We are going to pick where we left off in Part 2 and bring out more concepts related to our subject.
Heb 6.1-5… gives some of the elementary principles of the faith. Some interpret v 5-6 to mean that a person can lose their salvation, but that isn’t what it is saying. It simply means that Yeshua died once, and does not have to go to the cross again and again if we sin. This alludes to the striking of the rock by Moses in Exo 17, and speaking to the rock in Num 20. Moses ruined that picture by striking bith rocks, and it cost him a trip into Canaan.
Heb 6.7-11… alludes to our labor in the present age, the Olam ha Zeh, with our hope in a future time, the Olam Haba.
Heb 6.12-20…We have a heavenly court in Dan 7.9-10 in the Olam Haba. The earthly courts in Matt 16.19 and Matt 18.15-17 in the Olam ha Zeh are modeled after the heavenly court. We have a heavenly Temple, and we are moving to a mystical level here. Yeshua is the only direct descendant of the heavenly Temple and throne in the Olam Haba. There is an earthly Temple made after the pattern of the heavenly Temple, but it is limited because man is limited in the Olam ha Zeh, the age we live in. We are not in the Olam Haba, but the Olam ha Zeh.
Heb 7.1-3…says that he is according to the Order of Melchi-Zedek and that is superior to the Aaronic priesthood because the earthly priests are still in the Olam ha Zeh. The earthly priests were from Levi, the family of Aaron. Melchi-Zedek was not from Levi, nor was he directly descended from them, he preceded them.
Heb 7.4-12…The Melchi-Zedek priesthood predated the Aaronic. This was not a “change” in the Torah but a renewal of what was already there in the Torah. Matt 5.17-19 says you can’t change the Torah, so that is not what is going on.
Heb 7.13-16…The law of “physical requirement” is referring to the Olam ha Zeh. The Order of Melchi-Zedek and “an indestructible life” is from the Olam Haba.
Heb 7.17-18…Yeshua said the Torah would not pass away “until heaven and earth pass away” (Matt 5.18). So, if we have the annulling, or setting aside, of a commandment it must be as we pass from the Olam ha Zeh to the Olam Haba. Is the Olam ha Zeh weak? Yes, because of man, sin and mortality. Is it useless? Yes, because in a certain sense it cannot bring you to the Olam Haba. It can teach about it, but it cannot “promote” you into the Olam Haba.
Heb 7.19…The Law made nothing perfect in the Olam ha Zeh. By its very name (Torah means “instruction, guidance”) it cannot make anything perfect or fully mature. Rom 10.4 says that the target, or goal, of the Torah is the Messiah. It instructs us about him.
Heb 7.20-28…The earthly priests are in the Olam ha Zeh with sin, aging, sickness and death. Yeshua is made perfect because he is in the Olam Haba.
Heb 8.1-6…The main point is that the Messiah is king and in the Olam Haba. He has a more excellent ministry because of that. He is a “mediator” or agent of a better covenant with better promises.
Heb 8.7…these verses have been used by translators and others to make it appear anti-Torah and anti-Semitic. As a result, a “replacement theology” is promoted. It is mistranslated and it conveys the wrong idea. The word “covenant” is not found in this passage. What we have been pointing out is the contrast between the Olam ha Zeh and the Olam Haba. Is the Torah at fault? No. It gives instruction in righteousness, but it does not give you righteousness. Take out the word “covenant” and put in Olam ha Zeh and it makes sense because it fits the context of the previous verses. The word “first” in this verse is “protos” and the word for second is “deutros.”
Heb 8.8 through 9.8…Finding fault with “them” is referring to the “people” and the Brit Chadashah has been enacted (Jer 31.31-34) and it was referred to in Deut 29.1 through 30.6. So, what we have is the concept of “here now, but not yet” in its fullness being discussed in these verses. The fullness will not be till the end of the Atid Lavo in the Olam Haba.
Is the Torah obsolete? That would go against what Yeshua said in Matt 5. It is talking about the Olam ha Zeh being made obsolete by the Olam Haba. A new heavens and earth is coming. What is “growing old” and “vanishing away” is the Olam ha Zeh chronologically, as we move to the Olam Haba. The Olam ha Zeh had ordinances like the Mishkan (Tabernacle), Menorah, the table for bread (Shulchan Lechem ha Pannim), the Kodesh ha Kodeshim (Holy of Holies) had incense in it on Yom Kippur, Cherubim and so on.
Heb 9.9…the word “was” there should be “is” and it is talking about the Temple ceremonies. But, these ceremonies cannot make a person righteous! Constantine thought they could. He “baptized” his army before a battle and called them “Christians” but all they did was get wet. The “present time” in v 9 is the Olam ha Zeh. The word “only” is not in Greek. Because of these false interpretations that have been layered through these verses by people who didn’t know what they were doing, they have been turned into anti-Torah passages. They have diverted the real message of Hebrews from the subject of the Olam ha Zeh and the Olam Haba to “first covenant and second covenant.” This is a total misdirection. You can read these passages and never really see what the writer was talking about, and we are never taught it. What people are taught is replacement theology which is a “better covenant” in their teachings.
Heb 9.10…The “time of reformation” there is talking about the passing of the Olam ha Zeh into the Olam Haba. As we have read in Heb 8.1-8, the High Priest is the agent of God to do these things. Kings and prophets were also agents of God. In Jer 31.31-34 we have what is called the “new covenant.” This covenant is associated with the Olam Haba. We experience this covenant “in part” in the Olam ha Zeh, but the fullness will be in the Olam Haba when death is swallowed up in victory, the last enemy. The term “after those days” refers to this transition from the Olam ha Zeh to the Olam Haba at the end of the 7000 years. We have entered into this covenant, but there is more coming (I see him, but not now). Jer 31 seals what is said in Hebrews. In Heb 8.13 we are talking about the Brit Chadashah in its fullness. The term “obsolete” refers to the fact that there is no more need for the first covenant in the Olam Haba. Everything is relative to the “Day of the Lord” and the coming of the Olam Haba at the end of the 7000 years. The Olam ha Zeh, this present age or world, is vanishing away as we move toward the Olam Haba when the Old Covenant (Torah) makes way for the Brit Chadashah in its fullness in the Olam Haba. Then God’s laws will be written on our hearts and every one will know the Lord.