Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Jeremiah-Chapter 26

Jer 26.1-24 tells us about Jeremiah’s teaching and prophecies and how the people received his warnings.

v 1…In the beginning (“b’reshit”-Gen 1.1) of the reign of Yehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, this word came from the Lord (Yehovah), saying,

v 2…”Thus says the Lord, ‘Stand in the court of the Lord’s house (the Temple) and speak to all the cities of Judah, who have come to worship in the Lord’s house (probably one of the festivals), all the words that I have commanded you to speak to them. Do not omit a word (for fear of offending them)!

v 3…Perhaps they will listen and everyone will turn from his evil way, that I may relent of the evil which I am planning (devising) to do to them because of the evil of their deeds.’

v 4…And you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord, “If you will not listen to me, to walk in my law (Torah), which I have set before you (by Moses, the prophets and teachers, etc),

v 5…to listen to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I have been sending to you again and again (literally “rising early” meaning they were diligent), but you have not listened (the reason why judgment was coming),

v 6…then I will make this house like Shiloh (where the Ark was when the Philistines took it, and God abandoned the site), and this city I will make a curse to all the nations of the earth (Eli’s sons led the people astray in 1 Sam 2.12-36. When fighting the Philistines, Israel took the Ark to Aphek as if it was a magic token in 1 Sam 4.1-15. Due to their sin, Israel lost and Shiloh was destroyed and the Ark was taken by the Philistines, and the Mishkan was no longer located there-Jer 7.12-15).'”

v 7…And the priests and the prophets and all the people heard Jeremiah speaking these words in the house of the Lord.

v 8…And when Jeremiah finished speaking all that the Lord had commanded him to speak to all the people, the priests and the prophets (false ones) and all the people seized him, saying, “You must die (how the natural man reacts to Yehovah’s truth)!

v 9…Why have you prophesied in the name of the Lord (in the name of Yehovah) saying, ‘This house shall be like Shiloh and this city will be desolate, without inhabitant’?” And all the people gathered about Jeremiah in the house of the Lord (as an angry mob).

v 10…And when the princes of Judah heard these things, they came up from the king’s house to the house of the Lord and sat in the entrance of the New Gate ( built by Yotham in 2 Kings 15.35) of the Lord’s house (judicial proceedings were held in gates).

v 11…Then the priests and the (false) prophets spoke to the princes (“sarim” or rulers, officials) and to the people, saying, “A death sentence for this man! For he has prophesied against this city as you have heard in your hearing (they did not care whether he was a true prophet, but he said the opposite of what they wanted to hear and believe).”

v 12…Then Jeremiah spoke to all the princes and to all the people, saying, “The Lord (Yehovah) sent me (root is “shaliach” meaning “agent” or “apostle”) to prophesy against this house and against this city all the words that you have heard (it was not his opinion, he repeated word for word what Yehovah told him).

v 13…Now therefore amend your ways and your deeds and obey his voice (b’kol) of the Lord (Yehovah) your God (eloheychem); and the Lord will change his mind (his judgment was conditional and this is consistent with his conduct) about the misfortune which he has pronounced against you.

v 14…But as for me, behold, I am in your hands; do to me as is good and right in your sight.

v 15..Only know for certain that if you put me to death, you will bring innocent blood on yourselves, and on this city, and on the inhabitants; for truly the Lord has sent me to you to speak all these words in your hearing (he was the “shaliach” or the agent of God and there will be consequences if they murder him. It will be like trying to murder the Lord who sent him. Jeremiah here is a type of Yeshua the Messiah-Matt 27.25).”

v 16…Then the princes (officials) and all the people said to the priests and to the (false) prophets, “No death sentence for this man! For he has spoken to us in the name of the Lord (Yehovah) our God (a prophet could not legally be put to death unless he spoke in the name of another god or a prophecy failed).

v 17…Then some of the elders of the land rose up and spoke to all the assembly of the people, saying,

v 18…”Micah of Moreshet (a true prophet-Mic 1.1) prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah; and he spoke to all the people of Judah, saying, ‘Thus the Lord of hosts has said, “Zion will be plowed as a field, and Jerusalem will become ruins, and the mountain of the house as the high places (bamot) of the forest (Jeremiah is not the first prophet to prophesy against Jerusalem and the Temple and its ruin).

v 19…Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all Judah put him to death (because of his message)? Did he not fear the Lord and entreat the favor of the Lord, and the Lord changed his mind about the misfortune which he had pronounced against them? But we are committing a great evil against ourselves (if we kill Jeremiah).

v 20…Indeed (and), there was also a man who prophesied in the name of the Lord (in the name of Yehovah), Uriah the son of Shemaiah from Kiriat-jearim (a contemporary of Jeremiah); and he prophesied against this city and against this land words similar to all those of Jeremiah.

v 21…When King Yehoiakim and all his mighty men and all the princes heard his words, then the king sought to put him to death; but Uriah heard it, and he was afraid and fled, and went to Egypt.

v 22…Then King Yehoiakim sent men to Egypt: Elnathan the son of Achbor and certain men with him went into Egypt.

v 23…And they brought Uriah from Egypt and led him to King Yehoiakim, who slew him with a sword, and cast his dead body into the burial place of the common people.

v 24…But the hand of Ahikam the son of Shaphan (a scribe of Josiah-2 Kings 22.12, and his son will be Gedaliah-Jer 39.14; 2 Kings 25.22) was with Jeremiah, so that he was not given into the hands of the people to put him to death (the concept is clear here, Uriah abandoned his calling to save his life when it got dangerous and hard, so Yehovah permitted his life to be taken anyway. On the other hand, Jeremiah stood his ground in the face of adversity and Yehovah spared him-Matt 16.25).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

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