Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Jeremiah-Chapter 40

Jer 40.1-16 deals with the release of Jeremiah and the care he received. It also deals with Gedaliah who was appointed governor and how the people left in the land gathered to him for leadership. But a conspiracy against him develops by those who were envious of his position.

v 1…The word which came to Jeremiah from the Lord after Nebuzaradan captain of the executioners had released him from Ramah (where Samuel judged and prophesied from, near Mizpah where Samuel was buried., when he had taken him bound in chains, among all the exiles of Jerusalem and Judah, who were being exiled to Babylon (Jeremiah was to be released, but he was not set free until the group of captives got to Ramah).

v 2…Now the captain of the executioners had taken Jeremiah and said to him, “The Lord (Yehovah) your God promised this calamity against this place (they found out who he was and the Babylonians had a sense of Jeremiah’s prophecies),

v 3…and the Lord (Yehovah) has brought it on and done just as he promised (knew Jeremiah predicted it). Because you (the people) sinned against the Lord and did not listen to his voice, therefore this thing has happened to you (Judah as a whole).

v 4…But now, behold, I am freeing you today from the chains which are on your hands. If you would prefer to come with me to Babylon , come along, and I will look after you; but if you prefer not to come with me to Babylon, never mind. Look, the whole land is before you; go wherever it seems good and right for you to go (he is given freedom because he was obedient to the Lord).”

v 5…As Jeremiah was still not going back (to Babylon), he said, “Go on back then to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan (he was a noble of Judah and believed Jeremiah and went over to the Babylonians), whom the king of Babylon has appointed over the cities of Judah, and stay with him among the people; or else go anywhere it seems right for you to go.” So the captain of the executioners gave him a ration and a gift and let him go (being in prison he did not have any food, money or clothes).

v 6…The Jeremiah went to Mizpah to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam and stayed with him among the people who were left in the land.

v 7…Now all the commanders (princes) of the forces (armies) that were in the field (remnants of the defenses of Judah), they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon appointed Gedaliah the son of Ahikam over the land and that he had put him in charge of the men, women and children, those of the poorest of the land who had not been exiled to Babylon.

v 8…So they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah, along with Ishmael (God hears) the son of Nethaniah (gift of Yehovah and descendant of David-Jer 41.1), and Johanan (Yehovah is gracious) and Jonathan (Yehovah has given) the sons of Kareah (bald), and Seraiah (Yehovah is power) the son of Tanhumeth (consolation), and the sons of Ephai (gloomy) the Netophaathite (dripping), and Jezaniah (weapon of Yehovah) the son of Maacathite (oppression), both they and their men.

v 9…Then Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, swore to them and to their men, saying, “Do not be afraid of serving the Chaldeans; stay in the land and serve the king of Babylon (it is not wrong to do so), that it may go well with you (be safe).

v 10…Now as for me, behold, I am going to stay at Mizpah to stand for you before the Chaldeans who come to us (this was on the way to Babylon, a good place to reside, to receive messages from them and to help the people), but as for you, gather in wine and summer fruit and oil, and put them in your storage vessels, and live in your cities that have been taken over (what Babylon occupied).”

v 11…Likewise also all the Jews who were in Moab and among the sons of Ammon and in Edom, and who were in all the other countries, heard that the king of Babylon had left a remnant for Judah and that he had appointed over them Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan (a wise leader).

v 12…Then all the Jews returned from all the places to which they had been driven away and came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah at Mizpah, and gathered in wine and summer fruit in great abundance (left behind by the Babylonians).

v 13…Now Johanan the son of Kareah and all the commanders of the forces (scattered bands that defended Judah) that were in the field came to Gedaliah at Mizpah,

v 14…and said to him, “Are you well aware that Baalis the king of the sons of Ammon has sent Ishmael the son of Nethaniah to take your life (Ishmael was a descendant of David-Jer 41.1- and was jealous of Gedaliah’s appointment; he thought it should have been him; Ishmael will be a picture of the False Messiah)?” But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam did not believe them.

v 15…Then Johanan the son of Kareah spoke secretly to Gedaliah in Mizpah, saying, “Let me go and kill Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and not a man will know (that Gedaliah knew anything about it)! Why should he take your life, so that all the Jews who are gathered to you should be scattered and the remnant of Judah perish?”

v 16…But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam said to Johanan the son of Kareah, “Do not do this thing, for you are telling a lie about Ishmael (the next chapter will prove otherwise, and the information on the plot was valid; Yehovah was warning Gedaliah, but Gedaliah did nothing).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

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