Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Jeremiah-Chapter 27

Jer 27.1-22 contains a prophecy about the captivity of the king of Judah, along with the kings of Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyre and Sidon by the king of Babylon. This captivity is illustrated by cords and yokes on Jeremiah’s neck. One thing we need to keep in mind, the book of Jeremiah is not chronological. It is arranged by subject, so the kings may be “out of order.”

v 1…In the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah the son of Josiah (some versions like the KJV and the Masoretic text have “Yehoiakim the son of Josiah” but that is a scribal error who had in mind the beginning of Jer 26. The contents of Jer 27 is about the times of Zedekiah. For instance, the ambassadors of the Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyre and Sidon did not come to Jerusalem until Zedekiah’s time. There isn’t anything that that points to Yehoiakim in this chapter), king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the Lord,saying-

v 2…thus say the Lord to me-“Make for yourself bonds (cords) and yokes (made of wood-Jer 28.13) and put them on your neck,

v 3…and send word to the king of Edom, to the king of Moab, to the king of the sons of Ammon, to the king of Tyre, and to the king of Sidon by the messengers who come to Jerusalem to Zedekiah king of Judah who came to Jerusalem to congratulate Zedekiah on his ascension to the throne, or to enter into an alliance with him against Babylon).

v 4…And command them to go to their masters (rulers) saying, “Thus says the Lord of hosts (of the armies), the God of Israel, thus you shall say to your masters (the kings of the nations they represented),

v 5…”I have made the earth, the men (ha adam) and beasts (“behemot” or animals) which are on the face of the earth by my great power and by my outstretched arm (a term for the Messiah) and I will give it to the one who is pleasing in my sight (his sovereign will-Psa 115.16).

v 6…And now I have given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, my servant (who carries out his will), and I have given him also the wild animals of the field to serve him (the cattle that belonged to these nations).

v 7…And all the nations shall serve him and his son (Evil-Merodach-2 Kings 25.27; Jer 52.31) and his grandson (Belshazzar-Dan 5.1-31), until the time of his own land comes (the end of it, the destruction of it by Darius and Cyrus); then many nations and their great kings will make him (his kingdom) their servant (conquer it).

v 8…And it will be, the nation or kingdom which will not serve him, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and which will not put its neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, I will punish that nation with the sword, with famine, and with pestilence (one judgment after another, escape one of them, then they will be caught in another),” declares the Lord, “until I have destroyed it by his hand.

v 9…But as for you, do not listen to your prophets (false), your diviners (mesmerizers), your dreamers (who had dreams, or interpreted dreams), your soothsayers (enchanters, conjurers), or your sorcerers (wizards, necromancers who communicated with evil spirits), who speak to you, saying, ‘You shall not serve the king of Babylon.’

v 10…For they prophesy a lie to you, in order to remove you from your land (eventually because they will be disobeying the word of Yehovah and will try to fight Babylon); and I will drive you out and you will perish (in exile or by the sword, famine or disease).

v 11…But the nation which will bring its neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon and serve him, I will let remain on its land,” declares the Lord, “and they will till it and dwell in it” (Nebuchadnezzar in this scenario is a picture of Yehovah at the end of the birth-pains. Rebel against him and you will die, surrender in faith to him and you will enter the Messianic Kingdom-Jer 21.8-10, 27.17, 382, 17).”

v 12…And I spoke words like all these to Zedekiah king of Judah, saying, “Bring your necks under the yoke of the king of Babylon, and serve him and his people, and live (paying tribute in the land)!

v 13…Why will you die, you and your people, by the sword, famine and pestilence, as the Lord (Yehovah) has spoken to that nation which will not serve the king of Babylon?

v 14…So do not listen to the words of the prophets who speak to you, saying, ‘You shall not serve the king of Babylon,’ for they prophesy a lie to you (it’s the same today);

v 15…For I have not sent them (this is the case for most preachers, rabbis, gurus and religious teachers in the world’s false religions),’ declares the Lord, “but they prophesy falsely in my name, in order that I may drive you out (this was not their intention but this is what will happen), and that you may perish, you and the prophets who prophesy to you.”

v 16…Then I spoke to the priests and to all the people, saying, “Thus says the Lord: Do not listen to the words of your prophets who prophesy to you, saying, ‘Behold, the vessels (also alludes to people) of the Lord’s house will now shortly be brought again from Babylon’, for they are prophesying a lie to you (the temple vessels were carried away in the reign of Yeconiah-2 Kings 24.13).

v 17…Do not listen to them; serve the king of Babylon, and live (pay tribute and stay in the land)! Why should this city become a ruin?

v 18…But if they are prophets, and if the word of the Lord (Yehovah) is with them, let them now entreat the Lord of hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the Lord, in the house of the king of Judah, and in Jerusalem, may not go to Babylon (that the final act might not happen).

v 19…For thus says the Lord of hosts (the armies) concerning the pillars (the two bronze pillars called Yachin and Boaz-1 Kings 7.15), concerning the sea (1 Kings 7.23), concerning the stands (bases-1 Kings 7.27), and concerning the rest of the vessels that are left in this city (that had not yet been taken by Babylon),

v 20…Which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon did not take when he carried away into exile Yeconiah (Yehoiachin) the son of Yehoiakim, king of Judah, from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem (2 Kings 24.12).

v 21…Yes, thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that are left in the house of the Lord, and in the house of the king of Judah, and in Jerusalem,

v 22…’They shall be carried to Babylon, and they shall be there until the day I visit them (with wrath upon Babylon and favor towards the Jewish people there-Dan 5.1-31),’ declares the Lord. ‘Then I will bring them back and restore them to this place (when Cyrus allowed the Jewish people to return and the vessels were given to Sheshbazzar, a prince of Judah to be returned in Ezra 1.1-11, no furniture was mentioned because it is believed they are on the Temple Mount hidden away-Mishnah, Shekalim, 6.1-2. Middot 1.6 says the stones from the altar that were defiled by the Greeks could not be taken off the Temple Mount because of kedusha, so they were stored in the Temple. In the same way, the Temple furniture, including the Ark, could not be taken off the Temple Mount because of kedusha, so they were hidden in a chamber prepared for them and were never taken to Babylon, so they never returned with Ezra. They are probably there today).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

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