It was for freedom (the freedom Paul refers to is the “liberty” referred to in Psa 119.45, James 1.25 and 2.12. See also 1 John 5.3; 2 Cor 3.17; Rom 2.13; James 2.20. It is the freedom to live a life free of the burden of sin, weighing us down and pulling us to hell with no forgiveness. We have the freedom to live a life that has guidance, teaching and instruction called the Torah that tells us what is right and wrong) that Christ set us free (redeemed us, the truth sets free, and the word of God is truth-John 8.32); therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery (the slavery referred to here is keeping the Torah or any rule or regulation that supposedly gives you right standing before God, or works righteousness. It is not wrong to keep any commandment if you have the right attitude about it and you understand that it does not make you righteous. God desires that we follow what he says, but the bondage refers to is having to do anything to gain righteousness with God). (2) Behold I, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision (in order to be saved according to the doctrines of the School of Shammai), Christ will be of no benefit to you (his blood will be of no value to anyone trying to earn righteousness). (3) And I testify again to every man (Greek “anthropos”=mankind, not just men. This issue of works concerned women also) who receives circumcision that he is under obligation to keep the whole law (if you are going to obey the Torah to gain righteousness, you must keep the whole thing, all the time, every time, or there is death and you are separated from the Lord). (4) You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law (oral or written), you have fallen from grace (it is the grace and kindness of God that saves us, not something we earn. If we attempt to earn salvation, then grace is not involved). (5) For we through the Spirit, by faith, are waiting for the hope of righteousness (it is through the Holy Spirit that we wait for his righteousness, and this is by faith, not works). (6) For in Christ Jesus (Yeshua ha Mashiach) neither circumcision nor un-circumcision means anything (see 1 Cor 7.17-20), but faith working through love. (7) You were running well, who hindered you from obeying the truth (of faith over works)? (8) This persuasion did not come from him who calls you (this teaching of the School of Shammai did not come from God). (9) A little leaven leavens the whole lump of dough (just a small amount of false teaching can work its way through all of them-Matt 16.12). (10) I have confidence in you in the Lord, that you will adopt no other view; but the one who is disturbing you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is (Satan will use those he can to disrupt and confuse, mixing truth and error. But they will receive their just reward from God). (11) But I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision (to be saved… like all the apostles did at one time-Acts 10.44 through 11.18. It was an issue in Acts 15.1 that had to be resolved), why am I still persecuted (he still taught Abrahamic circumcision for a Jew, but not ritual circumcision for Gentiles)? Then the stumbling block of the cross has been abolished (stumbling block is “scandal” in Greek. The cross was hard for the Jews to understand because there was no room for works righteousness according to their theology. They turned the Torah into a system of works and the cross left no room for their efforts. Also, how could a man crucified and cursed in their mind be the source of salvation). (12) Would that those who are troubling you would mutilate themselves (if cutting off a piece of foreskin made you righteous, how much more righteous would they be if they cut their whole member off). (13) For you were called to freedom (from works righteousness, but some today think this means freedom from the Torah so they can live and do whatever they want. This is a mistake that is prevalent today. There are many examples on how so-called believers turn from the Torah to observe man-made laws like idols, Sunday as the Lord’s Day and pagan festivals. This can be found in nearly every church. There is a television ministry that believes the “church” needs to repent because we are entering into the Tribulation. Messianic “rabbis” appear on it regularly, but they sell idols and graven images contrary to the Torah-(Exo 20.4-5; Deut 4.15-18; 5.8-9; 16.22; 27.15), brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh (ritually thinking they could be circumcised to be saved), but through love serve one another. (14) For the whole law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement “you shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (15) But if you bite and devour one another, take care lest you be consumed by one another. (16) But I say, walk by the Spirit (be under the control of the Shekinah, the indwelling presence of God) and you will not carry out the desires of the flesh. (17) For the flesh (the corrupt nature) sets its desire against the Spirit (Shekinah) and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please. (18) But if you are led by the Spirit (under the control of the Shekinah) you are not under law (when you follow the Spirit, he will lead you to fulfilling the Torah because it was inspired from him. You will not be under a system of works righteousness that was developed in Israel between the years of 300 BC to 50 AD). (19) Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are adultery, fornication, uncleanness, sodomy, lasciviousness (20) idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, fighting, zeals, wrath, strife, divisions, heresies (21) envying, murders, drunkenness, revelries and things like these (there is more), of which I forewarn you that those who practice such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God (the Kingdom of God was being offered again, at the time Paul wrote to the Galatians. In Isa 60.22, the Jewish scholars saw a contradiction. They saw the kingdom being “hastened” or coming in its due/appointed time, depending on repentance of the people-Deut 30.1-6- The Kingdom of God is a variation of the kingdom of YHVH-1 Chr 28.5; 2 Chr 13.8-The Kingdom of God/Heaven is the restored Kingdom of Israel-Jer 23.5-6; Isa 9.6-11-the kingdom was offered by Yeshua, with John preparing the way-Matt 12.28; Mark 12.34-this offer was rejected because the people did not repent and then they crucified Yeshua-Matt 11.12-19; Luke 17.21-25; Matt 21.43-the offer of the kingdom is extended beyond the crucifixion and the talmidim asked Yeshua if the kingdom was going to be restored to Israel in Acts 1.6, but it was rejected again and expired in Acts 28.17-28 when James was killed in 63 AD. Now the kingdom will come in its appointed time at the end of the 6000 years, called the Messianic Kingdom when Yeshua returns). (22) But the fruit of the Spirit (Shekinah) is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, (23) gentleness, self-control, against such things there is no law (if one does these things, the attitude is right and you will be in line with the will of God and his Torah). (24) Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires (the damning power of them is gone, they lose their governing power. Not that they are gone, but they are restrained. Just like a crucified man is still alive, but he is fastened to a cross. He can’t act or move like before, he is under restraints). (25) If we live by the Spirit (with the help of the Shekinah), let us also walk by the Spirit. (26) Let us not become boastful, challenging one another, envying one another.