MENE’-God has numbered your kingdom and put an end to it (Daniel only interprets one “MENE and it is left unexplained, but the two words mean God has determined the number of years Babylon would reign, and how long Belshazzar would reign. Both MENE’s are now completed).

v 27…TEKEL-you have been weighed on the scales and found deficient (of justice and truth as defined in the Torah, a lawless reprobate).

v 28…PERES (a wordplay on the Persians who were coming to take Babylon)-your kingdom has been divided and given over to the Medes and Persians (UPHARSIN is plural for PERES-Darius ruled the Medes and Cyrus the Persians. They ruled together, with Darius ruling Babylon and Cyrus the rest of the Empire. Daniel indicates that the elder Darius would be the first to reign over Babylon by mentioning the Medes first).”

v 29…Then Belshazzar gave orders and they clothed Daniel with purple and put a necklace of gold around his neck, and issued a proclamation concerning him that he now had authority as the third (ruler) in the kingdom (fulfilling his word as king).

v 30…That same night Belshazzar the Chaldean king was slain (by the Medes and the Persians who surprised the Babylonians and killed Belshazzar, according to Josephus, Antiq. of the Jews, Book X, Chapter 11.4).

v 31…So Darius the Mede received the kingdom at about the age of sixty-two (with the death of Belshazzar and the fall of Babylon, Daniel’s prophecy and interpretations began to be fulfilled. This Darius the Mede is identified as Darius the son of Ahasuerus in Dan 9.1 according to John Gill’s commentary on Dan 9.1. Why was his age given? We know the downfall of Babylon came seventy years after Nebuchadnezzar came to power, and if you subtract the eight years of his reign until he exiled Yehoiachin, the remainder is sixty-two years. Darius was born at the right time when a fatal stroke was given to the Jewish people when Yehoiachin the king was deported. God was providing a king who would avenge the loss of Jerusalem on Babylon sixty-two years before it would come to pass. See the book “Daniel” in the Artscroll Tanach Series, Mesorah Publications, p. 175, for more detail).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament