Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 56

Isa 56.1-12 contains a prophecy about the non-Jews who believe and their coming to Yehovah, the Torah and the Temple, with a promise to judge the blind leaders of the blind. The non-Jews are not to say they are separate from the Jewish people because they hold fast to the Torah and do what pleases Yehovah.

v 1…Thus say the Lord, “Preserve justice (Deut 16.19; Micah 6.8-observe the Torah) and do righteousness (as defined by the Torah), for salvation (Hebrew “yeshuat”-Isa 62.11, 40.10; Rev 22.12) is about to come and my righteousness to be revealed (as promised in the covenant. Israel needs to be in a covenant relation with Yehovah).

v 2…How blessed (empowered to succeed) is the man (Hebrew “enosh” and means a humble man; and it is a term for the Messiah-Dan 7.13 where it says “son of man” and it is not “ben adam” but “bar Enosh”) who does this (justice and righteousness as defined by the Torah), and the son of man (ben adam) who takes hold of it; who keeps from profaning (making it common, doing what you would normally do any other day), and keeps his eye from doing any evil.”

v 3…Let not the foreigner (Hebrew “nekar”-meaning a non-Jew-Deut 16.9; Exo 20.8; Isa 66.23; Acts 10.1-2, Lev 16.29) who has joined himself to the Lord say, “The Lord will surely separate me from his people” (when Israel is restored, they feared that Yehovah would not want them, and forbid them from being full citizens. Eph 2.11-22 tells us different). Neither let the eunuch (those mutilated to serve foreign gods or courts; they would be pronounced unfit because they could not enter the Temple, so they were afraid that they would be excluded-Deut 23.1-3; Lev 21.18-20. But this word for eunuch can also mean an officer of a court and not necessarily that they were castrated-Gen 37.6, 39.1. It can also mean “faithful” because they were loyal to their masters-Gesenius’ Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon of the Old Testament, Baker Book House, p. 595, Strong’s #5631) say, “Behold, I am a dry tree (can mean unrighteous-Ezek 17.24, 20.47, 21.67; Luke 23.28-31).”

v 4…For thus says the Lord, “To the eunuchs (court official, faithful one) who keeps my sabbaths (Exo 20.10; Isa 58.13), and choose what pleases me (1 John 3.22; Heb 11.6), and hold fast my covenant (the Torah regulates life according to God’s will; it is God’s Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil),

v 5…To them I will give in my house (the household of God-John 14.1-2; Psa 27.4; the Olam Haba; the Temple, etc) and within my walls a memorial, and a name better than that of son’s and daughters (who carry on your name; this is everlasting); I will give them as an everlasting name which will not be cut off (like it could with literal sons and daughters).

v 6…Also the foreigners (Hebrew “nekar” and non-Jews) who join themsleves to the Lord (in the future) to minister to him, and to love the name of the Lord, to be his servants (by obeying the Torah as it applied to them), every one who keeps from profaning the sabbath, and holds fast my covenant (the Torah);

v 7…Even those I will bring to my holy mountain (Isa 14.13; Psa 15), and make them joyful in the house of my prayer (prayer made to Yehovah); their burnt offerings (“olot”) and the sacrifices (“zevachayhem”) will be acceptable on my altar (Isa 66.23; Zech 14.16-18-the Temple has always been a house of prayer for all nations. At Sukkot, seventy bulls were offered symbolizing the seventy nations of the world, based on Exo 1.5 and Deut 32.8); for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations (“house” can also mean “the Kingdom of God”).”

v 8…The Lord God (Adonai Yehovah) who gathers the dispersed of Israel (among the nations), declares, “Yet others (sheep) I will gather to him (Israel), besides those that are gathered to him (the non-Jews-John 7.35, 10.16; Eph 2.11-22).

v 9… All you beasts of the field, all you beasts of the forest (literally), come to eat (the slain).

v 10…His watchmen (the prophets) are blind (have become short-sighted and now are false prophets and false shepherds-Matt 15.14, 23.16), all of them know nothing (no spiritual understanding), all of them are dumb dogs unable to bark (useless and too lazy to sound an alarm at the wolves), dreamers, lying down, who love to slumber (rather than feed and warn the flock; they only care about themselves).

v 11…And the dogs (false prophets) are greedy; they are not satisfied (covetous), and they are shepherds who have no understanding (comprehension of the difference between good and evil); they have all turned to their own way (not God’s way in the Torah), each one to his unjust gain.

v 12…”Come,” they say, “let us get wine, and let us drink heavily of string drink; and tomorrow will be like today, only more so (not just literally, but this also alludes to inviting others to partake of a spiritual banquet where they can be in a spiritual stupor, forgetting about the prophecies that warn of the evil that is coming).”

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 55

Isa 55.1-13 carries on with prophecies about the Messiah just like the two previous chapters. This chapter is the haftorah (reading from the prophets) for Sukkot because of its references to living water.

v 1…Ho (“hoi”), every one (a universal invite to the non-Jews) who thirst (Exo 17.1-7; Rev 22.17; John 7.37-39; John 4.13-14, 6.53-58; Ezek 47.1-12-an idiom for true teaching) come to the waters (the Torah means teaching); and you who have no money (spiritually poor and bankrupt) come buy and eat (Rev 22.17, Matt 11.28). Come, buy wine (Torah, teaching, covenant, wedding, joy, etc) and milk (the word of God-1 Pet 2.2; Heb 5.12), without money and without cost (freely given).

v 2…Why do you spend money for what is not bread (false doctrine-Eph 4.7; Deut 8.3) and your wages for what does not satisfy? Listen carefully to me and eat what is good (the Torah, Scriptures-Matt 4.4; John 4.32, John 6.56, Luke 10.40-42), and delight yourself in abundance (as opposed to having little).

v 3…Incline your ear and come to me. Listen, that you may live (be born again from above-Deut 30.6); and I will make an everlasting covenant with you (Jer 31.31-34; Num 25.12, Isa 54.10; Ezek 37.26). According to the faithful mercies shown to David (as promised and run into the future-2 Chr 6.42; Psa 89.51. The term “footsteps of thine anointed” in Psa 89.51 is “ikvot mashiach” meaning footsteps of the Messiah, and it is an eschatological term for the coming of the Messiah).

v 4…Behold, I have made him (David) a witness to the nations (non-Jews), a leader and a commander for the peoples (in the past-Psa 18.43).

v 5…Behold, you (Israel, having received the mercies of David) will call a nation (in the future) you do not know, and a nation which knows you not will run to you-Zech 8.22), because of the Lord your God, even the Holy One of Israel; for he has glorified you (these concepts are repeated in Isa 60.1-22).

v 6…Seek the Lord while he may be found; call upon him while he is near (this is read during the Yamim Noraim, or “ten days of awe” between Rosh Ha Shanah and Yom Kippur. Also, Isa 55.6 to 56.8 is the haftorah for the ninth of Av. The book of Lamentations is read in the evening, Deut 4.25-240 and Jer 8.13 to 9.23 is read ion the morning, and Exo 34.1-10 in the afternoon).

v 7…Let the wicked forsake his way (of saving himself), and the unrighteous man his thoughts (his wrong thoughts on the faith, salvation, self-righteousness-Mark 7.20-23), and let him return to the Lord, and he will have compassion on him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.

v 8…For my thoughts (like the tree of knowledge), are not your thoughts (on sin, repentance, salvation, justice, mercy, pardon-but they should be), neither are your ways my ways (the Torah is God’s ways, anything else is man’s ways. The windows in the Temple were narrow on the outside and wider on the inside01 Kings 6.4; Song 2.8. We are the center of our thoughts and ways are we relate to things that way).

v 9… “For as the heavens are higher that the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts (we don’t have the natural capacity to see and do things the way Yehovah does).

v 10…For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, and do not return there without watering the earth, and making it bear and sprout and furnishing seed to the sower and bread to the eater;

v 11…So shall my word be which goes forth from my mouth; it shall not return to me empty (Jer 1.12 says his word has power), without accomplishing what I desire, and without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it.

v 12…For you will go out (like going to the festivals or coming out of Babylon, etc) with joy (singing the Psalms of Ascent-Psa 120-134) and be led forth with peace (no war), the mountains and the hills will break forth into shouts of joy before you, and all the trees (seen as believers-Ezek 20.45-49, 21.6; Matt 7.17; Luke 23.31; Matt 15.13; Isa 61.3, 65.22; Jer 17.8; Psa 1.1-4) of the field will clap their hands.

v 13…Instead of the thorn bush (symbolic of the curse), the cypress (a blessing) will come up; and instead of nettles (the curse) the myrtle (blessing) will come up; and it will be a memorial (Hebrew “l’shem” or “for a name”) to the Lord (Yehovah) for an everlasting sign (of the glory of God) which will not be cut off.

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 54

Isa 54.1-17 speaks of the Redemption and is a prophecy of the future fruitfulness of Jerusalem and that she would have many children(49.21). This is in fulfillment of the promises to the fathers, and that the Messiah would have spiritual descendants as seen in Isa 53.10 as well.

v 1…”Shout for joy, O barren one (Jerusalem, not that she never had children but since the captivity she had been robbed of her offspring. The city had given birth to no more since the deportation), you who have borne no child; break forth into shouting and cry aloud, you who have not travailed (they are in exile); for the sons of the desolate one (which she now was) will be more numerous than the sons of the married woman” says the Lord. (what she was before the exile).

v 2…”Enlarge the place of your tent (because children are coming and she will need more room), stretch out the curtains of your dwellings, spare not; lengthen your cords, and strengthen your pegs (of Jerusalem-Jer 31.38-40; Isa 26.15, 33.20-more inhabitants are coming).

v 3…For you will spread abroad to the right and to the left (the reason why the “tent” needed to be large and strong. Right and left means north and south); and your descendants (seed) will posses nations and they will resettle desolate cities (be inhabited; inherit the earth-Psa 37.9-11; Isa 60.21, 65.9).

v 4…”Fear not, for you will not be put to shame (redemption is at the door); neither feel humiliated, for you will not be disgraced; but you will forget the shame of your youth (Egyptian bondage and former defeats) and the reproach of your widowhood (Babylonian Captivity) you will remember no more (won’t be able to-Rev 22.2; Isa 65.17-23).

v 5…”For your husband (literally “husbands’) is your maker (“makers”), whose name is the Lord of hosts (Yehovah Tzavao- her widowhood is not real, as in Jer 51.5; Yehovah still lives); and your redeemer (goel) is the Holy One of Israel, who is called the God of all the earth (has the power).

v 6…”For the Lord (Yehovah) has called you, like a wife, forsaken and grieved in spirit; even like a wife of one’s youth when she is rejected” (he is displeased with her, but doesn’t hate her), says your God.

v 7…”For a brief moment (the seventy year captivity) I forsook you, but with great compassion I will gather you.

v 8..”.In an outburst of anger I hid my face from you for a moment; but with everlasting lovingkindness I will have compassion on you,” says the Lord your Redeemer.

v 9…For this (at the coming of Messiah) is like the days of Noah for me; when I swore that the waters of Noah (Gen 9.9) should not flood the earth again. So (in like manner) I have sworn (an oath) that I will not be angry with you, nor rebuke you (this is a prophecy that Jerusalem will never be destroyed again when Messiah comes).

v 10…”For the mountains may be removed and the hills may shake, but my lovingkindness will not be removed from you, and my covenant of peace will not be shaken (Abrahamic Covenant),” says the Lord (Yehovah) who has compassion on you (this should also comfort us to believe in God’s promises).

v 11…O afflicted one (Jerusalem), storm-tossed and not comforted (Lam 1.16-17), behold, I will set your stones (of the city) in fair colors (they will stand out in glory compared to the ground, a beautiful color) and your foundations I will lay in sapphire (Rev 21.18-21).

v 12…Moreover, I will make your battlements of rubies, and your gates of crystal, and your entire wall of precious stones (this alludes to the breast piece of the high priest with twelve stones upon which the names of the twelve tribes was written. Isaiah sketches Jerusalem in the same way that Rev 21 does).

v 13…And all your sons will be taught of the Lord (Yehovah will teach the Torah-2 Tim 3.16; Isa 30.20; Joel 2.13; John 13.13); and the well-being (“shalom”, peace) of your sons will be great.

v 14…In righteousness (as defined by the Torah) you will be established (in thought and deed; there is a difference between well said and well done); you will be far from oppression, for you will not fear (because there is nothing to fear, Messiah has come); and from terror for , for it will not come near you.

v 15…If anyone fiercely assails you (to do their will like Assyria and Babylon did) it will not be from me (not my will or counsel), whoever assails you will fall because of you.

v 16…Behold, I myself have created the smith (who makes the weapons) who blows the fire of coals, and brings out a weapon for its work (they are in God’s power); and I have created the destroyer to ruin (the military men use these weapons to destroy, but it is Yehovah who controls them, that is why he is called the Lord of hosts or armies).

v 17…No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue that accuses you in judgment you will condemn (they won’t attack Jerusalem with any permanent success). This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord (heirs of the future redemption), and their vindication (righteousness ) is from me (as a gift), declares the Lord (Israel’s enemies will condemn them, but God will justify them-Rom 8.33).

