Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Deuteronomy-Conclusion

Deut 34.1-12 is the last chapter of the book and it deals with the death of Moses. Given the nature of Israel and how the nation came to be out of a land of idolatry it was possible that the children of Israel would have “deified” Moses. They may have turned his burial into some kind of idolatrous worship center, so where Moses is buried is unknown to this day. But his death and burial is a picture of the death and burial of Yeshua, which we will touch on later.

Another aspect of the life of Moses is the price that must be paid for true leadership. Moses had a life of loneliness and the higher one rises in leadership, the lonelier it will be. Moses had few peers. Aaron was gone and Joshua was appointed by him as his successor. People can expect as they rise in leadership that the peer structure will get smaller and smaller. You will discover that’s the way it is supposed to be. He knew the Lord face to face, how could anyone relate to that, except for Yeshua. So, it is probably fitting that when it comes to the time to die, he is alone with God on a mountain, like it all started.

Moses still speaks today and he teaches us about the Messiah. He gives us instruction (the meaning of Torah) and guidance. He tells us about the name of God, his character and qualities. He teaches us about the Redemption and faith. He also teaches us about the plan of God. Yeshua links himself with Moses by saying, “had you believed Moses you would have believed me” (John 5.46). Yehovah uses Moses to teach us about Yeshua (John 5.47). That should be the goal of anyone who walks with the Lord, to see Yeshua for who he really is.

On the flip side of that, anyone who thinks he can know God and believe in Yeshua without understanding Moses is deceived. If we follow Yeshua, we must know Moses and his basic instruction to us. According to the Rabbis, there are Psalms that are written by Moses (Psa 90 through 100). So, we are going to take a brief look into the death of Moses in Deut 34.5-12 and pick up some things about Yeshua.

It says that Moses was the servant of God (Yeshua is the servant in Isa 40-66) and he died in the land of Moab, according to the will of the Lord. Deut 1.37 says that the Lord was angry with Moses “on your account” and it is the same with Yeshua. God’s anger was for the sake of the people (Isa 53.4-6: Rom 4.24-25). Deut 34.6 says God buried him in the valley in the land of Moab. Moab means “seed of the father.” Moses took care of Joseph and God took care of him. His burial place is unknown today. This teaches us that just as nobody knows where Moses is buried, neither will we know where Yeshua is buried. People knew in the first century, but not now. Don’t waste your time going to the Garden Tomb in Israel. That is not where he was buried.

Deut 34.7 says that Moses was 120 years old and his eye was not dim nor his vigor abated. That means his death was not by natural causes, just like Yeshua. In Deut 34.9 it tells us that Joshua was filled with the Spirit of wisdom because Moses had named him as his successor, and Israel listened to him. He represents the risen Yeshua, the captain of the armies of God who leads us into the promised land of the Olam Haba (the world to come). Deut 34.10 says no prophet has arisen in Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew “face to face.” That is until Yeshua. The Torah ends with the people in the wilderness with Moses as their guide. We are in the wilderness, too, and the Torah (Moses) is our guide. Moses still speaks to us today. Our “Joshua” (Yeshua) will lead us into the promised land (Rom 10.4; Psa 119.105).

There is a traditional blessing that is said at the completion of a study. It goes like this, “Chazak, chazak, v’nitchazek.” This means, “Be strong, be strong, let us be strengthened.” We have received instruction form the Torah. Stand up in that strength and rise to the next level. In other words, be doers of the word, not just hearers. Take these commandments and turn them into a way of life. Choose the “kedusha” (holy) over the “chol” (common), the “tahor” (clean) over the “tamai” (unclean) and walk humbly before the Lord.

Don’t ever stop learning and renewing your mind. Only when Yeshua returns will we find out how great the Torah really is, and Yeshua will teach us himself. Life is a preparation for that day and we will all sit under his instruction.


