We are going to review a few things and more information before moving on. We have seen in Joel 2.1-14 that the context is Rosh ha Shannah and the days leading up to Yom Kippur. These days are called the Yamim Noraim and they are a picture of the Birth-pains. In Joel 2.15 we have a fast. This fast is not the fast of Gedaliah (Zech 8.19) but “kodesh” (holy) and a holy day. The four fasts of Zech 8.19 are not called holy. The word “assembly” in Joel 2.15 is the Hebrew word “atzeret” and it means a “conclusion.” The festival of Shavuot is the “atzeret” of the Passover season. So, Chapter 2 of Joel is a picture of the beginning of the Messianic Kingdom to the “atzeret” or conclusion of the Birth-pains.
In Joel 2.16, we have the bridegroom (Yeshua) and the bride (the Kahal) coming out of their wedding chamber. This is wedding terminology and it is also referred to in John 14.1-4 and Isa 26.20, where we see them going into their wedding chamber. Now they are coming out on Yom Kippur (Rev 19.7-9). Joel 2.17 has Yom Kippur terminology where it says that the priests will weep between the porch and the altar, and that only happens on Yom Kippur, where a bullock is killed there. They call on God to spare them. The Birth-pains are called the “Chevlai shell Mashiach” and it means the “Birth-pains of the Messiah (Isa 66.7-9; Rev 12.2; Matt 24.8). At the beginning of the Birth-pains, the 144,000 are commissioned, and the commissioning of Isaiah in Isa 6.1-13 is a picture of this. According to Rev 7, the 144,000 are Jewish and they become anointed witnesses, called “Mi’Basarim” or evangelists. They are the first fruits of those Jewish believers that are saved during the Birth-pains (Rev 14.1-5). They will preach for three and a half years (Rev 11.2).
The Birth-pains begin on Yom Kippur, ten days after the Natzal, the gathering or “rapture” of the living believers. They will be going to the wedding and the coronation in heaven, and also be judged at the Bema seat of Messiah for their works done in the flesh (not their salvation, that is a free gift from God by “emunah”= faith). Three years later the Russians will invade Israel around Rosh ha Shannah to Yom Kippur. Israel as a nation will believe in Yeshua as the Messiah on Yom Kippur due to the time of Jacob’s Trouble (Ezek 39.22; Jer 30.4-9; Hos 5.15). For information of the Russian invasion, study the Assyrian invasion with Sennecharib. Six months later, the false messiah will declare himself God on Nisan 10 (Rev 12; Rev 13; Dan 7; Dan 9; 2 Thes 2). The 144,000 will then go into all the other nations in the world to preach (Rev 7; Rev 12; Micah 5.3-8).
In the year 6007 from creation, the believers have been hiding in Petra (called “Cela” in Isa 16; Isa 42.10-13) and “sing a new song” which is an idiom for the Messianic Kingdom. Once you enter into the Birth-pains, you will know when the Messiah comes just by counting the days, the days are numbered (Rev 11.2, 12.13-14, 13.5; Dan 7.25, 9.24-27). When you look and work in Dan 9.24-27, you will see how this ties into Tishri 10, year 6007. In Dan 7.24, Seventy “sevens” are determined for the Jewish people, or 490 years, and these “seven’s” are called a “shavuah.” There will be “seven seven’s” for a total of 49 years and sixty-two sevens, for a total of 434 years. The 49 years are from Nehemiah’s commission to rebuild the city, and the 434 years are the years to the Messiah (Dan 7.25-26). This brings us to a total of 483 years. So, the people were expecting the Messiah when Yeshua came along because of this prophecy (Luke 3.15). In Dan 7.27, the “he” there is the false messiah and he makes a covenant with many (the Jewish people) for one week (seven years, a “shavuah”), and these seven years are the Birth-pains. After three and a half years (the “middle of the week” and is the same as “forty-two months” and “a time, times and half a time” as seen from other Scriptures-Dan 7.25; Rev 11.2), the false messiah will put an end to the Temple sacrifices and the Abomination of Desolation will be set up.
So, on Rosh ha Shannah, year 6001 from creation, the Natzal of the believers will occur. They will be going to the wedding and coronation of the Messiah. There will also be a resurrection of the dead bodies (Isa 26.19-20) of the believers, and both the living and the dead believer will be going to the Bema seat of Messiah also to have their works for the Lord examined. On earth, the 144,000 are anointed to preach during the Birth-pains. Ten days later it is Yom Kippur, and the false messiah signs a covenant with Israel for seven years, and this begins the 2520 day period called the Birth-pains. After 1260 days (three and a half years, 42 months of a time, times and half a time), the false messiah declares himself God on Nisan 10. This is also the day Yeshua rode into Jerusalem on a donkey, declaring himself Messiah according to Zech 9.9. The Jews have believed in Yeshua by this time because God has intervened for them during the Russian invasion, and they will not accept the false messiah, and flee to Petra and the Jordanian/Moabite wilderness for 42 months (three and a half years). This is the same 42 months that the false messiah will try and reign over the earth.