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 53

Isa 53.1-12 is a prophecy about the Messiah, his human stature, his sufferings as Messiah ben Joseph and the glory he will have. It begins with a complaint about the small number who believed the report about him, but it ends with how he will prosper his cause and redeem many.

v 1…Who has believed (Hebrew (“aman” which is related to “amen”) our report (who puts faith in what is heard from us)? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed (exhibited in the Messiah in the future, that Israel should recognize him)?

v 2…For he (Messiah) shall grow up before him (Yehovah) like a tender shoot (under a dead stump), and like a root out of parched ground (the house of David will be in a low state-Isa 11.1). He has no form (attractiveness) or majesty (kingly majesty) that we should look upon him (nothing about him looked “kingly”); nor appearance that we should be attracted to him.

v 3…He was despised (past tense; or a “Nazarene” according to Matt 2.23; John 1.46; Isa 49.7. The idea is nothing good came out of Nazareth because it was despised) and forsaken (rejected by men), a man of sorrows (pains) and acquainted with grief (he was aware of all of it-Heb 2.19, 4.15); and like one from whom men hide their face (an abhorrence of him; having an aversion to), he was despised, and we did not esteem him (this is repeated to show just how despised he will be).

v 4…Surely our griefs (diseases) he himself bore (Hebrew “nasa” meaning to be “lifted up.” He lifted their loads and healed all who were sick; he cared for them like the high priest-Exo 28.38; Isa 53,12; Matt 8.16-17. It can also mean “forgive” relieve from guilt), and our sorrows (pains) he carried (Hebrew “sabal”-Isa 53.12), yet we ourselves esteemed him stricken, smitten of God and afflicted (this was how he was seen by others, but not by Yehovah-Eph 5.1-2. The book “Messiah Texts” by Rapael Patai talks about a “Leper Messiah” and so does the Talmud in Sanhedrin 98b).

v 5…But he was pierced (to wound) through for our transgressions (willful rebellion), he was crushed (beat to pieces; but the context is also spiritual. He was burdened by sin-Isa 1.13-15, 43.24) for our iniquities (intentional due to a weakness), the chastening for our well-being (shalom) fell upon him, and by his bruises we are healed-Psa 129.3;1 Pet 2.24).

v 6…All of us like sheep have gone astray (the elect is compared to sheep, but not in a good way here); each of us haas turned to his own way (of foolishness and stupidity). But the Lord (Yehovah) has caused the inquity of all of us to encounter (meet, fall upon) him.

v 7…He was oppressed and afflicted (by unbelief and murmuring), yet he did not open his mouth (against his oppressors; this was the justice of God. More on that in verse 12); like a lamb that is led to slaughter, and like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, he did not open his mouth.

v 8…He was taken from prison and from judgment (injustice was done to him by man-Acts 8.32-33) and as for his generation (who should have considered this but didn’t), who considered that he was cut off (Dan 9.26) out of the land of the living, for the transgression of my people (Israel-Dan 9.26) to whom the stroke was due (he was innocent but Israel wasn’t).

v 9…His grave was assigned to be with wicked men (in death with two thieves), yet with the rich he was in death (at the expense of Joseph of Arimathea; the word “death’ here is plural meaning intensity, a violent death), although he had done no violence (violent crimes), nor was there any deceit in his mouth (no false doctrine).

v 10…But the Lord was pleased (because it was his will) to crush (bruise) him, putting him to grief (made weak-Heb 9.14; Luke 22.42); if he would render himself (his soul) as a guilt offering (Korban Asham), he will see his offspring (“zera” meaning his spiritual seed-Psa 22.30-31; Isa 66.7-9-figurative for “followers.” These people who believe after Yeshua returns are referred to in Ezek 46.16-18 as the “inheritance of the Prince”), he will prolong his days (by resurrection) and the good pleasure of the Lord (his purpose) will prosper (be successful) in his hand.

v 11…As a result of the anguish of his soul, he will see (the results) and be satisfied; by his knowledge (“da’at” or the knowledge of God in Torah facts) the righteous one, my servant (the Messiah-52.13), will justify many, as he will bear (“sabal” meaning to carry or forgive figuratively) their iniquities (of the many-v 12).

v 12…Therefore, I will allot him a portion with the great (great ones of the earth will do homage to him), and he will divide the booty with the strong (they will enjoy the spoil); because he poured out his soul (to be stripped of every last ounce of life) to death, and was numbered with the transgressors (of the Torah; to be seen with the transgressors; punished like a criminal between two thieves); yet he himself bore (nasa) the sin of many, and interceded for the transgressors (as seen in Luke 23.34. So, let’s look as how he “bore” the sins of many on the cross. Nasa in Hebrew means “to lift away” but it can also mean “forgive” in a spiritual sense, as in Maark 7.8; Ezo 34.6-7; Psa 25.16-18, 38.1-5, 85.2. He loved us and cared for us-John 13.34, 15.12. Yeshua shed his blood for the remission of sin in Matt 26.28. In his suffering comes healing and salvation. He “bore” our sin or forgives it, and he “took up” our sicknesses. He did this before the cross in Matt 8.16-17 during his ministry. Yehovah was burdened by our sin in Isa 1.13-15, 43.24, 63.9-10. Yehovah understands the suffering caused by sin in Isa 63.9; Heb 4.13-15. He wants to relieve sinners of guilt, and we should “bear” each other’s “burden” as well, as seen in Gal.6.2-5. He also bore our sin in his heart. He was a perfect korban in Rom 4.25, 5.4. He gave what we could not, a perfect life. He “bore” in his flesh and in his heart our sins. Yeshua showed how much God loved us. Yeshua suffered not because he was punished by God, that is the impression his persecutors wanted. Yeshua allowed himself to be taken because it was for our own good, to heal us of sin by offering his perfect life. He was deprived of justice in 1 Pet 2.13; Acts 3.14-15, 5.30, 8.32-33. Yeshua’s resurrection refuted their unjust verdict and man’s justice, and God overruled it by Yeshua’s resurrection, and brought peace. He was a lamb without blemish, and he was not made guilty of our sin, that would not be just as in Prov 17.15 and 1 Pet 3.18. He bore our sin and transferred the debt to be paid, and the payment, to himself).

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 52

Isa 52.1-15 is a prophecy about the glorious future of Israel and is connected to the previous chapter where Jerusalem is represented as a sleeping woman (51.9) “drunk” with the judgments and wrath of God. She is to “wake up” and put on strength and return to her kingly and priestly duties as the city of Yehovah and his nation. The chapter ends with a prophecy about the Messiah.

v 1…Awake, awake (terms associated with Rosh Ha Shanah), clothe yourself in your strength (kingly and priestly duties), O Zion; clothe yourself in your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city (has a kedusha); for the uncircumcised (the pagans; those with uncircumcised hearts and flesh; her enemies) and the unclean will no more come to you (by force).

v 2…Shake yourself from the dust (from mourning), rise up (and act); sit down, O Jerusalem (upon a throne), loose yourself from the chains around your neck (undo yourself from bondage), O captive daughter of Zion.

v 3…For thus says the Lord, “You were sold for nothing and you will not be redeemed with silver (no need for money because God’s power would be all that was needed).”

v 4…For thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “My people went down at the first into Egypt to reside (sojourn) there (but were oppressed by Pharaoh), then the Assyrian oppressed them without cause (eschatologically these two nations symbolize Europe and Russia in the birth-pains).

v 5…Now, therefore, what have I to do here (do I continue the penal penalties),” declares the Lord, “seeing that my people have been taken away without cause (to Babylon without any human claim upon them)?” The Lord declares, “Those who rule over them howl (haughtily), and my name is continually blasphemed (the butt of their jokes; that their success was due to their pagan gods) all day long.”

v 6…Therefore my people shall know my name (get to learn it through the coming redemption); therefore in the day I am the one who is speaking, ‘Here I am (is now present to help).'”

v 7…How lovely on the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news (the “basar” of the redemption and the fall of Babylon to the Judean mountains; to Jerusalem), who announces peace (shalom) and brings good news (the basar) of happiness, who announces salvation (Hebrew “yeshua”), and says to Zion, “Your God reigns (and has dominion. Up to now Israel was in bondage, and it looked like Yehovah had little power and lost his kingdom, but now he has ascended to greater glory-Isa 24.23).

v 8…Listen! Your watchmen lift up their voices (the prophets), they shout joyfully together (as they see happening all that they had been talking about); for they will see with their own eyes (eye to eye-a Yom Kippur expression) when the Lord restores (brings back) the captives (Isa 27.12-13; Matt 24.29-31) of Zion (these verses also allude to the coming redemption in Yeshua during the birth-pains).

v 9…Break forth, shout joyfully together, you waste places of Jerusalem; for the Lord (Yehovah) has comforted his people, he has redeemed Jerusalem (Yehovah has turned away their misery and is bringing back the exiles of Zion, and Jerusalem will be built up again).

v 10…The Lord has bared his holy arm (revealed his power that seemed to be hidden and powerless) in the sight of the nations (so they can see the reality of it all); that all the ends of the earth may see the salvation (Hebrew “yeshuat) of our God (the redemption has come; this also alludes to the Messianic Redemption in the birth-pains).

v 11…Depart, depart, go from there (from Babylon when the time comes), touch nothing unclean (to enrich themselves with the property of their oppressors like they did in Egypt); go out of the midst of her, purify yourselves (in a holy exodus), you who carry the vessels of the Lord (Cyrus allowed them to take back the Temple vessels that were taken by Babylon).

v 12…But you will not go out in haste (like from Egypt), nor will you go as fugitives (in flight); for the Lord will go before you (under his guidance), and the God of Israel will be your rear guard (sheltering them from the front and behind).

v 13…Behold (take note of), my servant (The Aramaic paraphrase Targum ben Uzziel says, “my servant the Messiah” here. He was a student of Hillel and lived in the First Century. This gives us a good idea how the people saw these verses. From Isa 52.13 to 53.12 it will be talking about the Suffering Servant of Yehovah, who is also called Messiah ben Joseph, and Yochanon ha Matvil, or John the Immerser, quotes this verse in John 1.29 about Yeshua) will prosper (his cause), he will be high and lifted up (in a position of power) and greatly exalted.

v 14…Just as many were astonished (past tense) at you (now the prophecy addresses the Messiah and his low estate and humiliation), so his appearance was (past tense) marred more than any man (his entire appearance was disfigured and it was beyond comprehension how he survived), and his form more than the sons of men.

v 15…Thus he will (future tense) sprinkle many nations (alluding to the Parah Adumah or Red Heifer ceremony, the Yom Kippur ceremony where the blood is sprinkled over the kipporet, and the cleansing of a leper. It speaks about the expiation and sanctification, and the access to the redemption by the nations-Ezek 36.24-25; Zech 3.8-10; Lev 14.1-57; Lev 16.1-54; Num 19.1-13; Eph 2.11-22). Kings will (future tense) shut their mouths on account of him (struck dumb and astonished; what they see went far beyond what they have been told about him, or perceived, by his sudden appearance on Yom Kippur-Matt 24.29-31). For what had not been told them they will (future tense) see, and what they had not heard they will (future tense) understand (and tremble).

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Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 51

Isa 51.1-23 gives comfort to Israel by saying that those who have not turned to their own light and reason and have not turned from him can trust Yehovah. He uses Abraham and Sarah as an example of how they were called alone but they were blessed and increased. He also promises that the afflictions that they have suffered will be replaced by his mercy.

v 1…Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness (as defined in the Torah), who seek the Lord (Yehovah). Look to the rock (Abraham) from which you were hewn, and to the pit (quarry, cistern) from which you were dug (the womb-Prov 5.15).

v 2…Look to Abraham your father, and to Sarah who gave birth to you in pain (meaning God delivered them and he will deliver their children); when he was one (alone) I called him, then I blessed him and multiplied him (if he can bless one, who is the source, he can bless a small remnant).

v 3…Indeed, the Lord (Yehovah) will comfort Zion (because of the Abrahamic Covenant); he will comfort all her waste places. And her wilderness he will make like Eden (pleasant and flourishing), and her desert like the garden of the Lord (Eden-a Hebrew parallelism); joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and sound of a melody (in place of mourning).

v 4…Pay attention to me, O my people (Yehovah invites the Jewish people to hear his word-Isa 51.1); and give ear to me, O my nation (Israel)’ for the law (Torah) will go forth from me, and I will set my justice (“Mishpat” found in the Torah) for a light (of understanding-Deut 4.5-8) of the people.

v 5…My righteousness (as defined in the Torah) is near (his mercies contained in the covenant), my salvation has gone forth, and my arm (Hebrew “zeroah” or “arm”, but the root is “zera” meaning “seed” and a name for the Messiah-Isa 53.1) will judge the peoples; the coastlands (those far away) will wait for me, and for my arm (“zeroah” or Messiah) they will wait expectantly.

v 6…Lift up your eyes to the sky , then look to the earth beneath; for the sky will vanish like smoke, and the earth will wear out (waxing old, broken, torn) like a garment (very similar to 2 Pet 3.10-12), and its inhabitants will die in like manner (quickly dissolve), but my salvation will be forever, and my righteousness (as defined in the Torah) shall not be broken.

v 7…Listen to me, you who know righteousness (in the Torah), a people in whose heart (desires, thoughts, intentions) is my law (Torah commands-Psa 119.11; Jer 31.33); do not fear the reproach of man, neither be dismayed at their reviling (which has always come upon the righteous believers).

8..For the moth will eat them (those who reproach you) like a garment, and the worm will eat them like wool. But my righteousness shall be forever, and my salvation to all generations (live eternally).

Isa 51.9-13 is very eschatological. We must keep in mind the Egyptian or First Redemption with Moses, but the context here is the Messianic or Second Redemption with Yeshua. We have a Rosh Ha Shanah passage here, and the word “Awake” is an allusion the resurrection, called the “Natzal” on Rosh Ha Shanah. This concept is also known as the the “gathering” in Jewish eschatology (2 Thes 2.1). We will also have a reference to the False Messiah in these passages.

v 9…Awake, awake (spiritually but this is also an eschatological term. It’s Rosh Ha Shanah and the resurrection is here-Isa 26.19-20; 51.17, 52.1; Eph 5.14-17), put on strength, O arm (Yeshua) of the Lord (Yehovah); awake as in the days of old (like with Moses, but this is future), the generations of long ago (in the Egyptian Redemption; his salvation knows no limitations). Was it not thou (the arm) who cut Rahab in pieces (this is an eschatological term for the False Messiah, but it also means Egypt, to be proud, a harlot and a broad wall-Job 9.13, 26.1; Isa 30.7; Psa 89.10; Ezek 29.1-8, 32.1-8; Hab 3.13-14), who pierced the dragon (Leviathan and Pharaoh, both pictures of the False Messiah).

v 10…Was it not thou who dried up the sea (the sea is seen as the domain of Leviathan, also unconverted humanity-Isa 57.20; Isa 27.1; Rev 13.1; and the spiritual realm). the waters of the great deep; (Yam Suf or the Red Sea in the Egyptian Redemption with Moses and Pharaoh, and a picture of Yeshua and the False Messiah); who made the depths of the sea a pathway for the redeemed to cross over (even as Yehovah did this in the First Redemption, he will do it again in the Second Redemption)?

v 11…So the ransomed of the Lord (Hebrew “peduyay Yehovah” and what Reggie White saw in a dream two days before he died. He had turned away from the way he had been taught in the church and began learning the Torah and walking in it) will return to Zion (in the same manner. This will happen in the Natzal and after the birth-pains); and everlasting joy will be on their heads. They will obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing will flee away.

v 12…I, even I, am he who comforts you (‘menachem” and a term for the Messiah-John 14.16; 2 Cor 1.4; Isa 66.13; Lam 1.16). Who are you that you are afraid of man who dies (why fear any man who dies including the False Messiah), and of the son of man (“ben adam” meaning weak) who is made like grass (can be cut down-Psa 90.5);

v 13…That you have forgotten the Lord (Yehovah) your maker, who stretched out the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; that you fear continually all day long because of the fury of the oppressor, as he makes ready to destroy (king of Babylon or Chaldeans, later the False Messiah)? But where is the fury of the oppressor (looks to the future)?

v 14…The exile will soon be set free, and will not die in the dungeon, nor will his bread be lacking (they will be set free by the conquest of Babylon by Cyrus).

v 15…For I and the Lord (Yehovah) your God (eloheycha), who stirs up the sea and its waves roar (the Lord of hosts is his name (Job 26.12).

v 16…And I have put my words (the Torah) in your mouth (entrusting Israel with the oracles of God-Rom 3.2), and have covered you with the shadow of my hand (protected them even through judgment), to establish the heavens, to found the earth, and to say to Zion, “You are my people” (all the elect-Rev 21.3).

v 17…”Rouse yourself! Rouse yourself! Arise, O Jerusalem (Jerusalem is like a woman lying on the ground in a drunken stupor with none to help her; these are Rosh Ha Shanah terms-51.9, 52.1), you who have drunk from the Lord’s the cup of his anger; the chalice of reeling you have drained to the dregs.

v 18…There is none to guide her among all the sons she has borne; nor is there one to take her by the hand among all the sons she has reared.

v 19…These two things have befallen you; who will mourn for you? The devastation and destruction (to the land), famine and sword (to the people); how shall I comfort you?

v 20…Your sons have fainted (no strength), they lie helpless at the head of every street (emaciated, unable to walk, etc), like an antelope in a net (caught, the gates of the city closed), full of the wrath of the Lord (Yehovah), the rebuke of your God (because she has endured the fullness of Yehovah’s anger, she is now to listen about his mercy that has now begun).

v 21…Therefore, please hear this, you afflicted, who are drunk, but not with wine (but with affliction-v 17);

v 22…Thus says your Lord (Adonai), the Lord (Yehovah), even your God (eloheycha) who contends (conducts the cause, defender) for his people (Israel), “Behold (take note of), I have taken out of your hand the cup of reeling; the chalice of my anger, you will never drink it again (the persecution will stop now, replaced by his mercy).

v 23…And I will give it into the hand of your tormentors (who had brought this trouble on her), who have said to you, ‘Lie down that we may walk over you (put their foot on their necks).’ You have even made your back like the ground (like pavement to walk on), and the street for those who walk over it (trodden down by Babylon).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 50

Isa 50.1-11 is a chapter where God addresses the children of Zion, not Zion itself. Israel has broken off the relationship with Yehovah because of sin. The fault was with Israel. To understand this chapter we will first enter into Jewish Halakah (how to walk), but any halakah should be filtered through the Scriptures. First, we have the literal commandments in writing. This is the highest level and no halakah should ever contradict this level. Then there are those things that are derived from the Torah, but this should be evaluated closely, too. Then there is the oral tradition followed by rabbinical decrees and then customs. None of these should contradict the written Torah.

