In Exo 12 we have the Religious Calendar being instituted. The Civil calendar has been in operation up to this point. The Months of the Civil Calendar start off with Tishri, then Cheshvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, Adar, Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av and Elul. The Religious Calendar starts off with Nisan, then Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Av, Elul, Tishri, Chesvan, Kislev, Tevet, Shevat, and Adar. All of the dates from Gen 1 to Exo 12 in the Bible are according to the Civil Calendar. All the dates from Exo 12 and afterward are according to the Religious Calendar. Both will be in operation as seen in Exo 23.16, 34.22; Deut 14.28, 31.10; Joel 2.23.
We are not going to get into the plagues too much right now, but we are going to look at what happens up to the crossing of the Red Sea briefly. We will deal with these plagues again later in this teaching where we will get into the heart of what was going on. But, for now, we are giving a basic overview of Exodus. We must always keep in mind that it is God who decides how he is to be worshiped, not us. He is communicating things to us by what he tells us. These concepts will relate to Prophecy and the Redemption.
In Exo 12.32, Pharaoh tells the people to “Go” but the word can mean “Come.” This tells us that it really wasn’t Pharaoh who did it, it was God who brought the people to himself, as in “come to me” (Matt 11.28). In Exo 13 we have the consecration of the Bechor (First Born). We have touched on this concept earlier but this teaches that when one has a child, it appears to happen “naturally” but it is not so simple. It requires miraculous intervention by God. Having a child is not simple, it is a miracle.
Exo 13.13 tells us that we have the case of a donkey. It is the only animal with first born status that could not be offered. It lost its potential if it wasn’t redeemed by a lamb. It could not benefit anyone unless redeemed. This is alluding to us, in our unconverted state. We must be redeemed with a lamb, too, or we are no benefit to anyone. So, let’s look at Exo 13 through 16 briefly (more detail later).
So, the judgments and plagues have fallen and Pharaoh sends the people out. We have three groups departing called Israel, Judah and the Erev Rav (mixed multitude). The Erev Rav were non-Jews who followed the God of Israel, although some may have wanted out of Egypt anyway or were spies sent in by Pharaoh. These three groups are seen again in the Second Redemption coming back into the land (Isa 11.11-12). Moses goes to the Faiyum for the bones of Joseph, while the others gathered gold, silver and clothing from their Egyptian neighbors. So, let’s take a look at the route of Israel to Mount Sinai, and also take a look at some of the myths and false teaching surrounding this event, and where was Joseph in reality, and where did Moses go after he retrieved his bones.
There are three mountains of God in the Scriptures. There is Mount Sinai, Mount Tzion and Mount Moriah. Most people are familiar with Mount Sinai and that is the one we want to look at because Moses was to bring all of Israel there. Its location will also relate to the Second Coming of Yeshua. There have been many books written in the last few years about how they think they have found the “real” Mount Sinai. One book is called “The Gold of Exodus” by Howard Blum, and people are using what is presented in that book as accurate information, but is it?
The route of the Exodus in the book takes Israel from the delta area, which he calls “Goshen” to the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula. He then says they crossed the Red Sea at the southern tip of the peninsula, crossed the Gulf of Aqaba and then went over to Mount Sinai in Saudi Arabia. The author says they found several things relating to the Exodus, but are they correct? What we will find in this study are things relating to the coming of Messiah, the False Messiah, and things related to the Redemption. But, we will also see a horror story.
Some say the Exodus never happened, and we will touch on what they say. What we are going to see in subsequent teachings is what really happened in Egypt. Most of what is in the books about the Exodus written lately is not evidence, so their conclusions will have to be proven at another time. We are going to look at the general areas where these events took place. We will see where Joseph lived and ruled, a canal be built during the famine, the true Exodus route, a good possibility for Mount Sinai in Arabia, where Kadesh Barnea was, where Miriam and Aaron are buried and much more. You will see on any map that the Red Sea goes into two prongs around the Sinai Peninsula, and you will see Upper and Lower Egypt. The area called the Faiyum was where Joseph was, where Goshen was and is where Jacob lived.
There have been many questions raised by scholars. Some say the Exodus never happened. They say there is no evidence of a Jewish presence at all, anywhere. They say they have found Kadesh Barnea where the ten scouts were sent out, and where Israel lived for 38 years. The majority of Israel died there, yet they say there are no bones of anyone who died. The problem is they have identified and have been looking in the wrong place. They refuse to believe what the Torah has said, and it has led these “scholars” into blindness. In this study, we will show where the true Kadesh Barnea was located.
We know that Israel was in Egypt around 210 years. We have shown that earlier in this teaching. An estimated two million people came out of Egypt, with six hundred thousand in the army alone. Where is the evidence they were in Egypt? There are no buildings, no graves. Scholars teach the traditional route of the Exodus, and there are many sources that show this route. However, not much evidence has been found there, either. All of this happened around 1250-1200 B.C. David reigned around 1000 B.C., so where is the evidence for that? So, they conclude David is a myth. But, what do the Scriptures say?
Looking at Gen 15, we have what is called the “The Covenant Between the Parts (or halves).” In Gal 3.13 it says it was 430 years later that we have the giving of the Torah. We have broken down this timeline in previous studies and we have seen that Israel was in Egypt for about 210 years. Now, let’s deal with the question, “Where was Joseph?”
Israel was enslaved for about 80 years, so where is the evidence of Joseph in Egypt, and his people? He was 17 years old when he was sold, and 30 when he became ruler. There were seven years of plenty and seven years of famine. Jacob and the family arrive in the second year of the famine (Gen 45.11). Jacob is 130 when he arrives (Gen 47.9). There is a place called “El-Lisht” and that is where Joseph was, and where Jacob came. There is a lake nearby and this area is called “Goshen” by Joseph, meaning “near.” Did Joseph name it or was it already called that? The word “Goshen” is close to the first words Joseph said in Gen 45.4 when he said “Geshu Na” (draw near).
Egypt is called “Rameses” at this point (Gen 47.11) and Goshen is called “Rameses” in Josephus and the Septuagint (see “Biblical Repository and Classical Review, Vol 2” by James Manning Sherwood, John Holmes Agnew, Walter Hilliard Bidwell; p. 746). As we have said, there were 210 years between the arrival of Jacob into the land and the Exodus.
Who was the Pharaoh of Joseph? We believe it was Amenemhat III. Who was the Pharaoh of the Exodus? Tradition says it was Rameses in 1200 B.C., so Jacob came in 1410 B.C. However, the land was already being called Rameses and in Exo 1.11 says Israel built two cities called Pithom and Rameses. Rameses means “Ra (the sun god) meses (created him/delivered him).” Another way of saying “Meses” is “Moses.” This name was very poular in the Egyptian royal names (Ahmoses, Kamoses Thutmoses I, II, III, Kamoses, Dudimoses I, II, etc) and it is no wonder that Moses had that name. It is the same name. This name was used before the Pharaoh by that name ruled. So, the Exodus did not have to occur in 1200 B.C. There is a “stela” called “The Stela of Mernephtah.” This stela says Rameses conquered Israel, and he may be Rameses II by historians. How could he be the Pharaoh of the Exodus? There is a book called “Pharaohs and Kings” by David Rohl and he believes the Pharaoh of the Exodus was Dudimoses II.
In Part 69 we will pick up here.