Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 39

Ezek 39.1-29 is a continuation of the previous chapter about the destruction of Gog and Magog, only with more detail. We believe this is a description of the coming Russian invasion of Israel at the end of the third year of the birth-pains (tribulation), and into the beginning of the fourth year, around Rosh Ha Shannah and ending on Yom Kippur. As a result of Gog’s defeat, the False Messiah and Europe will attack the remainder of the Russian army as they retreat into Russia. With Russia gone, the False Messiah and his forces will be the most powerful military on earth.

v 1…And you, son of man (mortal human being), prophesy against Gog (the Russian leader), and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Behold (take note and see), I am against you, O Gog, prince (king) of Rosh, Meshach and Tubal;

v 2…and I shall turn you around (manage you, lead you), take you up from the remotest parts of the north (Russia), and bring you against the mountains of Israel (to be destroyed there).

v 3…And I shall strike your bow from your hand, and dash down your arrows from your right hand (make him incapable of fighting),

v 4…you shall fall on the mountains of Israel, you and all your troops, and the peoples who are with you; I shall give you as food to every kind of predatory bird and beast of the field (this is an idiom for a great slaughter or impending disaster).

v 5…You will fall on the open field (plain); for it is I who have spoken,” declares the Lord God (they will fall on the plains and in the mountainous areas).

v 6…And I shall send fire upon Gog (they will fall in Israel between Rosh Ha Shannah and Yom Kippur. There is an oral tradition that says when Russia attacks the Ukraine and Crimea and passes through the Bosporus on their way to the Mediterranean through the Dardanelles it will be time to welcome the Messiah (Mesorah Publications book “Yechezkel”, p. 581), and those who inhabit the coastlands in safety; and they will know that I am the Lord (when this happens it will be proof that Yehovah ha spoken).

v 7…And my holy name (Yehovah) I shall make known in the midst of my people Israel; and I shall not let my holy name be profaned anymore. And the nations will know that I am the Lord (Yehovah), the holy one of Israel.

v 8…Behold (take note and see), it is coming and it shall be done,” declares the Lord God, “That is the day of which I have spoken (through the prophets about the deliverance of Israel).

v 9…Then those who inhabit the cities of Israel will go out, and make fires with the weapons and burn them (like with Assyria in Isa 9.5), both shields and bucklers, bows and arrows, war clubs and spears and for seven years they will make fires of them (the material left behind is so vast that it will be used into the Messianic Kingdom because Gog’s defeat will come at the end of three years of the birth-pains, and four years before Yeshua returns on Yom Kippur, at the end of the seventh year of the birth-pains).

v 10…And they will not take wood from the field or gather firewood from the forests, for they will make fires with the weapons; and they will take the spoil of those who despoiled them, and seize the plunder of those who plundered them,” declares the Lord God (by taking the gold, silver, jewels and anything of value from the dead).

v 11…And it will come about on that day (the Day of the Lord) that I will give Gog a burial ground there in Israel, the valley of those who pass by (travelers) east (front of, the beginning) of the sea (Dead Sea) and it will block off (literally “clogged tomb”) the passers-by (travelers). So they will bury Gog there with all his multitude, and they will call it the valley of Hamon-gog (Gog’s multitude).

v 12…For seven months (from the defeat of Gog on Tishri 10, or Yom Kippur, to Iyar 10) the house of Israel will be burying them in order to cleanse the land (in order to celebrate Passover on Iyar 14, one month after Nisan 14, which was allowed in the Torah-Num 9.10-11. They were unclean and they were driven into the wilderness starting on Nisan 10, the exact halfway point of the birth-pains, by the False Messiah. So they will possibly take the newly discovered Mishkan into the wilderness with them and celebrate Passover in the wilderness where they will be protected by Yehovah -Rev 12.1-17. The nation became believers after the defeat of God and Magog through the preaching of the two witnesses and the 144,000 during the first three and a half years of the birth-pains in Israel).

v 13…Even all the people of the land will bury them; and it will be to their renown (for a name) on the day that I glorified myself (the people showed their zeal to cleanse the land to show Yehovah they were a holy people, set apart to him).

v 14…And they will set apart men who will constantly pass through the land (to search for remains) burying, with passersby (who were helping), those that remain upon the open field in order to cleanse it (Israel has a Torah-based faith in Yeshua now and this is done because of the Temple in Jerusalem). At the end of seven months they will make a search (after the burial of the visible remains, they will look for unnoticed parts).

v 15…And as those who pass through the land pass through and anyone sees a bone, they will set up a marker by it until the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamon-gog (the mass burial site).

v 16…And even the name of the city (to house the workers there) will be Hamonah (multitude). So they will cleanse the land (no city has ever been called this so this refers to a city in the future).”

v 17…”And as for you, son of man, thus says the Lord God, ‘Speak to every kind of bird and to every beast of the field, “Assemble and come, gather from every side to my sacrifice which I am going to sacrifice for you (a sacrificial meal based on Isa 34.6 and Jer 46.10. Gog and Magog are likened to a fattened sacrificial animals), as a great sacrifice on the mountains of Israel, that you may eat flesh and drink blood.

v 18…You shall eat the flesh of mighty men, and drink the blood of princes (of the government and of the nations with him), as though they were rams, lambs, goats and bulls (to signify the different ranks among those slain), all of them fatlings of Bashan (this name is given to signify the ungodly, as in Psa 22.12, and this area was also known for its fat and strong cattle).

v 19…So you will eat until you are glutted (filled), and drink blood until you are drunk, from my sacrifice which I have sacrificed (prepared) for you.

v 20…And you will be glutted at my table with horses and charioteers (riders), with mighty men and all the men of war,” declares the Lord God (with the beasts and the birds eating and drinking the flesh, the bones buries in Hamon-gog, and the weapons burned, there will be little trace of this army left).

v 21…And I will set my glory among the nations (by destroying Gog and Magog, Yehovah’s mighty power will be seen and they will see his glory); and all the nations will see my judgment (on Gog and Magog, his vengeance and purpose) which I have executed, and my hand which I have laid on them (they will be unable to deny God’s power as he removed this enemy from the earth. This will be the proof the world sees that Yehovah is the one, true God. But not everyone will be impressed, especially the False Messiah. He will see this as an opportunity to forward his agenda).

v 22…And the house of Israel (not just the nations) will know (because of the proof provided) that I am the Lord (Yehovah) their God from that day onward (a corporate or collective redemption will come to Israel, and they will believe in Yeshua as the Messiah. They will have gone from a godless nation to redeemed. This happened with the defeat of Assyria in Isa 10.6-12, and the same thing will happen with Gog and Magog. When the False Messiah comes, Israel will reject his claims and flee into the Jordanian wilderness for the last three and a half years of the birth-pains, protected by Yehovah himself-Rev 12.1-17).

v 23…And the nations will know that the house of Israel went into exile for their iniquity because they acted treacherously against me, and I hid my face from them (withdrew his presence); so I gave them into the hand of their adversaries, and all of them fell by the sword.

v 24…According to their uncleanness (contamination) and according to their transgressions I dealt with them, and I hid my face from them.”

v 25…Therefore (as a result-v 25-29 coincides with Ezek 36.25-27) thus says the Lord God, “Now I shall restore the fortunes (the captives) of Jacob, and have mercy on the whole house (all twelve tribes) of Jacob; and I shall be jealous for my holy name (which is Yehovah).

v 26…And they shall forget their disgrace and all their treachery which they perpetrated against me, when they live securely on their own land with no one to make them afraid.

v 27…when I bring them back from the peoples and gather them from the lands of their enemies, then I shall be sanctified through them in the sight of many nations (who will acknowledge the power of Yehovah).

v 28…Then they will know that I am the Lord their God (Yehovah Elohheyhem) because I made them go into exile among the nations, and then gathered them to their own land; and I will leave none of them there any longer (among the nations, everyone shall return).

v 29…And I will not hide my face (remove my presence) from them any longer, for I shall have poured out my Spirit on the house of Israel,” declares the Lord God (it is the Ruach Ha Kodesh, or Holy Spirit, that works salvation into the hearts and desires of all Israel).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 38

Ezek 38.1-23 gives us an account of an enemy of Israel called Gog and Magog, along with other nations who will invade Israel after they have settled in the land. Ezekiel is told to prophesy against Gog (the leader) and that the Lord is against him. This invasion was prophesied to happen by the prophets before Ezekiel, so there must be Scriptures that refer to this invasion and will give us a clue as to who it is and what nation they portray in the last days. As a result, this chapter has many eschatological implications that will be pointed out as we move through the chapter. We believe that this invasion is referring to a coming Russian invasion of Israel during the birth-pains (tribulation) of the Messiah, and the invasion of Judah by Assyria is a picture of that invasion. Eschatologically, the invasion by Russia may happen at the end of the third year of the birth-pains, going into the fourth year, and it will be during the month of Tishri, right after Rosh Ha Shanah, and they will be defeated by Yom Kippur by Yehovah himself. This defeat will cause Israel to rejoice at the festival of Sukkot (Isa 9.1-7). Jewish and Christian teachers saw this chapter as relating to Sennacherib’s invasion of Judah, where Sennacherib is Gog and Assyria as Magog. This chapter is the haftorah reading for the intermediate Sabbath of Sukkot. For a more detailed look at this prophetic scenario, we refer you to the Artscroll Tanach series book called “Yechezkel” or Ezekiel, Mesorah Publications, Chapter 38 and 39; Everyman’s Talmud by Abraham Cohen; Talmud Sanhedrin 95b; H.A. Ironside Expository Commentaries).

v 1…And the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (mortal human being; Ezekiel is representing the people), set your face toward Gog (against Gog the leader) of the land of Magog (a people in Gen 10.2 descended from Japheth and believed to be the Scythians), the prince of Rosh (Russia, or it could be translated as “chief prince”), Meshach and Tubal (Gen 10.2 and prophesy against him

v 3…and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Behold (take note and see), I am against you, O Gog, prince of Rosh, Meshach and Tubal.

v 4…And I will turn you about (manage you) and put hooks into your jaws (like Sennacherib in Isa 37.9) and I will bring you out (of your land), and all of your army, horses and horsemen (cavalry), all of them splendidly attired (with ornaments), a great company (large army) with buckler and shield (large and small defenses), all of them wielding swords (offensive weapons).

v 5…Persia (now Iran), Ethiopia (Hebrew “Cush” could be Arabia Chusea between Egypt and Judah, where Midian was in Saudi Arabia, or it could be Iraq in Mesopotamia) and Put (Libya with them, all of them with shield and helmet (fitted and ready for war);

v 6…Gomer (northern Ashkenazic or Germanic) with all of its troops; Beth (house)-togarmah (Serbs, Yugoslavia, Ukraine or Russian satellite nations north of Asia Minor), from the remote parts of the north with all its troops-many peoples with you (see Oba 7; Psa 83.1-8; Mic 4.11).

v 7…Be prepared, and prepare yourself, you and all your companies that are assembled about you and be a guard for them (use caution that any good commander would use to protect your army, but in the end it won’t matter).

v 8…After many days you will be summoned (by Yehovah in the birth-pains), in the latter days (or “after years” or the “acharit shanim” and this corresponds to the “acharit yamim” or latter days of v 16. Both are eschatological terms for when the Messiah comes) you will come into the land (Israel) that is restored from the sword (the rightful owners of the land have returned), gathered out of many peoples (nations) to the mountains of Israel which had been a continued waste (but is now inhabited); but its people were brought out of the nations, and they are living securely, all of them (having very little to fear-certainly not like it has been since 1948, but during the birth-pains they will be confident and without any aggressive designs towards any nation. Israel has a military treaty with Europe and the False Messiah, and it is possible that Russia will cause the Arabs to step back from acts of terrorism until the invasion).

v 9…And you will go up (suddenly into Israel), you will come like a storm (threatening danger); you will be like a cloud covering the land (dark, ominous), you and all your troops, and many peoples with you (his army collectively).”

v 10…”Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “It will come about on that day (an eschatological term for the “Day of the Lord” and the last one thousand years of the seven thousand year plan of God called the Atid Lavo or “coming age”, also the Millennium in Christian eschatology) that thoughts will come into your mind and you will devise an evil plan (they believe Israel can be defeated and Russia will move into position to strike. The Arabs have been “disarmed” in a deception with Russia, and Israel feels secure and will be at rest, reducing the risk for the Masada Complex to be activated. But really wants to wipe Israel out like Assyria tried-Isa 10.7; Oba 7).

v 11…And you will say, “I will go against the land of unwalled villages (meaning they can be easily conquered). I will go against those who are at rest, that live securely; all of them living without walls and have no bars or gates;

v 12…to capture spoil and to seize plunder (they are covetous), to turn your hand against the waste places which are now inhabited, and against the people who are gathered from the nations, who have acquired cattle and goods, who live at the center (navel) of the earth (dwelling on the highest and strongest part of the land, like Jerusalem and the Temple Mount, etc.).

v 13…Sheba and Dedan (Arabs and rich traders), and the merchants of Tarshish (possibly Tartessus in Spain who traded by sea with Tyre and Sidon and the Israeli coastlands) with all its villages (or in Hebrew “young lions” and refers to all the aggressive traders who “roared” for business), will say to you, “Have you come to capture spoil? Have you assembled your company to seize plunder, to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to capture great spoil (knowing how covetous Gog and Magog are)?”

v 14…Therefore (punishment is going to be announced now), prophesy, son of man, and say to Gog (the leader of Russia), ‘Thus says the Lord God, “On that day (the Day of the Lord) when my people Israel are living securely, will you not know it (that Israel dwells securely and has much goods)?

v 15…And you will come from your place out of the remotest parts of the north (Russia), you and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses (military power), a great assembly (horde, company) and a mighty army;

v 16…and will come up against my people Israel like a cloud to cover the land. It will come about in the last days (acharit yamim and an eschatological term for when the Messiah comes) that I will bring you against my land (Yehovah is in control to reveal his glory), in order that the nations may know me when I shall be sanctified through you before their eyes, O Gog (when they see his kedusha and justice as he overthrows Gog and Magog, especially the Jewish people who have been warned by the 144,000 and the two witnesses that Russia was going to be destroyed and Yeshua is the Messiah. It will be proof that Yehovah has spoken).”

v 17…’Thus says the Lord God, “Are you the one of whom I spoke in former days (before Ezekiel) through my servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied for in those days for years that I would bring you against them (the name “Gog and Magog” are not mentioned in any previous prophecy, but Yehovah said he did predict this, but how? We believe he did through the prophesies concerning Assyria and Sennacherib’s invasion of Judah. Eschatologically, this has been seen in Num 24.22-24 and all the prophecies about Assyria by Isaiah, Amos, Micah and Obadiah).

v 18…And it will come about on that day (the Day of the Lord) when Gog comes against the land of Israel,” declares the Lord God, ‘that my fury will mount up in my anger (nose, face)!

v 19…And my zeal (jealousy) and in my blazing wrath I declare (not against Israel, but Gog and Magog on that day there will be a great earthquake in the land of Israel (at the revelation of this wrath like at Sinai in Exo 19.6).

v 20…And the fish of the sea, the birds of the heavens, the beasts of the field, all the creeping things that creep on the earth, and all the men who are on the face of the earth will shake at my presence (the terrible phenomenon that goes with God’s wrath; remember, this is the birth-pains or “tribulation”); the mountains will also be thrown down (as mountains sometimes do earthquakes-Zech 14.2), the steep pathways will collapse, and every wall (cliffs and steep heights) will fall to the ground.

v 21…And I shall call for a sword against him (Gog) on all my mountains (the land of Israel),” declares the Lord God, “every man’s sword will be against his brother (the army of Gog will turn on themselves, like with Midian in Judges 7.22).

v 22…And with pestilence (as with Assyria in Isa 10.16) and with blood I will enter into judgment with him; and I shall rain on him and on his troops, and on the many peoples who are with him, a torrential rain, with hailstones and brimstone (Josh 10.11; Gen 19.24).

v 23…And I shall magnify myself, sanctify myself (by showing a power that cannot be duplicated), and make myself known in the sight of the many nations and they will know that I am the Lord (Yehovah’s great and unmatched power will be seen, and it will be proof that he is the only true God of Israel).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 37