The language in this chapter is important, and a precedent is important. This chapter begins with talk about a divorce. Yehovah has divorced Israel but they are only in the betrothal stage, not the full marriage (Deut 24.1). Because Israel was only betrothed to Yehovah, he can remarry her because they had not reached the full marriage stage. Yehovah betrothed himself to Israel after coming out of Egypt (Jer 2.2), which was the first Shavuot. He will have the full marriage at Rosh Ha Shanah after the Natzal. It then begins to talk about the work of the Servant of Yehovah.

v 1…Thus says the Lord, “Where is the certificate of divorce, by which I have sent your mother away (check it to see if the divorce was my fault. You will find it was your sins that have caused all this)? Or to whom of my creditors did did I sell you (to pay a debt that I owed)? Behold, you are sold for your iniquities, and for your transgressions your mother was cast away (divorced).

v 2…Why was there no man when I came (that believed)? When I called, why was there none to answer (the preaching that would save them)? Is my hand so short (weak) that it cannot ransom? Or have no power to deilver? Behold, I dry up the sea with my rebuke (the Red Sea), I make the rivers a wilderness; their fish stink for lack of water, and die of thirst.”

v 3…I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering (his power has been seen in all of these).

The work of the Messiah

v 4…The Lord God (Adonai Yehovah) has given me (Messiah) the tongue of disciples (experience gained not in mere human learning but in divinely taught methods of instruction-Heb 5.8), that I may know how to sustain the weary one with a word (thirsty-Matt 11.28). He awakens me morning by morning, he awakens my ear (an open ear-John 15.15) to listen as a disciple (and be qualified without limit to perform my duties).

v 5…The Lord (Yehovah) has opened my ear (the allusion is to a servant who decides to stay with his master and voluntarily has his ear bored at the doorpost of the house-Exo 21.5-6; Psa 40.6); and I was not disobedient, nor did I turn back (from the work given him).

v 6…I gave my back to those who strike me, and my cheeks to those who pluck (ripped) out the beard; I did not cover my face from humiliation and spitting (Yeshua did not hide his face from insults (Psa 22; Isa 52; Isa 53).

v 7…For the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah) helps me, therefore I am not disgraced (humiliated or overtaken by misery); therefore, I have set my face like flint (committed, hard as rock; he knew he was right), and I know that I shall not be ashamed.

v 8…He who vindicates me is near (Yeshua was never forsaken (Psa 22.24); who will contend with me (being acquitted, who is going to litigate this point with him? Yehovah and the Torah are satisfied)? Let us stand up to each other; who has a case against me (let him appear)? Let him draw near to me (engage me, if he has the courage and skill).

v 9…Behold, the Lord God helps me; who is he who condemns me (makes me out to be wicked)? Behold, they will all wear out like a garment; the moth will eat them (never be used again).

v 10…Who is among you that fears the Lord (in a reverential awe), that obeys the voice of his servant (the Messiah leads us to the Torah-Deut 18.15-18; that walks in darkness and has no light (in misery and lack of comfort with no way out). Let him trust in the name of Yehovah and rely on his God (hope in God’s promises as if they are a done deal).

v 11… Behold (take note), all you who kindle a fire (of your own wickedness); who equip yourselves with burning darts (especially with an evil tongue-Jam 3.6); away into the light of your fire, and into the burning darts you have set ablaze. This comes to you from my hand; and you will lie down in torment (or sorrow; the destruction they prepare for the servant of Yehovah becomes their own).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 49

Isa 49.1-26 is important in understanding the physical manifestation of the Messiah. Messiah existed “hidden” since before creation according to 1 Pet 1.18-20, 2.4. Peter supports the idea of God redeeming Israel with blood, and this chapter says that Messiah existed before the foundation of the earth, yet manifested himself in the First Century, and was despised by his people. This chapter also deals with the calling of the Messiah and his role in the redemption of Israel..

v 1…Listen to me (this is the same person as in Isa 42.1, the Messiah who we know is Yeshua), O islands (the nations are called to hear this proclamation) and pay attention, you peoples from afar. The Lord (Yehovah) called me (as a prophet, priest, king, mediator, redeemer, savior) from the womb: from the inward parts (bowels) of my mother he named me.

v 2…And he has made my mouth like a two-edged sword (to proclaim his word, the Torah-Heb 4.12; Rev 2.12, 19.15); in the shadow (protected, hidden) of his hand he has concealed me (prepared me to be his servant), and he has also made me a select arrow (to be piercing, sharp); he has hidden me in his quiver (protected).

v 3…He has said to me, “You are my servant, Israel (a name for the Messiah; the kings of a nation were often called by the name of the nations; the Messiah is Israel in person, and was first used for an individual, and he is distinguished from the nation itself because the nation is the object of what his work is all about, as seen in v. 5, the restoration of the nation), in whom I will show my glory.”

v 4…But I said (the Messiah), “I have toiled in vain, I have spent my strength for nothing and vanity (Israel rejected him); yet surely the justice due to me is with the Lord (Yehovah) and my reward (of his works accomplished) with my God (he knew God called him and what was right would be given him-John 17.4).

v 5…And now says the Lord (Yehovah) who formed me from the womb to be his servant (preordained to serve-remember, we are in what is called the “Servant Passages”-Isa 40-66), to bring back Israel to him (the lost sheep of the house of Israel, or Jacob; all twelve tribes-Matt 10.6) in order that Israel might be gathered to him (in general, a remnant), yet I am honored in the sight of Yehovah, and my God is my strength (even though it looked like he was unsuccessful and rejected).

v 6…He says (Yehovah), “It is too small (light) a thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and to restore the preserved ones of Israel (those he has elected for his own out of the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob); I will also make you a light to the nations (world-Luke 2.32) so that my salvation may reach to the ends of the earth (non-Jews as fellow citizens with Jews also-Matt 28.19-20; Eph 2.11-22).

v 7…Thus says the Lord, the redeemer of Israel, Holy One (vindicator), to the despised one (Messiah, who was called a “Nazarene” in Matt 2.25, which is an idiom meaning “despised”-John 1.46), to the one abhorred by the nation (Israel), to the servant of rulers (a subject to them, paid taxes, etc), “Kings shall see and arise (from their thrones and worship), princes shall also bow down because the Lord is faithful, the Holy One of Israel who has chosen you (Messiah-Isa 52.13z).”

8…Thus says the Lord, In a favorable time I have answered you (God heard Yeshua when he came) and in a day of salvation (when Yeshua brought salvation) I have helped you (through everything to redeem mankind and nature); and I will keep you and give you for a covenant of the people (to guarantee it-Luke 22.20; Heb 7.22) to restore the land (nature, the earth), to make them inherit desolate heritages (after Babylon and the Birth-pains);

v 9…saying to those who are bound, “Go forth,” to those in darkness “Show yourselves” (God’s people released from bondage and their prisons). Along the roads they will feed; and their pasture will be all bare heights (abundant provision).

v 10…They shall not hunger or thirst, neither will the scorching heat or sun strike them down; for he who has compassion on them will lead them, and guide them to springs of water (teaching, truth, salvation-John 4.13-14).

v 11…And I will make all my mountains a road (no obstacles), and my highways will be raised up (Isa 40.3-4).

v 12…Behold (take note), these shall come from afar (the exiles); and lo, these will come from the north and from the west, and these from the land of Sinim (some believer this is in Egypt, while others believe it may be reference to China, but the meaning is Jews from everywhere shall return).

v 13…Shout for joy, O heavens! And rejoice, O earth! For the Lord (Yehovah) has comforted his people, and will have compassion on his afflicted (the redemption has come).

v 14…But Zion said, “The Lord has forsaken me, and the Lord has forgotten me (“so how can these things be” they thought).”

v 15…”Can a woman forget her nursing child, and have no compassion on the son of her womb (The Lord has tenderness towards them. This is called a “Pilpul” or peppered argument when a question is asked, then the students discuss the answer)? Even these (earthly parents) may forget, but I will not forget you.

v 16…Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms of my hands (as a token of remembrance); your walls are continually before me (constant care and concern, like an architect).

v 17…Your builders (sons) hurry (to rebuild); your destroyers and devastations will go out (cease, depart).

v 18…Lift up your eyes and look around (n all directions); all of them (those scattered and lost) gather together, they come to you. As I live, declares the Lord (Yehovah), “You shall surely put on all of them as jewels (ornaments), and bind them on as a bride.

v 19…For your waste and desolate places, and your destroyed land (by the enemy)-surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants, and those who swallowed you will be far away (no enemies).

v 20…The children of whom you were bereaved will yet say in your ears (those born in exile), ‘The place is too cramped for me; make room for me that I may live here (to settle down).’

v 21…Then you will say in your heart, “Who has begotten these for me, since I have been bereaved of my children, and I am barren, an exile and a wanderer? And who reared these? Behold, I was left alone; from where did these come (Going into exile “Rachel” was weeping for her children because they were no more-Jer 31.15. But there was hope for the future-Jer 31.16-17. God does a miraculous work and the Jewish people are surprised at how Yehovah has preserved the sons of Jacob according to his promises)?

v 22…Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Behold, I will lift up my hand (to call them) to the nations and set up my standard to the peoples (Hebrew “nissi” which is a term for the Messiah-Isa 11.10), and they (the non-Jews-Isa 66.20) will bring your sons in their bosom (to assist in restoring Israel), and your daughters will be carried on their shoulders.

v 23…And kings will be your guardians, and their princesses your nurses. They will bow down to you (in respect) with their faces to the earth, and lick the dust of your feet (in homage, an earthly custom); and you (Israel) will know that I am the Lord (Yehovah); those who hopefully wait for me (for my salvation and my promises) will not be put to shame.

v 24…Can the prey (Israel) be taken from the mighty man (Ha Satan, the nations, the False Messiah-Mark 5.27), or the captive righteous (Hebrew “tzadik”) be rescued?”

v 25…Surely, says the Lord (Yehovah), “Even the captives (Israel) of the mighty man will be taken away, and the prey of the terrifying one (Ha Satan, False Messiah, the nations) will be rescued (escape out of their hands). For I will contend with the one who contends with you and I will save your sons.

v 26…And I will feed your oppressors with their own flesh (they will destroy one another), and they will become drunk with their own blood as with sweet wine (abundant blood will be shed and there will be pleasure in shedding it); and all flesh (by reason of God’s judgment all will recognize that Yehovah is the true God) will know that I, the Lord (Yehovah), am your Savior, and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob (invincible in his power).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 48

Isa 48.1-22 is addressed to the Jewish people in captivity and though they call themselves the people of Yehovah, and praise the God of Jacob, they do not do it in truth and spirit. Their actions did not line up with their confession.

v 1…Hear this, O house of Jacob, who are named Israel (his descendants) and who came forth from the loins of Judah (Judah is named because it became the name for all Israel, and Messiah will from from it), who swear by the name of the Lord (Yehovah) and invoke the God of Israel (and the covenant), but not in truth nor in righteousness (as defiend by the Torah with integrity).

v 2…For they call themselves after the holy city (valued themselves as being inhabitants of Jerusalem) and lean on the God of Israel (claimed the assistance of him); the Lord of hosts (Yehovah Tzavaot) is his name.

v 3…I (Yehovah has a message for them) declared the former things long ago (told them what was going to happen beforehand) and they went forth from my mouth, and I proclaimed them. Suddenly I acted, and they came to pass (and not by any human agency).

v 4…Because I know that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew (inflexible and stiff-necked), and your forehead bronze (Hebrew “Nechusha”- they were covered over with idolatrous thoughts and addictions).

v 5…Therefore I declared them to you long ago, before they took place I proclaimed them to you, lest you say, “My idol has done them, and my graven image and my molten image have commanded them (or their idol made it happen).”

v 6…You have heard; look at all this (by personal observation). And you, will you not declare it (that Yehovah is God after you investigate his prophecies)? I proclaim to you new things from this time, even hidden things which you have not known (like the fall of Babylon, Cyrus, deliverance from Babylon, etc).

v 7…They are created now and not long ago (brought into being now); and before today you have not heard them (they were in God’s mind before), lest you should say, “Behold I knew them (and not of divine revelation).”

v 8…You have not heard, you have not known. Even from long ago your ear has not been open, because I knew that you would deal very treacherously (betray Yehovah); and you have been called a rebel (sinner) from birth (as a nation-Ezek 16).

v 9…For the sake of my name I delay my wrath, and for my praise (of my compassion and mercy) I restrain it for you, in order not to cut you off (because of his covenant promises).

v 10…Behold, I have refined you (to find their worth), but not with silver (in prosperity); I have tested you in the furnace of affliction (like in Egypt-Deut 4.20).

v 11…For my own sake, for my own sake, I will act (defer his anger and not cut off his people); for how can my name be profaned (because the nations would say that Yehovah did not love his people and was not merciful)? And my glory I will not give to another (his name is in the covenant and it will not be given to an other people).

v 12…Listen to me, O Jacob, even Israel, whom I called (out of Egypt, now Babylon); I am he, I am the first, I am also the last (symbolized by the Hebrew letters Aleph and Tav which means “head of the covenant-Rev 1.17, 22.3).

v 13…Surely my hand (a term for the Messiah and power) founded the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I call to them they stand together (they are consistent and permanent, ready to do God’s will, rising up as a servant to fulfill his command).

v 14…Assemble (as if in a court-a Rosh Ha Shanah term), all of you, and listen (meaning obey)! Who among them (the idols and their priests) has declared these things? The Lord (Yehovah) loves him (Cyrus as a man, and gave him great abilities, even as an instrument in the deliverance of his people); he shall carry out his good pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans (to punish them).

