(1) After these things (the events at Bethesda) Yeshua went away to the other side of the Sea of Galilee (or Tiberias) (by this time John is dead, and Yeshua is getting away from Herod because his work was not done. Also, here we are going to have an echo back to the Exodus. The Passover is near, probably just after. The people wander in the desert, hungry, he feeds them. Then we have a stormy sea, they cry out for the salvation (Yeshua) of God, and he delivers them. Then they finally reach their destination). (2) And a great multitude was following him (not because of his doctrine), because they were seeing the signs which he was performing on those who were sick (healing was seen as prophetic of the messianic kingdom). (3) And Yeshua went up on the mountain (probably the Horns of Hattin) , and there he sat with his talmidim. (4) Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews (as opposed to the Samaritan Passover), was at hand (before and after any festival, the rabbis were teaching about Passover and the themes, idioms, phrases and concepts associated with it. They talked about the multitude, the plagues, the Red Sea, the manna, the wilderness and God’s provision. So as we read the rest of this chapter, look for Passover themes. (5) Yeshua therefore lifting up his eyes, and seeing that a great multitude was coming to him, said to Phillip (he was from Bethsaida, a nearby town meaning “house of fish”, a “local” boy), “Where are we to buy bread, that these may eat?” (6) And this he was saying to test him (remember this was Passover, he was testing his understanding); for he himself knew what he was intending to do. (7) Phillip answered him, “Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not sufficient for them, for everyone to receive a little.” (8) (8) One of his talmidim, Andrew, Shimon Peter’s brother, said to him, (9) “There is a lad here who has five (# meaning to reveal) barley loaves (the word. This had to be after Passover, after the first fruits of the barley was waved ) and two (# meaning “house”) fish, but what are those for so many people?” (10) Yeshua said, “Have the people sit down (the traditional sight for this feeding is wrong. It was built by Mussolini and it is too close to Capernaum. The people could have walked there for food).” Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand (they were near Magdala, and inside the depression at the Horns of Hattin). (11) Yeshua therefore took the loaves and having given thanks (he said the “Ha Motzi”), he distributed to those who were seated, likewise also of the fish (numerical value in Hebrew is 12=teaching. what is Yeshua teaching here) as much as they wanted. (12) And when they were filled, he said to his talmidim, “Gather upthe leftover fragments that nothing may be lost (to save for later, and it would show what a great provision there was). (13) And so they gathered them up and filled twelve (the number of teaching) baskets with fragments from the five (meaning revelation) barley loaves, which were left over by those who had eaten. (14) When therefore the people saw the sign (the word for sign in Hebrew is “owt” made up of an aleph, vav and tav. The “aleph and tav” is the first and last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and it means God. The vav is the number six in Hebrew and it is the number of man and it is between the aleph and tav. God gave us a sign (Isa 7.14) that the Messiah would be God (the aleph and tav) and man (the vav) which he had performed they said, “This is of a truth, the Prophet (of Deut 18.18, like Moses who provided the manna after Passover) who is to come into the world.” (15) Yeshua therefore perceiving they were intending to come and take him by force, to make him king (a temporal ruler who would free them from Rome), withdrew again to the mountain (the Horns of Hattin) by himself alone. (16) Now when evening came, the talmidim went down to the sea (17) and after getting in to a boat, they started to cross the sea to Capernaum. And it had already become dark (Exo 14.21), and Yeshua had not yet come to them. (18) And the sea began to be stirred up because of a strong wind was blowing. (19) When therefore they had rowed about three or four miles, they beheld Yeshua walking on the sea (Isa 57.20; Job 26.12-13. The sea was seen as unconverted humanity, the domain of Satan and Leviathan. By walking on the sea, he is showing mastery of these realms, like Moses in Exo 14.13. Also, it alludes to Gen 1.2 where the Spirit “hovered” or had dominion over the waters) and drawing near to the boat; and they were frightened. (20) But he said to them, “It is I, do not be afraid.” (21) They were willing therefore to receive him into the boat; and immediately (another miracle) the boat was at the land to which they were going. (22) The next day the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was no other small boat there, except one, and that Yeshua had not entered with his talmidim into the boat, but that his talmidim had gone away alone. (23) There came other small boats from Tiberias, near to the place where they ate bread after the Lord had given thanks (at Magdala, near Tiberias). (24) When the multitude therefore saw that Yeshua was not there, nor his talmidim, they themselves got into small boats, and came to Capernaum seeking Yeshua. (25) And when they found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him, “Rabbi, when did you get here (they didn’t expect him there. He will not answer their question directly because he knows why they followed him)?” (26) Yeshua answered them and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you seek me, not because you saw signs, but because you ate of the loaves, and were filled (their own carnal, worldly advantage). (27) Do not work for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal life (spiritual food) which the Son of Man (a messianic title from Dan 7.13) shall give to you, for on him the Father, God, has set his seal (of truth and approval).” (28) They said therefore to him, “What shall we do, that we may work the works of God (which is agreeable to him)?” (29) Yeshua answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.” (30) They said therefore to him, “What then do you do for a sign, that we may see, and believe you? What work do you perform (these people were from Capernaum and had not seen the miracle of the feeding of the five thousand. They wanted it repeated)? (31) Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written (on record), “He gave them bread out of heaven to eat.” (32) Yeshua therefore said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, it is not Moses who has given you the bread out of heaven, but it is my Father who gives you the true bread out of heaven (Matt 4.4; Exo 16.16-he will be using concepts related to Passover from here to v 58). (33) For the bread of God is that which comes down out of heaven and gives life to the world (he is talking about himself-John 12.24). (34) They said therefore to him, “Lord, evermore