Ezekiel 37.1-28 is a prophecy about the restoration of the Jewish people from captivity and looks further to the Second Redemption and the Messianic Kingdom.

v 1…The hand of the Lord (Yehovah) was upon me and he brought me out by the Spirit of the Lord (in a vision) and set me down in the middle of the valley (of Ezek.3 22 and Dan 3.1, possibly the valley of Dura); and it was full of bones (human).

v 2…And he caused me to pass by them round about (a close view), and behold (see), there were many on the surface of the valley (exposed), and lo, they were very dry (bleached by long exposure).

v 3…And he said to me, “Son of man (mortal human being), can these bones live (is it possible)?” And I answered, “O Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), thou knowest (by human judgment, no, but by the power of God, yes).”

v 4…Again, he said to me, “Prophesy over these bones, and say to them, ‘O dry bones, hear the word of the Lord (Yehovah, who possesses the power).’

v 5…”Thus says the Lord to these dry bones, ‘Behold (take note and see), I will cause (bring about) breath (ruach) to enter you that you may come to life.

v 6…And I will put sinews on you, and make flesh grow back on you, cover you with skin and put breath in you that you may come alive; and you will know that I am the Lord (we have analogy of this in the building of the Mishkan; the Ark is mentioned first in Exo 25.10, but the Mishkan with its boards, sockets and covers and curtains were made first to house the Ark, which is a picture of the breath/Spirit/Ruach. In like manner, the sinews, flesh and skin grow first, then the breath (of life) will come in and have life; only Yehovah could do this).”

v 7…So I prophesied as I was commanded (obedient to the word and did not consult anyone); and as I prophesied, there was a noise (a “kol” or “sound” and it also means “voice”), and a rattling sound (shaking) and all the bones came together, bone to its bone (approaching one another).

v 8…And I looked, and behold (take note and see), sinews were on them, and flesh grew and skin covered them; but there was no breath in them (no life yet).

v 9…Then he said to me, “Prophesy to the breath (of life-Gen 2.7), prophesy, son of man and say to the breath (of life), ‘Thus says the Lord God, “Come from the four winds (where the Jewish people were scattered among the non-Jews, especially after the birth-pains), O breath, and breath on these slain, that they may come to life.”

v 10…So I prophesied as he commanded me and the breath (of life) came into them, and they came to life, and stood on their feet, an exceedingly great multitude (the raising of the nation of Israel).

v 11…Then he said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel (all twelve tribes); behold (see), they say, ‘Our bones are dried up (no life), and our hope has perished (of being delivered from captivity as promised and being a nation again). We are completely cut off (from the realm of the living).’

v 12…Therefore, prophesy, and say to them, “Thus says the Lord God, “Behold (take note and see), I will open your graves (in Babylon, the cities, prisons where they were “buried”) and cause you to come up out of your graves, my people; and I will bring you into the land of Israel (to live, be settled).

v 13…Then you will know that I am the Lord (with conviction), when I have opened your graves and cause you to come up out of your graves, my people (he is true to his word and it will be proof that he has spoken when it happens).

v 14…And I will put my Spirit within you (the breath of life is the Spirit of Yehovah), and you will come to life (this was to encourage them because of the terrible position they were in now) and I will place you in your own land. Then (when it happens) you will know that I, the Lord (Yehovah), have spoken and done it (he foretold it and it came to pass and that will be the proof),” declares the Lord.’ “

v 15…The word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 16…”And you, son of man, take for yourself one (echad) stick (Hebrew “etz” or wood) and write on it, ‘For Judah (L’Yehuda) and for the sons of Israel (and Benjamin who joined with Judah), his companions; then take another stick and write on it, “For Joseph (L’Yosef), the stick (wood) of Ephraim (Jeroboam was from that tribe and the capital was in their territory and this stood for the ten tribes) and all the house of Israel, his companions (who adhered to Jeroboam).’

v 17…Then join them for yourself one to another into one (echad) stick, that they may become one (echad) in your hand (look as if they were one stick).

v 18…And when the sons of your people speak to you saying, ‘Will you not declare to us what you mean by these?’

v 19…say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “Behold (see), I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel (ten tribes), his companions; and I will put them with it, with the stick of Judah (and Benjamin), and make them one stick (one nation), and they will be one in my hand (under Yehovah’s care).

v 20…And the sticks on which you write will be in your hand before their eyes (to illustrate that they will be one nation or “all Israel” especially when Messiah comes-Rom 11.25-26).

v 21…And say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I will take the sons of Israel from among the nations (this is called the “m’loh ha goyim” of Gen 48.19 and Rom 11.26 and called the “fullness of the Gentiles”) where they have gone, and will gather them from every side and bring them into their own land;

v 22…and I will make them one nation (united under king Messiah ultimately) in the land, on the mountains of Israel; and one king will be king for all of them; and they will no longer be two nations, and they will no longer be divided into two kingdoms (what the two sticks made into one symbolized).

v 23…And they will no longer defile themselves with their idols, or with their detestable things, or with any of their transgressions (wicked acts); but I will deliver them from all their dwelling places in which (where) they have sinned, and will cleanse (purify) them. And they will be my people, and I will be their God.

v 24…And my servant David (meaning Yeshua as a son of David) will be king over them (this has yet to be fulfilled or given meaning), and they will have one shepherd (synonymous with “king”) and they will walk in my ordinances, and keep my statutes (all terms for the Torah), and observe them.

v 25…And they shall live on the land that I gave to Jacob my servant, in which your fathers lived; and they will live on it, they, and their sons and their sons’ sons forever; and David my servant (Messiah) shall be their prince (king, shepherd) forever (king, shepherd, prince are all terms for Messiah Acts 3.15; Ezek 44.3).

v 26…And I will make a covenant of peace with them (Ezek 34.25; (Isa 54.9-10; Num 25.12; Jer 31.31 and the same as the Brit Chadasha or “renewed/restored covenant”); it will be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will place them and multiply them, and I will set my sanctuary (Temple) among them.

v 27…My dwelling place will also be upon them; and I will be their God and they will be my people.

v 28…And the nations will know that I am the Lord (Yehovah), when my sanctuary (the Temple; his presence) is in their midst forever (meaning a long time, as long as certain conditions exist-See Ezek 40 through 48; Zech 14.16; Isa 66.20-23).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 35

Ezek 35.1-15 describes the destruction of Edom that was threatened in Ezek 25.12-14. The cause of this destruction was their hatred for Israel.

v 1…Moreover, the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (mortal human being; Ezekiel represents the people), set your face (be determined) against Mount Seir (Seir the Horite first had it, then Esau-Gen 36.8; Deut 2.12), and prophesy against it.

v 3…and say to it, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Behold (take note and see for yourself), I am against you Mount Seir, and I will stretch out my hand against you, and I will make you a desolation and a waste (its cities, towns, villages, houses, etc.).

v 4…I will lay waste your cities, and you will become a desolation. Then you will know that I am the Lord (when it comes to pass it will be proof he has spoken).

v 5…Because (here is why) you have everlasting enmity (hatred) and have delivered the sons of Israel to the power of the sword at the time of their calamity (they killed those who had escaped from Jerusalem or turned them over to Babylon), at the time of the punishment of the end (the Babylonian conquest),

v 6…therefore (as a result), as I live (an oath),” declares the Lord God, “I will give you over to bloodshed, and bloodshed will pursue you; since you have not bloodshed, therefore bloodshed will pursue you (a play on words with “dam” of blood and “Edom”; Edom will become what its name means).

v 7…And I will make Mount Seir a waste and a desolation, and I will cut off from it one who passes through and returns (the merchants were cut off because there was nothing to buy or to sell).

v 8…And I will fill its mountains with its slain (where people fled to hide); on your hills and in your valleys and in all your ravines those slain with the sword will fall (universal slaughter).

v 9…And I will make you an everlasting desolation, and your cities will not be inhabited. Then you will know that I am the Lord (because he predicted it and it will be proof that he did it).

v 10…Because you have said, ‘These two nations (Israel and Judah) and these two lands will be mine (fall into Edom’s hands), and we will possess them though the Lord was there (they acted as if Israel was among the nations and God was not with them, or was powerless to defend them; he judged their sins but they were his people and it is his land, and the real owner, and he gave it to Israel in a covenant, and that has not changed; he was not gone in that sense. And for this Edom will be punished),

v 11…therefore (as a result), as I live (an oath),” declares the Lord God, “I will deal with you according to your anger and according to your envy which you showed because of your hatred against them; so I will make myself known among them when I judge you (Yehovah will bear witness to the validity of his covenant promises by punishing Edom for their hatred).

v 12…Then you will know that I, the Lord, have heard all your revilings which you have spoken against the mountains of Israel saying, ‘They are laid desolate; they are given to us as food.’

v 13…And you have spoken arrogantly against me and have multiplied your words against me; I have heard (they magnified themselves in blasphemous terms).”

v 14…”Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “As all the earth rejoices (are those who were in a different relationship with Yehovah and Israel), I will make you a desolation (can’t share in it because they were in enmity against Yehovah and Israel).

v 15…As you rejoiced over the inheritance of the house of Israel because it was desolate (when Jerusalem was destroyed-Oba 11-12), so I will do to you. You will be a desolation, O Mount Seir, and all Edom, all of it. Then they will know that I am the Lord (they will realize after the Lord’s predictions come true that he made it come to pass as proof that he had spoken).” ‘

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 34

Ezek 34.1-31 tells us that now Ezekiel prophesies against the shepherds of Israel at the direction of Yehovah. They were cruel, uncaring and had no heart for it. These shepherds were the “roehim” or the civil and religious leaders. Yehovah promises to depose them from their office and take care of the flock himself, and promises to send the Messiah, the good shepherd, to take care of the flock.

v 1…Then the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (mortal human being; Ezekiel represents the people), prophesy against the shepherds of Israel (kings, priests, princes-civil and religious leaders). Prophesy and say to these shepherds, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Woe, shepherds of Israel who have been feeding themselves (only)! Should not the shepherds feed the flock (yes, it was the duty of their office)?

v 3…You eat the fat and clothe yourselves with the wool, you slaughter the fat sheep without feeding the flock (enriched themselves at the people’s expense).

v 4…Those who are sickly (poor) you have not strengthened (relieved their pain), the diseased you have not healed, the broken you have not bound up (the wounded were not helped), the scattered (gone astray) you have not brought back, nor have you sought for the lost; but with force and severity you have dominated them (cruel and tyrannical).

v 5…And they were scattered for a lack of a shepherd, and they became food for every beast of the field (like Babylon, Assyria, Moabites, etc) and were scattered (due to neglect).

v 6…For my flock wandered through all the mountains and on every high hill (fled from place to place, left on their own); and my flock was scattered over the surface of the earth, and there was no one to search or seek for them (the monarchy had failed and the people were not unified).’ “

v 7…Therefore (as a result), you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord:

v 8…”As I live (an oath),” declares the Lord God, “surely because my flock has become a prey, my flock has become food for all the beasts of the field (the kingdoms and nations) for lack of a shepherd (no civil or religious leaders cared for them), and my shepherds did not search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves and did not feed my flock;

v 9…therefore (as a result), you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord:

v 10…’Thus says the Lord God, “Behold (take note and see), I am against the shepherds, and I shall demand my sheep from them and make them cease from feeding the sheep (take the kingdom away from them). So the shepherds will not feed themselves anymore (enrich themselves), but I shall deliver my flock from their mouth, that they may not be food for them (they were wolves in reality).’ “

v 11…For thus says the Lord God, ‘Behold (take note and see), I myself will search for my sheep and seek them out (investigate their needs-Matt 15.24).

v 12…As a shepherd (John 10.11; Gen 49.24; Matt 2.6; Micah 7.14) cares for his herd in the day when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will care for my sheep and will deliver them from all the places to which they were scattered on a cloudy and gloomy day (couldn’t see and got lost).

v 13…And I will bring them out from the peoples (nations) and gather them from the countries and bring them into their own land; and I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams, and in all the inhabited places of the land (this was partly fulfilled when they returned from Babylon, but it will ultimately be fulfilled in the latter days when Messiah comes).

v 14…I will feed them in a good pasture (the truth), and their grazing ground will be on the mountain heights (the eschatological kahal). There they will lie down in good grazing ground, and they will feed in rich pasture on the mountains of Israel (a good sheepfold, safe with fat pastures).

v 15…And I will feed my flock and I will lead them to rest (lie down feeling secure, nothing to bother them),” declares the Lord.

v 16…And I will seek the lost, bring back the scattered, bind the broken (limbs), and strengthen the flock (all the things the bad shepherds did not do), but the fat and the strong (the oppressors of Israel) I will destroy, I will feed them with judgment (based on God’s justice for taking advantage of the flock).

v 17…As for you, my flock, thus says the Lord God, ‘Behold, I will judge between one sheep and another, between the rams and the male goats (Yehovah looks at the heart. We can do the right thing but not with a complete heart-2 Chr 25.2. We should obey the Lord, but with a complete heart-1 Kings 8.61. Azariah did what was right, but did not take away the bamot or high places, but Yehovah looks at the heart-Prov 16.2; Jer 17.10; Psa 44.20-21).

v 18…Is it too slight a thing for you that you should feed in the good pasture, that you must tread down with your feet the rest of your pastures (to the rams and goats-they oppressed the people and took what little they had). Or that you should drink of the clear waters, that you must foul the rest with your feet?

v 19…And as for my flock, they must eat what you tread down with your feet (with no shepherd they were forced to do it), and they must drink what you foul with your feet!”

v 20…Therefore, thus says the Lord God to them (the rams and male goats), “Behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep (the rich and the poor).

v 21…Because you push (bullied) with side and with shoulder, and thrust at the weak with your horns (power), until you have scattered them abroad,

v 22…therefore, I will deliver my flock (through the Messiah ultimately), and they will no longer be a prey (to their oppressors), and I will judge between one sheep and another (so that justice is done).

v 23…Then I will set over them one shepherd (Yehovah will raise up the future David, a shepherd, synonymous with king, prince or leader-Ezek 37.24-25-meaning Messiah), and my servant David (a term for the Messiah, who descended from David and was a type of the Messiah), and he will feed them; he will feed them himself and be their shepherd (repeated to show the certainty of it).

v 24…And I, the Lord (Yehovah), will be their God, and my servant David (Messiah) will be their prince (king) among them; I, the Lord, have spoken.

v 25…And I will make a covenant of peace with them (in Messianic times-Lev 26.3-13; Ezek 37.26) and eliminate (cause to cease) harmful beast from the land (fulfilled when the people came back from Babylon, and will happen again when Messiah comes), so that they may live securely in the wilderness and sleep in the woods (not only in their houses, but where wild beasts had once roamed-no fear).

v 26…And I will make them (Israel) and the places around my hill (the Temple Mount) a blessing. And I will cause showers to come down in their season (you don’t want rain out of season); they will be showers of blessing.

v 27…Also the tree of the field will yield its fruit (the Messianic age will go back to the way it was before the flood. This also alludes to the “trees of righteousness” rooted in Messiah-Rom 11.18). And the earth will yield its increase, and they will be secure in the land (the kingdom is a time of peace). Then they will know that I am the Lord, when I have broken the yoke bars and have delivered them from the hand of those who enslaved them (this will be the proof that Yehovah truly has spoken).

v 28…And they will no longer be a prey to the nations, and the beasts of the earth will not devour them; but they will live securely, and no one will make them afraid.

v 29…And I will establish for them a plantation for a name (this plantation will grow because of the blessings of God, and it will bring widespread honor to Israel from among the nations because they will see that Israel is blessed by God-Deut 4. 6-8), and they will not be victims of famine in the land, and they will not endure the insults of the nations anymore (they will be empowered to succeed).

v 30…Then they will know that I, the Lord (Yehovah) their God (eloheychem), am with them, and that they, the house of Israel, are my people,” declares the Lord God.