v 15…I, even I, have spoken; indeed I have called him (Cyrus), I have brought him and he will make his ways successful (being made so by Yehovah-Isa 45.1).

v 16…Come near to me, listen to this; from the first I have not spoken in secret (about Cyrus and his mission), from the time it took place (first decided to go this direction), I was there (the only one who could control the destinies of those involved). And now the Lord (Adonai) God (Yehovah) has sent me (Isaiah, a type of the Messiah, to bring this message as a “Shaliach” or sent one) and his Spirit (in his power-Rom 8.36. The Ruach inspires the prophets-2 Pet 1.21. He is not a “force” nor can you be immersed in a “force.” You cannot lie to a force either-Acts 5.3. The Ruach Ha Kodesh can be grieved in Eph 4.30; he speaks in Acts 13.12; he intercedes in Rom 8.26; is God in Acts 5.4, Psa 139.7; 1 Cor 12.11; 1 John 5.7).

v 17…Thus says the Lord (Yehovah), your redeemer (Isa 59.20), the Holy One of Israel; I am the Lord (“ani Yehovah”) your God (“eloheycha”), who teaches you to profit (to furnish what is beneficial), who leads you in the way you should go (in the Torah).

v 18…If only you (Israel) had paid attention to my commandments! Then your well-being (“shalomeycha” or peace) would have been like a river (in abundance, covered by it over and over again); and your righteousness like the waves of the sea.

v 19…Your descendants would have been like the sand, and your offspring like its grains (a parallelism meaning “numerous, a multitude”); their name would never be cut off or destroyed from my presence (fallen under punishment and individuals perish, but the nation remains his people).

v 20…Go forth from Babylon! Flee (depart with all speed) from the Chaldeans (at the decree of Cyrus)! Declare with the sound of joyful shouting, proclaim this (they will sing the Psalms of Ascent-Psa 120-134, send it out to the end of the earth (what Yehovah has done, the redemption experienced); say, “The Lord (Yehovah) has redeemed his servant Jacob (which he chose to be a light to the nations).”

v 21…And they did not thirst when he led them through the deserts (in the Egyptian, or First, Redemption). He made the water flow out of the rock for them; he split the rock, and the waters gushed forth in (in Exo 17.6-the miracles of the Egyptian Redemption will be renewed).

v 22…There is no peace (shalom) for the wicked (the unbelieving Jews or “rashim” has a verbal root of “laxity or looseness”; whose inward morality is “loosened” or “free” from the Torah and in confusion because they do not know Yehovah. He is saying that when God tells them to get out of Babylon, don’t wait or stay there in their wickedness and continue living amongst idolatrous people, because they will not find any peace or comfort. This will be repeated in Isa 57.21).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 47

Isa 47.1-15 is a prophecy about the destruction of Babylon and the Chaldeans, and what caused it.

v 1…Come down and sit in the dust (a sign of mourning), O virgin daughter of Babylon (a beautiful and splendid city); sit on the ground without a throne (their seat of authority is lost), O daughter of the Chaldeans (Babylon is pictured as a degraded woman). For you shall no longer be called tender and delicate (but afflicted).

v 2…Take the millstone and grind meal (basic slavery). Remove your veil, strip off the skirt, uncover the leg across the rivers (so you don’t get wet crossing the rivers as you travel).

v 3…Your nakedness will be uncovered (either they had no clothes or their enemies did this on purpose), your shame (especially for women) will also be exposed (exposing the wickedness of Babylon); I will take vengeance and will not spare a man.

v 4…Our Redeemer, the Lord of Hosts (Yehovah Tzavaot) is his name; the Holy One of Israel.

v 5…Sit silently (a sign of mourning), and go into darkness (of a dungeon, captivity), O daughter of the Chaldeans; for you will be no more called the queen of kingdoms.

v 6…I was angry with my people (the Babylonian captivity was a result of their idolatry and turning away from the Torah), I profaned my heritage (by allowing Babylon into the land, Jerusalem and the Temple), and gave them into your hand; you did not show mercy to them (treated the Jewish people with cruelty), on the aged you made your yoke heavy (treated them with indignity).

v 7…Yet you said, “I shall be a queen forever (continue to rule),” These things you did not consider (the extent of her cruelty and sins); nor remember the outcome of them (considered the consequences).

v 8…Now, then, hear this, you sensual one (given to pleasures), who dwell securely (or they thought they did), who says in your (her) heart, “I am, and there is no one besides me (in pride). I shall not sit as a widow (with no husband as king and that the army of Babylon could ever be beaten), nor shall I know loss of children (of her citizens in a war, they thought they had the best military).”

v 9…But these two things shall come upon you suddenly in one day (Jer 51.30); loss of children and widowhood. They shall come on you in full measure (fully accomplished, in full) in spite of your many sorceries (which was all over Babylon), in spite of the great power of your spells (occultic arts).

v 10…And you felt secure in your wickedness (covered up their sins of wealth, power, political wickedness, dishonest gain, ambition, cruelty) and said, “No one sees me.” Your wisdom and your knowledge, they have deluded you (they had a high opinion of themselves); for you have said in your heart, “I am and there is no one besides me.”

v 11…But evil will come upon you which you will not know how to charm away (or compromise with through politics); and disaster will fall on you for which you cannot atone, and destruction about which you do not know (a surprise) will come upon you suddenly.

v 12…Stand fast now in your spells and in your many sorceries with which you have labored from your youth (relying on their magicians ); perhaps you will be able to profit, perhaps you may cause trembling (see if you can stop what’s coming by your occultic practices and false religion).

v 13…You are wearied with your many counsels, let now the astrologers, those who prophesy by the stars, those who predict by the new moons, stand up and save you from what will come upon you.

v 14…Behold (take note of), they have become like stubble, fire burns them, they cannot deliver themselves from the power of the flame (Yehovah’s wrath comes upon them in total destruction); there will be no coal to warm by, nor a fire to sit before (nothing left)!

v 15…So have those become to you with whom you have labored, who have trafficked with you from your youth (the astrologers and sorcerers, and those who they made money with in commerce with foreigners); each has wandered in his own way (to their own country). There is none to save you (the astrologers and merchants can’t help and are useless).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 46

Isa 46.1-13 contains a prophecy about the fall of Babylon by Cyrus and Medo-Persia. It also talks about the release of the Jewish people from the captivity.

v 1…Bel (meaning “Lord” and related to Baal, a sun divinity) has bowed down (fallen), Nebo (another false god and contained in many Babylonian names like Nebuchadnezzar, Nabopalasser, etc) stoops over (falls prostrate); their images are consigned to the beasts and the cattle (because the city had fallen and these images were carried away in wagons). The things that you carry are burdensome, a load for a weary beast (if those idols were real they should have carried the people like Yehovah does his people).

v 2…They stoop over, they have bowed down together; they could not rescue the burden (couldn’t save Babylon who are now being carried away), but have themselves gone into captivity.

v 3…Listen to me, O house of Jacob, and all the remnant of Israel (all those that remained of the ten tribes), you have been borne by me since birth (Yehovah is different than these idols because he is not carried by anyone, but he does the carrying-Ezek 16).

v 4…Even to your old age, I shall be the same (unchanging, he will never replace them with another. This refutes Replacement Theology Christianity or any other religion), and even to your graying years I shall bear you. I have done it, and I shall carry you; and I shall bear you and I shall deliver you (he will never leave or abandon Israel and will deliver them out of the birth-pains and all their enemies).

Isa 46.5-7 are Abomination of Desolation passages (Isa 40.18-20, 44.9-20, 45.20; Rev 13.14; Jer 10.1-5. These are forbidden according to Deut 4.15-19).

v 5…To whom will you liken me, and make me equal and compare me (because it is impossible), that we should be alike (Yehovah and the idol or crucifix)?

v 6…Those who lavish gold from the purse and weigh silver on the scale hire a goldsmith, and makes it a god; they bow down, indeed they worship it.

v 7…They lift it up upon the shoulder and carry it; they set it in its place and it stands (in the pedestal intended for it, like the Abomination of Desolation standing in the Temple-Matt 24.15), it does not move from its place. Though one may cry to it, it cannot answer (45.19); it cannot deliver him from his distress (because it is nothing).

v 8…Remember this, and be assured; recall it to mind, you transgressors (you who forget the true God).

v 9…Remember the former things long past (God structures history to tell us what will happen in the Scriptures and the end times-Ecc 1.9, 3.15; Lam 3.37; Rom 15.4; Ezek 38.17; Isa 41.22), for I am God, and there is no other; God, and there is no one like me.

v 10…Declaring the end from the beginning (who foretells future events, starting with his 7000 year plan in Gen 1 for example) and from ancient times things which have not been done, saying, “‘My purpose will be established, and I will accomplish all my good pleasure (as he will now set forth)’;

v 11…Calling a bird of prey (Cyrus) from the east (Persia was east of Babylon, and the standard of Cyrus will have an eagle on it), the man of my purpose from a far country. Truly I have spoken; truly I will bring it to pass. I have planned it, surely I will do it (especially the return of the exiles from captivity).

v 12…Listen to me, you stubborn minded (on purpose), who are far from righteousness (they had no wish to have any knowledge of it as defined in the Torah).

v 13…I bring near my righteousness (salvation of Israel)), it is not far off (it will surely come); and my salvation will not delay (be late). I will grant salvation in Zion, and my glory for Israel (Yehovah will bring back the Jewish people from Babylon and he will glory in his people once again).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 45

Isa 45.1-25 predicts the fall of Babylon by Cyrus the Persian in the “Peshat” or literal level, and in the “Sowd” or secret, hidden level, it is a prophecy about the Messiah.

v 1…Thus says the Lord (Yehovah) to Cyrus (“Koresh” which is a possible dynastic name taken from the Persian for “sun”) his anointed (Hebrew “mashiach” because he was appointed by Yehovah to be a king and will do specific things as directed by Yehovah), whom I have taken by the right hand (given authority), to subdue nations before him, and to loose the loins of kings (cause panic-Dan 5.6); to open doors (of Babylon in the walls by the river) before him so that gates will not be shut.

v 2…I will go before you and make the rough places smooth (remove all obstacles); I will shatter the doors of bronze, and cut through their iron bars (of the city of Babylon, they were made of brass).

v 3…And I will give you the treasures of darkness (what had been laid up in private places will now be brought into the light), and the hidden wealth of secret places, in order that you may know that it is I, the Lord (Yehovah, the God of Israel who calls you by your name (about 200 years before he was born; Josephus says he was shown this prophecy and he read it. He acknowledged Yehovah as the God in heaven in Ezra 1.2).

v 4…For the sake of Jacob my servant, and Israel my chosen one (he named Cyrus beforehand not so much for the sake of Cyrus, but to assure the people of Israel that they were God’s people and they would be delivered and that Yehovah told them the details before it ever came to pass), I have also called you by your name, I have given you a title of honor though you have not known me (he ought to know Yehovah, but he never did).

v 5…I am the Lord (Yehovah) and there is no other; besides me there is no God. I will gird you (to be king) though you have not known me.

v 6…That men (of the world) may know from the rising to the setting of the sun that there is no one besides me. I am the Lord (Yehovah), and there is no other.

v 7…The one (not your two Zoroastrian gods) forming light (no deficiency, natural light, moral light, rational spiritual understanding, the light of mercy, joy, comfort, etc) and creating darkness (deficiency, natural darkness, deprivation of sight, blindness in men, ignorance, judicial blindness), causing well-being (Hebrew “shalom” meaning no deficiencies, perfection) and creating calamity (Hebrew “ra” or evil meaning deficiency, distress, adversity; the absence of good. Evil is anything that conceals God’s perfection. Sin, evil and deficiency are labels given to circumstances that do not meet the goal of perfection), I am the Lord (Yehovah) who does all these (creating good and evil).

v 8…Drip down, O heavens, from above, and let the clouds pour down righteousness (like rain-Joel 2.23; Hos 6.3; Jam 5.7); let the earth open up and salvation bear fruit (good works-Isa 4.2), and righteousness (as defined by the Torah) spring up with it, I, the Lord (Yehovah), have created it.

v 9…Woe to the one who quarrels with his maker (the one who formed you)-an earthenware vessel among the vessels of the earth! Will the clay say to the potter (Yehovah), ‘What are you doing?’ or the thing you are making, ‘He has no hands (power or skill-it is ridiculous to contend with God)?’

v 10…Woe to him who says to a father, ‘What are you begetting?’ or to a woman, ‘To what are you giving birth (the child has no say in it)?’

v 11..Thus says the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, and his (Israel’s) maker: ‘Ask me about the things to come concerning my sons. And you shall commit to me the work of my hands.

v 12…It is I who made the earth (the Targum says, “I by my word have made the earth”-Deut 26.17-18; John 1.3) and created man (Adam) upon it. I stretched the heavens with my hands, and I ordained all their host (my wisdom and power are obvious).

v 13…I have aroused him (Cyrus) in righteousness, and I will make all his ways smooth (no obstacles in fulfilling what I want him to do); he will build my city (Jerusalem), and will let my exiles go free, without an y payment or reward (he acted under the inspiration of the Ruach Ha Kodesh not because he got paid to do it by a ransom) says the Lord of hosts (Yehovah Tzavaot or armies).

v 14…Thus says the Lord (to Israel), “The products of Egypt (Mitzraim) and the merchandize of Cush and the Sabeans, men of stature, will come over to you and will be yours (submitted), and they will walk behind you, they will come over in chains (Israel was led away in chains, but one day they will be first among the nations) and will bow down to you; they will make supplication to you: ‘Surely, God is with you, and there is n one else, no other God.'”

v 15…Truly, thou art a God who hides himself (his essence is above human understanding), O God of Israel, Savior!

v 16…They (the unbelievers) will be put to shame and even humiliated, all of them; the manufacturers (makers) of idols will go away together in humiliation.

v 17…Israel has been saved by the Lord (Yehovah) with an everlasting salvation (through Messiah-Ezek 39.22; Rom 11.26-27); you will not be put to shame or humiliated to all eternity (Hebrew “ad olmay ad” or “the forever’s of eternity”).

v 18…For thus says the Lord, who created the heavens, he is the God who formed the earth and made it (not your idols). He established it it (the earth) and did not create it a waste place, but formed it to be inhabited (the earth is man’s home, not the universe), “I am the Lord (Yehovah), there is none else.

v 19…I have not spoken in secret, in some dark land (like the sorcerers and oracles); I did not say to the offspring of Jacob, ‘Seek me in a waste place”( like the heathen where there is no response)’, I, the Lord (Yehovah) speak righteousness (what is right) declaring things that are upright.

v 20…Gather yourselves and come; draw near together, you fugitives of the nations (those of all nations who have escaped, a remnant), they have no knowledge, who carry about their wooden idol, and pray to a god who cannot save (v 20-21 are Abomination of Desolation passages; these words were once in a Jewish prayer called the Oleynu but were taken out by force because Christianity saw it as an attack on the crucifix, which we believe is the Abomination of Desolation-Hertz Authorized daily Prayer Book, Bloch Pub., p. 551-552).

