In Deut 33.2 it says, “The Lord came from Sinai and dawned on them from Seir. He shone forth from Mount Paran.” Judges 5.4 says, “The mountains quaked at the presence of the Lord, this Sinai, at the presence of the Lord, the God of Israel.” Hab 3.3-5 says, “God comes from Teman (southern Edom area), and the Holy one from Mount Paran (Sinai area).” This happened in the First Redemption, and Habakkuk writes about being delivered from Babylon. But, there is another fulfillment to this in the Second Redemption.
Isa 63.1 says, “Who is this who comes from Edom, with garments of glowing colors from Bozrah.” Edom is just north of Kadesh Baarnea (or Wadi Rum), the area we have been talking about. Isa 63.2-6 goes on to talk about the Messiah and his garments that are “red” like one who treads in a wine press. This imagery of a wine press can be seen in Rev 14.14-20 where it says, “The wine press was trodden outside the city and blood came out from the wine press up to the horse’s bridles for a distance of 200 miles.” This is the distance from Wadi Rum to Jerusalem. Gen 49.8-12 says, “He washes his garments in wine and his robes in the blood of grapes.” This is talking about the Messiah.
In Christianity it is taught that the Messiah will come as the “lightning out of the east.” As a result, everyone is thinking that he will come from “due east.” Edom is south in western thought. However, in Hebrew thought, it is east. This can be illustrated this way. Look at a map of this area. Draw a vertical line through Jerusalem going north and south. Everything to the right of that line is considered “east” and everything to the left of that line is considered “west.” Messiah is coming from Edom, which would be “east.”
Hab 3.12-13 says, “In indignation (a term for the Birth Pains) thou didst march through the earth (or “land”); in anger thou didst trample the nations (who resist him). Thou didst go forth for the salvation (Hebrew “Yesha”) of thy people, for thy salvation (Yesha is related to Yeshua) of thine anointed (mashiach or “Messiah))” This is literally “yesha et mashichaycha.” The word “et” is the Aleph and the Tav, the first and ast letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and we know this is a term for Yeshua the Messiah in Rev 1.8. So, it can mean Yeshua is the head (aleph) of the covenant (tav), your Messiah (mashiach). This is a verse that actually names Yeshua as the Messiah. He goes forth to “smite the head of the house of the evil one, to lay him open from thigh to neck.” In eschatological terms, he is going to crush Leviathan (the False Messiah). We need to know where Mount Sinai is and we need to know where Kadesh Barnea is. We need to understand the first Exodus so that we can understand the second Exodus. It will tell you the path that Yeshua will take when he comes.
When Jacob died, they will take the same path to Canaan to bury him that they will take in the Exodus from Egypt. From Mount Sinai, Yeshua will take the same path to Jerusalem Israel took with Mosses, and then Joshua. It is not just a story to entertain us or to draw principles from. The story is awe inspiring if you don’t learn the Hollywood version or what is taught in most of Christianity. When you can lay it all out and see it, there is a world of difference. There is no “lullaby effect.”
When the Messiah comes, we believe he will come to Mount Sinai first (Deut 33.2; Hab 3.3, possibly on Rosh Ha Shannah) and then move north to Jerusalem, picking up those who had fled the False Messiah and have been hidden away in the wilderness, protected by the Lord (Rev 12.6-17). He will cross at Gilgal like Joshua did and move towards Jerusalem. He will stand on the Mount of Olives on Yom Kippur (Matt 24.29.31).
Now, we are going to take a look at the Mishkan we have been talking about and begin to pick up concepts that will help us in our understanding of the Tanak. Remember, the Lord is going to teach us about the concept of Kedusha and the Redemption. We have already given you the command to build the Mishkan in Exo 25. 8-9, so we are going to pick up some information on the curtains (or coverings) in Exo 26.1-14. We recommend that you get the book “The Tabernacle of Israel” by James Strong for more information.