v 31…”As for you, my sheep, the sheep of my pasture, you are men (Hebrew “adam” and taken from the earth or “adamah” meaning they are frail and weak, and Israel is going to be blessed by Yehovah’s power and not by any power of their own) and I am your God,” declares the Lord God.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 33

Ezek 33.1-33 tells us about the duties of a watchman in general terms and to Ezekiel personally; a vindication of God’s justice; a threat of destruction to those who remain in the land after Jerusalem falls and a revelation about the hypocrisy of Ezekiel’s listeners. The Jewish Midrashim teaches that this alludes to Yom Teruah, a Yom Ha Din or “day of judgment.”

v 1…And the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (mortal human being; Ezekiel representing the people), speak to the sons of your people, and say to them, ‘If I bring a sword upon a land (a foreign army or any judgment); and the people of the land take one man from among them and make him their watchman;

v 3…and he sees the sword coming (an army marching) upon the land, and he blows the trumpet (shofar) and warns the people (by blowing the shofar as agreed upon),

v 4…then he who hears the sound of the trumpet and does not take warning, and a sword comes and takes him away, his blood will be on his own head (he is responsible for his own carelessness).

v 5…He heard the sound of the trumpet, but did not take warning; his blood will be on himself (his fault), he would have delivered his life (soul).

v 6…But if the watchman sees the sword (those that kill with the sword and danger) coming and does not blow the trumpet, and the people are not warned, and a sword comes and takes a person from them, he is taken away in his iniquity (surprised and had no time to repent and is slain); but his blood I will require from the watchman’s hand (punished for not doing his duty and did not give ample warning).

v 7…Now as for you, son of man, I have appointed you a watchman for the house of Israel; so you will hear a message from my mouth, and give them warning from me (there were many sinners then and they needed to be warned).

v 8…When I say to the wicked (rasha), ‘O wicked man, you shall surely die,’ and you do not speak to warn the wicked of his way, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity, but his blood I will require from your hand (he will be held responsible for the bloodshed).

v 9…But if you on your part warn a wicked man to turn (repent) from his way, and he does not turn from his way, he will die in his iniquity; but you have delivered your life (soul- no blame will be attached to him).

v 10…Now as for you, son of man, say to the house of Israel (those with him in captivity), ‘Thus you have spoken, saying, “Surely our transgressions and our sins are upon us and we are rotting away in them; how can we survive (they thought it was too late for them)?”

v 11…”Say to them, ‘As I live!” declares the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), ‘I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that the wicked turn from his way and live (his will of command). Turn back, turn back from your evil ways! Why then will you die, O house of Israel?’

v 12…And you, son of man, say to the sons of your people, ‘The righteousness of a righteous man (not the true righteousness by faith, but a basic morality-Ezek 18.24) will not deliver him in the day of his transgression (save his soul), and as for the wickedness of the wicked, he will not stumble because of it in the day when he returns from his wickedness (will not perish on account of his sins if he repents); whereas a righteous man will not be able to live by his (not God’s) righteousness on the day when he commits sin.’

v 13…When I say to the righteous he will surely live (have mercy from God in faith), and he so trusts in his righteousness (has a false hope) that he commits iniquity (thinking he will not be charged with it), none of his righteous deeds (his own works) will be remembered (faith in his own works will not justify him); but in that same iniquity of his which he has committed he will die (an eternal death-Ezek 18.24-28).

v 14…But when I say to the wicked, ‘You shall surely die (for unbelief); and he turns from his sin and practices justice and righteousness (as defined by the Torah),

v 15…a wicked man restores a pledge, pays back what he has taken by robbery, walks by the statutes of life without committing iniquity (this is not living without sin, but not guilty of gross sin like before), he will surely live (a spiritual life); he shall not die (the second death).

v 16…None of his sins that he has committed will be remembered against him (imputed to him, put on his account, not charged or indicted). He has practiced justice and righteousness (as defined by the Torah, a genuine repentance); he will surely live (a life of faith and inherit eternal life).

v 17…Yet the sons of your people say, ‘The way of the Lord (Torah) is not right (according to the rules of justice and equity)’ when it is their own way that is not right (their ways were not according to the rules of justice and equity in the Torah).

v 18…When the righteous turns from his righteousness and commits iniquity, then he shall die in it (does not have a genuine conversion; is not a new creature; he only has a profession of faith-v 13).

v 19…But when the wicked turns from his wickedness and practices justice and righteousness (as defined by the Torah and has possession of eternal life), he will live by them (eternal life).

v 20…Yet you say, ‘The way of the Lord is not right (Torah not equitable).’ O house of Israel, I will judge each of you according to his ways (Now, the way to understand these verses is to understand Matt 5.17 through 7.29, what is called the “Sermon on the Mount.” Yeshua is destroying their self-righteousness in this sermon so that they will listen about the righteousness by faith through grace. They will realize they can’t be saved by their own righteousness and live up to the expectations in these verses. They need a redeemer and he is letting them know what it would be like to stand before God in their own righteousness. But, if they want to establish their own righteousness, then they must keep these verses perfectly without exception. The point of these verses is not so much a “how to live” teaching because people cannot live up to what Yeshua is saying. You can go ahead and try but it will destroy you. But the Torah is a guide and has the goal of convicting us once we recognize our sin because there are two aspects to the Torah, the judicial and the educational. Then we can call upon our redeemer because there is no way to be saved without him. That is the background to what Ezekiel is saying in 33.1-20, and to what Yeshua is communicating in Matt 5.17 through 7.29).”

v 21…Now it came to pass in the twelfth year of our exile (of Yehoichins’s captivity), on the fifth of the tenth month (Tevet 5), that the refugees from Jerusalem came to me, saying, “The city has been taken (it was foretold that they would in Ezek 24.26).

v 22…Now the hand of the Lord had been upon me in the evening, before the refugees came (he knew what his message to them was going to be).

v 23…Then the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 24…”Son of man (mortal human being), they who live in these waste places in the land of Israel are saying, ‘Abraham was only one, yet he possessed the land; so to us who are many the land has been given as a possession (in other words, since God gave him the land, the survivors living there thought that because they are many and “escaped” the exile, it was a blessing and they would possess the land again, but it was just the opposite. They thought if Abraham sacrificed one son and inherited the land, they who had sacrificed many sons should surely inherit it).”

v 25…”Therefore, say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “You eat with blood (Lev 19.26), lift up your eyes to your idols (idol worship), as you shed blood (innocent blood), should you then possess the land (these things Abraham did not do)?

v 26…You rely on your sword (for security), you commit abominations and each of you defiles his neighbor’s wife; should you then possess the land (they were just as vile as the dispossessed Canaanites. These verses were the basis for the injunctions in Acts 15.20, 28 and 21.25)?”

v 27…”Thus you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “As I live (an oath), surely those who are in the waste places (back in the land) will fall by the sword (Jer 41.2 after Gedaliah was murdered), and whoever is in the open field I will give to the beasts to be devoured (the depopulated land would be overthrown by wild animals), and those who are in the strongholds and in the caves will die of pestilence.

v 28…And I shall make the land a desolation and a waste, and the pride of her power will cease (through judgment); and the mountains of Israel will be desolate, so that no one will pass through (no one will travel through it because of the sword, beasts, disease and barrenness because it is too dangerous).

v 29…Then they will know that I am the Lord (Yehovah foretold all of this and that will be proof, and it will be acknowledged), when I make the land a desolation and a waste because of all their abominations which they have committed (this judgment came for a reason).

v 30…But as for you, son of man, the sons of your people who talk about you by the walls and in the doorways of the houses (secretly gossiping against Ezekiel), speak to one another, saying, ‘Come now, and hear what the message is which comes forth from the Lord (to amuse themselves).

v 31…And they come to you as people come, and they sit before you (as students/disciples) as my people, and they hear your words, but they do not do them. For they produce much love with their mouth, but their heart goes after their unjust gain (Matt 13.22).

v 32…And behold (see for yourself), you are to them like a sensual (lovely) song by one who has a beautiful voice and plays well on an instrument; for they hear your words but they do not practice them (he sounds good, like a great musician, but he is not taken seriously).

v 33…So when it comes to pass (the prophecy he just delivered about the desolation in the land of Israel)-as it surely will (it is certain)-then they will know that a prophet has been in their midst (that his prophecy was not a joke but it was the word of Yehovah, and it has surely come to pass).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 32

Ezek 32.1-32 contains several other prophecies about the destruction of Egypt and Pharaoh. Like Ezek 29, this chapter will also allude to Europe and the False Messiah and their destruction during the birth-pains. As we have seen in previous chapters, Ezekiel is told to take up a lamentation over Egypt. Israel’s prophets wept and mourned for non-Jewish nations also because Yehovah takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked (Ezek 33.1).

v 1…And it came about in the twelfth year (of Yehoichin’s captivity and about eighteen months after the fall of Jerusalem), in the twelfth month (Adar), on the first of the month (a new moon), that the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (mortal human being; Ezekiel represents the people), take up a lamentation over Pharaoh king of Egypt (possibly Hophra) and say to him, ‘You compared yourself to a young lion (strong and fierce) of the nations, yet you are like the monster (Hebrew “tannim” or dragon and is the same as Leviathan in Isa 27.1 and Ezek 29.3, a type of the False Messiah) in the seas (nations-Rev 13.1); and you burst forth in your rivers (with his armies), and muddied the waters with your feet (churning through conquest) and fouled their rivers (by war and slavery).'”

v 3…Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Now I will spread my net (Babylon) over you with a company of many peoples (Babylon had many nations allied with them), and they will lift you up in my net (Hebrew “in my destructive net” like a fisherman’s net captures a fish or a crocodile).

v 4…And I will leave you on the land; I will cast you on the open field (to die unburied). And I will cause all the birds of the heavens to dwell on you, and I will satisfy the beasts of the whole earth with you (the soldiers of his army will fall in battle, and they will be plundered by the Babylonians. This also alludes to the army of the False Messiah who will be defeated by Yeshua and left to be food for the birds and beasts, called the Feast of Leviathan-Rev 19.17).

v 5…And I will lay your flesh on the mountains (they ran there), and fill the valleys with your refuse (they fell in great numbers).

v 6…I will also make the land drink the discharge of your blood, as far as the mountains, and the ravines shall be full of you (a nationwide slaughter).

v 7…And when I extinguish you (put your lights out), I will cover the heavens; and darken the stars; I will cover the sun in a cloud, and the moon shall not give its light (the defeat of Egypt is a picture of the defeat of every world power in the birth-pains).

v 8…All the shining lights (any other luminary) in the heavens I will darken over you and will set darkness on your land,” declares the Lord God (an allusion to the thick darkness over Egypt during the plagues in Egypt, but also alludes to the darkness over the kingdom of the False Messiah during the birth-pains-Exo 10.21).

v 9…I will also trouble the hearts of many peoples (with fear and anxiety), when I bring your destruction among the nations, into lands which you have not known (if Egypt can fall, nobody is safe).

v 10…And I will make many peoples appalled at you (stunned), and their kings shall be horribly afraid of you (or concerning you) when I brandish my sword (Babylon) before them (when it falls on Egypt); and they shall tremble every moment (continually); every man for his own life on the day of your fall (fearing they are next).”

v 11…For thus says the Lord God, “The sword of the king of Babylon (Nebuchadnezzar) shall come upon you.

v 12…By the swords of the mighty ones (the Babylonian soldiers) I will cause your multitude to fall (the people of Egypt); all of them are tyrants (terrible) of the nations (several nations with Babylon), and they shall devastate the pride of Egypt (cut off Pharaoh and his nobility), and all its multitude shall be destroyed (the people of the land).

v 13…I will destroy all its cattle from beside many waters (the canals); and the foot of man shall not muddy them anymore (so few animals and people were left that the waters will be undisturbed).

v 14…Then I will make their waters settle (the churning has stopped), and I will cause their rivers to run like oil (smoothly, clear because the mud is not being churned up),” declares the Lord.

v 15…”When I make the land of Egypt a desolation (through war and captivity), and the land is destitute of that which filled it (of men, produce and animals), when I smite all those who live in it, then they shall know that I am the Lord (when this happens it will be proof that he has spoken).”

v 16…This is a lamentation and they (Egyptians) shall chant it. The daughters of the nations shall chant it (those in alliance with Egypt). Over Egypt and over all her multitude they shall chant it,” declares the Lord God (because of the destruction of the land and for the many peoples who were slain).

Ezek 32.17-32 is a second lamentation that tells us Egypt, like other great nations, has been consigned to Sheol and expands on the previous thoughts in Ezek 31. This will also allude to the fate of the kingdom of the False Messiah after they are defeated in the birth-pains.

v 17…And it came about in the twelfth year, on the fifteenth of the month (of Adar and fourteen days after 32.1-16), that the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 18…”Son of man (mortal human being), wail for the multitude of Egypt and bring it down (predict their fate), her and the daughters of the powerful (powerful is written in Hebrew without the two yods to show how small a “mighty” nation really is compared to God’s predictions) nations, to the nether world (“tachti’ot” or the mass grave of the wicked-Sheol) with those who go down to the pit (realm of the dead);

v 19…’Whom do you surpass in beauty (nations greater than Egypt were brought down)? Go down and make your bed with the uncircumcised (other unfruitful and unreceptive nations).

v 20…They shall fall in the midst of those who were slain by the sword (go down to the grave/pit with the rest of them). She is given over to the sword (according to Yehovah’s judgment); they have drawn her and all her multitudes away (to be buried).

v 21…The strong among the mighty ones shall speak of him (Pharaoh and later the False Messiah) and his helpers from the midst of Sheol, ‘They have gone down, they lie still, the uncircumcised (unfruitful), slain by the sword.’

v 22…Assyria is there (waiting on Egypt; the first of six nations mentioned, three great and three of lesser stature; its monarchy has fallen some time before this and nobles speak of him; Assyria is a picture of Russia in eschatology and she will fall in the last days) and all her company; her graves are round about her (the soldiers are about the king), all of them slain, fallen by the sword (of their enemies),

v 23…whose graves are set in the remotest parts of the pit (in darkness, surrounded by those nearest to him), and her company is around her grave. All of them are fallen by the sword, who spread terror in the land of the living (Israel and the world).

v 24…Elam is there (waiting on Egypt, where Shushan of Persia was-Dan 8.2) and all her multitude around her grave (of the kings of Persia), all of them slain, fallen by the sword to the lower parts of the earth, who instilled terror in the land of the living (Israel and the world), and bore their disgrace with those who went down to the pit.

v 25…They have made a bed (grave is like a bed-Isa 57.2) for her (Persia) among the slain with all her multitude. Her graves are around it (the kings of Persia), they are all uncircumcised (unfruitful), slain by the sword (although their terror was instilled in the land of the living), and they bore their disgrace with those who go down to the pit; they were put in the midst of the slain (having fallen).

v 26…Meshech, Tubal and all their multitude are there (the Scythians); their graves are around about him (the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal-Ezek 38.2). All of them were slain by the sword uncircumcised), though they instilled their terror in the land of the living (Israel and the world).

v 27…Nor do they lie beside the fallen heroes of the uncircumcised (those buried with honor as soldier/heroes), who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war (that were not taken from them), and whose swords were laid under their beds (they did not fall by it), but the punishment for their iniquities rested on their bones (their death did not atone for their sins even though they died bravely or as a hero), though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living (even powerful kings and warriors were in terror of them).

v 28…But in the midst of the uncircumcised (unfruitful, pagans) you (Scythians) will be broken (defeated) and lie with those slain by the sword (be buried with them in a common pit).

v 29…There also is Edom (Ezekiel now groups those near to Israel), its kings and all its princes, who for all their might are laid with those slain by the sword, they will lie with the uncircumcised and with those who go down to the pit (they were physically circumcised as sons of Abraham, but they were spiritually unfruitful and this did not save them).

v 30…There also are the chiefs of the north, all of them, and all the Sidonians (near Tyre), who in spite of the terror resulting from their might, in shame went down with the slain. So they lay down uncircumcised with those slain by the sword, and bore their disgrace with those who go down to the pit.

v 31…These Pharaoh (and the False Messiah eventually) will see, and he will be comforted (because others are sharing the same pain he is, lots of company) for all his multitude slain by the sword, even Pharaoh and all his army,” declares the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah).

