The Book of John-Chapter 21

(1) After these things (Yeshua’s resurrection and his appearances) Yeshua manifested himself again to the talmudim at the Sea of Tiberius (the Sea of Galilee) and he manifested in this way (like the manna was manifested in the wilderness, so Yeshua “appears”). (2) There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two others of his talmidim (possibly Andrew and Phillip who were from there-John 1.44-equaling seven=a complete number). (3) Simon Peter said to them, “I am going fishing (which was his profession. Since Yeshua has not given them something to do yet, he wanted to go back to work).” They said to him, “We will also come with you.” They went out, and got into the boat (that was one of their own or rented); and that night caught nothing (this is symbolic of fishing for men in your own power). (4) But when the day was now breaking (the “sun of righteousness” is rising), Yeshua stood on the beach; yet the talmidim did not know that it was Yeshua (probably still a little dark), (5) Yeshua therefore said to them, “Children (or “lads”), you do not have any fish, do you?” They answered him, “No.” (6) And he said to them, “Cast the net on the right-hand side of the boat(preach the word where I tell you), and you will find a catch (be successful because that is where the elect are. The “right-hand side” is the side of mercy-Matt 25.34).” They cast therefore, and then they were not able to haul it in because of the great number of fish. (7) That talmid therefore whom Yeshua loved (literally “was loving”) said to Peter, “It is the Lord.” And so when Simon Peter heard (his name “Simon” means “to hear”) that it was the Lord, put his outer garment on (used to soak up sweat), for he was stripped for work (not at all indecent, but being in the company of other men it was normal), and threw himself into the sea. (8) But the other talmidim came in the little boat (what they were fishing in), for they were not far from land, but about one hundred yards away, dragging the net of fish. (9) And so when they got out upon the land, they saw a charcoal fire there, and fish placed on it, and bread (speaks of the provision the Lord has for the believer). (10) Yeshua said to them, “Bring some of the fish which you have now caught (adding more believers to the ones already gathered).” (11) Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to the land (the elect will be brought safe to “shore”), full of large fish, a hundred and fifty-three (the gematria for “HaPesach” or “the Passover”, “I am the Lord they God”; “He is faithful”; “He shall cause to inherit”; “Sons of God” and “side” is one hundred and fifty-three); and although there were so many, the net was not torn (the Lord will lose none of the elect). (12) Yeshua said to them, “Come and have breakfast.” None of the talmidim ventured to question him, “Who are you?” knowing it was the Lord. (13) Yeshua came and took the bread, and gave them, and the fish likewise. (14) This is now the third time that Yeshua was manifested to the talmidim, after he was raised from the dead (three is the number of resurrection, to carry, to lift up. Two witnesses are needed to establish anything, three is a final confirmation). (15) So when they had finished breakfast, Yeshua said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love (agapao in Greek= meaning “to surrender yourself to”) me more than these (after your denials, as I told you, can you say that you love me more than these other talmidim do. Remember, you boasted that you did-Matt 26.33; Mark 14.29)?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love (phileo in Greek-meaning “to be friendly to one because of who they are”-a different word).” He said to him, “Feed my lambs (the young, weak, newborn babes with the truth of Scripture).” (16) He said to him again a second time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love (agapao) me (he leaves out “more than these” because he knew Peter would not boast like that again)?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I love (phileo) you.” He said to him, “Shepherd my sheep (care, guide, protect the adults, the mature ones).” (17) He said to him a third time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love (phileo=notice Yeshua meets him where he is at) me?” Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time (Peter denied Yeshua three times and put himself under a curse-Matt 26.72-73; Mark 14.71-if he was lying. The only person that could lift that curse is the one who was wronged. That is why Yeshua said this three times), “Do you love me?” And he said to him, “Lord, you know all things; you know that I love (phileo) you.” Yeshua said to him, “Tend (feed)my sheep. (18) Truly, truly (amen, amen=related to the word “emunah” which means faith, confidence, action), I say to you, when you were younger, you used to gird yourself, and walk wherever you wished; but when you grow old you will stretch out your hands and someone else will gird you (terms for crucifixion), and bring you where you do not wish to go (not that Peter was not going to be willing to die for the Lord, but this means that this will be disagreeable to the flesh).” (19) Now this he said, signifying by what kind of death he would glorify God (he explains this here in his book because it wasn’t immediately understood at the time). And when he had spoken this, he said to him, “Follow me (literally, because he had gotten up, but also spiritually). (20) Peter, turning around, saw the talmid whom Yeshua loved (“agapao”, meaning basically to surrender to, honor) following them; the one who also had leaned back on his breast at the supper (not the Passover seder), and said, “Lord, who is the one who betrays you?” (21) Peter therefore seeing him (John) said to Yeshua, “Lord, and what about this man?” (22) Yeshua said to him, “If I want him to remain (alive) until I come (This was just a hypothetical question. However, the kingdom was going to be reoffered-Acts 3.12-26- so Yeshua could have returned later in the first century, based on Isa 60.22. But this can also be referring to when Yeshua judges Israel, allowing the Romans to destroy the temple and the city, thus scattering the people. It also can be alluding to the fact that the kingdom offer was going to be rejected again, and John would live to see the Lord coming in the Book of Revelation), what is that to you (that is not your concern)? You follow me!” (23) This saying therefore went out among the brethren (not among the eleven but other believers) that that talmid would not die; yet Yeshua did not say to him that he would not die, but, “If I want him to remain until I come, what is that to you (This was just a hypothetical question. He is trying to free these words from the false interpretation that was going around about them. John was the only apostle that did not die a martyr’s death). (24) This is the talmid who bears witness of these things, and wrote these things; and we know that his witness is true. (25) And there are also many other things which Yeshua did, which if they were written in detail, I suppose that even the world itself would not contain the books which were written (an idiom meaning that just a few of the works of Yeshua were recorded in this book. By comparison, many more things were done everyday. What is written is enough proof that Yeshua is Messiah. If you don’t believe these few words, you would never believe if all his works were written down.

Posted in Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Understanding the New Testament, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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