From the time that the Abomination of Desolation is set up to the coming of Yeshua on Yom Kippur, there will be 1290 days (Dan 12.11-12). The 1335 days referred to in Dan 12.12 covers the time from the middle of the Birth-pains (Nisan 10) to the festival of Chanukah, 75 days after Yeshua returns (1260 days plus 75=1335 days). When you study the festival of Chanukah, you will learn about a man called Antiochus Epiphanes and the Maccabean war. He desecrated the altar, made war on anyone who was Torah observant (the saints in the Birth-pains) and placed an image of himself in the Holy of Holies, declaring himself God. The Shroud of Turin, believed by many to be the actual burial cloth of Yeshua, is not authentic and is a deception for the last days. For more on this topic, go to the teaching called “The Abomination of Desolation” on this site.
So, going back to Joel 2.17, imagine it is the day before Yeshua returns, Tishri 9, year 6007. You are at Petra and a believer. Tomorrow Yeshua will be seen coming. There would be a lot of expectation and excitement. There is a belief that these believers at Petra will have the Mishkan, or Tabernacle, with them. There are two words for the sanctuary of God in the Scriptures. The first is the Beit ha Mikdash, or the Temple, and the second is the Mishkan, or the Tabernacle. The Temple will be desecrated and cannot be transported anyway, but the Mishkan can be. It is portable. Ezra 3.6 says that Temple services will begin on a Rosh ha Shannah. This was done before, and it will be done again, beginning on the same day the Natzal (rapture) occurs. The Temple will not be completed, but it will be rebuilt from that point. It is 1260 days to the middle of the week and the false messiah will declare himself God in the rebuilt Temple (2 Thes 2). The Jewish people will flee to Petra to Pella in the Jordanian/Moabite wilderness. Ezek 37.24-28 and Amos 9.11-12 says that the Mishkan will be among them. This could be the ancient one of Moses or a rebuilt one, and they will worship the Lord in the wilderness.
Joel 2.17 tells us that it is a Yom Kippur because we have a shofar blast, a fast and weeping between the porch and the altar (this can be done in the Mishkan as well). They are crying out to God to send the Messiah to save them in judgment. Yeshua has come out of his chamber with his bride (the armies=Rev 19.14)), also called the “clouds of heaven” in Heb 12.1; Jude 14; Isa 60.8 and Matt 24.30. This scene will be quite a sight to the unbelievers as well. It will be “awesome” and terrifying, and their hearts failing them for fear. Yeshua will come with his garments dipped in blood (Rev 19.13; Isa 63.1-6). A robe “dipped in blood” is an idiom meaning “authority to exterminate.”
We have also learned in Joel 2.21-23 that the Messiah will come like the early (in Nisan) and latter (in Tishri) rains. The festivals of the spring have been fulfilled in the first coming of the Messiah in Nisan. The terms early and latter rain in Joel 2.23 is actually “moray tzedekah” in Hebrew and it means the “teacher of righteousness” and a term for the Messiah, an eschatological title of the last days (John 11.28). The Talmud, in Ta’anit 6a, ties this verse in with the Messiah. In the Mishnah, Ta’anit 1.2 says that “month” was added to the first century understanding of the verse, as it is also in the KJV. So, the teacher of righteousness will come as the early rain in the spring Nisan is the first month on the religious calendar) and the latter rain (Tishri is the first month on the civil calendar), the “first month.” This can only be understood when you know about the two calendars that were in operation, and actually tells you what month will Messiah will come in during his first and second coming.
The early rain is understood as the “moray tzedekah” (teacher of righteousness) in the book “The 12 Prophets” by A. Cohen, Soncino Press, and he quotes Rashi, Ibn Ezra, the Targum Yonaton Ben Uzziel and the Latin Vulgate, who all interpret this as “teacher of righteousness.” The latter rain is the second coming of the Messiah and relates to the “showers” in the month of Tishri. Elijah prophesied for three and a half years and defeats the false prophets in 1 Kings 18.1-40, and in v 41-45 the “shower” refer to the latter rains in Tishri. Now, go back and read Joel 2.1-23 with all this in mind.
In Part 4, we will pick up in Joel 2.24 in our study of the book of Joel.