Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Exodus-Part 9

Now we are going to take a look at the second sign the Lord gave Moses in Exo 4.6-8. Moses is told to put his hand in his bosom, and then to remove it. Moses does it and his hand became leprous. Isa 1.18 is a Yom Kippur passage and it says “Though your sins be as scarlet, they will be white as snow. Though they be red like crimson, they will be like wool.” So, we have “leprous” corresponding to “sins” in Isaiah, and the word for snow is “sheleg.” The word for snow in Exo 4.6 is the word “sheleg” but it has a small gimel (“g” sound). There is a hidden message there. The word “gimel” comes from the word “gemul” which means the “giving of reward and punishment.”

Moses put his hand into his bosom, near his heart, and it was “metzorat” (leprous) like snow. He was told to put it back into his bosom, and when he took it out it was restored. The message of the second sign is “that which is clean became unclean (Messiah), and that which was unclean (our heart) became clean.” That, in itself, is a picture of Messiah (clean becoming clean) and a believer (unclean made clean).

Now, we have Moses asking the question, “What if they will not believe me?” The Lord instructs him to give these two signs to the people. Later, we have people coming to Yeshua asking for a sign, and what does he say? He says, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign.” He then tells them he will give them a sign. That sign was the sign of Jonah being three days and three nights in the belly of the fish. Likewise, Yeshua will be in the belly of the earth three days and three nights. Are signs a bad thing to ask for? We don’t believe so because there are numerous times in the Scriptures we have where people are instructed to ask for signs.

Moses is instructed to give these signs, and we have where the Jewish people are looking for signs, and it is based on a long history in the Scriptures of God giving signs ((Isa 7.11, 11.10, 38.22, Judges 6.17, 6.37-39). In Matt 24.29-31 he says, “The sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky and then all the tribes of the land (of Israel) will mourn and they will see the Son of Man coming with the clouds of heaven (believers) with power and great glory. And he will send forth all his angels with a great trump (Yom Kippur) and they will gather together his elect (the exiles will return, which is part of the Basar-Isa 11.12, 27.13) from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other.” This is exactly what we see in the tenth blessing of the Amidah. We see there is a sign connected to his coming.

There are a number of verses that say he will lift up a banner (Isa 13.2, 18.3), which is the word “nes” in Hebrew. This word also means “miracle” and we see it in the word “Nescafe” which means “miracle coffee.” This “banner” or “standard” is alluding to the Nechushtan in Num 21.8 when they were bitten by serpents. We have already gone over the meaning of that. But, what is the sign of his coming? We don’t think it is a cross, but it may relate to the two signs we have just gone over.

John 6.1-14 talks about how the people saw the sign Yeshua performed in feeding the people. The word “sign” is spelled with a aleph, vav, tav and is pronounced as “owt.” The letter aleph is the first letter of the Hebrew aleph-bet and the number one. It was written anciently with an ox, meaning power, leader, first and beginning. The letter vav is the number six and was written like a nail or peg. It is the number of man, nail or peg. The tav the last letter of the aleph-bet is the number twenty-two and it was written with crossed sticks. It means covenant, cross, to seal, sign and finished.

In Rev 22.13 Yeshua said he was the “aleph and the tav” or the start and finish. The word sign (aleph, vav, tav) means “a leader nailed to a cross.” It also alludes to the fact that Yeshua was God and man. Here is why. The letter aleph is first, and it is a letter that is a symbol for God. It is the first letter in the word “adonai” and “elohim.” The vav is the number of man. The tav is the last letter of the aleph-bet. The aleph and tav is a term for the Lord, pronounced “et.” We see the aleph and tav interjected in several verses in Hebrew (Gen 1.1; Zech 12.10 for instance). The vav in the middle of this speaks of God and man. Yeshua was both God (aleph-tav) and man (vav). Together it spells “sign.” Yeshua is performing a sign in front of the people.

John 6.15-26 tells us that Yeshua walked on the sea. This alludes to Isa 57.20 and Job 26.12-13 which shows dominion over the water, the domain of Leviathan. The staff (a dead branch symbolizing the Messiah) was lifted over the water at the Red Sea (Exo 14.13). In John 6.26 Yeshua says “signs” and he is referring to the two signs he has just given, the bread and walking on the sea. He will compare the bread with Moses in John 6.31-34. So, signs are very important in Scripture, but they can also be dangerous.

People need to be careful with signs because they like exciting stories. They like this kind of thing. When we have a sign, we need to be careful with it, not only in Scripture but personally. What is the purpose of a sign? A sign is given to call attention to what a person is teaching. False prophets can give signs (Rev 13.13) and true prophets can give signs. SO, the sign in and of itself does not prove that a person is from God. The real test is what they say and teach. Is it biblical and according to the Torah? It it is consistent with the Scriptures, then they are from God. If it isn’t, they are not from God no matter what sign is given (Deut 13.1-5, 18.15-22; Isa 8.20). You test someone by the word of God.

What we are going to see as we develop the concepts in Exodus is this, “Why did God use ten plagues when he could have just blinded the Egyptians and let them go out for three days? Why was the Lord so interested in getting Pharaoh’s permission for Israel’s departure? Then, the Lord isn’t interested in it, and makes Pharaoh say “no” by hardening his heart? We are really going to get into the heart of the matter, using what we have gone over as a foundation. Then after that, we are going to dig deeper into this story and see things we have never gone over. But, we must go over line upon line, precept upon precept to see the wisdom and glory of the Lord in this matter of the Exodus. But, let’s review a few things before we move on. These basics need to be reviewed because Exodus is a pivotal book in our understanding.

We have learned that the Lord spoke to Moses In Exo 3 and he is being sent as a “shaliach.” The Lord tells Moses that he is to bring the people to Sinai to worship him, and this will be a “sign” to Moses. We have different levels of signs here. There are signs that Moses does for the sake of Pharaoh, and there are signs for the people. Here, the sign will be for Moses, in that, the people will follow him and come to Sinai. We have learned that Moses is to tell the people that “Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh” has sent him, and that name means “that, who, which, where” or in other words, “I will be that, who, which, where I will be.” I will be whatever you need me to be before the people. I will be everything that you need, who you need, which you need and wherever you need me.

We have also noticed that he goes by YHVH (Yod, Hey, Vav, Hey) here because it is related to “Ehyeh” (aleph, Hey, yod, hey) and YHVH means “to be, exist, to cause to become.” The Lord says that he will be remembered by YHVH. That will be a key concept in Exodus. We also learned that in Exo 3.16-17 that God says to Israel that he is “concerned about you.” That is “pakod pakodti” in Hebrew. It means “visited you” and this alludes to Joseph’s words in Gen 50.24. It alludes to “pakod yifkod” or visit, visit” and this alludes to the two redemption’s (Luke 1.68, 19.44). The Lord is going to bring them out of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite (merchant); Hittite (terror); Amorite (sayer); Perizzite (squatter); Hivite (liver) and Jebusite (trodden down). What is being said is they are going to be going to the land promised to the fathers.

In Part 10 we will pick up here.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Understanding the New Testament

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