v 32…Though I (Yehovah) instilled a terror of him (Pharaoh, False Messiah) in the land of the living (Israel and the world), yet he will be made to lie down among the uncircumcised along with those slain by the sword, even Pharaoh (in life he caused terror, but now he is sent to Sheol) and his multitude,” declares the Lord God.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 31

Ezek 31.1-18 contains another prophecy about Egypt and they are compared to the might and power of Assyria, but Egypt will fall like Assyria did. Eshatologically, Assyria is a picture of Russia and Egypt is a picture of Europe during the birth-pains.

v 1…And it came about in the eleventh year (of Zedekiah’s reign), in the third month (Sivan), on the first day of the month (a new moon-about two months before the fall of Jerusalem), that the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (mortal human being; Ezekiel represents the people), say to Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude (his army and subjects), ‘Whom are you like in your greatness?

v 3…Behold (see, take note of), Assyria (who is an eschatological picture of Russia in the last days) was a cedar in Lebanon (tall, beautiful, majestic) with beautiful branches and forest shade (had the power to protect all who took refuge in them and their government), and every high (in stature); and its top was among the thick boughs (its kingship was above the other nations).

v 4…The waters made it grow (the Tigris river), the deep made it high (well watered and luxuriant). With its rivers (floods) it continually extended all around its planting place (“rivers” and “floods” are also idioms for “armies” who extended Assyria’s empire), and it sent out its channels (rulers) to all the trees of the field (other nations were ruled over by Assyria).

v 5…Therefore (as a result) its height (dominion over other nations) was loftier that all the trees of the field and its boughs became many and its branches long because of the many waters as it spread them out (expanded their influence).

v 6…All the birds of the heavens nested in its boughs, and under its branches all the beasts of the field gave birth, and all great nations lived under its shade (under Assyria’s protection many people and kingdoms were safe, multiplied and prospered).

v 7…So it was beautiful in its greatness, in the length (extent) of its branches (the empire); for its roots extended to many waters (nations).

v 8…The cedars (kings) in God’s garden (Eden-the world-v 9) could not match it (equal Assyria); the cypresses (lesser kings) could not compare with its boughs, and the plane trees (even lesser kings) could not match its branches. No tree in God’s garden could compare with it in its beauty (royal majesty and eminence).

v 9…I made it (Yehovah, but Assyrian kings like Sennacherib said they made Assyria great-Isa 10.13-14) beautiful with the multitude of its branches (the extent of the empire), and all the trees of Eden (the kings of the earth-notice in v 9-18 he will use Eden like he did with the king of Tyre in Ezek 28.13) which were in the garden of God, were jealous of it (envious of their position).

v 10…Therefore, thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Because it is high in stature, and it has set its top among the clouds, and its heart is haughty in its loftiness (pride),

v 11…therefore, I will give it unto the hand of a despot of the nations (Nebuchadnezzar); he will thoroughly deal with it. According to its wickedness I have driven it away (from before the face of Yehovah as a nation).

v 12…And alien tyrants of the nations (Babylon and the nations with her) have cut it down and abandoned it; on the mountains and in all the valleys (all the subdued nations under it); its branches have fallen, and its boughs have been broken in all the ravines of the land. And all the peoples of the earth have gone down from its shade and left it (like birds and animals will do when the tree they have been living is cut down).

v 13…On its ruin all the birds of the heavens will dwell. And all the beasts of the field will be on its (fallen) branches (many nations took advantage of the fall of Assyria and created a new existence upon its ruins)

v 14…in order that all the trees by the waters (prosperous kings and nations) may not be exalted in their stature (be lifted up in pride), nor set their top among the clouds, nor their well-watered mighty ones stand erect in their height (thinking they made their nation great). For they have all been given over to death (mortal by nature anyway, temporary), to the earth beneath, among the sons of men (mortal human beings), with those who go down to the pit (death and the grave).’

v 15…’Thus says the Lord God, “On the day when it went down to Sheol (when Assyria and the king fell) I caused lamentations (mourning); I stopped its streams (prosperity restrained ) and the great (rabim) waters (“mayim” that made the tree grow) were held back (deprived); and I made Lebanon mourn (to be clothed in black for Assyria) for it (the other trees were deprived of the prosperity that came from it), and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it (pined away because their prosperity was gone).

v 16…I made the nations tremble at the noise of its fall when I made it go down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit (were in common with them, shared the same fate with others who were destroyed), and they comforted themselves in the lowest parts, even all the trees of Eden, the choice and most beautiful of Lebanon, all the water drinkers.

v 17…They also went down with it to Sheol, to those who were slain by the sword; and those who were its arm (strength, helped Assyria) in his shade among the nations.

v 18…To which among the the trees of Eden are you (Pharaoh) thus equal in glory and greatness (the answer is contained in what has been already given)? Yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the earth beneath; you will lie in the midst of the uncircumcised (the ungodly) with those who were slain by the sword (in judgment). This is (so it will happen to) Pharaoh and all his multitude (eshatologically Pharaoh is a picture of the False Messiah)!” says the Lord God.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 30

Ezek 30.1-26 continues with the prophecy against Egypt in the form of a lamentation because of the calamity that is going to come upon them. Eschatologically, Babylon is a picture of the kings of the east as they move against Europe and the False Messiah at the end of the birth-pains.

v 1…The word of the Lord (Yehovah) came again to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (mortal human being; Ezekiel represents the people), prophesy and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Wail (howl), ‘Alas (or woe) for the day (of destruction)!’

3…For the day is near, to even the day of the Lord (a day appointed by him) is near (near is the Hebrew “karav” meaning now present); it will be a day of clouds (great calamity-Joel 2.2), a time of the nations (when the nations are judged, with Yehovah using Babylon).

v 4…And a sword (Babylon) will come upon Egypt and anguish (terror) will be in Ethiopia (Cush), when the slain will fall in Egypt, they (Babylon) take away her wealth (plundering their possessions), and her foundations are torn down (the regulations and laws of the government that gave the nation stability).

v 5…Ethiopia (Cush), Put (LIbya), Lud (Lydians), all the mixed peoples, Kuv (unknown in the Tanak), and the sons of the land of the covenant (unknown but in the vicinity of Egypt) will fall with them by the sword (share the same fate as Egypt).”

v 6…’Thus says the Lord (Yehovah), “Indeed, those who support Egypt (the idols and rulers) will fall, and the pride of her power will come down (the total of all the things they rely on); from Migdol to Syene they will fall within her by the sword,” declares the Lord God.

v 7…And they will be desolate in the midst of the desolated lands; and her cities will be in the midst of the devastated cities.

v 8…”And they will know that I am the Lord, when I set a fire (of war) in Egypt (they could have known Yehovah as a God of blessing, but now they will know him as a God of judgment).

v 9…”On that day (appointed by Yehovah) messengers will go forth from me in ships to frighten secure Ethiopia (traveling down the Nile); and anguish will be on them as on the day of Egypt (Exo 15.12 and the coming out of Egypt); for, behold (see for yourself), it comes!”

v 10…’Thus says the Lord God, “I will also make the multitude (Hebrew “hamon” meaning the people and their possession) of Egypt cease by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon.

v 11…He and his people with him, the most ruthless (no pity) of the nations, will be brought in to destroy the land; and they will draw their swords against Egypt and fill the land with the slain.

v 12…Moreover (in addition), I will make the Nile canals dry (remove their ability to provide) and sell the land into the hands of evil men (deliver into their power). And I will make the land desolate, and all that is in it, by the hand of strangers (Babylon); I, the Lord (Yehovah), have spoken.”

v 13…’Thus says the Lord God, “I will also destroy the idols and the images (“elilim” or vanities) cease from Noph (Memphis in lower Egypt). And there will no longer be a prince (a native prince) in the land of Egypt; and I will put fear in the land of Egypt (they will never feel secure again).

v 14…And I will make Pathros (upper Egypt) desolate, set a fire in Zoan, and execute judgment on Thebes.

v 15…And I will pour out my wrath on Sin (Pelusium-a city dedicated to the sun and a border fort), the stronghold of Egypt; I will also cut off the multitude of Thebes.

v 16…And I will set a fire (judgment of war) in Egypt; Sin will writhe in anguish, Thebes will be breached, and Memphis will have distresses daily (the capital of upper Egypt).

v 17…The young men of On (“Aven” and the home of the wife of Joseph-Gen 41.45; the same as Heliopolis) and of Pi-beseth (house of the cat) will fall by the sword, and the women will go into captivity.

v 18…And in Tehaphnehes (the same as Hanes in Isa 30.4; Tahapanes in Jer 2.18) the day will be held back (in darkness) when I break there the yokes (how they controlled other nations) of Egypt. Then the pride of her power will cease from her; a cloud will cover her (Babylonian armies), and her daughters (surrounding cities) will go into captivity.

v 19…Thus I will execute judgments on Egypt, and they will know that I am the Lord (when this happens it will be proof that Yehovah foretold this).”

v 20…And it came about in the eleventh year (of Zedekiah’s reign), in the first month (Nisan), on the seventh of the month that the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 21…”Son of man (mortal human being), I have broken the arm (power) of Pharaoh king of Egypt (Pharaoh Hophra was defeated by Babylonian forces when it tried to help a besieged Jerusalem); and, behold, it has not been bound up for healing or wrapped with a bandage, that it may be strong to hold the sword (can’t fight again; this will apply to the False Messiah eschatologically).

v 22…Therefore, thus says the Lord God, ‘Behold (see), I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt and will break his arms (power), both the strong arm and the broken (all his power to hold a sword); and I will make the sword fall from his hands (can’t fight).

v 23…And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them among the lands (into exile and captivity).

v 24…For I will strengthen the arms (power) of the king of Babylon and put my sword into his hand (power from Yehovah; his success will come from God); and I will break the arms of Pharaoh, so that he will groan before him (Nebuchadnezzar) with the groanings of a wounded man (Eschatologically the False Messiah will have his power broken by the kings of the east and he will groan before Yeshua when he returns-Dan 11.45; Rev 19.11-21).

v 25…Thus I will strengthen the arms (power) of the king of Babylon (Yehovah commissioned him to go to war), but the arms of Pharaoh will fall. Then they will know that I am the Lord, when I put my sword (Nebuchadnezzar is God’s instrument of war) into the hand of the king of Babylon and he stretches it out against the land of Egypt.

v 26…When I scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them among the lands, then they will know that I am the Lord (when this comes to pass it will be proof that Yehovah has spoken and is the one true God).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 29

Ezek 29.1-21 contains a prophecy about a judgment coming upon Egypt and Pharaoh by Babylon, and its after some time. The reason Pharaoh and Egypt are judged is because of their treacherous treatment of the Jewish people and the arrogance of Pharaoh. This prophecy also has an eschatological aspect to it concerning Europe, pictured by Egypt, and the False Messiah, portrayed by Pharaoh.

v 1…In the tenth year (of Zedekiah’s reign and Yehoiachin’s exile) in the tenth month (Tevet), on the twelfth of the month, the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (mortal human being; Ezekiel represents the people), set your face (turn and be determined) against Pharaoh (probably Hophra, a type of the False Messiah), king of Egypt (a type of Europe), and prophesy against him and against all Egypt.

v 3…Speak and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Behold (see), I am against you, Pharaoh, king of Egypt, the great monster (Hebrew “tannim ha gadol” or dragon) that lies in the midst of the rivers (the canals of the Nile), that has said, ‘My Nile is mine, and I myself have made it (pride as creator, and this was his great sin, just like the king of Tyre).’

v 4…”And I shall put hooks (to control this dragon monster) into your jaws, and I shall make the fish of your rivers (canals) cling to your scales (his army, his people, princes will go to war with him as allies), and I will bring you up out of the midst of your rivers (like a captured crocodile), and all the fish of your rivers will cling to your scales (share the same fate).

v 5…And I shall abandon you to the wilderness, you and all the fish of your rivers (allies); you will fall on the open field (his army); you will not be brought together or gathered (the Babylonians will destroy Egypt to the point they will not attain to their former glory and status). I have given you for food to the beast of the earth and the birds of the sky (this is an idiom for an impending slaughter-a banquet. This alludes to the False Messiah who is also called Leviathan and Azazel in Jewish literature-Job 40.30, 41.1-6; 2 Kings 11.15; Matt 24.28; Rev 19.21; Ezek 32.4; Dan 7.25; Isa 22.171-8).

v 6…Then all the inhabitants of Egypt will know that I am the Lord (Yehovah), because they have been only a staff of reed to the house of Israel (no help-Isa 36.6, 42.3)

v 7…When they took hold of you with the hand (Israel entered into an alliance with Egypt but were of no help, and as they fell), you broke and tore all their hands (Egypt failed them); and when they leaned on you (for help), you (Egypt) broke and made all their loins quake (in fear of the enemy).”

v 8…Therefore, thus says the Lord God, “Behold (take note), I shall bring upon you a sword, and I shall cut off from you man and beast (the desolation of Egypt is foretold in v 9-16).

v 9…And the land of Egypt will become a desolation and waste. Then they will know that I am the Lord (when it comes true it will be proof he is Yehovah). Because you said, ‘The Nile is mine, and I have made it (he is the creator, he said too much),’

v 10…therefore, behold (see, take note), I am against you and against your rivers (canals, armies, people), and I will make the land of Egypt an utter waste and desolation, from Migdol (in the north) to Syene (the southern point) and even to the border of Ethiopia (Cush).

v 11…A man’s foot will not pass through it, and the foot of a beast will not pass through it, and it will not be inhabited for forty years (meaning an appointed time of God’s judgment).

v 12…So I shall make the land of Egypt a desolation in the midst of desolated lands (like Judah and other lands by Babylon). And her cities, in the midst of cities that are laid waste (by Babylon), will be desolate forty years (meaning an appointed time of God’s judgment), and I shall scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them among the lands (taken captive and dispersed like Israel was).”

v 13…For thus says the Lord God, “At the end of forty years (God’s period of judgment) I shall gather the Egyptians from the peoples among whom they were scattered.

v 14…And I shall turn the fortunes of Egypt (return the exiles) and shall make them return to the land of Pathros (Thebes-upper Egypt) to the land of their origin (where they were born), and there they will be a lowly kingdom.

v 15…It will be the lowest of the kingdoms (will never attain to their former glory); and it will never again lift itself up above the nations. And I shall make them so small that they will not rule over the nations (and no nation will look to it for assistance again).

v 16…And it will never again be the confidence of the house of Israel, bringing to mind the iniquity of their having turned to Egypt (in an alliance). Then they will know that I am the Lord God (it is always foolish for believers to turn to our enemies for help. Eschatologically, Israel will turn to Europe, a type of Egypt, and the False Messiah, a type of Pharaoh, for help in Dan 9.27 and the same thing is going to happen again).”

v 17…Now in the twenty-seventh year (of Yehoiachin’s exile and seventeen years after the first part of this prophecy was given), in the first month (Nisan), on the first day of the month (a new moon beginning the religious calendar year); the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 18…”Son of man (mortal human being, Ezekiel represented the people), Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon made his army labor hard against Tyre (thirteen years), every head was made bald (due to wearing their battle helmets so long), and every shoulder was rubbed bare (by carrying wood and dirt). But he and his army had no wages from Tyre for the labor that he had performed against it (Tyre removed the silver, gold, precious jewels and valuables before it fell. It cost Babylon a great sum of money to support his army and maintain a thirteen year siege).”

v 19…Therefore (since they were disappointed in obtaining spoil and for payment for obeying me), thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I shall give the land of Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. And he will be carrying off her wealth, and capture her spoil and seize her plunder; and it will be wages for his army.

v 20…I have given him the land of Egypt for his labor which he performed, because they acted to me (obeyed his will),” declares the Lord God.

v 21…”On that day I shall make a horn (power) sprout for the house of Israel (when the end of Israel’s exile began with Cyrus as king of Persia as seen in Daniel), and I shall open your mouth in their midst (Ezekiel’s prophecies will be confirmed and the people will listen to him). Then they will know that I am the Lord.”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 28

