Chapter 5 of Micah is probably the most important, compact eschatological chapter in the Scriptures. It will have concepts related to the birth of the Messiah, the first and second Birth-pains, the 144,00, the second coming of Yeshua on Yom Kippur, the Russian invasion and Gog and Magog and the false messiah. If you want to teach prophecy and you have the back-round to do it, this is the chapter to do it. But, you must know the material backward and forward. We are not going to go into massive detail on all the concepts here, but things will be brought out so that you can develop them further in your own studies.
Micah 5.1… This verse has three applications. Remember, prophecies can have numerous fulfillments. This is referring first of all to the Assyrians. It also applies to the Messiah and it is going to apply to the Russian invasion of Israel (Gog and Magog). Keep this three applications in mind as you read the verses and see how they apply.
“rod”…Assyria is called a “rod” for correction against Israel by the Lord. The Hebrew word is “shevet” and this “rod” was used against Yeshua, and Gog and Magog will be used to in the future to bring Israel to repentance (Ezek 39.22).
“judge”…is the Hebrew word “shophet” and it is a play on words with “shevet.”
“struck on the cheek”…An insulting act (1 Kings 22.24; Job 16.10).
Micah 5.2…”but as for you Bethlehem Ephratah” is where Rachel is buried (Gen 35.19). Starting from the fourth “yod” in this verse, counting every 49th letter (7 x 7) from left to right, spells Yeshua. In this verse there are at least four prophecies fulfilled in Yeshua: the name of the village he was born; the tribe of Judah from which he came; the nation from which he would come and he would rule in Israel.
“to be ruler in Israel”.. A part of this is quoted in Matt 2.6 but not exactly. What is being quoted is a targum or a midrash on this verse. When you compare Micah 5.2 with Matt 2.6 you will see that “shepherd” has been added to the meaning. This is also alluding to Gen 49.8-12 in Jacob’s prophecy to Judah.
“his going forth are from eternity”…Eternity there is the word “olam” and it refers to the eschatological concept of the “Olam Haba” and “L’Olam Vaed” which refers to eternity past and future, and in this case the past. In other words, he pre-existed (Jn 17.5; Psa 110.1; Mark 12.35-37). This proves that Messiah was not just some “earthly” character.
L’Olam Vaed/Olam Haba (_______<_7000 years>_________)L’Olam Vaed/Olam Haba
Micah 5.3…”He” (God) will give them up (Israel) until the time (of the Birth-pains)” See Micah 4.10; Hos 3.4-5; Isa 66.7-9; Isa 13.6-8; Jer 30.4-7; Isa 26; Gen 37.9 and Matt 24.8 for more in formation on the Birth-pains. “She who is in labor” is Israel (Rev 12.1-5). The “remainder of his brethren” is a reference to the 144,000 because they will be the first to return to the land and this also shows that they will be Jewish (Micah 5.7; Rev 14.4, 18.4; Micah 4.10; Jer 50.8, 16; 51.6, 9, 45, 50). A picture of this return can be found in Genesis, chapters 27 through 32 and Jacob’s return back to the land.
Micah 5.4…”He” is Messiah who will stand and “shepherd” (as king-Ezek 37.24-25) his flock (his people Israel-John 10; Ezek 34; Psa 23; Isa 40.11; Gen 49). “In the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of his name” are Yom Kippur terms because that was the only day in the year when the High Priest pronounced the name of the Lord out loud, according to Jewish sources. Num 6.22-27 is what he says. This is a reference to the fact that the Messiah is going to return on Yom Kippur (Matt 24.30-31).
Micah 5.5…”And this one” (the Messiah) will be peace”…Peace (shalom) is written in Hebrew with a broken “vav” indicating that “peace” will not be complete when he returns. Remember, there is a judgment to go through and even during the Atid Lavo (the remainder of the 1000 years) there will be sin, death and war. This peace will not be complete until the last enemy, death, will be abolished and the kingdom is offered back to the Father (1 Cor 15.24-26).
“when the Assyrian invades” is talking about the actual Assyrians at the time in the peshat, but in the sowd he is referring to Gog and Magog/Russians and her allies (Num 24.24; Ezek 38.17; Ezek 39.4; Everyman’s Talmud; H.A. Ironside; Talmud; Rashi). In the targums on Ezekiel by Yonaton Ben Uzziel it was taught that redemption would come in Tishri (the month of Yom Kippur) in the first century.