v 21…Declare (tell) and set forth , indeed, let them consult together (the idols, their makers, the worshipers). Who has announced this from of old? Who has long since declared it (who among their gods predicted the future accurately)? Is it not I, the Lord (Yehovah)? And there is no other God besides me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none except me (based on clear evidence).

v 22…Turn to me (not idols), and be saved, all the ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other (Yehovah repeats this over and over again to convince idolaters to accept him).

v 23…I have sworn (an oath) by myself (because there is none greater-Heb 6.13), the word has gone forth from my mouth in righteousness and will not turn back (not return), that to me (Yehovah) every knee will bow, every tongue will swear (allegiance-Phil 2.10-11 quotes this and it is not to the name of Yeshua that people will bow, but to Yehovah, as it plainly says here. This is also a part of the Oleynu prayer).

v 24…They will say to me, ‘Only in the Lord (Yehovah) are righteousness and strength. Men will come to him (Messiah and all who are angry at him will be put to shame.

v 25…In the Lord (Yehovah) all the offspring of Israel (the spiritual seed, those born again in the Eschatological Kahal made up of both Jew and non-Jew-Rom 11.13-32; Eph 2.11-22) will be justified and will give glory (to Yehovah for their salvation).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 44

Isa 44.1-28 tells us about how God comforts his people who are afflicted with his promises of blessing. It also goes on to describe idols and these verses allude to the Abomination of Desolation. Israel is forgiven of their sins and the chapter ends with the greatness of God in contrast to idols previously mentioned.

v 1…”But now, listen, O Jacob my servant (alludes to the physical), and Israel (alludes to the spiritual), whom I have chosen (elected):

v 2…Thus says Yehovah who made you and formed you (fashioned) from the womb, who will help you, “Do not fear, O Jacob my servant; and you Yeshurun (Israel-Deut 32.15-a term of endearment Yehovah uses for Israel) whom I have chosen.”

v 3…For I will pour out water to a thirsty land (spiritually-John 3.5, 7.37-39; Matt 5.6) and streams on dry ground; I will pour out my spirit on your offspring (seed spiritually).

v 4…And they will spring up among the grass (the land) like poplars (willows-believers are seen as trees-Psa 91.3; Isa 61.3).

v 5…This one will say, “I am the Lord’s (proudly); and that one will call by the name of Jacob (as a descendant of Jacob); and another will write on his hand, ‘Belonging to the Lord,’ and will name Israel’s name with honor (a true praise-Rom 2.29).

v 6…Thus says the Lord, the king of Israel and his redeemer, the Lord of hosts (Yehovah Tzavaot or armies): ‘I am the first and I am the last (alludes to the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, Aleph, and the last letter, Tav. Together this has a meaning “head of the covenant”), there is no God besides me.

v 7…And who is like me (among the false gods)? Let him proclaim and declare it (come forward); yes, let him recount to me in order (an orderly account of all of God’s plans), from the time that I established the ancient nation (through Abraham, Isaac and Jacob). And let them declare to them the things that are coming (the future) and the events that are going to take place-Lam 3.37; Amos 3.6).

v 8…Do not tremble and do not be afraid (at the prophecies); have I not long since announced it to you and declared it (what is going to happen)? And you (Israel) are my witnesses (their role in the world-Deut 4.1-8). Is there any God besides me (just false ones), or is there any rock (Deut 32.4)? I know of none (if Yehovah is all-knowing, then there is no other God).'”

Isa 44.9-20 are not only ab out idols in general, but Abomination of Desolation passages.

v 9…Those who fashion a graven image are all of them futile (vanity), and their precious things (the idol they take such pride in) are of no profit; even their own witnesses fail to see or know, so that they will be put to shame (remember, the Abomination of Desolation passages are going to be part of the message of the “Voice” of Isa 40.6).

v10…Who has fashioned a god (“el”-a power) or cast an idol to no profit (can’t help the worshiper)?

v 11…Behold (take note of), all his companions (in the idol-making business) will be put to shame, for the craftsmen themselves are mere men (so how can they make a god). Let them all assemble themselves (in court), let them stand up (to give testimony), let them tremble, let them together be put to shame (exposed before witnesses).

v 12…The man shapes iron into a cutting tool, and does his work over the coals, fashioning it (the idol) with hammers, and working it with his strong arm. He also gets hungry and his strength fails; he drinks no water and becomes weary (he is so serious about this he neglects food and water).

v 13…Another shapes wood, he extends a measuring line; he outlines it with red chalk. He works it with a compass, and makes it like the form of a man, like the beauty of man, so that it may sit in a house (or stand in the Temple-Matt 24.15-God is spirit and an idol can only be made in man’s image, and forbidden-Deut 4.15-19. The real Messiah had no beauty-Isa 53.2; Hab 2.18).

v 14…Surely he cuts cedars for himself, and takes a cypress or an oak and raises it for himself among the trees of the forest. He plants a fir, and the rain makes it grow (a long wait in order to have the best wood).

v 15…Then it becomes something for a man to burn, so he takes one of them and warms himself; he also makes a fire to break bread. He also makes a god and worships it; he makes a graven image and falls down before it (all of this out of the same tree).

v 16…Half of it he burns in the fire; over this half he eats meat as he roasts a roast, and is satisfied. He also warms himself and says, “Aha! I am warm, I have seen the fire.”

v 17…But the rest of it he makes into a god, his graven image. He falls down before it and worships; he also prays to it and says, “Deliver me, for thou art my god (notice he calls this idol “god”).

v 18…They do not know, nor do they understand, for He (Yehovah) has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend (delusional, and they are blinded by God-Matt 11.25; 2 Thes 2.11; 2 Cor 4.4; Matt 10.25; Isa 44.20).

v 19…And no one recalls, nor is there knowledge or understanding to say, “I have burned half of it in the fire, and also have baked bread over its coals. I also roast meat and eat it. Then I make the rest of it into an abomination (notice the idol is called an abomination), I fall down before a block of wood!”

v 20…He feeds on ashes; a deceived (and delusional) heart has turned him aside. He cannot deliver himself, nor say,” Is there not a lie in my right hand?”

Isa 44.21-28 talks about the greatness of God again and Israel his servant.

v 21…”Remember (and don’t be like them) these things, O Jacob, and Israel, for you are my servant (and not serving a tree stump); I have formed you, you are my servant, O Israel, you will not be forgotten by me (and Deut 4.1-8 is the task),

v 22…I have wiped out your transgressions like a thick cloud, and your sins like a heavy mist (Yehovah did this before Yeshua and the cross by emunah-Isa 43.25; Jer 31.34; Psa 103.10-12). Return to me, for I have redeemed you (these are Yom Kippur terms).”

v 23…Shout for joy, O heavens (plural because there are three-2 Cor 12.2), for the Lord has done it! Shout joyfully, you lower parts of the earth (everything beneath the heavens); break forth in into a shout of joy, you mountains (that which protrudes out of the land), O forest, and every tree in it; for the Lord has redeemed Jacob (Luke 2.13) and in Israel he shows forth his glory (This is not only about the redemption from the Babylonian captivity, but also about the Messianic redemption).

v 24…Thus says the Lord, your redeemer, and the one who formed you from the womb, “I, the Lord (Yehovah), am the maker of all things, stretching out the heavens by myself, and spreading out the earth all alone (no help because he is the only one who could do it),

v 25…Causing the omens of boasters to fail (oracles of the nations), making fools out of diviners, causing wise men to draw back (with shame because their predictions are wrong), and turning their knowledge into foolishness,

v 26…Confirming the word of his servant, and performing the purpose of his messengers (by establishing the word of the prophets). It is I who says of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be inhabited!’ And of the cities of Judah, ‘They shall be built.’ And I will raise up her ruins again (and none of this will fail).

v 27…It is I who says to the depth of the sea, ‘Be dried up (to show his power)!’ And I will make your rivers dry (to serve his purpose as was done with the Euphrates in Jer 51.36. Cyrus dried up the river to a lake ten miles away and the canals at Babylon went dry).

v 28…It is I who says of Cyrus (Hebrew “Koresh” meaning “possessor of the furnace” or sun god), ‘He is my shepherd (this is nearly 2000 years before Cyrus was born. He will lead the Jewish people out of the Babylonian captivity)! And he will perform all my desire (this will also be true of the Messiah).’ And he declares of Jerusalem, ‘She shall be built,’ And of the temple, ‘Your foundation will be laid (this is a double reference prophecy about Yeshua and the Messianic Temple in Ezek 40 through 48).'”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 43

Isa 43.1-28 tells us that Yehovah comforts his people and that he is the true God, not an empty idol. He promises a return from exile and there will be a greater redemption coming. Regardless of God’s past judgments judicially, he will restore Israel.

v 1…But now thus says Yehovah, your creator, O Jacob (God brought Israel into existence and when Yehovah uses “Jacob” he is alluding to the physical), and he who formed you, O Israel (alludes to the spiritual-this is a Hebraic parallelism), “Do not fear, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by my name, you are mine (God formed Israel with instruction, shaping and molding what he has created-Jer 23.5-6, 33.15-16. To give something a name shows ownership).

v 2…When you pass through the waters (like the Red Sea), I will be with you; and through the rivers (like the Jordan River), they will not overflow you. When you walk through the fire (like in Dan 3 and the birth-pains), you will not be scorched, nor will the flame burn you (in other words they will not be harmed in any extreme condition).

v 3…For I am the Lord (Yehovah) your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior (several titles here), I have given Egypt as your ransom (he sacrificed the Egyptians instead of Israel), Cush and Seba in your place (Yehovah will divert Israel’s enemies away from them, so Israel has no need to fear).

v 4…SInce you are precious in my sight, since you are honored and I love you, I will give other men in your place and other peoples in exchange for your life (enemies destroyed-this clarifies v 3).

v 5…Do not fear, for I am with you; I will bring your offspring (seed) from the east, and gather you from the west.

v 6…I will say to the north, “Give them up!” and to the south, “Do not hold them back!” Bring my sons from afar and my daughters from the ends of the earth (this is literal-Matt 24.30-31; Isa 66.20-21; Isa 11.11-16).

v 7…Every one who is called by my name (to be his child) and whom I have created (brought into existence, born again) for my glory whom I have formed (into my ways), even whom I have made.

v 8…Bring out the people who are blind, even though they have eyes (speaking to Israel, the servant in v 8-13), and the deaf, even though they have ears.

v 9…All the nations have gathered together in order that the peoples may be assembled (who among the idolaters could have predicted this). Who (among the idolaters) among them can declare this and proclaim to us the former things (soothsayers can’t)? Let them present their witnesses (a court term) that they may be justified, or let them hear and say, “It is true.”

v 10…You are my witnesses (Israel’s mission-Deut 4.1-8; Isa 42.6; Matt 5.13-16; Zech 8.23; Acts 1.8) declares the Lord and my servant whom I have chosen (Isa 44.1), in order that you may know and believe me, and understand that I am he. Before me there is no god formed (refers to idols-none were formed before Yehovah and Israel knows there is no other God to whom he has given predictions that were fulfilled and who has delivered them), and there is none after me.

v 11…I, even I, am Yehovah and there is no Savior (from sin or any enemy) besides me.

v 12…It is I who have declared and saved and proclaimed (through the prophets), and there was no strange god among you (that helped you); so you are my witnesses (it was well-known to you) declares the Lord, and I am God.

v 13…Even from eternity (from this day, or before there was a day) I am he; and there is none who can deliver out of my hand; I act and who can reverse it (stop it)?.

v 14…Thus says Yehovah your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, “For your sake I have sent to Babylon (Cyrus to capture it in order to deliver Israel), and will bring them all down as fugitives, even the Chaldeans, into the ships in which they rejoice (commercial and a naval power).

v 15…I am the Lord, your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King.”

v 16…Thus says the Lord who makes a way through the sea (Red Sea) and a path through the mighty waters (Jordan),

v 17…Who brings forth the chariot and the horse (of Pharaoh), the army and the mighty man. They will lie down together and not rise again (in the sea); they have been quenched and extinguished like a wick (dead).

v 18…Do not call to mind the former things, or ponder the things of the past (about what God did).

v 19…Behold (take note of), I will do something new, now it will spring forth (the branch); will you not be aware of it (the redemption from Babylon, alluding to the messianic as well)? I will even make a roadway in the wilderness, rivers in the desert (like in the first redemption out of Egypt).

v 20…The beasts of the field will glorify me; the jackals and the ostriches; because I have given waters in the wilderness and rivers in the desert, to give drink to my chosen people (when Yehovah blesses his people with water it benefits the creatures that live there also).

v 21…The people whom I formed for myself, will declare my praise (when they are brought out of Babylon).

v 22…Yet you have not called on me, O Jacob; but you have become weary of me, O Israel (they became hard-hearted).

v 23…You have not brought to me the sheep of your burnt offerings (Hebrew “olot” either offered to idols or not brought in the right attitude), nor have you honored me with your sacrifices (Hebrew “zevach”). I have not burdened you with offerings (Hebrew “minchah” or bread offerings, free-will or optional), nor wearied you with incense (Hebrew “levonah” or frankincense-this is one of the reasons they went into captivity, they neglected true worship and had the wrong attitude).

v 24…You have brought me no sweet cane with money (part of the incense but it was too expensive so they stopped), neither have you filled me with the fat of your sacrifices (in thank and free-will offerings, even though he gave them a reason to do so); rather you have burdened me with your sins, you have wearied me with your iniquities (they spared no expense in their idolatry though).

v 25…I, even I, am the one who wipes out your transgressions for my own sake (by my own goodness and grace, not your merits. God “wiped out” sin before Yeshua through faith-Jer 31.34; Isa 44.22, 65.17; Psa 103.10-12; Num 5.23, 23.19-21) and I will not remember your sins (to punish them-Jer 14.10).

v 26…Put me in remembrance (like Jacob did in Gen 32.9-12 concerning God’s mercy and forgiveness); let us argue our case together, state your cause, that you may be proved right.

v 27…Your first forefather (plural in Hebrew) sinned, and your spokesmen (interpreters of the Torah, the priests and Levites) have transgressed against me.

v 28…So I will pollute (defile) the princes of the sanctuary (priests); and I will consign Jacob to the ban (cursed-Deut 28.15-68), and Israel to revilement (when Babylon comes to destroy the city and the Temple. The Roman destruction will be a manifestation of this, and the Holocaust is one of the latest).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 42

Isa 42.1-25 is a continuation of the servant passages with a prophecy concerning the Messiah. He will be the embodiment of the Brit Chadasha (Renewed Covenant). The Messiah is presented as a mediator and servant of the Father (John 1.29).

v 1…Behold (take note of) my Servant (the Messiah) whom I uphold (establish in his office), my chosen one (to be the Messiah and Redeemer) in whom my soul delights (or “well pleased” as in Mark 3.17; Luke 9.35; 2 Pet 1.17), I have put my Spirit (ruach) upon him (Isa 111.2 and appointed-Isa 57.20-21); he will bring forth justice to the nations (non-Jews will hear the Basar as it really is and be converted_.

v 2…He will not cry out or raise his voice (in contention), nor make his voice heard in the street (doesn’t promote himself).

v 3…A bruised reed, he will not break (you can depend on him and he won’t break, unlike the False Messiah as seen in Isa 36.6) and a dimly burning wick, he will not extinguish (Messiah’s light or life cannot be put out), he will faithfully bring forth justice (as defined in the Torah; his work will go on).

v 4…He will not be disheartened or crushed (at the power of those against him) until he has established justice in the earth (in the redemption); and the coastlands (ends of the earth) and a term for all the nations) will wait expectantly for his law (the Torah-Matt 12.17-21).

