Micah 4 begins with prophecies that will deal with what happens after the Messiah returns, his birth, the Birth-pains of the Messiah, the 144,000, harvest, what will happen to Israel, where they will go over the last 2000 years and their glorious future. These prophecies are called “double reference” prophecies because they will have several fulfillments.
Micah.4.1…We have given terminology concerning the Day of the Lord, which is 1000 years long. It starts with the Birth-pains of the Messiah, called the “Chevlai Shell Mashiach.” We have said that there are certain eschatological terms that will tell when certain prophecies will occur during this Day of the Lord. Terms like “In those days” and “in the last days” or “in that day” give us a time frame as to when the prophecy will happen. We have such a term in v 1 where it says “It will come about in the last days.” In Hebrew, “last days” is “Acharit Yamin” and this means it will happen during the Day of the Lord. Verses 1-3 in Micah is similar to Isa 2.2-4. The “mountain of the house of the Lord” is Mount Moriah where the Temple was located, but in the future it will be located northwest of Jerusalem (Ezek 45.1-8; 48.8-12).
Micah 4.2…”Come and let us go up to the house of the Lord and to the house of the God of Jacob” was said by the people as they started from their homes to attend a festival in the Temple.
“For from Zion will go forth the Torah, even the word of the Lord from Jerusalem” is called “Ki Mitzion” and is said as the Torah comes out of the Ark during a synagogue service. It also refers to the Sanhedrin and prophetic revelation. This is one of many verses that clearly show us that the Torah was never “done away with” as many teach, but that when Messiah comes, it will be what rules the Kingdom of God on earth.
Micah 4.3…This is opposite of Joel 3.10, where it says “beat your plowshares into swords and your pruning sticks into spears (get ready for war).” Micah says they will “hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks (the end of war).” There will be peace when Messiah returns because the Kingdom has arrived, and the Messiah rules all nations. We will have confirmation of this in the next verse.
Micah 4.4…We have an idiom for the Messianic Kingdom in this verse where it says that “each of them will sit under his vine and under his fig tree.” This phrase means that they will be living in peace and safety. Yeshua uses this idiom in John 1.48-51. In 1 Kings 4.25 it says that “Judah and Israel lived in safety, every man under his vine and under his fig tree.” Isa 36.16 tells us that the King of Assyria was promising peace and safety saying, “Do not listen to King Hezekiah for the King of Assyria says ‘Make peace with me and come out to me, and eat each of his vine and each of his fig tree and drink each of the waters of his own cistern.'” The Assyrians were using Hebrew idioms to communicate the idea of peace to Judah, but it was a lie of course. In addition, Zech 3.10 says “In that day (the day of the Lord) declares the Lord of hosts, ‘every one of you will invite his neighbor to sit under his vine and under his fig tree.'”
Micah 4.5…to walk in the name of his god is another way of saying “the way of the Gentiles” (Jer 10.2).
Micah 4.6…Again we have a time frame reference for this verse. “In that day” is referring to the Day of the Lord. The Lord is going to assemble and gather the outcasts, those that he has afflicted. This is part of the “Basar” or gospel, which means “good news.” The remnant of Israel will become a strong nation and the Lord will reign over them forever.
Micah 4.8…This is tremendous prophecy about the place of the birth of Messiah. “And as for you, tower of the flock (Migdal-Eder in Hebrew. It is a valley just beyond the town, in between Bethlehem and Jerusalem (Gen 35.21), where sheep that were destined for the Temple were raised by priest/shepherds-Mishnah, Shekalim 7.4. It had watch towers to watch for predators) hill of the daughter of Zion (“daughter of Zion” is an idiom for a city outside of Jerusalem). To you it (the Kingdom of God) will come (when Yeshua was born), even the former dominion (in Eden) will come, the kingdom of the daughter of Jerusalem.” Yeshua was born in the valley called Migdal-Eder just outside Bethlehem. He was not born in the city, where there is a grotto called the Church of the Nativity. He was born among the sheep that were destined for the korbanot in the Temple, and the shepherds in the story were priests who raised these sheep to make sure they were “kosher” for the korbanot.
Micah 4.9…This verse is talking in the present (“Now”), and it is relating to the fact that they were going into captivity and a time of trouble. This trouble is likened to “birth-pains” and it is an eschatological clue as well. 40 years after the death of Yeshau, the people went into “birth-pains” during the war with Rome from 66-73 AD, seven years. Isa 66.7-9 and Matt 24.8 refer to this time period.
Micah 4.10… We have another double reference prophecy. “Writhe and labor to give birth, Daughter of Zion, like a woman in childbirth. For now you will go out of the city (they would eventually be taken to Babylon, and in 70 scattered to the world). Dwell in the field (the “field” is the surrounding countryside when the Babylonians came, and they were collected and sent to Babylon. Eschatologically it is the world-Matt 13.38) and go to Babylon (which was literally Babylon, but prophetically it is America. Many rabbi’s have believed that America is the last stop before the coming of the Messiah. Interestingly, when this given, Assyria was dominant, not Babylon). There (in America) you will be rescued (The word for rescued is the Hebrew “natzeli” and it means “deliverance.” The root for that word is “Natzal” which is the word for the “plucking up”, “caught up.” Deliverance will begin there, on Rosh ha Shannah, year 6001 in the catching away of the believers to heaven. Some or all of the 144,000 will see the rapture and believe in Yeshua. They will depart America before her destruction and go back to Israel). There the Lord will redeem you (purchase them back, and bring them back to the land) from the hand of your enemy.”
Micah 4.11…”And now, many nations have been assembled against you” refers to the present time, and Assyria and the nations with her (Psa 83.6-8; Ezek 38.5-6; Oba 7) who come to destroy the people (Psa 83.4-5).
Micah 4.12…But they do not know the thoughts of the Lord (Isa 55.8). He will gather Assyria and her allies like sheaves to the threshing floor in the fall harvest. Assyria and her allies will be destroyed (Ezek 38-39; Isa 10.12-19).
Micah 4.13…Israel will be defended by the Lord and will rise up again by the power of the Lord. This prophecy happened in the time of Assyria, but it will happen again in the “last days” and the Day of the Lord when God will defend Israel against the invasion of Gog and Magog, who is understood to be Russia.
In Part 11, we will pick up here and get into more information about this Assyrian/Russian invasion. If you want to understand prophecy, and you have the back-round to do it, this is the chapter to go to. If you want to teach prophecy, you must know this chapter backward and forward.