“then we” (Israel) will raise against him (Gog/Assyrians)”
“seven shepherds” (kings)
“eight leaders of men” (the false messiah is among these seven kings). A military treaty was signed by the false messiah (Dan 9.27) and ten kings on Yom Kippur, year 6001, ten days after the catching away of the believers in the Natzal. Ten kings, plus the false messiah, is eleven rulers/leaders. This is the day the Birth-pains begin, and it will go 2520 days, ending on a Yom Kippur when Yeshua returns. In Rev 13.1 we see Leviathan (7-headed beast) arising out of the sea at the beginning of the Birth-pains. This is the false messiah. We see that there are ten crowns on his horns (power). But in Rev 12.3 we see that there are only seven crowns. Rev 12 takes place at the middle of the Birth-pains. Three kings have left the alliance (Dan 7.7, 8, 24). Eleven minus three equals eight leaders, horns, crowns, kings, princes, shepherds and rulers.
These eight “leaders” will be called on by Israel against the Gog and Magog/Russian invasion for help, but the Lord will not let them help because he is going to show Israel that it was God himself and no other who will destroy the Gog and Magog/Russian invasion, just like he did at the time of Hezekiah and Sennacherib.
Micah 5.6… “They” (false messiah/seven kings) will “shepherd” (rule over) the land of Assyria (Ezek 39.6; Num 24.26)..”the land of Nimrod” (Mesopotamia-Gen 10.10-12) “at its entrances (borders) “with a keen blade” (a sharp sword or military might). In other words, when God destroys Gog/Magog (Isa 31.8), Europe under the false messiah will seize on the opportunity and will attack what remains of the Russian forces. He will maintain control over them for the remainder of the Birth-pains, and he becomes very powerful with Russia out of the way. He will move to Israel between Yom Kippur of the third year and Nisan 10, the exact half way point of the Birth-pains (Dan 11.41. The Jews in Israel, seeing the Russians coming, will try to flee out of the land and are told not to go to Europe, where many had roots. But the false messiah is there and not a friend of Israel in reality. Isa 30.6 is prophecy where the Jewish people were told not to flee to Egypt when the Assyrians came. In prophecy, the “viper” is Europe and the “flying serpent” is the false messiah. He is going to persecute Israel (Rev 12.6-17). Israel will believe in Yeshua because of the Russian defeat and will turn to God through the preaching of the Two Witnesses and the 144,000 (Ezek 39.22). The false messiah moves into Israel, sets up the Abomination of Desolation in the Temple and declares himself God by Nisan 10, the exact halfway point of the Birth-pains.
Micah 5.7… “Then” is the second three and a half years of the Birth-pains. With Israel being saved, they are sent to the nations just like Yeshua did by sending his talmidim after three and half years of his ministry (Matt 28.19-20; Acts 1.7-8).
“the remnant” is the 144,000.
“many peoples” are the nations that they will go to now that Israel has corporately believed in Yeshua (Matt 28.19-20; Matt 24.14; Isa 52.7-12; Isa 48.20; Acts 1.7-8).
“like dew” is an idiom for teaching (Deut 32.1-2; Isa 18.4), resurrection (Isa 26.19) and the Messiah (Hos 6.3; Joel 2.23).
Micah 5.8…This basically repeats the fact the “remnant” (144,000) will go to the nations.
“like a lion among the beast of the field” means they will not be stopped.
“like a young lion among the flocks of sheep” refers to the fact they will not be stopped in their mission and will “trample down and tears” anyone who tries to stop their preaching of the Basar (gospel).
Micah 5.9…”your hand” is an idiom. The hand was considered from the shoulder to the fingers. It is a synonymous term for “arm” which is another idiom for the Messiah.
“all your enemies will be cut off” refers to the supremacy of Israel in the long run.
Micah 5.10…”in that day” gives us time reference that all these things will happen in the Day of the Lord, during the first seven years.
“your horses” and “chariots” is an idiom for “power” and “mobility” that Israel had and trusted in.
Micah 5.11…”cut off the cities of your land and tear down all your fortifications” refers to the fortified cities Israel trusted in and that they won’t need them anymore. As result, they will experience great peace and safety (Micah 4.1-4; Zech 3.10).
Micah 5.12…”I will cut off sorceries from your hand and you will have fortune tellers no more” is referring to the fact that Israel was not to rely on “magic” for success.
Micah 5.13…”I will cut off your carved images and your sacred pillars” is talking about the idols and the Mazevot that they bowed down to and made with their hands.
Micah 5.14…”I will root out your Asherim” means that the sacred groves and trees planted for idolatrous worship (1 Kings 15.13) and contrary to the Torah (Deut 16.21) will disappear
“destroy your cities” should be understood as being distinct from 5.11 and be understood as “I will destroy your enemies” as the Targum renders it.
Micah 5.15…God is going to execute is vengeance and anger
“on the nations” outside of the land of Israel.
“which have not obeyed” the Torah. The word for “obeyed” is “shamay’oo” and the root for that word is “shema” which means to “hear and obey.”
There is no way that we could go into all the volumes of information contained in this chapter. But, we have given the major concepts contained here. In Part 12 we will pick up with Chapter 6, where the Lord comes back to the beginning of Micah. He has presented his case against them and now he wants hear their case.