Ezek 28.1-26 tells us about a prophecy concerning the king of Tyre and the causes of his ruin. It is in the form of a lamentation. It then goes on to reveal judgments against Sidon and concludes with a promise of restoration to the Jewish people back to their land in safety. It would be beneficial to read Ezek 26 and 27 first to give you a proper context of Ezek 28. Some interpret this chapter to mean that it is talking about Ha Satan, but we must be careful with that interpretation and not make the text say what it does not mean.

v 1…The word of the Lord came again to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (Ezekiel is a mortal, human being and represents the people when this is used), say to the ruler (king) of Tyre (this was probably a man named Eth-baal meaning “with Baal”), ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Because your heart is lifted up (in pride) and you said, “I am a god, I sit in the seat of gods (a claim many heathen kings said, and Tyre was founded on glorified myths about being the foundation of all religions), in the heart of the seas (safe),” yet you are a man (a mortal “son of man”) and not God, although you make your heart like the heart of God (as if he was full of knowledge, power and wisdom and giving himself the honors that only belonged to Yehovah; this was the reason for his downfall).

v 3…Behold (see, take note), you are wiser than Daniel (in his own opinion, who was in the court of Babylon at this time): is there no secret that is a match for you (that they can hide from you).

v 4…By your wisdom and understanding you have acquired riches for yourself, and have acquired gold and silver for your treasuries (by his business ability).

v 5…By your great wisdom, by your trade you have increased your riches, and your heart is lifted up (in pride) because of your riches (the effect wealth has on people)-

v 6…Therefore (as a result), thus says the Lord God, ‘Because you have made your heart like the heart of God (as if he had all knowledge, power and wisdom and giving himself the honors that only belong to Yehovah),

v 7…Therefore, behold (take note), I will bring strangers upon you (Babylon), the most ruthless of the nations, and they will draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom (all the things that made him “glorious” and the beauty of Tyre itself) and before your splendor (shining beauty and brightness).

v 8…They (Babylon) will bring you (the king) down to the pit, and you will die the death (Hebrew “deaths” because his death will be like dying many times; spiritual and physical) of the slain in the heart of the seas (waters-his death is like a mighty shipwreck-Ezek 27.4-9).

v 9…Will you still say, “I am a god” in the presence of your slayer (when the sword is at your throat), although you are a man and not God (can’t save yourself), in the hands of those of those who wound you?

v 10…You would die the death (deaths-spiritual and physical) of the uncircumcised (as an unbeliever because of his blasphemies) by the hand of strangers (Babylon), for I have spoken!” declares the Lord God.

v 11…Again the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 12…”Son of man (mortal human being representing the people), take up a lamentation (mournful song) over the king of Tyre and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “You had the seal of a well-measured building (a building sealed by the king, meaning the Tyrian state government, he possessed the qualities needed to be king there), full of wisdom (as wise as the reason of man could make him) and perfect in beauty (in the eyes of man).

v 13…You were in Eden the garden of God (he lived in a paradise, ideal in beauty and advantages, like Adam in Eden before his fall. (Ezekiel will use Edenic imagery to describe the king of Tyre and comparing him to Adam. Tyre was pleasant and flourishing. Eden is also used in Ezek 31.9-18 when talking about other nations); every precious stone was your covering (on his crown and royal garments); the ruby, the topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the lapis lazuli, the turquois, and the emerald, and the gold, the service of your timbrels and of your pipes (alludes to the women who beat their tambourines in circular dances, the harem-pomp of eastern kings) with you on the day that you were created (made king, ascended to the throne at his coronation; the harem of the previous king passed over into his hands) they were prepared (made ready and came into his possession).

v 14…You were the cherub of anointing which covered (anointed as king in a paradise to protect his people, cover them with his wings like in a sanctuary) and I (Yehovah) placed you there (as God’s representative to govern Tyre). You were on the holy mountain of God (the “seat of gods” in v 2 and the mountain he protected was the Tyrian government, this was from Yehovah); you walked in the midst of the stones of fire (a protective wall of fire that made the king of Tyre unapproachable).

v 15…You were blameless in your ways (like Adam at first, in his conduct and civil duties) from the day you were created (at his coronation) until unrighteousness was found in you (pride, corruption and blasphemy).

v 16…By the abundance of your trade (their commerce gave the king great power) you were internally filled with violence (the love of money caused him to violate human rights) and you sinned; therefore I have cast you as profane from the mountain of God (like Adam was when he sinned, he was deposed from his kingly position and power) and I have destroyed you, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire (Yehovah did not protect him and he was evicted from the palace).

v 17…Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty (he loved himself); you corrupted your wisdom by reason of your splendor (his earthly glory blinded his eyes from seeing things in their true perspective), I cast you to the ground (from your throne); I put you before kings that they may see you (as an example of God’s wrath and take warning).

v 18…By the multitude of your iniquities (corruption) in the unrighteousness of your trade (commerce) you profaned your sanctuaries (the temples that made Tyre a “holy” religious center, he profaned them by bringing about their destruction by his sins and arrogance). Therefore, I have brought fire from the midst of you (his pride was brought out from within him and it will burn him); it has consumed you and I have turned you to ashes on the earth (ground) in the eyes of all who see you (as an example and warning).

v 19…All who know you among the peoples are appalled at you (they wonder how this could have happened); you have become terrified and you will be no more (this was partly fulfilled by Nebuchadnezzar, and more completely with Alexander. Jerusalem will rise again to a new height of glory when Messiah comes, but Tyre, who rejoiced at the fall of Jerusalem, will never be built again).”

v 20…And the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 21…”Son of man, set your face (be determined) toward Sidon (hunting) and prophesy against her (now we have a prophecy about Sidon, who depended on Tyre and near to it, and a new hope for Israel),

v 22…and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah; Yehovah is written with the full vowels in the Aleppo Codex here), “Behold (see), I am against you, O Sidon, and I shall be glorified in your midst (by his judgments when he proves himself just against the wicked). Then they will know I am the Lord when I execute judgments in her (it will be proof that Yehovah has spoken).

v 23…For I shall send a pestilence to her and blood to her streets (plague and sword are two of God’s judgments), and the wounded will fall in her midst by the sword upon her from every side; then they will know that I am the Lord (proof that Yehovah is the true God because his predictions come true).

v 24…And there will be no more for the house of Israel a pricking brier or a painful thorn (an idiom for “enemies or annoyances” and this was used by Paul in 2 Cor 12.7) from any round about them who scorned them; then they will know that I am the Lord God.”

v 25…’Thus says the Lord God, “When I gather the house of Israel (all twelve tribes) from among the peoples among whom they are scattered (a future hope and a blessing on Israel), and shall manifest my holiness in them in the sight of the nations (because they are following the Torah), then they will live in the land which I gave to my servant Jacob.

v 26…And they will live in it securely (and no longer be afraid); and they will build houses, plant vineyards, and live securely, when I execute judgments upon all who scorn them round about them. Then they will know that I am the Lord their God (when it happens it will be proof that Yehovah has spoken).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 27

Ezek 27.1-36 gives Tyre’s former glory and riches, and then goes on to predict her ruin and destruction, using the metaphor of a ship.

v 1…Moreover, the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”And you, son of man (Ezekiel is a human being representing the people), take up a lamentation over Tyre (a song of mourning);

v 3…and say to Tyre, who dwells at the entrance to the sea (a harbor, ports), merchant of the peoples to many coastlands (commercially, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “O Tyre, you have said, ‘I am perfect in beauty (a good foundation, walls, towers, streets in good order, etc).

v 4…Your borders are in the heart of the seas (this is the island Tyre not the mainland Tyre, that is why the metaphor of a ship is used);

v 5…They have made all your planks of fir trees from Senir (Lebanon); they have taken a cedar from Lebanon to make a mast for you.

v 6…Of oaks from Bashan they have made your oars (famous for this in the Golan); with ivory they have inlaid your deck of boxwood from the coastlands of Cyprus (Kittim, and Kittim will be an idiom in Jewish sources for Rome and later Christianity which came out of Rome).

v 7…Your sail was of fine embroidered linen from Egypt so that it became your distinguishing mark (in order to be recognized); your awning (covering) was blue and purple from the coastlands of Elishah (“God the coming one” and is Grecian-Gen 10.4).

v 8…The inhabitants of Sidon (hunting) and Arvad were your rowers (sailors, mariners); your wise men, O Tyre, were abroad, they were your pilots (captains and officers).

v 9…The elders of Gebal and her wise men were with you repairing your seams (carpenters-1 Kings 5.32 says they had the skill); all the ships of the sea and their sailors were with you in order to deal in your merchandise (brought goods to her).

v 10…Persia and Lud and Put were in your army, your men of war (mercenaries). They hung shield and helmet in you (had forts and garrisons, towers, etc.); they set forth your splendor (maintained the glory of Tyre).

v 11…The sons of Arvad (in defense) and the Gammadim (brave ones) were in your towers. They hung their shields on your walls all around, they perfected your beauty (completed the beauty of her military and militia).

v 12…Tarshish (or “Tartessus” in Spain) was your customer because of the abundance of all kinds of wealth; the silver, iron, tin, and lead, they paid for your wares (exchanged their wealth).

v 13…Javan (Greece), Tubal, and Meshech (both between the Black and Caspian sea-Russian area now), they were your traders; with the lives of men (for slaves) and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise.

v 14…Those from Beth-togarmah (Turkey) gave horses and war horses and mules for your wares (they specialized in horses).

v 15…The sons of Dedan (Arabia-Gen 10.7) were your traders. Many coastlands were your market; ivory tusks and ebony (a dark wood) they brought as your payment.

v 16…Syria was your customer because of the abundance of your goods; they paid for your wares with emeralds, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies.

v 17…Judah and the land of Israel, they were your traders (being near to them); with the wheat of Minnith (Judges 11.33), pannag (cakes), honey, oil, and balm they paid for your merchandise.

v 18…And Damascus was your customer because of the abundance of your goods, because of the abundance of all kinds of wealth, because of the wine of Helbon and white wool.

v 19…Vedan (a tribe and land not known in the Tanak) and Javan paid for your wares from Uzal; wrought iron, cassia, and seed cane were among your merchandise.

v 20…Dedan traded with you in saddlecloths for riding (used to cover chariots).

v 21…Arabia and all the princes of Kedar, they were your customers for lambs, rams, and goats; for these they were your customers (these traders supplied these with their products).

v 22…The traders of Sheba and Raamah, they traded with you; they paid for your wares with the best of all kinds of spices, and with precious stones, and gold (Psa 72.15).

v 23…Haran, Canneh, Eden, the traders of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

v 24…They traded with you in choice garments, in clothes of blue and embroidered work, and in carpets of many colors, and tightly wound cords, which were among your merchandise.

v 25…The ships of Tarshish were carriers of your merchandise. and you were filled and were glorious in the heart of the seas (with great riches and great buildings and towers).

v 26…Your rowers have brought you into great waters; the east wind has broken you in the heart of the seas (Nebuchadnezzar was like a fatal storm).

v 27…Your wealth, your wares, your merchandise, your sailors, and your pilots, your repairers of seams, your dealers in merchandise, and all your men of war who are in you, with all your company that is in your midst, will fall into the heart of the seas on the day of your overthrow.

v 28…At the sound of the cry of your pilots the pasture lands (in the suburbs) will shake.

v 29…And all who handle the oar, the sailors, and the pilots of the sea will come down from their ships; they will stand on the land (none left to trade with),

v 30…and they will make their voice heard over you and will cry bitterly (because their livelihood was gone). They will cast dust on their heads, they will wallow in ashes (in mourning).

v 31…Also they will make themselves bald (a pagan and forbidden mourning practice) for you and gird themselves with sackcloth; and they will weep for you in bitterness of soul.

v 32…Moreover, in their wailing they will take up a lamentation for you and lament over you: ‘Who is like Tyre, like her who is silent in the midst of the sea (now that Tyre is destroyed)?

v 33…When your wares went out from the sea, you satisfied many peoples; with the abundance of your wealth and your merchandise you enriched the kings of the earth (they traded costly and rich merchandise).

v 34…Now that you are broken by the seas in the depths of the waters, your merchandise and all your company have fallen in the midst of you (her citizens are included in Yehovah’s judgment).

v 35…All the inhabitants of the coastlands are appalled at you (all who benefited from her commerce), and their kings are horribly afraid; they are troubled in countenance (they are afraid they may share the same fate).

v 36…The merchants among the peoples hiss at you (as Tyre had done to Jerusalem when it fell-Ezek 26.2); you have become terrified (struck with awe), and you will be no more (built on the same spot or with its previous glory, and it hasn’t even to this day).’ ”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 26

Ezek 26.1-21 tells us about a prophecy concerning the destruction of the city of Tyre

v 1…Now it came about in the eleventh year (of Zedekiah’s reign and Yehoiakim’s exile, the same year Jerusalem was taken by the Babylonians), on the first of the month (the month is unknown and it would be fruitless to speculate, but it was after the fall of Jerusalem, possibly towards the end of the year) that the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (Ezekiel is a human being representing the people), because Tyre (Hebrew “Tzor” meaning rock) has said concerning Jerusalem, ‘Aha (hurrah), the gateway of the peoples (Jerusalem was seen as the gateway to heaven and drew the nations there); it has opened up to me (the nations would now be drawn to Tyre like they were to Jerusalem). I shall be filled (enriched wealth), now that she is laid waste.’

v 3…Therefore, thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), ‘Behold (see, take note), I am against you, O Tyre, and I will bring up many nations against you, as the sea brings up its waves (Babylon would destroy it).

v 4…And they will destroy the walls of Tyre and break down her towers; and I will scrape her debris from her and make her a bare rock (rock is the Hebrew “tzur” and is a play on words-Nebuchadnezzar destroyed mainland Tyre, and Alexander the Great destroyed it again, and used rubble from the city to make a causeway to reach the island off the coast where the city was rebuilt on an island).

v 5…She will be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of the sea (to dry), for I have spoken,’ declares the Lord God, ‘and she will become spoil for the nations (Babylon and the nations with her).

v 6…Also her daughters who are on the mainland (sister cities around Tyre and dependent on her) will be slain by the sword and they will know that I am the Lord (when it is fulfilled it will be proof that Yehovah has spoken).”

v 7…For thus says the Lord God, “Behold (take note), I will bring upon Tyre from the north Nebuchadnezzar (in Hebrew it is Nebuchadrezzar, also in Jer 21.2; Ezek29.18-19, 30.10-Babylonian and Hebrew spellings were different and Yehovah knew that. Nebuchadnezzar occurs 57 times, and Nebuchadrezzar occurs 31 times) king of Babylon, king of kings (because many kings were subject to him, with horses, chariots, cavalry, and many peoples (a great army).

v 8…He will slay your daughters (the cities, towns and villages); and he will make siege walls on the mainland with the sword (first); and he will make siege walls (forts, etc.) against you, cast up a mound against you (so stones can be cast with their siege engines), and raise up a large shield against you (to repel arrows shot from the city).

v 9…And the blow of his battering rams he will direct against your walls, and with his axes (anything made of iron) he will break down your towers.

v 10…Because of the multitude of his horses, the dust of them will cover you; your walls will shake at the noise of cavalry and wagons and chariots, when he enters your gates as men enter a city that is breached (can no longer hold out).

v 11…With the hoofs of his horses will trample all your streets (breaking up the pavement and destroying them). He will slay your people with the sword; and your strong pillars will come down to the ground (some of these were pillars to their gods).

v 12…Also they (Babylon) will make a spoil of your riches and a prey of your merchandise (after the people are slaughtered and their gods fall, the plundering begins), break down your walls and destroy your pleasant houses (magnificent houses and palaces-Isa 23.13), and throw your stones and your timbers and your debris into the water (meaning a complete destruction).

v 13…So I will silence the sound of your songs, and the sound of your harps will be heard no more (no joy).

v 14…And I will make you a bare rock (totally); you will be a place for the spreading of nets (so they can dry). You will be built no more (in the same way it was; everything of value was moved to the island off shore), for I the Lord (Yehovah) have spoken,” declares the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah).