Isa 42.5 through 43.10 is the Haftorah reading for the Torah portion called Bereshit, the first reading from the Torah (Gen 1.1 through 6.8).

v 5…Thus says God (Ha El) the Lord (Yehovah) who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and its offspring (vegetation), who gives breath to the people on it (one of the reasons this is read with Bereshit).

v 6…I am the Lord (Yehovah), I have called you in righteousness (Messiah), I will also hold you by the hand and watch over you (from being hurt by his enemies until the time), and I will appoint you as a covenant (the new or renewed covenant-Luke 22.20) to the nations (to fulfill and give meaning to the covenant).

v 7…To open blind eyes (who were in darkness to the true knowledge of God, whether Jewish or non-Jewish), to bring out prisoners from the dungeon (caught in sin and ignorance-Isa 61.1-2), and those who dwell in darkness from the prison (a Hebrew parallelism).

v 8…I am the Lord (Yehovah), that is my name; I will not give my glory to another, nor my praise to graven images (now he turns from addressing the Messiah to the people, and this verse proves that Yeshua is equal to the Father-John 5.23).

v 9…Behold (take note of), the former thing have come to pass (everything Yehovah said was going to happen came true to that point in time, like the ten tribes being taken captive, etc), now I declare new (chadash) things (if the former things came to pass you can trust that what he says now will come to pass); before they spring forth I proclaim them to you.

v 10…Sing to the Lord (Yehovah) a new song (a “new song” is “shir chadash” here, which is masculine. It is usually “shirah chadash”, which is feminine. Why the change? History has “given birth” (feminine) to many tragedies, but when Messiah comes (masculine) there will be no more tragedies. The term “sing a new song” is an idiomatic phrase meaning the Messiah has come-See Psa 92, 95, 97, 98, 99 and 29), sing his praise from the end of the earth (the good news is coming)! You who go down to the sea and all that is in it. You islands and those who dwell on them.

v 11…Let the wilderness and its cities lift up their voices (remember, the Jewish people will be in the wilderness waiting on the Messiah to come the last half of the birth-pains), the settlements where Kedar inhabits (meaning “black tents” or Beduins; the Arab aristocracy and warriors will believe in Yeshua-Isa 21.141.17). Let the inhabitants of Cela (Petra-Isa 63; Isa 16; Zech 9.14; Mic 2.12-13. Yeshua will arrive there as he advances on Jerusalem-Hab 3.3; Jer 48.28; Exo 15.1-18; Matt 24.27; Rev 12.1-17), let them shout for joy from the tops of the mountains.

v 12…Let them give glory to the Lord, and declare his praise in the coastlands (ends of the earth).

v 13…The Lord (Yehovah) will go forth like a warrior, he will arouse his zeal like a man of war. He will utter a shout, yes, he will raise a war cry (same as shout), he will prevail against his enemies (Hab 3.3-16; Rev 19.11).

v 14…I have kept silent for a long time, I have kept still and restrained myself (Hebrew parallelism). Now like a woman in labor I will groan (alludes to the birth-pains; judgment is like a child coming forth), I will both gasp and pant.

v 15…I will lay waste the mountains and the hills (great and small kings/kingdoms and rulers), and wither all their vegetation (common people); I will make the rivers into coastlands (remove the obstacles like at the Red Sea and Jordan River), and dry up the ponds.

v 16…I will lead the blind by a way they do not know (Jew and non-Jew will follow the Torah0, in paths they do not know I will guide them (a Hebrew parallelism). I will make darkness into light before them and rugged places into plains (remove all obstacles). These are the things I will do, and I will not leave them undone.

v 17…They shall be turned back and be utterly put to shame, who trust in idols, who say to molten images, “You are our gods.”

v 18…Hear, you deaf (towards Yehovah and the Torah)! ANd look, you blind, that you may see.

v 19…Who is blind but my servant (Israel), or so deaf as my messenger whom I send (here he speaks of Israel who is deaf and blind to what God is doing-Isa 42.7)? Who is so blind that he is at peace (or thought he was) or so blind aas the servant of the Lord (Israel)?

v 20…You have seen many things, but you do not observe; your ears are open, but none hears (spiritually had hard hearts-Mark 8.18; Hos 2.4).

v 21…The Lord was pleased for his righteousness sake to make the law (Torah) great and glorious (Deut 4.6, 10.15; Rom 7.12; Psa 19.7).

v 22…But this is a people plundered and despoiled (by Assyria, then Babylon, then Greece, then Rome and then Gog/Magog/Russia and then Europe and the False Messiah); all of them are trapped in caves (holes), or are hidden away in prisons; they have become a prey with none to deliver them, and a spoil, with none to say, “GIve them back” (they lost God’s protection and are fair game for the moment).

v 23…Who among you will give ear to this (prophecy of destruction)? Who will give heed and listen for the time to come (when Messiah comes; do something about it)?

v 24…Who gave Jacob up for spoil and Israel to plunderers (like the Assyrians, Babylon, Greece, Rome)? Was it not the Lord (Yehovah), against whom we sinned, and in whose ways they were not willing to walk, and whose law (Torah) they did not obey (Amos 3.6-7)?

v 25…So he poured out on him the heat of his anger and the fierceness of battle (war); and it set him aflame all around, yet he did not recognize it; and it burned him, but he paid no attention (Verses 24 and 25 explain why Jerusalem and the Temple were burned by the Babylonians and the Romans, and it also explains the Holocaust. It was a judicial chastening from Yehovah).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 41

Isa 41.1-29 tells us that God summons the nations into a tribunal at law to try the case between God and the unbeliever. It will also contain words of comfort to Israel. He will convict the idolaters and their false religions.

v 1…Coastlands (meaning the ends of the earth), listen to me in silence (Yehovah is bringing charges against the nations), and let the peoples gain new strength (collect your most powerful argument); let them come forward, then let them speak (present your case); let us come together for judgment (to fairly try their case).

v 2…Who has aroused the righteous from the east, whom he calls to his foot (to obey, listen, follow)? He (Yehovah) delivers up nations before him, and subdues kings. He makes them like dust with his sword (a literal sword, but it alludes to the Torah/Scriptures), as the driven chaff with his bow (God is raising up a deliverer in Cyrus to help Israel, but this also alludes to the Messiah).

v 3…He pursues them, passing on in safety, by a way he had not been traversing with his feet (God’s deliverer will move fast, disregarding all obstacles).

v 4…Who has performed and accomplished it (taking the work on and finishing it), calling forth the generations from the beginning? I, the Lord (Yehovah). am the first (the Hebrew letter “aleph” means first or “head”-Rev 1.17) and with the last (Hebrew letter “tav” meaning “covenant”, seal). I am he (I am the “head of the covenant”).

v 5…The coastlands (ends of the earth) have seen and are afraid (of being subdued by this deliverer; the ends of the earth tremble; they have drawn near and have come (to oppose, in defense).

v 6…Each one helps his neighbor, and says to his brother, “Be strong (in resisting the truth, to stop the deliverer, to persist in their idolatry).”

v 7…So the craftsman encourages the smelter (to be quick in finishing the idol to avert danger), and he smooths metal with the hammer encourages him who beats the anvil, saying of the soldering, “It (the idol) is good”; and he fastens it with nails (40.20), that it should not totter (remember what we have said before, Isa 40 through 46 is describing a crucifix, as the Catholic Church has already said in the quote in the Hertz Daily Prayer book, p. 550-551. The face on a crucifix is the same face as the Shroud of Turin, and the Shroud of Turin has the same face as a statue of the pagan god Zeus Kyrios around in 31.A.D. Zeus Kyrios has the same face as Antiochus Epiphanes IV because he put his face on statues of Zeus, and the Scriptures teach us that Antiochus Epiphanes IV is a picture of the False Messiah).

v 8…But you, Israel, my servant (not like the nations; this begins what is called the “Servant Passages” which allude to Israel, Messiah and the believers, depending on the context-Isa 42.1-7, 44.1-5, 44.21, 45.4-6, 48.12, 49.1-9, 50.4-11, 52.13-14, 53.1-12), Jacob whom I have chosen, descendant of Abraham, my friend (2 Chr 20.7; Jam 2.23).

v9…You whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, and called from its remotest parts (a parallelism), and said to you, “You are my servant, I have chosen you and not rejected you (Israel has a special place with Yehovah because it was God who elected them, not because of anything Israel did. This makes Israel different than any of the idol making nations).

v 10…Do not fear, for I am with you; do not look anxiously about you, for I am your God. I will strengthen you, surely I will help you, surely I will uphold you with my righteous right hand (idols need to be fastened with nails to stand up, but Yehovah holds us up with his power and his Messiah).

v 11…Behold, all those who are angered at you will be shamed and dishonored (when we reject their idols they get angry, but God will deal with them-Gen 12.3); those who contend with you will be as nothing, and will perish.

v 12…You will seek those who quarrel with you, but will not find them, those who war with you will be as nothing, and non-existent (no trace of them).

v 13…For I am the Lord (Yehovah) your God, who upholds your right hand (joins with us; giving us power and strength), who says to you, Do not fear, I will help you.

v 14…Do not fear, you worm (Hebrew “Tola” and is a type of worm that is a metaphor for the lowly, weak and sin, and a picture of the crucifixion-see Psa 22.6-8 notes) Jacob, you men of Israel (the small group who cling to the Lord); I will help you” declares the Lord, “and your Redeemer (Hebrew “goel” or kinsman redeemer and blood avenger-Job 19.25; Psa 19.15, 78.13; Jer 50.34; Isa 43.14, 44.6, 24, 49.7, 59.20) is the Holy One of Israel (Messiah).”

v 15…Behold, I have made you a new sharp threshing sledge with double edges (used to cut up straw and separate grain-Israel has teeth now); you will thresh the mountains and pulverize them (mountains are seen as great nations), and will make the hills like chaff (are seen as smaller nations).

v 16…You will winnow them, and the wind (ruach) will carry them away, and the storm (whirlwind) will scatter them; but you will rejoice in the Lord, you will glory in the Holy One of Israel (Messiah).

v 17…The afflicted (poor) and needy are seeking water, but there is none (spiritually thirsty), and their tongue is parched with thirst (in the heat of affliction); I, the Lord (Yehovah), will answer them myself (their prayers, their cries, meet their needs), as the God of Israel I will not forsake them.

v 18…I (the fountain of living waters and life) will open rivers on the bare heights (in the rocks, not natural, a change in naturel), and springs in the midst of the valleys; I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land fountains of water (in the midst of trouble, Yehovah will refresh them).

v 19…I will put the cedar in the wilderness (not where they belong, unnatural), the acacia and the myrtle, and the shemen tree (pine-Neh 8.15); I will place the juniper (fir) in the desert, together with the box tree (a type of evergreen) and the cypress,

v 20…That they may see and recognize, and consider and gain insight as well, that the hand of Yehovah has done this, and the Holy One of Israel (that all of this is not an accident).

v 21…Present your case, Yehovah says (for a court to decide). Bring forward your strong (reasons, arguments), the King of Jacob says (he turns to the controversy between the greatness of God and idols).

v 22…Let them (the false gods) bring forth and declare to us what is going to take place (show us what they have predicted and it came true, like I did in the Scriptures-Lam 3.37; Ecc 1.9), as for the former events, show what they be, that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare to us things to come.

v 23…Declare the things that are going to come afterward, that we may know that you are gods (have power); indeed, do good or evil that we may anxiously look about us and fear altogether (bless the obedient and punish the disobedient like I do, to fear your deity).

v 24…Behold, you are of no account (the idol), and your work (to make the idol) amounts to nothing; he (the worshiper) who chooses you is an abomination.

v 25…I have aroused one from the north (to come in judgment), and he has come; from the rising of the sun he will call on my name (typified in Cyrus the Persian in Isa 45, who read Isaiah’s prophecy with his name in it 150 years later and recognized Yehovah as the true God, but retained his idolatry-Ezra 1.2); and he will come upon rulers as upon mortar (tread them down), even as the potter treads clay (does with the clay whatever he pleases).

v 26…Who (of the idols) has declared this from the beginning, that we might know, or from former times, that we might say, “He is right!” Surely there was no one who declared, surely there was no one who proclaimed, surely there was no one who heard your words (in answer to their prayers, or even heard the idol predict anything that came to pass).

v 27…Formerly I said to Zion, “Behold, here they are (the things to come).” And to Jerusalem, “I will give a messenger of good news (how the “voice” in 40.6 got started; he will tell us what will happen).

v 28…But when I look, there is no one, and there is no counselor among them (no true prophets) who, if I ask, can give me an answer (all the claims of the idolaters is empty, they can’t predict anything).

v 29…Behold, all of them are false, their works are worthless, their molten images are wind and emptiness (desolate, vanity)

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 40

Isa 40.1-31 now begins a change in the message of Isaiah. Having prophesied about the coming Babylonian captivity, Isaiah and the prophets were to comfort the people of Israel. Eschatologically, Isa 40 through 66 is part of what is called the “Servant Passages.” Prophetically, we have been through three and a half years of the birth-pains and we are coming up to Nisan 10 of the fourth year, the exact mid-point of the birth-pains or “tribulation.” We will see mission and message of the Two Witnesses who will come in the spirit (“cut out of the same cloth”) and power of Moses and Elijah, and we are going to see a picture of the Abomination of Desolation. The eschatological and prophetic message of the Two Witnesses is going to be set forth in Isa 40 through 46 as the Abomination of Desolation is being set up (the timing) and it will be contrasted with the greatness of Yehovah. Idols and the False Messiah will be a theme also. This is the basic message of Eliah and Yochanon Ha Matvil (John the Baptist). Isa 40 through 66 will be in a chiastic structure, with Isa 49 through 57 being the focal point, and Isa 58 through 66 finishing it off. The middle chapters and middle verses will be the theme (Isa 52.13 through 53.2).

v 1…Comfort, O comfort my people (with the Babylonian captivity predicted in the last chapter, now a deliverance is promised for the people to take comfort in; “comfort” or “comforter” is a term for the Messiah in Lam 1.16 and John 14.26. Messiah is coming to the people-Isa 51.3, 51.12, 19, 52.9, 54.11, 57.18), says your God.

v 2…Speak kindly to Jerusalem and call out to her, that her warfare has ended (they have peace with God), that our iniquity has been removed (prophetically by Messiah in one day, Yom Kippur going into the fourth year when Gog/Magog/Russia was defeated and they now know the Lord-Ezek 39.22; Isa 66.7-9; Israel has been redeemed), that she (Israel) has received of the Lord’s hand double for all her sins (Yehovah’s complete satisfaction and redemption).