* Hatikva Ministries Jerusalem Temple Series notes
* Mesorah Publications “Bereshit” p.527
* Wikipedia article on “Moses”
* “Arguments against Al-Lawz not being Sinai Refuted” by Steve Rudd, Bible.CA (Internet)
* Bible Review, “Mount Sinai in Arabia?” Allen Kerkslager
* “Philo of Alexandria and the Exodus Route: 50 AD”, Bible.CA by Steve Rudd
* Bible Hub, “Benjamin Tudelensis”
* NASB and KJV
* Strong’s Concordance
* Gesenius Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon of the Old Testament
* Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion by Werblowsky and Wigoder
* Shamah-Elim. Info on the name meaning on the seven Canaanite nations
* “The Greatest Truth Never Told” at goecuk 321.blogspot
* Pentateuch and Haftorahs by Joseph Hertz, p. 158, 214, 217, 352
* “The Exodus You Almost Passed Over” by David Fohrman
* Artscroll Sukkot Machzor, p.802-805
* The Works of Josephus
* John Gill COmmentary on Gensis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy
* Wikipedia article “Sanhedrin” and the “Second Law of Thermodynamics”
* Herodotus, History, 2.148-149
* “Seven Little Known Wonders of the Ancient World” by Evan Andrews
* Strabo “Geography” 17.1.37-38
* “The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt” by Crystalinks
* “Pharaohs and Kings-A Biblical Quest” by David Rohl
* “The Temple: Its Symbolism and Meaning Then and Now” by Joshua Berman
* Koren Tanak
* “The Tabernacle of ISrael” by James Strong
* Temple Institute.Org
* “Pattern For Living” by Alex W. Ness
* Mishneh Torah by Moses Maimonides
* Measure the Pattern” by Joseph Good, Hatikva Ministries
* Ovadiah Soforno commentary on Exo 20.11
* “The Beast That Crouches at the Door” by David Fohrman
* “Understanding Asherah” in Biblical Archeology Review
* “Asherah” article in Jewish Encyclopedia
* Artscroll “Ezekiel” p. 77
* Got Questions.Org
* Midrash Bershit Rabbah 18.6
* Talmud, Yoma 39b
* “The History of the Jewish People; Second Temple Period” p. 153
* “Guide to the Perplexed” by Maimonides
* “The Crimson Worm” by Calvin Evans
* “Everything Kabbalah Book” by Mark Elber, Chapter 11
* “Ancient Israel” by Roland Devaux
* “Simple Pleasures in the Land of Milk and Honey” article in Haaretz
* Bible Review, August 1992
* “The Gold of Exodus” by Howard Blum
* The Biblical Repository and Classical Review” by James Manning Sherwood, John Holmes Agnew, Walter Hilliard
Bidwell, p. 746
* “Coming Out of Egypt: The Journey Out of Idolatry Begins” by K.C. Stricker, Vol 1, p. 121, 422
* Talmud, Avodah Zarah 9a
* Artscroll “Bershit” p.357
* Artscroll, Yom Kippur Machzor, p.336-337
* Artscroll “Vayikra” summary of the laws of Korbanot, p. 326-331
* “Flesh and Blood” by Dr. Elizabeth Mitchell, Oct 14, 2011, Answers in Genesis.Org
* Lion and Lamb Torah series
* Various videos by Nehemiah Gordon on the name of God on Youtube
* “Shattering the Conspiracy of Silence” by Nehemiah Gordon
* “The Book of the Divine Name” by Eleazar of Worms
* “A Disastrous Misunderstanding of the Name of Yehovah”, Nehemiah’s Wall
* “Biblical Tabernacle is Nothing Like You Would Think says Bible-savvy Engineer” article in Breaking Israel News-
* Mishnah tractate “Sotah”
* “The Temple” by Alfred Edersheim
* “Caleb the Goy” article by Dean and Susan Wheelock
* “Women and Tzitzit” by Rav C. Hartley
* “Was Mary a Levite, Making Jesus Both KIng and Priest” by Shana Abbott
* “His Hallowed Name Revealed Again” by Nehemiah Gordon
* “Caleb the Gentile?” by Avram Yehoshus, Seed of Abraham.Net
* “The Key to the Original Gospels” by George Lamsa
* “The Trinity-Evidence and Issues” by Dr. Robert Morey, p. 110-111

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Understanding the New Testament

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