Now we are going to go back to the journey to Sinai after they crossed the Red Sea (Yom Suf) and pick up some concepts that we will see played out all over Scripture. It will be 47 days once they cross the sea to get there by Sivan 3. On Sivan 6, the Lord descends and audibly gives the Ten Commandments. One week later, Moses will ascend Mount Sinai for the first time.
As we talked about this so far, we have shown that there are a number of levels to look at Scripture from. For example, they cross the sea on Nisan 17 and Yeshua resurrects on Nisan 17. The Ark of Noah rested on Nisan 17, the Temple was cleansed in the time of Hezekiah by Nisan 17 and Haman was hung on Nisan 17. The Book of Acts tells us that there was a journey from Yeshua’s resurrection to Shavuot in Acts 2. There are many events that took place at that time.
So, what do we have, and on what level should these events be looked at? First, we have the Historical level. Second, we have the Messiah’s first coming. Then we have the Messiah’s second coming. Then we have the Birth Pains level, a Messianic Kingdom level and finally the Olam Haba level. There six different levels that eschatology can be looked at. When you read the Book of Exodus, we must keep all of these levels in mind. This also applies whenever you read anything in Scripture as well.
It is believed that everything from the Egyptian Redemption will mirror what will happen in the Messianic Redemption, which begins at the Messiah’s first coming. For instance, we know that Yeshua rose on the 17th of Nisan, which was the first day of the week (Sunday) and the festival of Hag Ha Bikkurim (First Fruits). So, working back we have the seventh day (Saturday) as Nisan 16, the sixth day (Friday) as the 15th of Nisan, and he was crucified on the fifth day (Thursday), the 14th of Nisan. That means that Shavuot was Sivan 6 that year, the same day the first Shavuot took place on Mount Sinai in Exo 19, when the Lord spoke the Ten Commandments.
The counting of the Omer speaks of the journey to Sinai. It is also the barley harvest transitioning to the wheat harvest. The waving of the Omer is the first fruits of the barley, which is a very coarse grain, and it will be passed through 13 sieves (Mishnah, Menachot 10.4). In the process, it will go from being very coarse to very fine, from corruptible to incorruptible. It is changed to “Solet” or very fine flour. We have already gone over this ceremony in our Temple series, but you can read about the ceremony in the Mishnah, Menachot 10.1-4. What does this teach us?
There is a seventh level to be added to the other six we have mentioned earlier, and that is how does this apply to our life. We are born again and we pass through life, which is made up of many “sieves” and these will refine us. We pass from corruptible to incorruptible. This is the subject of 1 Cor 15.20-28, and Yeshua was raised from the dead on the very day the priests were plucking the barley for the Omer. The whole chapter speaks of resurrection (changing from corruptible to incorruptible).
Acts 2.1 says “And when the day of Pentecost was fully come” (KJV). Why does it say “fully come?” Why didn’t it say “arrived.” It is because they were counting the Omer and it was now the fiftieth day! That means that Shavuot is “attached” to Passover. Shavuot is the “atzeret” (conclusion) of the Passover season. IN other words, it is part of the journey out of Egypt.
1 Cor 15.51-58 says is talking about the “sowd” level when talking about the resurrection. It says “we shall all be changed” at the “last trump” which is an idiom for Rosh Ha Shannah. It goes on to say the “dead will be raised incorruptible and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal put on immortality.” Now, when you read this, think about the ceremony we discussed concerning the waving of the Omer in the Temple. Paul is writing about this ceremony in 1 Cor 15. How did the Corinthians know the background about all this? They knew because they were being taught the Torah, the festivals and the eschatology associated with them.
1 Thes 5.1-11 tells us that the Thessalonians were taught about the “times” (the Moedim, festivals) and the “seasons” (associated with the festivals, like Passover season, the High Holy Day season, the season of Teshuvah, etc). If he taught the Thessalonians the festivals and the festival seasons, there is no reason to think he didn’t teach the Corinthians. The truth is, the non-Jewish believers in Yeshua were taught the festivals. They could go to Jerusalem and observe them, just like in Acts 2.5-11, when people came from “every nation under heaven” (Acts 2.5), including non-Jews (Acts 2.10-11). The Gospels and Epistles are written in the “sub-language” of the festivals, the Temple, kosher and other Hebrew concepts, not just in Hebrew to Greek into English.
The coming out of Egypt is a picture of the first and second coming of the Messiah. So, with that in mind, we are going to go into several “lesser” known types of the coming of the Messiah. The first one can be found in Exo 16.1-13 and Num 11.10-33. Israel grumbles about being hungry, and the Lord sends quail and manna, which is called “bread out of heaven” and the people are saved. In Num 11.1-33, the quail is sent again and judgment hits Israel, and many are killed. The quail is a picture of Messiah who came out of heaven two times. The first time he came was to save Israel from spiritual hunger, and the second time he comes he will come in judgment.
We know from Gen 47.18-19 that the people belonged to Pharaoh. Joseph bought the people and the land during the famine. When Pharaoh dies in the sea, there was no successor, so Israel was free because his ownership was broken and Egypt was in chaos. In the “sowd” level, this is a type of Satan being defeated and his “ownership” over us is broken, and Yeshua has passed through the waters of death and has come out alive on the other side on our behalf. He will lead us through this because the power of Satan has been broken because of the resurrection. Now, let’s look at another lesser known picture found in Exo 17.
The people of Israel will be attacked on their journey to Sinai by the Amalekites. An account of a major battle can be found in Exo 17.1-15. Amalek is a picture of Satan and the False Messiah, the perpetual enemy of God’s people (v 15). When we talk about the third level of the seven levels we discussed (second coming of the Messiah), we have the Atid Lavo (Coming/Future Age), otherwise known as the “Day of the Lord.” The first seven years will be known as the Birth Pains (the time of Jacob’s trouble), or what is known as the “Tribulation Period” in Christianity. In Jewish eschatology, the Birth Pains will be the first seven years of the last 1000 years, called the Day of the Lord. In Christian eschatology, the seven year “tribulation” comes before the 1000 year “Millenium.” The Jewish view is the correct one according to many verses in the Scriptures, and we have gone over this many times on this site.
In our passage in Exo 17, Amalek (False Messiah) is at war with Israel and Moses stands on a hill. He holds his staff over his head with hos two hands, which is a picture of the crucifixion of Yeshua, the shaliach of the second redemption. The “rock” he rested on is his trust in YHVH (the Rock of Deut 32.4 and 2 Sam 22), and also a picture of the Messiah in 1 Cor 10.4 (like Jacob rested on a rock on Gen 28). Aaron (“light-bringer”) and Hur (“white, liberty”) hold his hands up after they realize that when Moses let his words down, Amalek prevailed. So, they held his hands up and they were steady until the sun set, an idiom for “the future” and which alludes to the end of the Day of the Lord (Olam Haba). The staff is a sign to the Lord to bring down his power (Exo 4.1-9). The people are too busy fighting to see him anyway, so it wasn’t for them to see.
It is the cross that defeats the enemy for all time, not anything we can do. Yeshua has victory over Satan and will bring everyone safely home (the promised land of the Olam Haba), just as Joshua overwhelmed Amalek with the edge of the sword (word) and led Israel into the promised land.
In Part 22, we will pick up here and begin with Josh 3.1-17 and the story of how Joshua (Yeshua) led the people across the Jordan and how it is a picture of what Yeshua has done for us.