The Book of John-Chapter 16

(1) These things (concerning the world’s hatred for them and the little regard it will have for their doctrine) I have spoken to you, that you may be kept from stumbling (they won’t be surprised when it happens). (2) They will make you outcasts from the synagogue; but an hour is coming for everyone who kills you to think that he is offering service to God (they had a zeal for God and thought they were like Phineas in Num 25.6-14. Paul, before he was saved, had this mindset). (3) And these things they will do, because they have not known the Father, or me (though they talk of their knowledge of him. It is the same today when people talk about the Lord or Yeshua, but they don’t know either one). (4) But these things I have spoken to you, that when their hour comes (to come against you), you may remember that I told you of them. And these things I did not say to you at the beginning because I was with you (their hatred was towards me, I was the object of their attention, but when I am gone, it will be directed towards you). (5) But now I am going to him who sent me; and none of you asks me, ‘Where are you going (in 13.36 Peter asked the question, but he was meaning what part of the country he was going to. He had no idea that Yeshua was leaving the world for heaven)?’ (6) But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart (they were in shock, they saw his departure as a disaster). (7) But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the helper (the comforter, the Holy Spirit) shall not come to you; but if I go, I will send him (“him” is masculine in Greek) to you (the advantage is this…the redemption is complete, Yeshua will be glorified which means they will be too. So, the Ruach will be with them and Yeshua will be an advocate, a defense lawyer, in heaven). (8) And he, when he comes, will convict the world concerning sin (sin is the transgression of the Torah-1 John3.4- and by the Torah is the knowledge of sin-Rom 3.20. If a person thinks that the “Law has been done away with” he will not know what sin is) and righteousness (that it comes by faith through grace) and judgment (a decision will have to be made); (9) concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; (10) and concerning righteousness; because I go to the Father; and you no longer behold me; (11) and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged (by his death and resurrection. Yeshua is now the judge and will deal with him, like Azazel in Lev 16.10). (12) I have many more things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now (because of their false ideas about Israel, the Torah, their ideas on prophecy and the kingdom). (13) But when he (if the Holy Spirit was an “it”, “he” would be “ekeino” which is the neuter sense. But it is “ekeinos” which is masculine =”that one”), the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own initiative, but whatever he hears he will speak; and he will disclose to you what is to come (in the last days, prophecy insight-1 Thes 5.1-5, the Book of Revelation). (14) He shall glorify me; for he shall take of mine (the deep things of God, doctrines), and shall disclose it to you. (15) All things that the Father has are mine; therefore I said, that he takes of mine, and will disclose it to you. (16) A little while, and you will no longer behold me (his impending departure-Luke 9.31); and again a little while, and you will see me (after three days-Hos 6.1-3; Jonah). (17) Some of his talmidim therefore said to one another, “What is this thing he is telling us, ‘A little while, and you will not behold me; and again a little while, and you will see me; and, “because I go to the Father’?” (18) And so they were saying, “What is this that he says, “A little while’? We do not know what he is talking about.” (19) Yeshua knew that they wished to question him, and he said to them, “Are deliberating together about this, that I said, ‘A little while, and you will not behold me, and again a little while, and you will see me’? (20) Truly, truly (amen, amen), I say to you, that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice, you will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will be turned to joy. (21) Whenever a woman is in travail she has sorrow (the birth-pains are very eschatological), because her hour has come (there is a fixed time); but when she gives birth to the child, she remembers the anguish no more, for joy that a child has been born into the world. (22) Therefore (the application) you, too, now have sorrow; but I will see you again and your heart will rejoice, and no one takes your joy away from you. (23) And in that day (this term also means “when Messiah comes”) you will ask me no question (because everything will be clear to you). Truly, truly (amen, amen), I say to you, if you shall ask the Father for anything, he will give it to you in my name (he is talking about prayer). (24) Until now you have asked for nothing in my name (because he was with them and they never used Yeshua’s name to the Father yet); ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be made full. (25) These things I have spoken to you (about his departure, their sorrow, his return) in figurative language (proverbs); an hour is coming, when I will speak no more to you in figurative language (proverbs) but will tell you plainly of the Father (after his resurrection and Shavuot when the spirit will be poured out (this difference can be seen in Num 12.6-8 with Moses). (26) In that day (idiom for when Messiah comes, but in this context after the resurrection) you will ask in my name; and I do not say to you that I will request the Father on your behalf; (27) for the Father himself loves you (from the beginning, and showed it by giving them Yeshua and his grace. That will encourage them to expect an answer to prayer), because you have loved me (the cause of their love was the Father. If it wasn’t, then they would have never loved Yeshua) and have believed that I came forth from the Father. (28) I came forth from the Father and have come into the world; I am leaving the world again, and going to the Father (to give an account of the work he has completed as his servant). (29) His talmidim said, “Lo, now you are speaking plainly (they had better understanding now), and are not using a figure of speech. (30) Now we know that you know all things (he answered their questions before they asked-John 19.19. He was omniscient and because of that, they were assured he knew all things), and have no need for any one to question you (he would answer their questions, knowing what was in their heart, before they asked); by this we believe that you came from God (the true Messiah).” (31) Yeshua answered them, “Do you now believe (this is a gentle reproof. It took them this long to be settled in their belief, but it is safe now, what about later). (32) Behold, an hour is coming, and has come, for you to be scattered, each to his own (friends, relations, homes, country, to their trades) and to leave me alone (this they will do when he is taken by his enemies); and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me (contrary to popular teaching, the Father never forsook Yeshua. What he said on the cross (“sabachtani”)does not mean “forsake me” but “to this end I was born, my destiny”). (33) These things I have spoken to you, that in me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation (not in this world, because they would have tribulation. Their peace would come from Yeshua, in who he is, and his blood shed for them, his righteousness, his pardon, forgiveness. It is in him and these things that anyone finds peace), but take courage; I have overcome the world (the people with their hatred, the lusts and sins of it. His sacrifice will take away the condemnation of all of it).”

Posted in Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Understanding the New Testament, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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