give us this bread.” (35) Yeshua said to them, “I am the bread of life; he who comes to me shall not hunger, and he who believes in me shall never thirst (live and feed upon him, they shall not desire any other spiritual food and drink than Messiah).” (36) But I said to you, that you have seen me, and yet you do not believe (they not only saw the Messiah, but also his miracles). (37) All (the whole body of the elect, his sheep) that the Father gives me shall come to me; and the one who comes to me I will certainly not cast out (of the body of the elect). (38) For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me. (39) And this is the will of him who sent me; that of all that he has given me )the elect that was given to him before the foundation of the world-Eph 1.4) I lose nothing (none will be lost), but raise it up on the last day (the seventh day, the last day of the 7000 year plan, the messianic kingdom. (40) For this is the will of my Father, that every one who beholds the son, and believes in him, may have eternal life; and I myself will raise him up on the last day.” (41) The Jews (some of the Jewish authorities are in the crowd) therefore were grumbling about him because he said, “I am the bread that came down out of heaven (the word fro bread here is “artos” which has leaven, or “life”).” (42) And they were saying (mockingly), “Is not this Yeshua, the son of Joseph (in this case his earthly father), whose father and mother we know? How does he now say, “I have come down out of heaven (they didn’t understand how to reconcile what he was saying)?” (43) Yeshua answered and said to them, “Do not grumble among yourselves (a sin in the wilderness). (44) No one can come to me, unless the Father who sent me draw (Greek “helkhuo” which means “to drag”- Acts 16.19; John 12.32) him and I will raise him up on the last day. (45) It is written (on record) in the prophets ‘And they shall all be taught of God.’ Every one who has learned from the Father, comes to me. (46) Not that any man has seen the Father, except the one who is from God; he has seen the Father. (47) Truly, truly, I say to you. He who believes has eternal life. (48) I am the bread of life. (49) Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died. (50) This is the bread which comes down out of heaven, so that one may eat of it (makes it a part of you) and not die. (51) I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if any one eats of this bread (makes it a part of you, spiritually, leading to life, will be perfected from that time on), he shall live forever; and the bread also which I shall give for the life of the world (the world of his elect) is my flesh (his human nature in union with his deity). (52) The Jews (the rulers who were in the crowd) therefore began to argue with one another (another sin in the wilderness), saying, “How can this man give us flesh to eat (they didn’t mean physically, because that would not have been in line with the Torah. The Gospel, the good news, or Basar in Hebrew, also means “flesh” and he is talking about partaking of the Basar, the Gospel. Yeshua is the Gospel in the flesh)?” (53) Yeshua therefore said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood; you have no life in yourselves (like at Passover, if you did not eat the lamb or put the blood on the door, the first-born died. This represents spiritual knowledge, of his shedding his blood and offering up his body for the remission of sin). (54) He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood (meaning “make my teaching a part of you) has eternal life; and I will raise him up on the last day. (55) For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. (56) He who eats my flesh (the Gospel, or Basar) and drinks my blood abides (lives) in me, and I in him (the elect of God dwelt in his mind and heart from eternity, secret and safe. All this means that we are to believe that he came in the flesh, and it is given for the life of the people. We are to receive it by faith and “feed” on it). (57) As the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so he who eats me, he also shall live because of me. (58) This is the bread which came down out of heaven, not as the fathers ate (physical bread), and died, he who eats this bread shall live forever (John 4.31-32-as you were delivered out of Egypt by the blood of the lamb, in the same way I will deliver you from the Egypt of sin by my flesh and blood).” (59) These things he said in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum (which means “village of the comforter-Lam 1.16). (60) Many therefore of his talmidim, when they heard this said, “This is a difficult statement; who can listen to it (a Hebrew idiom meaning “this makes no sense to me”)?” (61) But Yeshua, conscious that his talmidim grumbled at this, said to them, “Does this cause you to stumble (cause you trouble, he is weeding out the tares)?” (62) What then if you should behold the Son of Man (a messianic title from Dan 7.13= “Bar Enosh”, not “ben Adam”) ascending where he was before (as the Word, the davar, and son of God. He is saying that if it is hard for you to believe that I came down from heaven as bread to eat, it will be harder for you to be told that I ascended back into heaven)? (63) It is the Spirit (the Ruach, breath, wind) who gives life, the flesh profits nothing (when it comes to eternal life); the words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life (to be understood in the “sowd” level). (64) But there are some of you who do not believe.” For Yeshua knew from the beginning who they were who did not believe, and who it was that would betray him (this was determined in the counsels of God, in the prophecies. He knew who each one was). (65) And he was saying, “For this reason I have said to you, that no one can come to me, unless it has been granted him from the Father (it is not the product of man’s power or will, but it comes from the grace of God, a gift). (66) As a result of this many of his talmidim withdrew and were not walking with him anymore (it will be nearly impossible to ever return or even repent again-Heb 6.6). (67) Yeshua said therefore to the twelve, “You do not want to go away also, do you?” (68) Shimon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom shall we go (as a teacher. John was dead but said he wasn’t the Messiah anyway, and Yeshua had already warned them about the teachings of the scribes and the Pharisees, and that they were leaven)? You have words of eternal life (the true way to eternal life, and he is the dispenser of it). (69) And we have believed and have come to know that you are the Messiah, the son of the living God.” (70) Yeshua answered them, “Did I myself not choose you, the twelve; and one of you is a devil (an adversary, a liar, murderer, deceiver and accuser, Hebrew a “satan”)?” (71) Now he meant Judas Iscariot (Greek “Iskariotes”, of the Sicarii sect. “Sikarios” in Greek means “assassin”-Acts 21.38), of (the son of) Simon, for he, one of the twelve, was going to betray him.