v 15…Thus says the the Lord God to Tyre, “Shall not the coastlands (along the shoreline) shake (with terror) at the sound of your fall when the wounded groan, when the slaughter occurs in your midst?

v 16…Then all the princes of the sea (rulers and merchants who did business with Tyre) will go down from their thrones, remove their robes and strip off their embroidered garments (of their office and rank). They will clothe themselves in trembling; they will sit the ground (in mourning), tremble every moment, and be appalled at you (horrified over what has happened; their economies will suffer also).

v 17…And they will take up a lamentation over you and say to you, ‘How you have perished, O inhabited one, from the seas, O renowned city (this is said in praise), which was mighty on the sea (traded by the seafaring merchants), she and her inhabitants, who imposed her terror on all her inhabitants (because their economies depended on Tyre).

v 18…Now the coast-lands will tremble on the day of your fall (not only because of the loss of their economy, but the same fate could happen to them); yes, the coast-lands which are by the sea will be terrified at your passing (if Tyre can fall, who is safe).”

v 19…For thus says the Lord God, “When I shall make you a desolate city, like the cities which are not inhabited, when I shall bring up the deep over you, and the great waters cover you (descend into the sea, no trace behind-26.12),

v 20…Then I shall bring you down with those who go down to the pit, to the people of old (people of the “old world” who were before the flood-2 Pet 2.5), and I shall make you dwell in the lower parts of the earth, like the ancient waste places (like the places destroyed in the flood), with those who go down to the pit, so that you will not be inhabited; but I shall set (create) glory in the land of the living (by establishing Israel and his kingdom on earth).

v 21…I shall bring terrors on you (on the contrary, and you will be no more, though you will be sought, you will never be found again (Tyre’s glory will pass away and there will be no trace left behind),” declares the Lord God.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 25

Ezek 25.1-17 tells us how Ezekiel prophesies against the Ammonites, Moabites, Edomites and Philistines because of their ill-treatment towards the Jewish people.

v 1…And the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (Ezekiel is a human being representing the people), set your face (be determined) toward the sons of Ammon and prophesy against them,

v 3…and say to the sons of Ammon, ‘Hear the word of the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah, not their false god Chemosh)! Thus says the Lord God, “Because you said, “Aha!’ against my sanctuary (the Temple) when it was profaned (defiled), and against the land of Israel when it was made desolate, and against the house of Judah when it went into exile,

v 4…therefore, behold (take note and see), I am going to give you to the sons of the east (Babylon five years later) for a possession, and they will set their encampments against you and make their dwellings among you; they will eat your fruit and drink your milk.

v 5…And I shall make Rabbah (the royal city) a pasture for camels and the sons of Ammon a resting place for flocks. Thus you will know that I am the Lord (proof that I have spoken).”

v 6…’For thus says the Lord God, “Because you have clapped your hands and stamped your feet and rejoiced with all the scorn of your soul against the land of Israel (expressed joy in Judah’s calamities),

v 7…therefore, behold (take note), I have stretched out my hand against you, and I shall give you as spoil to the nations (Babylon and her allies). And I shall cut you off from the peoples and make you perish from the lands, I shall destroy you. Thus you will know that I am the Lord (Yehovah).”

v 8…’Thus says the Lord God, “Because Moab and Seir (Edom) say, ‘Behold (see), the house of Judah is like all the nations (without protection from Yehovah because they fell into the hands of the Babylonians),

v 9…therefore, behold (see, take note) I am going to open the side of Moab, of its cities which are on its frontiers (that was on guard against enemies), the glory of the land, Beth-yeshimoth, Baal-meon, and Kiriathaim (Num 32.48, 32.37, 33.49),

v 10…and I will give it for a possession, along with the sons of Ammon, to the sons of the east (Babylon will have a way in), that the sons of Ammon may not be remembered among the nations (entirely lost).

v 11…Thus I will execute judgments on Moab, and they will know that I am the Lord (when it happens it will be proof that Yehovah has spoken)”

v 12…’Thus says the Lord God, “Because Edom has acted against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has incurred grievous guilt, and avenged themselves upon them Edom bore an old grudge because of Jacob and Esau, and they had to pay tribute in David’s time and were chastised by Amaziah; they vowed revenge),”

v 13…therefore, thus says the Lord God, “I will also stretch out my hand against Edom and cut off man and beast from it. And I will lay it waste; from Teman even to Dedan they will fall by the sword.

v 14…And I will lay my vengeance on Edom by the hand of my people Israel (not only with Babylon, but after with the Maccabees when Judah the Maccabee overthrew them about 169 BC, and later with John Hyrcanus in 126 BC). Therefore, they will act in Edom according to my anger and according to my wrath; thus they will know my vengeance,: declares the Lord God.

v 15…’Thus says the Lord God, “Because the Philistines (Latin “Palestina” where “Palestinian” comes from) have acted in revenge and have taken vengeance with scorn of soul to destroy with everlasting enmity (like today’s Palestinians),”

v 16…therefore, thus says the Lord God, “Behold (take note, see), I will stretch out my hand against the Philistines , even cut off the Cherethites (some were David’s bodyguard) and destroy the remnant of the seacoast (this refers to the widespread annihilation of the Philistines).

v 17…And I will execute great vengeance on them with wrathful rebukes; and they will know that I am the Lord when I lay my vengeance on them (the Philistines were destroyed by the Babylonians, but this may have a fulfillment with the Palestinians when Messiah comes).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 24

Ezek 24.1-27 is a prophecy about the destruction of Jerusalem using an aggadah (parable) of a boiling pot (v 1-14), and another using the sudden death of Ezekiel’s wife (v 15-27). The timing of this prophecy is the very day the king of Babylon began to lay siege to Jerusalem.

v 1…And the word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me in the ninth year (of Yehoichin’s captivity and Zedekiah’s reign) in the tenth month (Tevet) on the tenth of the month (this was to become a fast day in Zech 8.19; ten is the number of judgment).

v 2…”Son of man (when this is used Ezekiel represents the people; a human being), write the name of this day, this very day (Hebrew “eztem ha yom hazeh” and this is used three times in the Tanak. Once at the flood-Gen 7.13, when they left Egypt-Exo 12.41, and here. It signifies that the world was changing. The Covid-19 virus started world-wide around Tevet 10 and the world changed. Eschatologically this may be the day that Satan comes and surrounds Jerusalem with the nations in Rev 20.7-10 like Nebuchadnezzar).

v 3…And speak a parable to the rebellious house (who were against Yehovah), and say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah); “Put on the pot (get it ready), put it on and also pour water into it (the pot symbolizes Jerusalem);

v 4…put in it pieces (people who were gathered within its walls), every good piece, the thigh and the shoulder (most important pieces); fill it with choice bones (full of marrow= strength, mighty warriors to defend the city).

v 5…Take the choicest of the flock (the king, princes, nobles, priests and rulers), and also pile wood under the pot. Make it boil vigorously. Also seethe its bones in it (in other words, a rounded heap of kindling wood under it for the bones; this was done so that even the strong bones may become weak).

v 6…Therefore, thus says the Lord God, “Woe to the bloody city, to the pot in which there is scum and whose scum has not gone out of it (the unrepentant of the city)! Take out of it piece after piece (slow judgment process), without making a choice (meaning “let no lot fall upon it” meaning none would be spared, all were destined to judgment).

v 7…For her blood is in her midst (open murder); she placed it on the bare rock (where it could not soak into the earth; they did not even try to hide it); she did not pour it on the ground (to hide it), to cover it with dust -Lev 17.13).

v 8…That it may cause wrath to come up to take vengeance, I have put her blood on a rock, that it may not be covered (her sin was open, so will her judgment).

v 9…Therefore, thus says the Lord God, “Woe to the bloody city! I also shall make the pile great (will keep the pot of judgment boiling).

v 10…Heap on the wood, kindle the fire, boil the flesh well, and mix in the spices (severe sufferings are coming and the appetite will be sharpened), and let the bones be burned (cooked thoroughly).

v 11…Then set it empty on its coals (after all the pieces/people are burned up) so that it may be hot, and its bronze glow, and its filthiness may be melted in it, its scum consumed (the city will be burned and purified).

v 12…She has wearied herself with toil (the pot has exhausted her efforts), yet her scum has not gone from her (she remained hardened, it is ingrained wickedness), her scum shall be in the fire (only by the total destruction of Jerusalem could its wickedness be destroyed).

v 13…In your filthiness is lewdness, because I have purged you (through the prophets), yet you are not clean (all efforts to save them were met with no effect), you will not be cleansed from your filthiness again (anymore), until I have spent my wrath on you (the only thing left to do, no other way).

v 14…I, the Lord (Yehovah), have spoken; it is coming and I shall not relent (change his course), and I shall not pity, and I shall not be sorry; according to your ways and according to your deeds I shall judge you,” declares the Lord God.

v 16…”Son of man (human being representing the people), behold (take note and see), I am about to take from you the desire of your eyes (his wife) with a blow (die suddenly); but you shall not mourn, and you shall not weep, and your tears shall not come (he was to abstain from every show of emotion and mourning).

v 17…Groan silently; make no mention for the dead on your feet, and do not cover your moustache, and do not eat the bread of men (people would send food to those who lost a loved one. Ezekiel was given the blueprint on how the people were to act concerning the destruction of the city and the Temple; do not mourn, but they turned this event into mourning fast days in Zech 8.19).”

v 18…So I spoke to the people in the morning and in the evening my wife died. And in the morning I did as I was commanded (and did not mourn).

v 19…And the people said to me, “Will you not tell us what these things that you are doing mean for us?”

v 20…Then I said to them, “The word of the Lord came to me saying, ‘Speak to the house of Israel, “Thus says the Lord God, ‘Behold (see), I am about to profane my sanctuary (Temple), the pride of your power, the desire of your eyes and the delight of your soul (as a man holds his wife); and your sons and your daughters whom you have left behind will fall by the sword.

v 22…And you will do as I have done (no mourning, restrain their grief); and you will not cover your moustache, and you will not eat the bread of men.

v 23…And your turbans will be on your heads and your shoes on your feet. You will not mourn, and you will not weep; but you will rot away in your iniquities, and you will groan to one another (worry about your sin which caused this, no time for grief; the dead will not be buried, etc.).

v 24…Thus Ezekiel will be a sign (signal of what to do) to you; according to all that he has done you will do; when it comes, then you will know that I am the Lord God (as proof that what I said was true).'”

v 25…As for you, son of man, will it not be on the day when I take from them their stronghold (the Temple, the same word for “fortress” in Dan 11.37-39), the joy of their pride, the desire of their eyes, and their heart’s delight, the sons and their daughters,

v 26…that on that day he who escapes will come to you with information for your ears (some will escape and tell Ezekiel in Babylon all the details of what happened and how it all came about exactly as Ezekiel had seen in his prophecies)?

v 27…On that day your mouth will be opened to him who escaped, and you will speak and be dumb no longer (he can speak for himself because the time period for silence was over). Thus you will be a sign (to follow) to them, and they will know that I am the Lord (proof that Yehovah had spoken to him; they will be amazed at how accurate he was. This will conclude the judgment of Israel for now).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 23

Ezek 23.1-49 gives us an allegory about Israel and Judah being represented by two sisters who were harlots. Israel is called “Oholah” and Judah is called “Oholibah.” Their idolatry is exposed.

v 1…The word of the Lord (Yehovah) came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (when this is used Ezekiel represents the people), there were two women, the daughters of one mother (Sarah by descent);

v 3…and they played the harlot in Egypt (loose morals even then-Josh 24.14). They played the harlot in their youth; there their breasts were pressed, and there their virgin breast were handled (were drawn into idolatry/spiritual adultery by the Egyptians).

v 4…And their names were Oholah (“her tent” meaning they had a tent of her own, he did not dwell there) the greater (her ten tribes were more in number than Judah) and Oholibah (“my tent is in her, meaning the Temple of God where Yehovah dwelt was in Judah) her sister. And they became mine (I had them when they were together, married and one nation), and they bore sons and daughters. As for their names, Samaria is Oholah and Jerusalem is Oholibah.

v 5…And Oholah played the harlot while she was mine (as his wife she committed spiritual adultery through her idolatry); and she lusted after her lovers (inflamed with evil passion), after the Assyrians, her neighbors (by seeking alliances with them and copying their pagan ways),

v 6…who were clothed in purple, governors and officials, all of them desirable young men, horsemen riding horses (she was seduced by their majestic appearance and splendor).

v 7…And she bestowed her harlotries on them (entered alliances with them and joined in with their idolatrous worship), all of whom were the choicest men of Assyria (as seen in v 6); and with all whom she lusted after, with all their idols she defiled herself.

v 8…And she did not forsake her harlotries from the time in Egypt; for in her youth men had lain with her, and they handled her virgin bosom and poured out their lust on her (as evidence by the calves set up by Jeroboam in Dan and Bethel; they defiled themselves with Egyptian idolatry).

v 9…Therefore, I gave her into the hands of her lovers, into the hands of the Assyrians, after whom she lusted (first to Pul, then Tiglat-pileser, then Shalmaneser, all kings of Assyria).

v 10…They uncovered her nakedness (stripped them of everything); they took her sons and her daughters (into exile), but they slew her with the sword (destroyed Samaria). Thus she became a byword (example) among women, and they executed judgments on her (by her overthrow).

v 11…Now her sister Oholibah saw this, yet she was more corrupt in her lust than she, and her harlotries were more than the harlotries of her sister (Judah had the Temple, the priesthood, and true worship but they still went further than Samaria).

v 12…She lusted after the Assyrians (like Ahaz who sent messengers to Tiglat-pileser for help and even copied their altar and had one built in Jerusalem-2 Kings 16.7), governors and officials, the ones near (neighbors), magnificently dressed, horsemen riding horses, all of them desirable young men (their splendor and power dazzled them).

v 13…And I saw that she defiled herself; (with idols); they both took the same way (both Samaria and Jerusalem took the way of wickedness).

v 14…So she increased her harlotries. And she saw them portrayed on the wall, images of the Chaldeans portrayed with vermillion (base reliefs, carvings, sculptures in a brilliant red color),

v 15…girded with belts on their loins, with flowing turbans on their heads, all of them looking like officers (majestic), like the sons of Babylon in Chaldea, the land of their birth (Abraham from there).

v 16…And when she saw them she lusted after them and sent messengers to them in Chaldea (for an alliance with the mightier empire, totally forgetting the power of Yehovah).

v 17…And then Babylon’s sons came to her, to the bed of love (for an alliance which was forbidden by Yehovah), and they defiled her with their harlotry. And when she had been defiled by them, she became disgusted (alienated) with them (Yehoiakim and Zedekiah rebelled and turned to the Egyptians for help-2 Kings 24.1; 2 Chr 36.13).

v 18…And she uncovered her harlotries and uncovered her nakedness (got into more idolatry); then I became disgusted (alienated) with her, as I became disgusted (alienated) with her sister (as a husband).

v 19…Yet she multiplied her idolatries, remembering the days of her youth, when she played the harlot in the land of Egypt.

v 20…And she lusted after their lovers, whose flesh is like the flesh of donkeys and heat like horses (their licentious character-Jer 5.8).

v 21…Thus you longed for (searched for it, not to miss it) the lewdness of your youth, when the Egyptians handled your bosom because of the breasts of your youth (by committing the same idolatries).

v 22…Therefore, O Oholibah (the southern tribes in Judah), thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), ‘Behold (see for yourself, take note) I will arouse your lovers against you, from whom you were alienated (by breaking their covenant with Babylon and trying to cast off their yoke), and I will bring them against you from every side.

v 23…The Babylonians and all the Chaldeans (meaning “sod-busters”), Pekod (punishment) and Shoa (rich) and Koa (squashed), and all the Assyrians with them, officers and men of renown (called ones), all of them riding horses (Judah wanted an alliance with them, and now they will be his instrument of judgment).

