The Book of Joel-Conclusion

In John 4.22-23 we are told two things. We are told that the Jewish people understood worship and salvation. Salvation is of the Jews (John 4.22; Zech 8.23) so we need to go back to the Jewish people and the concepts to understand salvation as provided by Yeshua. In John 4.24-26 he plainly tells the woman who he is, and then John 4. 35 he says “Do you not say there are four months and then comes the harvest (the ingathering)?” That means that this incident took place around the feast of Shavuot, the end of the spring harvest season. Four months later is the month of Tishri and Sukkot, the fall harvest. Then Yeshua says later in the verse that the fields are white unto harvest. The Samaritans were coming out of the city because of the testimony of the woman, and they wore white, just like today. He is looking at the harvest of people in this verse. When God’s time comes for the conversion of someone, he makes use of his ministers to “cut down” and to “lay low” the pride in man, stripping him of his own “Godliness” and taking off his dependence on self. Then they are gathered together to learn. That is the harvest Yeshua is talking about.

In 1 Kings 8.1-2 it says “Then King Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads (rosh) of the tribes, the leaders (nasi) of the fathers households of the sons of Israel to King Solomon in Jerusalem, to bring up the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord from the city of David, which is Zion. And all the men of Israel assembled themselves to King Solomon at the feast, in the month of Ethanim, which is the seventh month.” Ethanim was Tishri and the people are being gathered for the feasts of Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur and Sukkot and for the dedication of the Temple. In 1 Kings 8.65 it says that King Solomon celebrated the feast of Ethanim, which included all of the above festivals, for “seven days and seven more days” for a total of fourteen days. Then in v 66 it says “on the Eighth Day” he sent the people away to their own homes. So, let’s see how these days played out and what is going on here. Look at the timeline below for the dates in Ethanim (Tishri).

{1 2} 3 4 5 6 7 {8} 9 {10} 11 12 13 14 {15 16 17 18 19 20 21} {22}

Tishri 1 and 2 are the two days of Yom Teruah, or Rosh ha Shannah. There were two days for several reasons and called “the day no man knows” for these reasons
Tishri 8 is the day that the dedication of the Temple began and the Ark was brought in. This goes for seven days
Tishri 10 is Yom Kippur
Tishri 15 through the 21st is the festival of Sukkot, with the 21st being Hoshanna Rabbah
Tishri 22 is Shemini Atzeret, the “Eighth Day” also called “Simchat Torah: or rejoicing in the Torah, and the day
the people were “sent away” (v 66).
To keep” the “feast of Ethanim” means they kept the festivals in Tishri, which were Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur and Sukkot and implies the “whole season.” This is looked at as the “festival of ingathering of the harvest” together. In Exo 23.14-16 we have both the civil and religious calendar at work in this verse. Both of these existed in the Jewish mind for the year. In v 14 we have the religious year alluded to and in v 16 we have the term “end (“turn” in Hebrew) of the year” which is the civil year and the “turning” of the year at Rosh ha Shannah. Now, read Joel 3.12-13 with all this in mind.

Eschatologically, the Messiah will come at the time of the ingathering of grapes, which is right before Sukkot and the “season of our joy.” Grapes are used to make wine of course, and joy is an element in Sukkot. Wine is an idiom for “banquet” in Est 7.8, Isa 5.12, 24.9. The Hebrew word for wine is “yayin” and has a numerical value of 70, which also alludes to the 70 nations of the world (Deut 32.8; Gen 46.27), a theme of Sukkot. 70 bulls were offered for the nations at Sukkot (Num 29.12-34). The second tithe was brought at Sukkot (Deut 14.22-26) to the Temple. It says that wine was one of the things brought. If you lived too far away to bring everything to the Temple (but they still lived in the land), then you could exchange your tithe for money, then buy whatever you wanted with it at the Temple, including “wine or strong drink.” The word for strong drink is an intoxicant. Why spend the tithe money on “wine or strong drink” and on whatever you wanted? The answer is in v 26 where it says “rejoice, you and your household.” In other words, you were to express joy because it was the “season of our joy” and to show that when Messiah comes, our joy will be made full.

We know that Shavuot is linked to Sukkot, and we see this in Acts 2.13 where the talmidim are so full of joy they thought they were “full of wine.” Wine was given for a reason. The “lightness” of the head and the “exhilaration” one feels is a picture of being in the presence of the Messiah. But, this does not mean “drunk.” Psa 104.15 says “And wine which makes man’s heart glad, so that he may make his face glisten with oil.” God gave the natural, physical drink, in a controlled environment (the Temple) where everything was centered around the Lord, for the people to feel a “physical” exhilaration, teaching about the spiritual exhilaration that is coming in the Messianic Kingdom at the Wedding feast, a “banquet” (an idiom for wine). Col 2.16 says that “food and drink” teach about the Messiah (v 17) and this is part of that.

