The Book of Matthew-Chapter 10

(1) And having summoned his twelve talmidim, he gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness (the talmidim are now “sent out” by Yeshua and the miracles that were done was further evidence that the Kingdom of God is being offered). (2) Now the names of the twelve apostles (Hebrew “shaliachim”=sent ones-like the twelve “fathers” of the nation of Israel, the twelve stones on the ephod of the high priest, the twelve stones laid by Joshua in Joshua 4.3, these will be the twelve “fathers” of the Kingdom of God being offered. This is the first time they are called shaliachim/apostles) are these: the first, Shimon, who is called Peter and Andrew his brother (talmidim of Yochanon ha Matvil, or John the Baptist); and Jacob the son of Zebedee and Yochanon his brother; (3) Phillip and Bartholomew (possibly “Bar Talmai” or “Bar Ptolemy”); Thomas and Mattai the tax-gatherer, Jacob the son of Alphaeus and Thaddaeus (“Thaddai”). (4) Shimon the Canaanite (or “Kanaim= zealot-see Luke 6.15) and Yehudah Iscariot (meaning “ish Keriot” or man from Keriot or “sicari” meaning a “cutthroat” from a zealot party), the one who betrayed him (as you can see, Yeshua was able to draw followers from many different religious parties within the “Judaism’s” of the time. There were possibly priests (Jacob and John), Levites (Matthew), zealots (Shimon and Yehudah), those with Essene influences and the am ha eretz, the common folk, like Peter and Andrew). (5) These twelve Yeshua sent out after instructing them, saying, “Do not go in the way of the Gentiles (do not go among them, the kingdom is being offered to Israel right now-Matt 15.24) and do not enter any city of the Samaritans (at least not yet) (6) but rather go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel (these are people, not tribes). (7) And as you go, preach, saying ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand’ (here now, in your face, being offered. Again, you have to understand that the scholars saw that the kingdom was going to be “hastened” around the year 4000, based on their understanding of Isa 60.22, but repentance was needed-Deut 30.6. The kingdom of God/heaven is a variation of the kingdom of YHVH in 1 Chr 28.5 and 1 Chr 13.8. The kingdom of God/heaven is the restored kingdom of Israel-Jer 23.5-6; Isa 9.6-11. The kingdom was being offered by Yeshua-Matt 11.12, 12.28; Mark 12.34. The kingdom offer will be rejected because they would not repent-Matt 11.12-19; Luke 17.21-25; Matt 21.43. The offer will be extended after the crucifixion-Acts 3.12-26, but the offer expired in Acts 28.17-28 with the death of Jacob, the Lord’s brother and “nasi” of the Nazarenes around 63 AD. Now the kingdom will come at the due time, at the end of the 6000 years with the Messianic Kingdom). (8) Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons, freely you have received, freely give (all of these were signs that the kingdom is here now, being offered, and the talmidim heard this from the Messiah himself). (9) Do not acquire gold, or silver or copper for your money belts (10) or a bag for your journey, or even two tunics, or sandals, or a staff; for the worker is worthy of his support (God will supply their needs as they announce that the kingdom, that Israel had so long waited for, had arrived). (11) And into whatever city of village you enter, inquire who is worthy in it (hospitable); and abide there until you go away. (12) And as you enter the house, give it your greeting (for peace and happiness, blessings). (13) And if the house is worthy (civil, hospitable), let your greeting of peace come upon it (the things you said in your blessings shall come upon the house); but if it is not worthy, let your greeting of peace return to you (the happiness you wished for shall not come upon them). (14) And whoever does not receive you, nor heed your words as you go out of the house or that city, shake off the dust of your feet (like unclean soil, the same when entering the Temple and immersions there-Acts 13.44-51. It showed you had nothing more to do with them). A worker is worthy of his support). (15) Truly I say to you, it will be tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment (yom ha din-Rosh ha Shannah and Yom Kippur are two “days of judgment) than for that city (Sodom and Gomorrah did not have the Torah, the prophets or the Messiah and his shaliachim. Israel, by this time, had the witness of the Torah for nearly 1400 years). (16) Behold, I send you out as sheep (weak, harmless) in the midst of wolves (ferocious), therefore be shrewd as serpents (very careful), and innocent as doves (their message was to be the pure, unmixed truth of the Torah-Phil 2.12-16).(17) But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to the courts (beit din= “house of judgment in a synagogoue) and scourge you in their synagogues; (18) and you shall even be brought before governors (Roman) and kings (like Herod Agrippa, Nero, etc) for my sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles (there in the courts). (19) But when they deliver you up, do not be anxious about how or what you will speak (don’t rack your brains to prepare an oratory); for it shall be given you in that hour what you are to speak (immediate help). (20) For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you (the Ruach ha Kodesh-1 Cor 2.16, 6.11). (21) And brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death-family disloyalty-Micah 7.5-6) (22) And you will be hated by all on account of my name, but it is the one who has endured to the end who will be saved. (23) But whenever they persecute you in this city, flee to the next; for truly I say to you, you shall not finish going through the cities of Israel until the Son of Man (his kingdom visibly is seen). (24) A talmid is not above his teacher, nor a slave above his master. (25) It is enough for the disciple that he become as his teacher, and the slave as his master. If they have called the head of the house (Yeshua) Beelzebul (a Philistine deity= “lord of the fly”-2 Kings 1.2), how much more the members of his household (followers). (26) Therefore do not fear them (men) for there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, and hidden that will not be known (their true character will come out). (27) What I tell you in the darkness, speak in the light (reveal it), and what you hear in whispered in your ear, proclaim upon the housetops (this verse is a Hebrew parallelism). (28) And do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul, but rather fear him who is able to destroy (deliver up) both soul and body in hell (soul, heart, spirit, mind are the same in Hebrew thought-Heb 4.12; Eccl 12.7;Isa 10.18; Lam 2.11). (29) Are not two sparrows sold for a cent? And yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father (Isa 50.11). (30) But the very hairs of your head are numbered (God has perfect knowledge). (31) There fore do not fear; you are of more value than many sparrows. (32) Every one therefore who shall confess me (identify with who he is) before men, I will also confess him before my Father who is in heaven. (33) But whoever shall deny me before men, I will also deny him before my Father who is in heaven. (34) Do not think that I came to bring peace on the earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword (strife, division) (35) For I came to set a man against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law (36) and a mans enemies will be members of his household (v 35-36 are what he means by the “sword”). (37) He who loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; and he who loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. (38) And he who does not take his cross (our own, particular afflictions and persecutions) and follow after me is not worthy of me. (39) He who has found his life (physical, temporal) shall lose it (eternal) and he who has lost his life (physical, temporal) for my sake shall find it (eternal-Gen 32.28). (40) He who receives you receives me, and he who receives me receives him who sent me. (41) He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophets reward (shall receive what the prophets receive); and he who receives a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man’s reward. (42) And whoever in the name of a talmid gives to one of these little ones (the poorest in the eyes of the world), even a cup of cold water (the least a person could do) to drink, truly I say to you he shall not lose his reward.”

Posted in Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Understanding the New Testament, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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