v 24…And they will come against you with weapons, chariots, and wagons, and with a company of peoples (troops from various countries under Babylonian control). They will set themselves against you on every side with buckler (a zinah or full body shield) and shield (a magen or a smaller shield used in close combat) and helmet; and I shall commit judgment to them (appointed to carry out God’s judgment), and they will judge you according to their customs (not according to my laws or judgments, but their own pagan ways and customs-2 Kings 25.7 for instance).

v 25…And I will set my jealousy against you (like a jealous husband), that they may deal with you in wrath. They will remove your nose and ears (be taken into captivity, mutilated); and your survivors will fall by the sword. They will take your sons and your daughters; and the last one (remaining in Jerusalem) will be consumed by the fire.

v 26…They will also strip you of your clothes and take away your beautiful jewels (ornaments of every kind that has value, the spoil of the city).

v 27…Thus I shall make your lewdness (idolatry) and your harlotry (brought) from the land of Egypt to cease (be abolished) from you, so that you will not lift up your eyes to them or remember Egypt any more.’

v 28…For thus says the Lord God, ‘Behold, I will give you into the hand of those whom you hate, into the hand of those from whom you were alienated (by breaking the covenant they had with them).

v 29…And they shall deal with you in hatred, take all your property, and leave you naked and bare (just like Yehovah found her-Ezek 16). And the nakedness of your harlotries shall be uncovered, both your lewdness and your harlotries (their guilt will be evident to all; Judah should have looked at Samaria and repented of their idols but didn’t, and Christianity doesn’t think they are involved in idolatry either).

v 30…These things will be done to you because you have played the harlot with the nations (imitated them in their idolatry), because you have defiled yourself with their idols.

v 31…You have walked in the way of your sister (Oholah, Samaria), therefore I will give her cup (the wrath of God) into your hand (experience what happened to her).’

v 32…Thus says the Lord God, ‘You will drink your sister’s cup (suffer the same fate), which is deep and wide (very big cup, holds much suffering). You will be laughed at and held in derision (instead of being pitied); it contains much (the cup is big enough to hold all the punishments that are coming).

v 33…You will be filled with drunkenness and sorrow (usually a drunk person is confused but happy, but this cup will bring nothing but misery), the cup of horror and desolation, the cup of your sister Samaria (the ten northern tribes).

v 34…And you will drink it and drain it (feel the full effect of it). Then you will gnaw its fragments (to get the very last drop) and tear your breasts (wounding themselves); for I have spoken,’ declares the Lord God.

v 35…Therefore, thus says the Lord God, ‘Because you have forgotten me and cast me behind your back (out of your sight), bear now the punishment of your lewdness and your harlotries.’ “

v 36…Moreover, the Lord said to me, “Son of man, will you judge (rebuke) Oholah and Oholibah? Then declare to them their abominations (that they may confess, repent, be ashamed and forsake them).

v 37…For they have committed adultery (literally and spiritually) and blood is on their hands (of the innocent, the prophets, unlawful sacrifices, etc.). Thus they have committed adultery with their idols and even caused their sons whom they bore to me (to be raised in the Torah), to pass through the fire to them as food (to Baal and Molech).

v 38…Again, they have done this to me, they have defiled my sanctuary on the same day (entered the Temple after they killed their children) and have profaned my sabbaths (by slaying them on the sabbath).

v 39…For when they had slaughtered their children for their idols, they entered my sanctuary on the same day to profane it; and lo, thus they did within my house (without the slightest respect to kedusha).

v 40…Furthermore, they have even sent for men who came from afar, to whom a messenger was sent (in order to enter into forbidden alliances); and lo, they came-for whom you bathed, painted your eyes, and decorated yourselves with ornaments (adorned like a harlot receiving her lovers);

v 41….and you sat on a splendid couch with a table arranged before it, on which you had set my incense and oil (for anointing and burning at the meal, both of which God had given her, not to be used for her lovers).

v 42…And the sound of a crowd at ease was with her (quiet was the result of these alliances); and drunkards (Babylon was known for its wine consumption) from the wilderness (they passed through the wilderness to Judah) were brought with the men of the host of mankind; and they (Babylon) put bracelets on their hands, and crowns of beauty on their heads (not satisfied with these very same gifts from Yehovah in Ezek 16.11, Judah became wealthy because of these forbidden alliances).

v 43…Then I said concerning her who was worn out by adulteries, ‘Will they now commit adultery with her when she is thus (an old, worn out harlot)?’

v 44…But they went in to her as they would go in to a harlot. Thus they went in to Oholah and Oholibah, the lewd women.

v 45…But they, the righteous men (Babylon as God’s instrument of judgment) will judge them with the judgments of adulteresses, and with the judgment of women who shed blood, because they are adulteresses and blood is on their hands (guilty of murdering the righteous and even their own children).

v 46…For thus says the Lord God, ‘Bring up a company (Babylon and the nations allied with them) against them, and give them over to terror and plunder.

v 47…And the company will stone them with stones (the punishment of adulterers and idolaters-Deut 13.10, and this would be done by the siege machines throwing stones into Jerusalem) and cut them down with their swords (when they fell into their hands); they will slay their sons and their daughters and burn their houses with fire.

v 48…Thus shall I make lewdness cease from the land (idolatry stopped), that all the women (other nations) may be admonished and not commit lewdness (idolatry) as you have done.

v 49…And your lewdness will be required upon you (returned on their own head), and you will bear the sins of your idols; thus you will know that I am the Lord God (these things will all happen as proof that I have spoken to you).’ ”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 22

Ezek 22.1-31 gives us the sins of Jerusalem and the people, and since there is no intercessor for them, they face captivity and destruction. Ezekiel must judge them and reveal their iniquities, sins and transgressions.

v 1…Then the word of the Lord (Yehovah) to me saying,

v 2…”And you, son of man (when this is used Ezekiel represents the people), will you judge, will you judge the bloody city (will you do the work judging the “city of bloods?”)? Then cause her to to know all her abominations.

v 3…And you shall say, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonia Yehovah), “A city shedding blood in her midst (openly), so that her time will come (to fill up the measure), and makes idols contrary to her for defilement!

v 4…You have become guilty by the blood which you have shed and defiled by your idols which you have made. Thus you have brought your day near and have come to your years (when judgment shall come to you); therefore I have made you a reproach to the nations, and a mocking to all the lands (for leaving Yehovah).

v 5…Those who are near (Edom, Moab, Ammon, Philistines) and those who are far (Babylon, Medo-Persia, etc) from you shall mock you, you of ill-repute (infamous in character), full of turmoil (confusion, factions).

v 6…Behold (take note), the rulers (Hebrew “nasi” or princes) of Israel each according to his power (or ability) have been in you for the purpose of shedding blood.

v 7…They have treated father and mother lightly within you (the ungodly disrespected their parents and treated them with contempt). The alien (Hebrew “ger” or stranger) they have oppressed in your midst (mistreated by various means in the courts, or in commerce); the fatherless and the widow they have wronged in you (the weak and the helpless were not defended).

v 8…You have defiled my holy things (the Temple, the priests, the korbanot, the Torah, etc.) and profaned my sabbaths (by working, disregarding it).

v 9…Slanderous men (who told false tales) have been in you for the purpose of shedding blood (innocent blood), and in you they have eaten at the mountain (shrines, idol worship). In your midst they have committed acts of lewdness (a general uncleanness, adultery, fornication, incest).

v 10…In you they have uncovered their father’s nakedness (slept with their father’s wife); in you they have humbled her who was unclean in her menstrual impurity (had sexual relations during their monthly cycle-Lev 18.19, making them unfit to enter the sanctuary).

v 11…And one has committed abomination with his neighbor’s wife, and another has lewdly defiled his daughter-in-law (Lev 18.15). And another in you has humbled his sister, his father’s daughter (Lev 18.9).

v 12…In you they have taken bribes to shed blood (judges took innocent lives for money); you have taken interest (usury) and profits (increase), and you have injured your neighbor’s for gain by oppression (extortion), and you have forgotten me,” declares the Lord God.

v 13…Behold (take note of), then, I smite my hand (clenched in wrathful indignation) at your dishonest gain which you have acquired and at the bloodshed which is among you.

v 14…Can your heart endure (the anticipation of the judgment that is coming), or can your hands be strong (be secure), in the days that I shall deal with you (No)? I, the Lord (Yehovah), have spoken and shall act.

v 15…And I shall scatter you among the nations, and I shall disperse you through the lands (in captivity and exile), and I shall consume your uncleanness from you (by destroying the guilty, purging and afflicting the people to bring them to their senses).

v 16…And you will profane yourselves in the sight of the nations, and you will know that I am the Lord (all of them will be witnesses as proof that what Yehovah said was going to happen, indeed did happen).”

v 17…And the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 18…”Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to me (inferior, corrupted); all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace (baser metals mixed in with the precious metals and a separation is needed); they are dross of silver (inferior and impure).

v 19…Therefore, thus says the Lord God, ‘Because all of you have become dross, therefore, behold (see), I am going to gather you into the midst of Jerusalem (the furnace).

v 20…As they gather silver and bronze and iron and lead and tin into the furnace to blow fire on it in order to melt it, so I shall gather you in my anger and in my wrath, and I shall lay you there and melt you (the smelting does not refine, it is God’s wrath).

v 21…And I shall gather you and blow on you (intensifying his wrath) with the fire of my wrath, and you will be melted in the midst of it (this was literally done when Jerusalem and the Temple were burned and the people perished).

v 22…As silver is melted in the furnace, so you will be melted in the furnace (repeated for the certainty of it), so you will be melted in the midst of it; and you will know that I the Lord, have poured out my wrath on you (proof that he is able to do what he says he is going to do).”

v 23…And the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 24…”Son of man, say to her (Jerusalem), ‘You are a land that is not cleansed or rained on in the day of indignation (no cooling shower to stop God’s fiery wrath; the term “indignation” is also a term for the birth-pains-Isa 26.20).

v 25…There is a conspiracy of her prophets (the false ones) in her midst, like a roaring lion tearing her prey. They have devoured lives (persecuted people to death, destroyed others by their false prophecies and doctrines; they went after those who believed the true prophets of Yehovah); they have taken treasure and precious things (for prophesying things the people wanted to hear for money); they have made many widows in the midst of her (by persecuting their husbands because they resisted their false prophesies, etc.).

v 26…Her priests have done violence to my law (the Torah by misinterpretation-Matt 5.17) and have profaned my holy things (korbanot, wine offerings, the things in the Temple with a kedusha by making them available to the unclean, etc.); they have made no distinction between the holy (the things with a kedusha) and the profane (the common things that did not have a kedusha-Job 14.4; Lev 20.25; Ezek 44.23-this was the main job of a priest), and they have not taught the difference between the unclean (which made it impossible to enter the Temple) and the clean (possible to enter the Temple); and they hide their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them (because the Torah that taught these things was profaned).

v 27…Her princes (“nasim” or kings, nobles) within her are like wolves tearing the prey, by shedding innocent blood and destroying lives in order to get dishonest gain (didn’t protect the people in order to confiscate their goods, lands, money).

v 28…And her prophets (“nevi’im”-the false ones) have smeared (covered over) whitewash for them (by satisfying their consciences with flattering words), seeing false visions and divining lies for them, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord God,’ where the Lord has not spoken (imitating the true prophets)

v 29…The people of the land (“am ha eretz” or common people) have practiced oppression and committed robbery, and they have wronged the poor and needy and have oppressed the sojourner (those non-Jews just living in the land) without justice.

v 30…And I have searched for a man among them who should build up the wall and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it (an intercessor, a go-between to fill the gap and positioning themselves in prayer like Abraham-Gen 18.1-33; Moses-Num 21.7; Esther-Est 4.15-16; Paul-Eph 6.19-20; Yeshua-John 17); but I found none (in the above mentioned groups in v 26-29).

v 31…Thus I have poured out my indignation on them (like a torrent); I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath, their way I have brought upon their heads,” declares the Lord God.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 21

Ezek 21.1-32 gives us a plain explanation of the prophecy of the trees in Chapter 20, with a new one about the sword of the Babylonians. It will refer to the destruction of Judah, Jerusalem and Ammon as well.

v 1…And the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 2…”Son of man (Ezekiel represents the people when this is used), set your face (concentrate) toward Jerusalem, and speak against the sanctuaries (holy places), and prophesy against the land of Israel;

v 3…and say to the land of Israel, ‘Thus says the Lord (Yehovah), “Behold (see), I am against you; and I shall draw my sword (Babylon) out of its sheath and cut off from you the righteous (the green tree, those with life) and the wicked (dry tree, dead).

v 4…Seeing that I will cut off from among you righteous and wicked alike (some by sword, some by famine, some by pestilence and some by captivity), therefore, my sword will leave its scabbard against all flesh, from the south to the north (20.47).

v 5…That all flesh may know that I am the Lord (Yehovah) has drawn my sword out of its scabbard, it shall not return any more (until all is accomplished-Luke 12.49-53).

v 6…As for you, son of man, groan (sigh) with breaking heart and bitter grief, groan in their sight (as a sign to those in Babylon who would inform those in Jerusalem how he sighed in apprehension about what is coming).

v 7…And it will come about when they say to you, ‘Why do you groan?’ that you will say, ‘Because of the news that is coming; and every heart will melt, all hands will feeble, every spirit will faint, and all knees will be weak as water. Behold, it comes and it will happen,’ declares the Lord.

v 8…Again the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 9…”Son of man, prophesy and say, “Thus says the Lord.’ Say, “A sword, a sword (repeated for emphasis) sharpened and also polished (for use)!

v 10…Sharpened to make a slaughter, polished to flash like lightning (to strike terror into whoever sees it)!’ Or shall we rejoice (saying), the scepter of my son despises all wood (the scepter of every other ruler’s staff was considered bad wood, so Judah thought Nebuchadnezzar will not defeat their king because of the promise given to Jacob in Gen 49.10, “the scepter will not depart from Judah.” But this view will be proven wrong in this case, as we shall see in the next verse)?

v 11…And it (the sword) is given (to Babylon) to be polished that it can be handled (because Judah caused it to be prepared); the sword is sharpened and polished, to give it into the hand of the slayer (to Babylon as judgment on Judah).

v 12…Cry out and wail (howl, indicating the horror that was coming), son of man, for it (the sword) is against my people, it is against the officials (Hebrew “nisi’ay” or princes and rulers) of Israel. They are delivered over to the sword with my people, therefore, strike your thigh (as one grieved).

v 13…For a testing (trial); and what if even the despising rod ( of v 10) shall not be (or remain; David’s line, the royal line and family will be cut off)?” declares the Lord.

v 14…You therefore, son of man, prophesy and clap your hands together (in agitation and agony); and let the sword be doubled the third time (the sharpness and edge of the sword is increased with horrible effect), the sword for the slain. It is the sword of the great massacre (literally “corpses upon corpses”) which penetrates to them (it will follow wherever they flee if they get away),

v 15…that their hearts may melt and many fall at their gates. I have given the glittering (flashing) sword (before all the gates). Ah! It is made like lightning, it is wrapped up (sharpened) for slaughter.

v 16…Show yourself (Nebuchadnezzar) sharp (think, concentrate), go to the right; set yourself; go to the left, wherever your edge is destined (Nebuchadnezzar had a decision to make, as he travels south from Babylon. Should he turn to his right towards Jerusalem, or to his left to Rabbah, the capital of Ammon)

v 17…I shall clap my hands together (with Nebuchadnezzar) and I will appease my wrath;’ I, the Lord (Yehovah), have spoken.”

v 18…And the word of the Lord came to me saying (v 18-27 describes the approach of the king of Babylon),

v 19…As for you, son of man, make two ways (Ezekiel will act out Nebuchadnezzar’s indecision) for the sword of the king of Babylon to come, both of them will go out of one land (Babylon). And make a signpost; make it at the head of the way to the city.

v 20…You shall mark a way (put up a sign) for the sword to come to Rabbah of the sons of the Ammon, and to Judah into fortified Jerusalem.

v 21…For the king of Babylon stands at the parting (Hebrew “mother” or the crossroads, the fork in the road) of the way, at the head of the two ways to use divination; he shakes the arrows, he consults the household gods (teraphim), he looks at the liver.