See how the festivals, food, drink and other activities teach us and give us some understanding about prophecy and the coming of Yeshua?

Joel 3.13-15…There is another “banquet” linked with Sukkot called the “the feast of Leviathan” and the passages that deal with the “winepress” deals with this concept. Isa 63.1-6, Ezek 29.1-7, Ezek 32. 1-8 and Rev 19.17-21 deal with what happens to the followers of the false messiah (Leviathan) and they are going to a different banquet when Messiah comes, where they will be food for the birds of the air and the beast of the earth. This “banquet” imagery is an idiom for an “impending disaster.”

Joel 3.16-21…These passages deal with the vengeance of the Lord against those who came against Israel and how the Messianic Kingdom will be a time a fertility contrasted with the judgment on the nations because of the violence done to the sons of Judah in whose land innocent blood was shed.

There is one more concept to bring out, and this is the concept called “the yotaid.” A “yotaid” is a tent peg and in Isa 22.15-19 we have a prophecy about the false messiah, personified by a man named Shebna. Shebna was a ruler who was deposed by the Lord. He will be hurled headlong and cast into a vast country where he will die. This alludes to the false messiah, who will be pulled from his station and his office. Ezek 21.25-27 says that this wicked prince will be punished when the time comes at the end, and his “crown” is removed and given to the one whose right is to wear it (the Messiah). Then in Isa 22.20-23 it goes on to say that there is man named Eliakim, and he is a picture of the Messiah. He will be clothed with the authority of Shebna (the false messiah) and given the “key” of David (authority), and he will open what no man can shut, and close what no man can open. These terms are used for the Messiah in Rev 3.7 for the Messiah. Then in Isa 22.23 it says that he will be placed as a “peg” in a firm place and he will become a throne (kingdom) of glory to his father’s house. The word “peg” is “yotaid” and the yotaid is what they hung the vessels on in the Mishkan (Exo 27.29). In Ezra 9.8 it says that this “yotaid” was given in his holy place so that the people can see and revive them from their bondage. In another eschatological picture, the “yotaid” was driven through the head of Sisera, a picture of the false messiah, in Judges 4.21.

The yotaid was represented by the Hebrew letter “vav” and it is also a symbol for a “nail” and nails were used in the crucifixion of Yeshua, and it is linked to the “cornerstone” of the Temple because all works “hang” on the Messiah (Matt 22.40) like “fruit on a branch.” Zech 10.4 says, “From them (Judah) will come the cornerstone (the Messiah), from them (Judah) the tent peg (yotaid).” Zechariah goes on to say in 14.20-21 that “In that day (when Messiah comes) there will be inscribed on the bells of the horses ‘Holy to the Lord.’ And the cooking pots (the vessels that hang on the yotaid, symbolic of the believers) in the Lord’s house will be like the bowls before the altar.” Isa 22.25 goes on to say that “In that day (when Messiah comes) declares the Lord of hosts (the armies), the peg (yotaid) driven in a firm place will give way (the false messiah), and it will break off and fall, and the load hanging on it (meaning all those who follow the false messiah) will be cut off, for the Lord has spoken.” So, there will be a “false yotaid” who will come saying he is the Messiah, but he will be false. Those who follow him will be cut off. But, there is a true yotaid who will come, and anyone who “hangs on him” will be saved because he is the chief cornerstone of the Temple that the Lord is building. This imagery is also used in Isa 42.3-4 where a “reed” is used for the Messiah. He will not break when you lean (trust) on it, unlike the false messiah in Isa 36.36 who is likened to a “crushed reed” who comes from Egypt (Europe) and is no help at all.

Hopefully, the concepts we have learned in tis study will help you understand the book of Joel and other prophetical books. There will be an “overlap” of these concepts using other form of Hebraic imagery in these books, but it is the concepts that you need to remember when interpreting.

Sources used in this study include:
The Book of Joel tape series from.
Hatikva Ministries
The “Lost Key” tape series from Hatikva.
Ministries
The book “The Biblical and Historical.
Backround of the Jewish Holy Days” by.
Abraham Bloch
The Talmud
The Mishnah
The book “The 12 Prophets” by A. Cohen,
Soncino Press
The Targum Onkelos
The Targum Yonaton ben Uzziel
The Latin Vulgate
Thayer’s Greek English Lexicon of the.
New Testament
The Zodiates Study Bible
NASB/KJV Bibles
Strong’s Concordance
The Authorized Daily Prayer Book by.
Joseph Hertz
1 Enoch in the Pseudo-Pigrapha
Personal study notes

Posted in Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Understanding the New Testament, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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