Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Proverbs-Chapter 28

Prov 28.1-28 continues with some of the proverbs of Solomon collected by Hezekiah and his people. There are two main sections and themes. Prov 28.1-12 tells us about how the righteous and the wicked conduct themselves. Then in Prov 28.13-28 Solomon discusses the proper attitude about finances and wealth, contraasting the righteous with the wicked.

v 1…The wicked flee when no one is pursuing (they have a bad conscience which causes timidity), but the righteous are bold as a lion (because they have a clear conscience in Yehovah).

v 2…By the transgression of a land many are its princes (rebellion in the country causes many to desire to be rulers), but by a man of understanding and knowledge, so it endures (the rule of one good leader will prolong the land).

v 3…A poor man who oppresses the lowly (Matt 18.23) is like a driving rain which leaves no food (both are unnatural and contrary).

v 4…Those who forsake the law (Torah) praise the wicked (because they are like them), but those who keep the law (Torah) strive (contend) with them (this is true in our elections. We must contend with evil to convince them to repent and to change their outlook).

v 5…Evil men do not understand justice (they don’t want to know), but those who seek Yehovah understand all things (not only justice but other things).

v 6…Better is the poor who walks in his integrity (there are worse things than being poor) than he who is crooked (perverse) though he be rich (he is worse off than a poor person who is righteous).

v 7…He who keeps the law (Torah) is a discerning (wise) son, but he who is a companion of gluttons (loving their company) humiliates his father.

v 8…He who increases his wealth by intent and usury, gathers it for him who is gracious to the poor (God’s providence will direct it to another who will dispense it to the poor.

v 9…He who turns away his ear from listening to the law (Torah), even his prayer is an abomination (deliberately ignoring the Torah, the prayer cannot be made in truth and spirit-John 4.24).

v 10…He who leads the upright astray in an evil way (seducing them) will himself fall into his own pit (God puts them in their place), but the blameless will inherit good.

v 11…The rich man is wise in his own eyes (proud, thinks his wisdom made him rich), but the poor who has understanding sees through him (examines him).

v 12…When the righteous triumph, there is great glory (Hebrew “tiferet” of beauty), but when the wicked rise, men hide themselves (to avoid the trouble the wicked rulers will bring).

v 13…He who conceals his transgressions will not prosper, but he who confesses (to God) and forsakes them will find compassion (mercy because Yehovah is happy to receive one who truly repents-1 John 1.9).

v 14…How blessed is the man who fears (reverences God) always (in his conduct), but he who hardens his heart will fall into calamity (by deliberately going after sin).

v 15…Like a roaring lion and a rushing bear (ravenous and cruel) is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

v 16…A leader who is a great oppressor lacks understanding (binah), but he who hates unjust gain will prolong his days (as a ruler).

v 17…A man who is laden with guilt of human blood (weighed down) will be a fugitive until death (attempting to escape the anxiousness of is heart), let no one support him (let him suffer the consequences).

v 18…He who walks blamelessly will be delivered, but he who is crooked (perverse) will fall all at once (suddenly).

v 19…He who tills his land will have plenty of food, but he who follows empty pursuits (to have a good time) will have poverty in plenty.

v 20…A faithful (Hebrew “emunot”) man will abound with blessings (from the Lord as promised), but he who makes haste to be rich will not go unpunished (because he used deceit and fraud).

v 21…To show partiality is not good because for a piece of bread (a small bribe) a man will transgress (be easily bought).

v 22…A man with an evil eye (Hebrew “ein ra” meaning greedy) hastens (runs) after wealth, and does not know that want will come upon him (by Yehovah).

v 23…He who rebukes a man will afterward find more favor than he who flatters with the tongue (a person can be saved by a word of warning, but not by a flatterer).

v 24…He who robs his father or his mother, and says, “It is not a transgression,” (shows his ingratitude, thinking he is entitled to it because they are “family” and all things are in common) is the companion of a man who destroys (has the wickedness to destroy his parents).

v 25…An arrogant (proud) man stirs up strife (starts arguments and quarrels), but he who trusts in Yehovah will prosper (be made fat with God’s kindness).

v 26…He who trusts in his own heart is a fool (goes by “intuition” or “impressions and impulses”), but he who walks wisely (trusting in Yehovah’s word and counsel of wisdom) will be delivered (from foolish decisions and results).

v 27…He who gives to the poor will never want (because God will bless him), but he who shuts his eyes (hides) will have many curses.

v 28…When the wicked rise (to positions of power) men hide themselves (to avoid trouble); but when they perish (and no longer oppress people), the righteous increase (come out of hiding and into the open, using their influence in the community again).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

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