v 3…A voice (this is the messenger of the covenant and a concept that can be seen in a Sukkot Machzor. The “voice” is a major eschatological character) is calling, “Clear the way for the Lord in the wilderness (this begins the message of Yochanon Ha Matvil and the Two Witnesses. The wilderness is an allusion to the Exodus story of redemption. This message will go all the way to Isa 66. Isa 40 through 46 will describe the Abomination of Desolation and we will point out the verses as we come to them. The prophetic message can be seen in such verses as Mal 3.1-3; Matt 11.8-9, 11.12; John 1.19, 10.3; Isa 62.10-12; Mal 4.5; Mic 2.12-13); make smooth in the desert a highway for our God (the custom before the festivals was to clear the roads of all obstructions so that the people can travel to the Temple).

v 4…Let every valley (alludes to the humble) be lifted up, and every mountain (the proud) and hill be made low (humbled); and let the rough ground become a plain (sin and all obstructions to the Lord’s movement removed). And the crooked shall be made straight (all injustices corrected and replaced with truth).

v 5…Then the glory of the Lord will be revealed (Messiah), and all flesh will see together (the truth); for the mouth of the Lord has spoken (the call to repentance has been sent out first by Yochanon and will be later by the Two Witnesses).”

v 6…A voice says (a “bat kol” or the voice of the Lord giving a commission); “Call out.” Then he (the herald of the Lord) answered, “What shall I call out (now from here to Isa 66.24 we have the message of the “voice” or herald. He is the messenger of the covenant. This was the role of Yochanon and will be the role of the Two Witnesses in the birth-pains)?” “All flesh is grass (life is temporary, short) and all its loveliness is like the flower of the field (outward show but not long lasting).

v 7…The grass withers, the flower fades, when the breath of the Lord blows upon it (John 3.8); surely the people are grass (even Israel).

v 8…The grass withers, the flower fades (it is repeated because it is important; so what should we pat attention to in this short life?), but the word of our God stands forever (the word in Isaiah’s time was the Torah and the Tanak).

v 9…Get yourself up on a high mountain (in the open and public) O ZIon, bearer of good news, lift up your voice mightily, O Jerusalem, bearer of good news (this is also the calling of Israel, Yochanon Ha Matvil and the Two Witnesses. The “good news” here is the Hebrew “basar” means “gospel.” But what is the “gospel?” The concept of the Basar is an ancient concept and it includes the following: the golden age of Israel, David’s throne is restored, Messiah has come, God reigns through him over the earth, peace has come to man and nature, resurrection of the just has occurred, righteousness is on the earth, the Day of the Lord has come, the Torah goes forth to the nations, idolatry is gone, the exiles have returned, the true worship of God is restored and the non-Jews believe. The Messiah is the agent of God empowered to bring all of the above to pass. His task is to redeem man and creation. This is called the Redemption. We enter into this by emunah, or faith. The “gospel” message is that Yeshua has come to initiate the redemption. The message of the basar is not Messiah, he is the agent of the basar-Isa 52.7; Matt 28.19-20; Mark 16.15-18); lift it up, do not fear, say to the cities of Judah, “Here is your God!”

v 10…Behold, the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah) will come with might, with his arm (a term for the Messiah) ruling for him. Behold, his reward is with him, and his recompense before him (this is a Hebrew parallelism-Isa 62.1-11; Rev 22.12).

v 11…Like a shepherd he will tend his flock (to feed, gather be carried with love and to lead. Ezek 34.1-10 tells us about the bad shepherds); in his arm he will gather the lambs (young, weak) and carry them in his bosom (with great affection), he will gently lead the nursing (gradually, not too fast; God will not give us the milk of the word too fast, but according to what we can take).

v 12…Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand (v 12-17 talks about the greatness of God and in v 18 it begins to talk about idolatry. This will go back and forth), and marked off the heavens by the span (the measure between the thumb and middle finger), and calculated the dust of the earth by measure (third part of an ephah), and weighed the mountains in a balance, and the hills in a pair of scales (God can hold the water od the earth and beneath the earth in his hand; he carries a scoop and an hold all the dust of the earth, and on a scale he can weigh all the mountains. Can man do that?).

v 13…Who has directed the Spirit of the Lord (understand him), or as his counselor has informed him (to instruct him)?

v 14…With whom did he consult and who gave him understanding? And who taught him in the path of justice and taught him knowledge, and informed him of the way of understanding (God has absolute wisdom and knowledge)?

v 15…Behold, the nations (in comparison to Yehovah) are like a drop in a bucket, and are regarded as a speck of dust on the scales; Behold, he lifts up the islands like fine dust (a little thing; in other words, there is an immeasurable distance between God and man).

v 16…Even Lebanon is not enough to burn (to supply a fire for korbanot worthy of God), nor its beasts enough for a burnt offering (the animals in that forest would not be a fitting honor to God).

v 17…All the nations (in comparison to God) are as nothing before him, they are regarded by him as less than nothing and meaningless.

Now we begin a section that goes to Isa 46.5 that not only deals with idolatry, but it alludes to the Abomination of Desolation. An idol cannot even begin to be compared to God.

V 18…To whom then will you liken God? Or what likeness will you compare with him (an asherah is going to be described now and we will have a direct application to the Abomination of Desolation, and it will literally be described for us-Ezek 8.3, 5,14; Matt 24.15; Rev 13.14; 2 Chr 33.7. King Manasseh set up an idol in the Temple and is the first Abomination of Desolation. His asherah had the four faces of the Maaseh Merkavah in Ezek 1. An asherah is a wooden idol).

v 19…As for the idol (notice it is a particular idol), a craftsman casts it (in molds), a goldsmith plates it with gold (to make it valuable), and a silversmith fashions chains of silver (to be worn around the neck, for example. Verses 19-20 were censored out of a Jewish prayer called the Oleynu because the Catholic Church said these verses were pertaining to the crucifix, and they felt it was an attack on Catholics and the crucifixion-Hertz Daily Prayer Book, Bloch Publications, P. 550-551). The cross was also the symbol of the Babylonian Messiah according to “The Two Babylons” by Alexander Hislop).

v 20…He who is too impoverished for such an offering (who cannot purchase a gold or silver idol) selects a tree that does not rot; he seeks out for himself a skillful craftsman to prepare an idol that will not totter (he will fasten it in a good spot, but this worthless idol cannot even stand up on its own, so how can it help anyone? An asherah is being described here, and it is a picture of the ABomination of Desolation).

We are beginning several chapters in Isaiah that will be describing an idol, and this idol is a picture of the Abomination of Desolation (we will abbreviate this term with Abom/Deso at times). As a result, we are going to take some time to develop this. In ancient paganism Baal had dominion over the sea, so Leviathan is Baal and Leviathan is the False Messiah, so the False Messiah is Baal. Keep that in mind. The Term “Abomination of Desolation” is “Shikutz Somem” in Hebrew. The word “shikutz” is related to “sheketz” meaning detestable or desolate-Lev 11.10-11. Shikutz Somem is a contemptuous equivalent to “Baal Samem” or “Lord of heaven, a name for God. He is not of “samem” or heaven but he desolates or “somem.” It is a play on words. Antiochus Epiphanes IV set up a statue in the Temple called “Zeus Kyrios” or “Zeus is Lord.” He is a biblical picture of the False Messiah.

Matt 24.15 talks about the Abom/Deso, or an “idol that causes horror.” So, let’s bring in the Shroud of Turin here. The Shroud of Turin is believed by many to be the burial shroud of “Jesus” in Christianity. First of all, the shroud is not Yeshua because this is not consistent with Jewish burial customs of the first century. If it was, it would be faceless (John 20.7). The shroud is a picture of the False Messiah and it has been proved to have the face of Antiochus Epiphanes IV on it. He put a statue of Zeus in the Temple with his face on it on top of the Altar of Incense and called it Zeus Kyrios.

To further illustrate this concept, we would like to quote from an article called “The Shroud of Turin provided model as early as 31 A.D., expert says” from the Scripps News Service, and it appeared in the Beaumont Enterprise,

“A Shroud of Turin scholar says new research indicates the facial image on the shroud, considered by some to be the burial cloth of Jesus Christ, provided the model for depictions of god-like figures as early as 31.A.D. These findings date the shroud to the time of the Crucifixion, set by many historians and theologians at 30 A.D., and refute claims that the controversial cloth is a 14th century fraud, said Alan D Whanger, A Duke University professor of psychiatry and memebr of the Association of Scientists and Scholars International for the Shroud of Turin.

He said he believes they also indicate that the facial image on the shroud was well known and represented the deity to the people of the time. Whanger said he and his wife and co-researcher, Mary, found 79 points of similarity, or congruence, between the shroud and a carved relief of Zeus Kyrios dated by its own inscription to 31.A.D., when he compared them through the polarized image overlay technique he developed in 1981. “In a court of law, 45 to 60 points of congruence are sufficient to establish the identity or same source of facial images,” Whanger said.

He said there is excellent evidence that the facial image of Zeus Kyrios was based on that of the Shroud of Turn, lending support to the belief ‘that the face on the Shroud was available, either directly or through excellent detailed copies, to the artist carving the relief.’ Whanger added that history indicates the shroud would have been geographically accessible to the artists of the area. There are historical references to the transfer of the shroud, folded into a frame showing only the facial image and called the Mandylion, from Jerusalem to Edessa. The shroud remained there, on public display, until 945 A.D.”

Now, we don’t believe that the shroud was used as a model for a statue of Zeus in 31.A.D., but we do believe that the shroud is a deception. It has the face of Antiochus Epiphanes IV on it according to this article because Antiochus put his face on all statues of Zeus and they reproduced them ever since. The shroud was allowed by God to prepare the way for the coming of the False Messiah. Pictures of “Jesus” are close to the shroud and what Antiochus looked like, and so it will, most likely, be what the False Messiah will look like. We have even heard of people who said they “went to heaven” and said they saw “Jesus” and he looked like the Shroud of Turn!

The wounds of Yeshua are not consistent with the shroud and that can be proved over and over again. What is being described in Isaiah 40.18 to 46.7 is similar to a crucifix, and it will have the face of the shroud that is already being used today, and we know it is the face of Antiochus Epiphanes IV, who is a picture of the False Messiah. A summary of these passages in Isaiah will reveal that this idol is in the image of a man (44.13); fastened with nails (41.7); put in houses (44.13); worn around the neck and small (40.19); can be carried on the shoulder (45.20; 46.7); called an abomination (44.9); compared to God (40.18, 40.25); called God (44.17); is wooden (45.20).

We believe that the Abom/Deso spoken of by Yeshua will be a crucifix with the face of the False Messiah on it. He will claim to be “Jesus” of apostate, replacement theology Christianity and will promote a lawless “we are free from the law” theology. The world is being set up for both of thee issues today. People see a crucifix today and don’t bat an eye, but they are looking at the future Abomination of Desolation.

v 21…Do you not know? Have you not heard (Isaiah is appealing to the idolaters and their own knowledge of natural things)? Has it not been told to you from the beginning? Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth (What he is going to say now is well known).

v 22…It is he who sits (is enthroned) above the circle of the earth (“globe” and this concept can also be seen in Job 8.27, 22.14; Psa 19.6-How could Isaiah know that unless the Scriptures were inspired), and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers (insignificant, small), who stretches out the heavens like a curtain (the firmament at creation) and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.

v 23…He who reduces rulers to nothing (the great kings and rulers, the great nations; he controls their schemes), who makes the judges of the earth meaningless (their decrees and decisions to mean nothing).

v 24…Scarcely have they been planted, scarcely have they been sown, scarcely has their stock taken root in the earth, but he merely blows on them and they wither and the whirlwind carries them away like stubble (Rev 6.15).

v 25…”To whom then will you liken me that I should be equal?” says the Holy One (the greatness of God cannot be compared to any idol, ruler, judge or anything in the universe).

v 26…Lift up your eyes on high and see who created these (sun, moon, stars, the heavens, etc), the One who leads forth their host by number (like a shepherd in their due time), he calls them by name because of the greatness of his might and the strength of his power not one is missing (contunue to exist-Job 38.31).

v 27…Why do say, O Jacob, and assert, O Israel (by those being persecuted in captivity), “My way is hidden from Yehovah (he doesn’t care about us anymore and doesn’t see our suffering), and the justice due to me escapes the notice of my God?”

v 28…Do you not know? Have you not heard? The everlasting God, Yehovah, the creator of the earth does not become weary or tired (this truth is well known, God will not abandon his people and will not fail). His understanding is inscrutable (he cannot be at a loss, he reaches all people, nor can any situation be unknown to him).

v 29…He gives strength to the weary (he notices), and to him who lacks might he will increase power (when promises are not fulfilled as expected; when there is no immediate deliverance. Yehovah strengthens our faith and enlarges our view of things).

v 30…Though youth (with all their vigor) grow weary and tired, and vigorous young men stumble badly (fall, die, not be able to perform),

v 31…Yet those who wait (serve, hope in the promises knowing they will come to pass, obey the Torah where you are) for Yehovah will gain strength. They will mount up (towards heaven out of danger, that’s the focus of waiting) with wings of eagles (strong, swift); they will run (in God’s ways) and not get tired; they will walk (in God’s ways) and not become weary (finishing their race and victorious).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 39

Isa 39.1-8 gives us the account of Hezekiah’s error after he recovered from his illness, and the correction he had for it. The king of Babylon sent messengers to him to congratulate him on his recovery, but he was also trying to form an alliance with Judah against Assyria. In pride, he showed them all his treasures. For this error in judgment, Isaiah is sent to tell him that all these treasures, and his descendants later on, would be carried away into Babylon to serve the king of Babylon.

v 1…At that time Merodach-baladan son of Baladan king of Babylon (Bel is lord) sent letters and a present to Hezekiah, for he had heard that he had been sick and had recovered (motivated in part to get Judah into an alliance with Babylon against Assyria).

v 2…And Hezekiah was pleased (because of the honor showed him) and showed him all his treasure house (Assyrian spoils because he had given them everything in 2 Kings 18.13-16), the silver and the gold and the spices and the precious oil and his whole armory and all that was found in his treasuries. There was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah did not show them (this was pride and not Yehovah’s will).

v 3…Then Isaiah the prophet came to King Hezekiah and said to him, “What did these men say, and from where have they come to you?” And Hezekiah said, “They have come to me from a far country, from Babylon (in other words, “I’m famous”).

v 4…And he said, “What have they seen in your house?” So Hezekiah answered, “They have seen all that is in my house (it was not his to show); there is nothing among my treasuries that I have not shown them.”

v 5…Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear the word of the Lord (Yehovah) of hosts (Tzavaot or armies-now he tells him he did not come on his own),

v 6…Behold, the days are coming (120 years later) when all that is in your house, and all that your fathers have laid up in store to this day shall be carried to Babylon; nothing shall be left,’ says Yehovah (2 Kings 24.12-13).

v 7…And some of your sons (Yeconiah and his children, and others of the royal seed like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah) whom you shall beget, shall be taken away; and they shall become officials in the palace of the king of Babylon (Dan 1.1-7).'”

v 8…Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “The word of Yehovah which you have spoken is good (convinced of his sin, his sentence was just).” For he thought, “For there will be peace and truth in my days (in the rest of his reign Judah would not be at war, and for all this he was thankful, considering what he had just been through with Assyria).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 38

Isa 38.1-22 tells us about the illness of Hezekiah and how he recovered. This illness took place during the Assyrian invasion of Judah.

