Isa 22.20-25 starts out with the eschatological term “in that day ” and we know this term talks about the coming of Messiah and the Redemption. Then it goes on to talk about Eliakim, who is a type of the Messiah. His name means “God will establish.” Eliakim will replace Shebna, who is a type of the False Messiah. Eliakim will be driven like a “yotaid” (tent peg, nail) into a firm place (v 23) and they will “hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, offspring and issue, all the least of vessels from bowls to all jars.”
Now, one or all of the five pillars that were at the doorway to the Mishkan are called “the Yotaid” because they had pegs/nails in the pillars in order to hang all the vessels used in the Mishkan and at the Altar. Ezra 9.8 says that God will have an escaped remnant and will give the people a “yotaid” (peg) in his Holy Place. Isa 22.25 says, “In that day (when Messiah comes) declares the Lord of Hosts, the peg (yotaid) driven in a firm place will give way and it will even break off and fall (the False Messiah) and the load hanging on it will be cut off (those who follow the False Messiah), for the Lord has spoken.” In other words, those that depended on the False Messiah will fall with him.
The yotaid looks like a nail and is the number six in Hebrew, the letter Vav. Three vavs together will look like the Hebrew letter Shin (this letter sands for God), but it isn’t that letter, but it will look like it if you don’t have wisdom. It will be just three vavs together (6,6,6). That will be the case with the False Messiah, he will “look like” people think the Messiah looks like, but he is a “false shin.” Eliakim is a type of the Messiah, a true yotaid, who will not fall when he driven into a firm place. Everything “hangs” on him (Matt 22.40). The vessels are the people who follow the true Messiah, and they will not fall. The vessels who hang on the false yotaid will fall.
The Mishkan itself was a huge building, woven with complex threads and massive panels. It had materials that were very expensive. Whether we are talking about cloth, gold, wood, silver or brass, it was expensive. Then we have the labor that went along with fashioning these things into what the Lord wanted. How many sheep do you need to sheer to get the wool that was needed? How many people would it take to get all of this together and work on it? This was a massive undertaking, and they were in the wilderness. They couldn’t just run down to Home Depot.
What about the crews that went out to cut down Acacia trees in order to get the boards? Some trees were very large and you had to trim and plane the trees so that you could use them. Everything had to be sturdy and put together as one unit (echad-Exo 26.6). All the parts of the Mishkan meant something and they had many applications, not just the Messiah.
In Exo 27.1-8 we have the Altar. It was made of acacia wood and it was five cubits (8 feet) long and three cubits (4 foot) high. It was overlaid with bronze, with four horns (power) on the four corners. Bronze is “nachoshet” in Hebrew and the same word is used when describing the Bronze Serpent in Num 21.9. There is a relationship between “nachash” (serpent) in Gen 3.1 and “nachoshet” (bronze) here.
Pails were made to remove the ashes from the Altar and it had shovels, basins, forks and fire pans also made of bronze. A grating work, a net of work (or lattice) was also bronze, with bronze rings attached to the grating. Wood and the korbanot were on this grate, half way down inside. It had poles made of acacia wood, overlaid with bronze to carry it. These poles were on two sides when carried. The Lord showed Moses how to make all these things on Mount Sinai. He had a picture of them and what the Lord wanted them to look like. This is a very important concept to remember. This altar was where you did “business” with God, a place of judgment and reconciliation, if you had the right motive and intent (kavanah).
Now, these verses about building the things for the Mishkan are telling us something. If you notice, starting in Exo 25.10, that these descriptions start from the inside, out. They come from the Lord’s perspective as he looks “inside” (Luke 17.21; Heb 8.8; Jer 31.31-34). This is how he builds us. We are assembled from the inside, out. Like us, the Mishkan was assembled, starting from the inside (Exo 40).
However, when coming into his presence the opposite is true. The first thing you encounter is the veil at the door. Then you encounter an anointed priest (Yeshua), then the altar (cross); then the Menorah (light and understanding); then the Shulchan Lechem ha Pannim (Table of the Bread of the faces, the Word of God, our daily bread); then the Altar of Incense (prayer). We are standing before the paroket (veil) which tells us we are going into a place with a higher kedusha. Then we encounter the Ark of the Covenant (the Throne of God, and his commands await us). This is how we come to the Lord, but many stop at the Altar of Incense. They have a problem with that “servant business.” They say, “All I need is back there on that altar.” They also say, “I want the mercy of God, but I don’t want what is down there in that box!” But in the New (means “Renewed”) Covenant, the Torah is written on our hearts (our “Ark”-Jer 31.33).
Are we following the tavnit (blueprint) that God gave us to approach him? How does a believer today react when he encounters these symbols? Will they follow God’s pattern given to Moses? Many Christians say if you follow the tavnit (blueprint), it is “legalism.” But God calls it obedience!. So, here is what to do when things aren’t going right.
Begin to do some checking and ask, “How is my Mishkan set up?” Evaluate whether you have everything, and is everything in the right place. Is there a fire on your altar? Is there bread on your table? Is your lamp lit? Is there incense on your table? Is the Ark of Testimony in your heart with the Torah deep inside? These are the things we need to check out if things aren’t right.
Exo 27.17-19 tells us that there were pillars around the outer courtyard. The dimensions of this courtyard was one hundred cubits long (160 feet) by fifty cubits wide (80 feet), and the height was five cubits (8 feet). The pillars had silver (redemption) bands with their hooks of silver, and their sockets were bronze (judgment). These “fence posts” were made of acacia wood and about five inches around. At the bottom they were held in place by a plate, or socket. They stayed upright by cords (Exo 38.18) fastened to pegs (Exo 27.19) driven into the ground (a yotaid).
Exo 27.20 tells us about the oil that was made of beaten olives. This was for the Menorah so that the lamps would “burn continually” (Ner Tamid). In a synagogue, there is a light near the Ark where the Torah scrolls are. This light is called the New Tamid. This was to bring to mind the light of the Menorah and the light of the Altar that burned continuously. Exo 27.21 says that the priests were to keep the tent of meeting, which is before the veil that separated the Holy place from the Holy of Holies, in order from evening to evening. This verse tells us that the Holy Place is the Ohel Moed (Tent of Meeting) now, replacing the Ohel Moed that was outside the camp. This is because the Mishkan is now built. There will be many laws in the Torah that are related to the Ohel Moed and there will be many details that will relate to this place. You will see the phrase “before the Lord” many times and this phrase relates to the Holy Place of the Mishkan, and later to the Holy Place of the Temple.
We will pick up here in Part 30.