Prov 27.1-27 continues with the sayings of Solomon collected by Hezekiah and his servants. It gives various warnings and instructions about presumption, who is a good friend and knowing the conditions of our resources, plus some repeated instructions to his sons.
v 1…Do not boast about tomorrow (or future successes) for you do not know what a day may bring forth (the future is in God’s hands-Matt 6.34; Jam 4.13-16).
v 2…Let another praise you, and not your own mouth; a stranger, and not your own lips (self-praise has no value).
v 3…A stone is heavy and the sand weighty, but the provocation of a fool is heavier than both of them (a burden that is dangerous).
v 4…Wrath is fierce and anger is a flood (overflows its banks and destroys everything), but who can stand before jealousy (being worse than anger and a bigger “flood” of evil).
v 5…Better is open rebuke (from a friend or an enemy, it tells the truth) than love that is concealed (it is like a fire that neither warms or gives light).
v 6…Faithful are the wounds of a friend (friendly correction), but deceitful are the kisses of an enemy (not sincere, they agree with you about everything).
v 7…A sated (full) man (soul) loathes honey (he is already full), but to a famished (hungry) man (soul) any bitter thing is sweet (“the best cook is hunger”-Carlo Collodi).
v 8…Like a bird that wanders from her nest (a place of security), so is a man who wanders from his home (the place where God put us to seek satisfaction).
v 9…Oil and perfume make the heart glad, so a man’s counsel is sweet to his friend (it is pleasant to him).
v 10…Do not forsake your own friend or your father’s friend (they are reliable and true), and do not go to your brother’s house in the day of your calamity (blood relationships do not prove themselves as faithful); better is a neighbor who is near than a brother far away (a genuine friend is more reliable).
v 11…Be wise, my son, and make my heart glad, that I may reply to him who reproaches me (a son who is a fool is a cause of insult to parents).
v 12…A prudent man sees evil and hides himself (takes action), the naive (simple) proceed and pay the penalty.
v 13…Take his garment when he becomes surety for a stranger (if they are a credit risk; get a deposit); and for an adulterous woman hold him in pledge (If a man is foolish enough to be a surety for a harlot, then get collateral from him also).
v 14…He who blesses his friend with a loud voice early in the morning (a flatterer who exceeds normality and probably has evil intent), it will be reckoned a curse to him (he is suspected of being insincere).
v 15…A constant dripping on a day of steady rain and a contentious woman are alike (shows damage and problems, and both are annoying-Prov 19.13, 21.9, 21.19, 22.10, 25.24).
v 16…He who would restrain her restrains the wind (tries to correct her), and grasps oil (hard to hold on to the more you squeeze) with his right hand (causing her to fight more).
v 17…Iron sharpens iron (through striking, friction, sparks, grinding), so one man sharpens another (through the same mechanisms).
v 18…He who tends the fig tree will eat its fruit; and he who cares for his master will be honored (his faithfulness will be rewarded).
v 19…As in water face reflects face (water is like a mirror), so the heart of man reflects man (for where your treasure is, there will you heart be also-Matt 6.21).
v 20…Sheol and Abaddon (Hell and Destruction, a place of perishing) are never satisfied (have enough), nor are the eyes of man ever satisfied (ready for more of what he desires.
v 21…The crucible (refining pot) is for silver and the furnace is for gold (both bring out the purity of the metals), and a man is tested (refined) by the praise accorded him (he is tested by the glory or boasting of others).
v 22…Though you pound a fool in a mortar with a pestle along with crushed grain (to find a grain of sense in him), yet his folly will not depart from him (despite the rough treatment he will still act foolish).
v 23…Know well the condition (face) of your flocks, and pay attention to your herds (take care of them, manage them correctly).
v 24…For riches are not forever, nor does a crown endure to all generations (so be diligent in your own management of things around you because the future is unknown).
v 25…When the grass disappears, the new growth is seen, and the herbs of the mountains are gathered in (God provides for the prudent manager).
v 26…The lambs will be for your clothing, and the goats will bring the price of a field (once sold the manager has more money to buy more fields).
v 27…There will be goats milk enough for your food, for the food of your household, and the sustenance for your maidens (a person who manages his resources well will be able to provide for himself and his family).