We are going to deal with one of the most important concepts in the Bible and that concept is the Basar, or Gospel, as it is known in English. Many think that the Gospel is the death, burial and resurrection of Yeshua, but there is more to it. So, let’s look into this very important concept.
When Yeshua was born at the Feast of Sukkot, an angel appeared to some shepherds and told them to not be afraid because they brought them “good news” (Basar, Gospel) of great joy which will be for all people. This is called the “Gospel of the Kingdom of God” and many proclaimed it, but what exactly were they proclaiming and what was being understood by those that heard it.
Heb 3.7-11 quotes a psalm that is read at the beginning of the Sabbath. It uses a word “m’nuchah” which is translated as “rest” in English ( v 11). In Heb 4.1-12 Paul discusses this time of rest and it is understood three ways. This rest is the literal 7th day Sabbath day, it is also the last 1000 year period called the Messianic Kingdom, the Lord’s Day or Day of the Lord, or it can mean the rest we have in Yeshua. We also learn from Heb 4.1-2 that the Basar (Gospel) was preached before Yeshua and understood, and that is goes all the way back to Adam because when he sinned, God came forth with a promise to restore him (thus mankind) and the earth. He would destroy death, sin and he would send an “empowered one” to be the agent that would bring all this about.
Gal 3.8 says that the Basar was preached to Abraham. In Isa 40.3-8 it says that man’s lifespan is short and that we should pay attention to the Word of God. Then in v 9-10 it says that Zion will proclaim the Basar (gospel, good news) on a high mountain. Yeshua quotes v 10 in Rev 22.12 so we see there is connection between the Basar (good news) and the coming of Messiah. Isa 52.7-10 states that the Basar (good news) will be preached and how beautiful are the feet of those that bring it. It goes on to talk about the return of the captives to Jerusalem and how Jerusalem will be comforted and Messiah revealed.
There are many, many other verses that talk about the Basar and it basically will mean that the golden age of Israel has begun; David’s throne restored; Messiah has come and God reigns through him over the earth; peace has come to man and creation; the resurrection of the just; righteousness reigns in the earth; the Day of the Lord has come; the Torah goes forth to all the earth; idolatry is gone; exiles have come back to the land and true worship is restored.
The Messiah is the messenger and agent (“shaliach”=sent one) of God and empowered, or anointed (Mashiach=Messiah), to bring all this about. His mission is to redeem man and creation. We enter into this redemption by emunah (faith). So, whenever you read “restores the captivity” and other things like that it is synonymous with the Basar (good news; Gospel) and means all of the above, and more.
This was what was understood in the Scriptures when they said “the Gospel of the Kingdom of God” and why the people were so excited about it ( Luke 3.15). In short, here is the basic order of things.
The redemption of Israel would occur brought by God himself. Messiah would come as the agent of the Father. The exiles would return home to a redeemed land. Anything that pointed to this inevitability was seen as a prophecy of the Kingdom. For instance, when a healing was accomplished, it was seen as a prophecy of the coming Kingdom and part of the Basar (good news). It did not need to be said, it was understood. Yeshua came the first time and defeated death, sin and Satan by dying on the cross and resurrecting on the third day as promised, and since the promise in Genesis 3, all who had emunah (faith, confidence) received this redemption/salvation and await the restoration of all things (Acts 3.21).
As you can see, not everything has been restored yet so, like all those before us, we await its ultimate fulfillment. Hopefully, this will give you a better understanding of what the Gospel is. Anything short of this is really not the “full gospel” and it is “another gospel”(Gal 1.6) and whatever is being taught should be evaluated more closely.