v 1…In those days (of the Assyrian invasion) Hezekiah became mortally ill. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him and said to him, “Thus says Yehovah, ‘Set your house in order, for you shall die and not live.'”

v 2…Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall (probably towards the Temple) and prayed to Yehovah,

v 3…and said, “Remember how I have walked before you in truth and with a whole heart, and I have done what is good in thy sight.” And Hezekiah wept bitterly (not for himself but for the nation).

v 4…Then the word of Yehovah came to Isaiah, saying,

v 5…”Go and say to Hezekiah, ‘Thus says Yehovah, the God of your father David, “I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears, behold, I will add fifteen years to your life (an eschatological reason for this).

v 6…And I will deliver you and this city from the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city.”‘

v 7…And this shall be the sign to you from Yehovah, that Yehovah will do this thing that he has spoken:

v 8…Behold, I will cause the shadow on the stairway, which has gone down with the sun on the stairway of Ahaz, to go back ten steps.” So the sun’s shadow went back ten steps, the stairway on which it had gone down (Hezekiah was given a choice. Should the shadow of the sun go forward or back- 2 Kings 20.8-11. Hezekiah chose for it to go back ten steps. This a six degree change in the axis of the earth. Even the envoys from Babylon knew something had happened in 2 Chr 32.31).

v 9…A writing of Hezekiah king of Judah, after his illness and recovery (which was like a confession of his own murmurings and complaints during his sickness. He praises God for his healing):

v 10…I said, “In the middle of my cutting off (when he was told he was going to die) I am to enter the gates of Sheol (abode of the dead); I am to be deprived of the rest of my years (of his life naturally speaking; you were seen as “cut off” if you were less than 50 when you died).”

v 11…I said, “I shall not see the Lord (Yah), the Lord (Yah) in the land of the living (on earth or another name for Israel-Psa 27.13, 116.9); I shall look on man no more among the inhabitants of the world (no longer enjoy the company of man).

v 12…Like a shepherd’s tent my dwelling (body) is pulled up and removed from me; as a weaver (when he is finished) I rolled up my life. He cuts me off from my loom; from day until night thou dost make an end of me (he didn’t expect to die).

v 13…I composed (reckoned) until morning. Like a lion-so he breaks all my bones (in pain and distress), from day until night thou dost make an end of me (didn’t expect to make it till evening).

v 14…Like a swallow (low groans), like a crane (loud groans), so I chatter; I moan like a dove (in silence, within himself); my eyes look wistfully to the heights (to heaven); O Yehovah, I am oppressed, be my security (surety).

v 15…What shall I say (to express his gratitude)? For he has spoken to me (through Isaiah) and he himself has done it (kept his promise); I shall wander (meditate) about all my years because of the bitterness of my soul (he will recall his affliction and what the Lord did).

v 16…O Lord (Adonai), by these things (the word of God) men live and in all these is the life of my spirit; O restore me (or you have restored me) to health, and let me live (or has caused me to live-38.5).

v 17…Lo, for welfare I had great bitterness (or he now has welfare because he had been in bitterness), it is thou who hast kept my soul from the pit of nothingness (corruption, the grave), for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back (out of his sight-Psa 85.2).

v 18…For Sheol cannot thank thee, death cannot praise thee (in bodily form); those who go down to the pit cannot hope for thy faithfulness (their life is over and sealed).

v 19…It is the living (in bodily form) who give thanks to thee, as I do today; a father tells his sons about thy faithfulness (Hebrew “emet” or truth).

v 20…Yehovah will surely save me, so we will play my songs on stringed instruments all the days of our life at the house of Yehovah (Temple).”

v 21…Now Isaiah had said, “Let them take a cake (lump) of figs; and apply it to the boil, that he may recover (it was not from any natural remedy or force from the figs that caused his healing, it was in the obedience to God’s command. This is a type of the healing of the nations through the leaves in Rev 22.1-2).”

v 22…Then Hezekiah had said, “What is the sign that I shall go up to the house of Yehovah (it will be the sign of “the third day”-2 Kings 20.5. This is prophetic of Yeshua in John 2.19; Hos 6.1-3. Israel is seen as a fig tree-Joel 2.21-25; Luke 13.6-9; Hos 9.10; Mark 11.12-21; Matt 24.32. The nations will be healed because of the fig tree Israel, through whom came the Messiah and the Torah).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Isaiah-Chapter 37

Isa 37.1-38 continues with the Assyrian army outside the gates of Jerusalem. They are beaten and without hope, even Egypt cannot help. Assyria has taken all the cities and fortresses, sometimes conducting several sieges at the same time to keep these forts from rescuing each other. This will be the situation with Israel in the birth-pains, too. When Gog/Magog/Russia invades at the end of the third year, going into the fourth year of the birth-pains, the Israeli army has been defeated and Europe won’t be able to help. Their only hope will be Yehovah Hezekiah needed to know whether he should make a stand or not. He will seek Yehovah himself, but he will also seek godly counsel from one he trusted and who knew Yehovah also (Isaiah). The reign of Hezekiah, as we have taught before, is a picture of the third year, going into the fourth year, of the birth-pains.

v 1…And when King Hezekiah heard it he tore his clothes, covered himself with sackcloth, and entered the house of Yehovah (he is coming humbly before Yehovah and was very distressed, being sick at the time-Isa 38.1).

v 2…Then he sent Eliakim who was over the household with Shebna the scribe and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz (this showed how important Isiah was at the time).

v 3…And they said to him, “Thus says Hezekiah, ‘This day is a day of distress (a term for the birth-pains-Jer 30.4-7; Hos 5.15; Psa 148.5; Zeph 1.17), rebuke, and rejection (no help), for children have come to birth and there is no strength to deliver (eschatologically, Israel will be reborn into Messiah on Yom Kippur at the beginning of the fourth year of the birth-pains. This alludes to the future as seen in Isa 66.7-9 when Israel will be attacked by Gog/Magog/Russia, like Hezekiah was with the Assyrians, and losing the war. They are trapped (like Hezekiah here) and nothing they will do will help. They will turn to Yehovah and Yeshua as their only hope because of the teaching and preaching of the Two Witnesses and the 144,000).

v 4…Perhaps (Hezekiah’s message is not presumptuous here-Lam 3.37) the Lord your God (they are addressing Isaiah here) will hear the words of Rabshakeh whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to reproach the living God (by stating that Yehovah was no better than the gods of the surrounding countries. This was their biggest mistake), and will rebuke the words which the Lord your God has heard. Therefore, offer a prayer for the remnant that is left (Jerusalem and the people inside the city).'”

v 5…So the servants of Hezekiah came to Isaiah (and told him the above).

v 6…And Isaiah said to them, “Thus you shall say to your master, ‘Thus says Yehovah, “Do not be adfraid because of the words that you have heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me (Assyria’s big mistake).

v 7…Behold (take note), I will put a spirit in him (the king, to influence his decisions) so that he will hear a rumor (an evil report about the destruction of his army while he was in Libnah) and return to his own land (which he did immediately after his army was destroyed). And I will make him fall by the sword in his own land (by his sons as we shall see in Isa 37.37; he brought this on his own head).

v 8…Then Rabshakeh returned returned and found the king of Assyria fighting against Libnah (three miles from Lachish in the Shephelah Valley and nearer to Jerusalem. He laid siege to all the forts at one time in the Shephelah Valley, and then advanced on Jerusalem with those were secure behind him), for he had heard that the king had left Lachish (because it had fallen).

v 9…Then he heard them say concerning Tirhakah king of Cush (Ethiopia had merged with Egypt and he was Pharaoh of the twenty-third dynasty. He had an alliance with Hezekiah and is a picture of the False Messiah), “He has come out to fight against you,” and when he heard it he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying,

v 10…”Thus you shall say to Hezekiah king of Judah, ‘Do not let your God in whom you trust deceive you, saying, “Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.”

v 11…’Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the lands, destroying them completely. So will you be spared?

v 12…’Did the gods of those nations which my fathers have destroyed deliver them, even Gozan and Haran and Rezeph and the sons of Eden who were in Telassar?”

v 13…Where is the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, the king of the Sepharvaim, and of Hena and Ivvah?'”

v 14…Then Hezekaih took the letter from the hand of the messengers and read it, and went up to the house of Yehovah and spread it out before Yehovah (to get an answer to it; this is a type of Israel’s prayer as they believe in Yeshua as Gog/Magog/ Russia attacks).

v 15…And Hezekiah prayed to Yehovah saying,

v 16…”O Lord of hosts (Yehovah of the armies), the God of Israel, who art enthroned above the cherubim. Thou art God, thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. Thou has made heaven and earth (this is the meaning of Lord of hosts. He is commander of all the armies in heaven and on earth, even the Assyrians).

v 17…Incline thine ear (hear my prayer), and hear ; open thine eyes (to the blasphemies in this letter), O Lord, and see; and listen to all the words (being spoken) of Sennacherib, who sent them to reproach the living God.

v 18…Truly, O Lord, the kings of Assyria have devastated all the countries and their lands,

v 19…and have cast their gods into the fire, for they were not gods but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone. So they have destroyed them (they were dead and worthless idols).

v 20…And now, O Lord our God (Yehovah Eloheynu), deliver us from his hand that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you are Yehovah, you alone (and can do what their false idols cannot do).”

v 21…Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent word to Hezekiah, saying, “Thus says Yehovah the God (Elohey) of Israel, ‘Because you have prayed to me about Sennacherib king of Assyria (and not relied on your own strength),

v 22…This is the word that Yehovah has spoken against him (Sennacherib): “She (Assyria) has despised you and mocked you, the virgin daughter (it had never been taken before) of Zion; she has shaken her head behind you (in scorn), the daughter of Jerusalem (the people)!

v 23…Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? And against whom have you raised your voice (36.13), and haughtily lifted up your eyes? Against the Holy One of Israel (that’s who; he will protect his daughter)!

v 24…Through your servants you have reproached Yehovah, and you have said, ‘With my many chariots I came up to the heights of the mountains, to the remotest parts of Lebanon; and I cut down (killed) its tall cedars (literally trees) and its choice cypresses (to make way for his army; this also alludes to the kings, nobles and princes that were defeated). And I will go to its highest peak, its thickest forest (Jerusalem).

v 25…I dug wells and drank waters, and with the sole of my feet I dried all the rivers of Egypt (his army was huge).

v 26…Have you not heard (know your history, Sennacherib, don’t you know what I did to Pharaoh)? Long ago I did it, from ancient times I planned it. Now I have brought it to pass (this alludes to the attack by Gog and Magog in Ezek 38 and 39. God prophesied this about the Assyrians for years-Num 24.14-24; Ezek 38.17), that you should turn fortified cities to ruinous heaps (I am the one who brought you these victories and I am in charge, not you).

v 27…Therefore their inhabitants were short on strength (Judah was weakened by the Lord, couldn’t help themselves), they were dismayed and put to shame (God took away their fighting spirit); they were as vegetation of the field and as the green herb (cut down), as grass on the housetops is scorched before it is grown up (dried by sin; your victories are over a weak nation).

v 28…But I know your sitting down, and your going out and your coming in (every move you make), and your ragings against me (he knows everything about Sennacherib, his secret planes and all his schemes).

v 29…Be cause of your raging against me, and because your arrogance has come up to my ears, therefore I will put my hook in your nose (this is also said of Gog/Magog/Russia in Ezek 39.1-4 and it means “manage you.” Assyria is a picture of Gog/Magog/Russia), and my bridle in your lips, and I will turn you back by the way you came (from Jerusalem-Isa 37.37).

v 30…Then this shall be the sign for you (Hezekiah); you shall eat this year (the seventh year of a shemitah or 49th year) what grows of itself, in the second year (the Yovel year, or the 50th year) what springs from the same, and in the third year (first year of the next shemitah when you are free to plant again) sow, reap, plant vineyards, and eat their fruit (this is what this is saying, the invasion of Assyria and its defeat will be in Tishri, around Yom Kippur. Eschatologically, Russia will invade in Tishri and be defeated by Yom Kippur. This will give the people reason to rejoice during the festival of Sukkot, as in Isa 9.2-7. Look at the terms in Ezek 38 and 39).

v 31…And the surviving remnant of the house of Judah shall again take root upward (they will be planted and grow as a people; the people will return and prosper).

v 32…For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and out of Mount Zion survivors. The zeal of the Lord of hosts (Yehovah Tzavaot or armies) shall perform this (remember, when the term “Lord of hosts” or “Yehovah Tzavaot” is used the Lord is coming from a military position of power).

v 33…Therefore, thus says Yehovah concerning the king of Assyria, ‘He shall not come to this city, or shoot an arrow there; neither shall he come before it with a shield, nor throw a mound against it,

v 34…By the way that he came, by the same way he shall return, and he shall not come to this city,’ declares Yehovah.

v 35…For I will defend this city to save it, for my sake (Yehovah’s name is in the covenant for the promised seed, and Sennacherib has blasphemed that name. What all this is saying is this. Assyria was defeated in the month of Tishri in a yovel year, and Gog/Magog/Russia may do the same in the birth-pains. The yovel was kept when Israel entered the land up to the first Temple period, but was not kept since then. The exact time is unknown right now because when do you start counting; 1917, 1947, 1948, 1967? But Gog/Magog/Russia will be defeated by Yom Kippur and before Sukkot, in the month of Tishri, at the beginning of the fourth year of the birth-pains, and Israel will believe in Yeshua-Ezek 39.22).

v 36… And the angel of Yehovah went out (from heaven by God’s order) and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when the men arose early in the morning, behold, all of these were dead (the historian Herodotus, and repeated later by Josephus, said it was a plague. It was caught at Lachish and confirmed by archeology. It incubated on their way to Jerusalem and manifested this night-Josephus Antiquities of the Jews, Book 10.1.4-5, by William Whiston).

v 37…So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed (he was at Libnah and heard the news) and returned and lived at Ninevah.

v 38…And it came about as he was worshiping in the house (temple) of Nisroch his god (who couldn’t save him from the plague that destroyed his army) that Adrammelech (honor of the king) and Sharezer (prince of fire) his sons killed him with the sword (the arrogant king died not long after he left Judah in a humiliating death, in a pagan temple at the hands of his own sons. He is remembered for for his defeat and his sons defaced his images off a memorial to him. This shows us that when God intervenes on your behalf, you don’t have to worry about carrying out vengeance), and they escaped into the land of Ararat (curse reversed). And Esarhaddon (Asshur has given a brother) his son became king in his place (this begins the Assyrian decline. Esarhaddon was weak and he was succeeded by Asshur-banipal. He was no Sennacherib and empire ruling was too much for him. Meanwhile, Babylon was being resurrected at this time and Merodach-baladin tries to overthrow Assyria and it fails. Nabopolasser succeeds him and drives them out of Babylon and rebuilds the city. He is succeeded by his son Nebuchadnezzar. In like manner, Gog/Magog/Russia will be defeated by God on Yom Kippur in the fourth year of the birth-pains. What is left of the army will retreat back to Russia and be destroyed by the False Messiah there, and the remnant of Russia will come under the False Messiah-Ezek 39.1-6; Mic 5.5-6).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament