The Book of Micah-Part 8

Micah 2.1-3…More charges are being brought by the Lord against the government and then to the leaders. They work out evil schemes on their beds and when morning comes they do it. In v 2 it discusses what they do, such as coveting fields and houses and takes them away from the people. They rob a man and his house and man and his inheritance. As result, the Lord is going to come against their families, from which they will be helpless. They will not walk “haughtily” which means they will be led away captive. In other words, since they took these things away from others, the Lord was going to take it from them.

Micah 2.4…this is a major prophecy about the Assyrians in “peshat” level, but in the “sowd” level it will be referring to the false messiah. “On that day” refers to a time period we understand as the “Day of the Lord.” Israel’s enemies will taunt the people of Israel. It says that the “portion” or “heritage” of the peole is going to be removed, and this refers to replacement theology that comes into the land, replacing the Torah. The “apostate” is a reference to Assyria in the literal level, but this also refers to the false messiah. God is going to give them up to the Assyrians, but also to the false messiah, who will come in and take the land, persecute the people and replace the Torah (Dan 11.36-37). The false messiah will be Jewish and is seen as a traitor who has departed from the heritage of the Torah. Other Scriptures relating to the false messiah and this departure into “lawlwssness” (Greek “anomos”= no Torah, or “Torah-less”) includes 2 Thes 2.3; Matt 7.23; Matt 24.12; Dan 7.25 and 1 John 2.18.

Micah 2.5…”no one stretching a measuring line” means that there is no Torah, no guide lines from the Lord and there will not be any land to measure anymore (Judges 21.25). The word used in the Gospels and Epistles for “lawless” is “anomos” in Greek and it means “Torah-less” (2 Thes 2.3; Dan 7.24; Matt 7.23).

Micah 2.6…False prophets were trying to silence God’s messengers and the people didn’t believe judgment was coming, so the Lord stopped sending them.

Micah 2.7…The Lord is saying “Do you think the Spirit of God likes to talk to you so rough?” He wants to do good but the people are not listening to his prophets and repenting from the evil found in v 2.

Micah 2.8…not content with just taking the outer robe of a fellow Israelite, they take the inner robe also (Deut 24.13).

Micah 2.9..the women (widows) are evicted from their homes and this is also robbing her children of their inheritance.

Micah 2.10…he tells them to leave and go from Canaan, which was to be a rest, because the above sins were going to bring destruction. He is saying that “you cast out others, so I will cast you out.”

Micah 2.11…a man “walking after wind and falsehood” is referring to the false prophets who speak falsely. They profess to have the “wind” of the Ruach (Holy Spirit) and inspiration, but in reality they really don’t. This is the case today by those who claim to be prophets. None of them are from God, but they claim to be. They speak falsely and think it is by the inspiration of the Ruach. If one came to speak of the abundance of “wine and liquor” which means there will be no destruction, this people would listen because they didn’t believe the Lord was going to move against them.

Micah 2.12-13…even now the Lord is going to prophesy about a glorious future, after the coming destruction. This is also a prophecy about the coming “Elijah” and Messiah. There is a midrash (interpretation) on these verses that is the key to Matt 11.12. So, let’s go into this for some concepts. Matt 11.12 says in most English Bibles, “And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force.” Our verses here in Micah 2.12-13 are the keys to understanding this verse in Matthew. Our verses in Micah are full of imagery about a shepherd and his sheep. It talks about a shepherd penning up his sheep for the night. The next morning, a breach or a hole is made for the sheep to go out of, and the sheep “shove and push” because they have been cramped in there all night. They literally “break through” the door in their excitement to get out into the field after they have been penned up, following their shepherd. So, putting Matt 11.12 back into this context it begins to make sense. The Kingdom of God is “breaking forth” because of the preaching of John the Baptist, saying that the “Kingdom of God is here” (Matt 3.2) not “suffering violence” and every person (the sheep) in it is “breaking out” into it (the Kingdom), not “taking it by force.” Compare Luke 16.16 with this verse. As in our verse and Matt 11.12, the “breaker” is Elijah, or John the Baptist, who removes the stones from the doorway to allow the sheep to run out into the field (the Kingdom of God) to the shepherd who is leading the way (the Messiah). He is called the “poretz” or “breach-maker” who removes the stones in Isa 40.3-5; Isa 62.10-12, and he is the messenger of Mal 3.1 and 4.5-6. John opened the way for Yeshua to lead his excited sheep who have been waiting for the Kingdom to arrive and are “pushing and shoving” in their excitement to “break out” into the green pasture of the Kingdom of Heaven (see the book “Understanding the Difficult Words of Jesus” by Roy Blizzard and David Bivin, p 85-87, for a more detailed breakdown of Matt 11.12 as compared to Micah 2.12-13).

We know from Exo 18.16 that Moses taught the people, but now the people were assimilating into all sorts of paganism. After the return from Babylon, Ezra was seen as a “second Moses” because he was a priest and he taught the people again and had the same calling (Ezra 7.10,21,25) because the people were assimilating into Babylonian ways. Today, we have the same problem and we are in a second “dark age.” In the first dark age, the people couldn’t read and so the Scriptures were unknown to them. In the second “dark age” the people won’t read and they want to be told what to believe. They don’t want to do the work themselves, they want it “automatic” so they just have to “push a button” and get their spiritual “fast food.” As a result, they assimilate into the pagan culture and customs all around. They don’t want to listen to God and to “dig a well of living water” for themselves” because they don’t have time.

In Part 9, we will pick up here with Micah, Chapter 3

Posted in Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Tanach, Understanding the New Testament, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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