Chapter 4 dealt with the believers being caught up to heaven on Rosh Ha Shannah, year 6001, on the first day of the “Day of the Lord” or the last 1000 years of the 7000 year plan of God. The Birth-pains will start 10 days later on Yom Kippur, but there are several things going on in heaven once the believers get there.
Chapter 5 deals with the Coronation and Enthronement of the Messiah, which is why the believers were caught up. There are five aspects to the coronation of a Jewish king. There is the investiture with insignia, the anointing, the acclamation, enthronement and homage.
1) I saw in the right hand (the right hand is associated with mercy and authority) of him who sat on the throne (this is the Ancient of Days in Dan 7.9-10) a book (scroll) written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals (or scroll, this is the Torah which is described as a book with seven seals. The King was to have a Torah scroll, written by himself, with him at all times-Deut 17.18-19. Seven means “complete, perfect” and it is sealed-Dan 12.4. The Tanach has several verses referring to a scroll with the theme of judgment-Ezra 5 and 6; Isa 30; 34.4-5; Jer 36 and 37; Ezekiel 2 and 3; Zech 5.1-11. The “Edut” in 2 Kings 11.12 is the testimony and it contained decree’s and the king’s right to the throne, with titles. It also had prophecies of what would happen in his reign, along with any names he may have. This is what we see here and it is part of the coronation. In 2 Sam 1.10 we see a bracelet which contained the king’s seal and was part of his insignia. The Book of Revelation is the “edut” and it contains prophecies concerning the Messiah and any names he may have).
2) And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with aloud voice, “Who is worthy to open the book and break its seals (the opening of these seals releases judgment, but this is always tempered with God’s mercy. The one who is worthy to open the seals is the one who brought the perfect will of God, with mercy and judgment).
3) And no one in heaven (angels or believers) or on the earth (among mankind), or under the earth (the dead), was able to open the book (no matter what knowledge they possessed could foresee what was to come and unleash judgment) or to look into it.
4) And I began to weep greatly because no one was found worthy to open the book, or to look into it (John, like we all do, lost sight of the victory of the Lamb,
5) and one of the elders (a spokesman) said to me, “Stop weeping; behold, the Lion (this goes back to Jacob’s prophecy in Gen 49.8-12) that is from the tribe of Judah, the root of David (the tzemach, the branch-Isa 11.1-speaks of Yeshua’s human nature-Rev 22.16), has overcome (conquered at the cross) so as to open the book and its seven seals.”
6) And I saw between the throne (Yeshua as mediator) with the four living creatures (part of the Merkavah in Ezekiel 1) and in the midst of the elders a Lamb standing (alive) as if slain (bearing the marks of being slain), having seven horns (all power-kings are signified by horns-Dan 8.20-21. Messiah is called the horn of David-Psa 132.17; Luke 1.69) and seven eyes (completely omniscient), which are the seven Spirits of God (the Ruach Ha Kodesh and his gifts) sent out into all the earth (Yeshua had the Ruach in all the fullness).
7) And he came, and he took it out of the right hand of him who sat on the throne (Rev 1.1-this is the investiture. We are beginning to see allusions to the fall festivals now because they teach the coming of Yeshua. Starting in Chapter 4 we see Rosh Ha Shannah. There will be allusions to the fall feasts of Yom Kippur and Sukkot in other passages that we will point out as we come to them. For instance, there are the white robes of Yom Kippur in 6.11; 7.9,13; 19.14. We will see the lulavim, or palm branches, of Sukkot in 7.9; Sukkot prayers in 7.10; living waters of Sukkot in 7.17; golden censer of Yom Kippur in 8.3; the Temple filled with the incense of Yom Kippur in 8.4 and 15.8; the Temple opened in 11.19 relating to Yom Kippur and the Ark in view, relating to Yom Kippur in 15.5).
8) And when he had taken the book, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, having each one a harp, and golden bowls full of incense (Yom Kippur terms), which are the prayers of the saints (the tzaddikim-righteous ones-Psa 141.2).
9) And they sang a new song (“new song” is an idiom meaning “the Messiah has come” as in Isa 42.10-“chadash shir” in this verse, is masculine. Song is usually “shirah” which is feminine, but here it is masculine because the Messiah has come (Psa 96.1; 149.1=masculine and redemption has come) saying, “Worthy are you to take the book, and to break its seals, for you were slain, and did purchase for God with the blood men from every tribe (of Israel) and tongue and people and nation (Gentiles).
10) And you have made them a kingdom (over Satan and the world) and priests (prayer and sacrifices-this was said to Israel in Exo 19.6) to our God; and they will reign upon the earth (this is the acclamation of a king-Psa 47; 2 Kings 11.12).”
11) And I looked and I heard the voice of many angels (different types with different functions, like the Ophanim, Cherubim, Seraphim) around the throne and the living creatures and the elders; the number of them was myriads and myriads, and thousands and thousands (similar to Dan 7.10, meaning too many to number),
12) saying with a loud voice (signifies zeal), “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing”-this is also part of the acclamation).
13) And every created thing which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea and all things in them, I heard saying, “To him who sits on the throne (the Father, the Ancient of Days), and to the Lamb (Yeshua) be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever (this is the enthronement for the kingdom).”
14) And the four living creatures kept saying, “Amen (giving assent, ratifying it).” And the elders fell down and worshipped (this is the homage of a king. So, as we can see, this chapter deals with the coronation of a king, in heaven, before the Birth-pains begin on Yom Kippur, ten days after the Natzal, or rapture, of the believers. You see, the Birth-pains or Tribulation, is God pouring out his wrath on an unbelieving world. Since all believers have had their sins forgiven and are not appointed to wrath, it would be unjust to punish them after the Lord has forgiven them, that is double jeopardy. As a result, those that did not believe before the Natzal, will go through the Birth-pains).