v 22…Into his right came the divination, ‘Jerusalem,’ to set battering rams, to open the mouth for slaughter, to lift the voice with a battle cry, to set battering rams against the gates, to cast up mounds, to build a siege wall.

v 23…And it will be to them like a false divination in their eyes (because the false prophets told them they will not be turned over to Babylon); they have sworn solemn oaths (to Nebuchadnezzar). But he brings iniquity to remembrance that they may be seized (Nebuchadnezzar will remember how Zedekiah lied to him and broke the covenant).

v 24…Therefore, thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), ‘Because you have made your iniquity to be remembered, in that your transgressions are uncovered, so that in all your deeds your sins appear-because you have come to remembrance you will be seized with the hand (and taken to Babylon).

v 25…And you, O slain (a corpse), wicked one, the prince of Israel (referring to Zedekiah the king, but v 25-27 could allude to the False Messiah and his end-Dan 7.25; Mic 2.4), whose day has come (of punishment), in the time of the punishment of the end (his destruction),

v 26…thus says the Lord God, ‘Remove the turban (of the high priesthood) and take off the crown (of the king; the priesthood and the kingship were the two fundamental pillars of the theocracy); this will be no more the same (both will not continue). Exalt that which is low, and abase that which is high (a complete overthrow of the current status).

v 27…A ruin, a ruin, a ruin (said three times for the certainty of it; Jewish life was overturned), I will make it. This also will be no more, until he (Messiah) comes whose right it is (to be high priest and king); I shall give it to him (Zech 6.11-12; Psa 2.1-12; Rev 5.7).’

v 28…And you, son of man, prophesy and say, “Thus says the Lord God concerning the sons of Ammon and concerning their reproach (Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem; and went back to Babylon. The Ammonites cursed the Jews and laughed at their destruction, as if Yehovah could not save them and attributed their own safety from Babylon as a sign their gods were more powerful) and say: ‘A sword, a sword is drawn (ready), polished for slaughter, to cause it to consume, that it may be like lightning (the Babylonian attack against Ammon came five years after the fall of Jerusalem)-

v 29…while they (the false prophets of the Ammonites) see for you false visions, while they divine lies for you-to place you (the sword) on the necks of the wicked who are slain, whose day has come in the time of the punishment of the end (their destruction).

v 30…Return it (the sword) to its sheath (defending yourself will be in vain). In the place where you were created, in the land of your birth, I shall judge you.

v 31…And I shall pour out my indignation on you; I shall blow on you with the fire of my wrath, and I shall give you into the hand of brutal men, skilled in destruction (learned in violence).

v 32…You will be fuel for the fire (be devoured by it; easily consumed) your blood will be in the midst of the land (the slain will be everywhere in great numbers). You will not be remembered (leaving no trace behind, with no hope of restoration, unlike Judah and Israel), for I, the Lord (Yehovah), have spoken.’ ”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 20

Ezek 20.1 -49 is a prophecy where the elders of Israel come to inquire of Yehovah, but he tells them that he will not be inquired of by them because of all their abominations, which are then described, starting with their coming out of Egypt till the present.

v 1…And it came to pass in the seventh year (seventh of the eleven years between the exile of Yehoiachin and the destruction of the Temple four years later on the tenth of Av) on the tenth day of the fifth month (Av-Yehovah shows his providence here with the exact dates, only four years apart), that a certain of the elders of Israel came to inquire (of the prophet) of the Lord (Ezekiel), and sat before me (waiting for an answer).

v 2…And the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 3…”Son of man (ben adam-Ezekiel represents the people), speak to the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God (Adonai Yehovah), “Do you come to inquire of me? As I live,” declares the Lord God, “I will not be inquired of by you (Yehovah rejects their seeking because they are not understanding why there has been so much affliction).”

v 4…Will you judge them, will you judge them, son of man (if you enter into a conversation with them) make them know the abominations of their fathers (rebuke them);

v 5…and say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “On the day when I chose Israel and swore to the descendants of the house of Jacob and made myself known to them in the land of Egypt, when I swore to them, saying, I am the Lord (Yehovah) your God,

v 6…on the day I swore to them, to bring them out of the land of Egypt into a land that I had selected for them, flowing with milk and honey (fertile, uncultivated), which is the glory of all the lands (desired).

v 7…And I said to them, ‘Cast away, each of you, the detestable things of the eyes (idols), and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt, I am the Lord (Yehovah) your God (power).’

v 8…But they rebelled against me and they were not willing to listen to me, they did not cast away the detestable things of their eyes, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt. Then I resolved (through the prophets) to pour out my wrath on them (because they still worshiped idols), to accomplish my anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt (to punish them even before they left Egypt).

v 9….But I acted for the sake of my name (his mercy to do what he said he promised to do), that it (his name Yehovah) should not be profaned in the sight of the nations among whom they lived (be spoken evil of by saying he did not keep his word, that he did not have the power to bring them all out, so he destroyed them), in whose sight I made myself known to them by bringing them out of the land of Egypt (with miracles).

v 10…So I took them out of the land of Egypt and brought them into the wilderness (before they went to Canaan).

v 11…And I gave them my statutes and informed them of my ordinances (the Torah and the Mishkan), by which, if a man observes them (in faith), he will live (before Yehovah).

v 12…And also I gave them my sabbaths to be a sign between me and them this is an eternal sign of loyalty; no other law has had so much opposition by unbelievers; it testifies of Yehovah’s mastery over the universe; it is the one law that shows everyone who your God is, they immediately will know), that they might know that I am the Lord (Yehovah) who sanctifies them (gives them a kedusha as his people).

v 13…But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness (repeating what they did in Egypt). They did not walk in my statutes, and they rejected my ordinances, by which if a man observes them, he will live; and my sabbaths they greatly profaned. Then I resolved to pour out my wrath on them in the wilderness, to annihilate them (and not enter into Canaan-Num 14.35).

v 14…But I acted for the sake of my name (with mercy towards them), that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations, before whose sight I had brought them out (done publicly to show he does keep his word and had the power).

v 15…And I also swore to them in the wilderness that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and honey (uncultivated, fertile), which is the glory (desire) of all the lands,

v 16…because they rejected my ordinances, and as for the statutes, they did not walk in them; they even profaned my sabbaths, for their heart continually went after their idols (which they had served and brought with them from Egypt).

v 17…Yet my eyes spared them rather than destroying them, and I did not cause their annihilation in the wilderness.

v 18…And I said to their children in the wilderness, ‘Do not walk in the statues of your fathers, or keep their ordinances, or defile yourselves with their idols (don’t imitate your parents in idolatry).

v 19…I am the Lord (Yehovah) your God; walk in my statutes, and keep my ordinances, and observe them (be a doer of the word-Jam 1.22; 2.12-18).

v 20…And sanctify (set apart) my sabbaths (they have a kedusha with limitations and restrictions), and they shall be a sign (of loyalty) between me and you, that you may know that I am the Lord your God.’

v 21…”But the children, the children rebelled against me; they did not walk in my statutes, nor were they careful to observe my ordinances, by which, if a man observes them, he will live (before me-Matt 19.17); they profaned (regarded as common, just like any other day) my sabbaths. So I resolved to pour out my wrath against them in the wilderness (like in Num 25.9 with Baal-peor for instance).

v 22…But I withdrew my hand and acted for the sake of my name (and turned away my anger), that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations in whose sight I had brought them out.

v 23…Also I swore to them in the wilderness that I would scatter them among the nations and disperse them among the lands,

v 24…because they had not observed my ordinances, but had rejected my statutes, and had profaned my sabbaths, and their eyes were on the idols of their fathers.

v 25…And I also gave them statutes that were not good and ordinances by which they could not live (he permitted them to follow the wicked statutes of their pagan neighbors which did not bring the blessings of life);

v 26…and I pronounced them unclean because of their gifts (to idols), in that they caused all their first born to pass through the fire so that I might make them desolate, in order that they might know that I am the Lord (proof that he fulfilled what he said he was going to do).

v 27…Therefore, son of man, speak to the house of Israel (through the elders present), and say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “Yet in this (again) your fathers have blasphemed me by acting treacherously against me (by doing what they did in Egypt and the wilderness and now in Canaan).

v 28…When I had brought them into the land which I swore to give to them, then they saw every high hill and every leafy tree, and they offered there their sacrifices, and there they presented the provocation of their offering (they were contrary to the Torah). There also they made their soothing aroma (incense) and they poured out their libations (of wine).

v 29…Then I said to them (through the prophets he had sent), ‘What is the high place to which you go?’ So its name is called Bamah to this day (they continued to regard the high places as places for worship. continuing their idolatrous practices).”

v 30…”Therefore, say to the house of Israel, ‘Thus says the Lord God, “Will you defile yourselves after the manner of your fathers and play the harlot (spiritually) after their detestable things?

v 31…And when you offer your gifts (to idols), when you cause your sons to pass through the fire (to Baal and Molech), you are defiling yourselves with all your idols to this day. And shall I be inquired of by you, O house of Israel (you think you will have an answer from me)? As I live,” declares the Lord God, “I will not be inquired of by you.

v 32…And what comes into your mind will not come about when you say: “We will be like the nations (live without God and the Torah) like the tribes of the land, serving wood and stone (their plans and schemes are absurd considering all the revelations Yehovah has given them).’

Ezek 20.33-44 speaks of the ultimate redemption and regathering of Israel

v 33…”As I live,” declares the Lord God, “surely with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm and with wrath poured out, I shall be king over you (exerting his sovereignty over them in spite of their schemes).

v 34…And I shall bring you out from the peoples and gather you from the lands where you were scattered (the world), with a mighty hand and with an outstretched arm and with wrath poured out;

v 35…and I shall bring you into the wilderness of the peoples and there I will enter into judgment with you face to face.

v 36…As I entered into judgment with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will enter into judgment with you,’ declares the Lord God (a spiritual severing from the nations and their idolatry).

v 37…And I shall make you pass under the rod (of the shepherd for care) and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant (the Torah at Sinai is the covenant here, written on the heart-Jer 31.31-34),

v 38…and I shall purge from you the rebels and those who transgress against me, and I shall bring them out of the land where they sojourn (where they have been), but they will not enter the land of Israel (excluded from the kingdom). Thus you will know that I am the Lord.

v 39…As for you, O house of Israel” thus says the Lord God, “Go, serve everyone his idols, but later, you will surely listen to me, and my holy name you will profane no longer with your gifts and with your idols (he is going to prevent them from being absorbed into the pagan world).

v 40…For (but) on my holy mountain, on the high mountain of Israel (Mount Moriah)’ declares the Lord God, ‘there the whole house of Israel (some from all twelve tribes), all of them, will serve me in the land (as believers); there I will accept them, and there I shall seek your contributions and the choicest of your gifts, with all your holy things (“there” is said three times to drive home the fact that only in the Temple at Jerusalem can offerings be made).

v 41…As a soothing aroma I shall accept you, when I bring you out from the peoples and gather you from the lands where you were scattered; and I shall prove myself holy among you in the sight of the nations (Deut 4.6-8).

v 42…And you will know that I am the Lord, when I bring you into the land of Israel, into the land which I swore to give to your forefathers.

v 43…And there (in the land) you will remember your ways and all your deeds, with which you have defiled yourselves; and you will loathe yourselves in your own sight for all the evil things that you have done.

v 44…Then you will know that I am the Lord when I have dealt with you for my name’s sake, not according to your evil ways or according to your corrupt deeds, O house of Israel,” declares the God.

v 45…Now the word of the Lord came to me saying,

v 46…”Son of man, set your face toward Teman (south), and speak out against the south and prophecy against the forest land of the Negev (this is specifically Judah and Jerusalem),

v 47…and say to the forest of the Negev (kingdom of Judah), ‘Hear the word of the Lord; thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I am about to kindle a fire (judgment) in you, and it will consume every green tree (the righteous person-Isa 55.12; Ezek 21.6-7; Matt 7.17) in you, as well as every dry tree (the unrighteous), the blazing flame will not be quenched (until Judah and Jerusalem are destroyed), and the whole surface from the south to north will be burned by it (the people consumed).

v 48…And all flesh will see that I, the Lord (Yehovah), have kindled it; it shall not be quenched.”

v 49…Then I said, “Ah, Lord God! They are saying of me, ‘Is he not just speaking parables (the “lion, vine and branches, fire, a forest, trees green and dry” are things not easily understood, so they ridiculed him).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Ezekiel-Chapter 19

Ezek 19.1-14 is the first of five lamentations in the book. A “kinah” is a lamentation or a complimentary song on behalf of a dead person, and in this case this is a kinah for the king and people of Israel. what has happened is bad, but more is coming. This kinah is a review of Israel’s history in Ezekiel’s time.

v 1…As for you, take up a lamentation (kinah) for the princes (the last four kings of Judah, Yehoahaz, Yehoiakim, Yehoiachin, and Zedekiah) of Israel,

v 2…and say, “What was your mother? A lioness (a queen, a nation) among lions (other nations). She lay down among the lions (learned the ways of the heathen nations), she reared her cubs (her kings in the principles of these nations which were cruel and oppressive).

v 3…When she brought up one of her cubs (Yehoahaz), he became a lion (king), and he learned to tear his prey; he devoured men (bloodthirsty).

v 4…Then nations heard about him (Egypt heard he was rebelling against them); he was captured in their pit, and they brought him with hooks to the land of Egypt (2 Kings 23.31-33).

v 5…When she (Israel) saw, as she waited, that her hope was lost (disillusioned), she took another of her cubs (Yehioakim) and made him a young lion (he was appointed by Pharaoh but had the approval of the people; never attained the status of a full grown lion).

v 6…And he walked about among the lions (continued as king but was undirected by what Yehovah wanted him to do, followed his own heart); he became a young lion, he learned to tear his prey; he devoured men (was oppressive-2 Kings 24.4).

v 7…And he destroyed their palaces and laid waste their cities (he caused a disintegration in the land with oppressive taxes to satisfy his obligations to Egypt-2 Kings 23.33); and the land and it fulness were appalled (became desolate) because of the sound of his roaring (staying consistent with the metaphor of a lion).

v 8…Then nations set against him (bands of Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites and Ammonites-2 Kings 24.2) on every side from their provinces, and they spread their net over him; and he was captured in their pit.

v 9…And they put him in a cage (neck stock) with hooks and brought him to the king of Babylon (but he died along the way-2 Chr 36.6; Jer 22.18-19); they brought him in hunting nets so that his voice should be heard no more on the mountains of Israel (in the kingdom).

In Ezek 19.10-14 the kinah continues but the metaphor changes. The “mother” now becomes a fruitful vine with many branches, planted in a fertile land.

v 10…Your mother (Israel) was like a vine in your vineyard (Isa 5), planted by the waters (Canaan-Deut 8.7-9); it was fruitful and full of branches because of abundant waters (an allusion to the Torah and its blessings).

v 11…And it had strong branches fit for the scepters of rulers (princes of the royal house like David, Solomon and other righteous kings), and its height was raised above the clouds so that it was seen in its height with the mass of its branches (Israel was eminent among the nations).

v 12…But it was plucked up in fury (the ten tribes carried off by Assyria and Benjamin and Judah were carried off by Babylon later); it was cast down to the ground (Deut 29.27); and the east wind (Babylon) dried up its fruit (Zedekiah’s sons were killed, along with others), its strong branch was torn off (Zedekiah) so that it withered; the fire (of God’s wrath) consumed it (Jerusalem and the Temple were burned).

v 13…And now it is planted in the wilderness (Babylon), in a dry and thirsty land (devoid of freedom, Temple worship, civil liberties, etc.)

v 14…And fire (judgment) has gone out from a rod of its branches (Zedekiah will rebel against Babylon and the covenant that he made with Yehovah’s name in it, and this angered Yehovah resulting in his wrath-2 Kings 24.20); it has consumed its shoots and fruit (destroyed his family, the people, the land, etc.), so that there is not in it a strong branch, a scepter to rule (the Davidic kingly line ends with Zedekiah, at least until Messiah comes).” This is a lamentation (kinah) and has become a lamentation (it already was a lamentation for what had happened already, but it was also a prophecy because more was coming).

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