The Mishkan had coverings that consisted of the colors “techelet” or blue wool, “argamon” which is a purple wool, “tolat shanni” which is a scarlet wool and “shesh” which is linen. The blue symbolizes heaven, and Yeshua is seen as the Son of God from heaven in the Book of John. The purple symbolizes royalty and Yeshua is seen as the King in the Book of Matthew. The scarlet symbolizes Yeshua as the suffering servant of God in the Book of Mark, and the linen symbolizes the humanity of Yeshua as the Son of God in the Book of Luke.
The size of the cubit used for the curtains/coverings was 19.2 inches, or five hand breadths. The Mishkan will be seen as “one” (Hebrew “echad” meaning a composite unity). This is the same word used in the Shema in Deut 6.4. These curtains, or coverings, were 44.8 feet long and the width was 32 feet. Each of them have four sections of linen, scarlet, purple and blue, with Cherubim on both sides. This was done by “skilled workmen” and the appearance of figures on both sides was called “choshev.” Some will say “How is that possible?” But, we must remember, the Temple and the Mishkan is not the same environment we live in. God is perfectly capable of giving these workmen the wisdom needed to accomplish what he wants. The Mishkan and the Temple went by a different set of rules.
Each thread of these curtains were made of strands. The techelet had six strands, the argamon was six strands, the tolat shanni was six strands and the linen was six strands, for a total of 24 strands. These were put together to make one thread. Israel is divided up into 24 districts, the Kohanim were divided into 24 Mishmarot (courses). The Levites had 24 Mishmarot. There are 24 elders in Rev 4.4. So, we learn that the number 24 is an important number. Israel is represented in each single thread. Now, how many threads are you going to have in a 44.8 by 32 foot Mishkan curtain? The Mishkan was 30 cubits long (48 feet) and 10 cubits in width and height (16 feet). There will be four coverings over the Mishkan.
The Mishkan will be rectangular in most pictures, but there are teachings in the last few years that say that the Mishkan was “circular” along with the courtyard. However, this is incorrect. What we will see as we go through this structure is that it was not circular. There is a word that will be seen throughout this building, and that word is “corners.” It will also talk about the “four corners” and terms like “north, south, east and west.” Those are terms used throughout the Scriptures. We will see the four corners of the earth from where the people will be gathered, the four cornered Talit with fringes, and the four corners of a field. So, look for those terms as we move along.
Exo 26 7-14 describes the second layer or covering made of goats hair (“Izim”). In Hebrew this verses says “You shall make curtains of goat’s hair for a tent over the Mishkan; you shall make eleven curtains in all.” Tent is being used there and it is the word “Ohel” and this will be an important term. This goat hair covering was to protect the finely-spun curtains of the Mishkan from the elements. This goat hair was like the outer appearance of Yeshua and his human nature (Son of Man). So, what you have is a Mishkan with a “tent” (ohel) over it. There will be a total of four coverings.
The third covering is ram’s skins dyed red and it speaks of being “under the blood.” Ram’s were used in the consecration of a priest and were males, which speaks of the active will. Rams were also seen as the leader of a flock. The last covering was “porpoise” skins (Hebrew “Tachash”). This may have been made out of a marine animal called the “Dugong.” They are 12-30 feet long and graze on seaweed. They are plentiful in the Red Sea. These curtains had an overhang so that no natural light can get in from the outside. The only light will be from the Menorah.
The word for “cover” and “covering” in Exo 26.13-14 is “L’Kasohto and “M’Kiseh.” We are familiar with the word “Kiseh” which means “covering” or “concealment.” Kiseh is a term for a “chair” in modern Hebrew, but in ancient Hebrew it was the word for a throne. The throne of the king had a covering on it called a canopy. That is why one of the names for Rosh Ha Shannah is called “Yom Ha Kiseh” of “Day of Concealment.”
In Part 28 we will pick up here and begin to talk about the boards of the Mishkan.