The Book of Second Peter-Chapter 2

1) But false prophets (in contrast to true prophets) also (along with real prophets) arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers (Deut 13.1-5; 1 Tim 4.1-3) among you who will secretly introduce destructive heresies (doctrines not from God, contrary to the Torah. Many Christian commentators say he is talking about Gnosticism or other pagan beliefs, but Peter is referring to those who are already moving away from the Torah, as seen in verse 3. Christian commentators would never admit that what they believe is contrary to Peter’s teaching), even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves (Deut 32.5-6-remember he is writing to Jewish believers).
2) And many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of truth (the Torah-Psa 119.142; Psa 119.160) will be maligned,
3) and in greed they will exploit you with false words, their judgment from long ago is not asleep (it will come upon them in the appointed time).
4) For if God did not spare (had no mercy on) the angels when they sinned, but degraded them (the Greek word here is “tartaroo” which is a verb, and means degraded. It is mistranslated as “cast them to hell” and the noun “hell” or “Tartarus” is not found in the Greek for this verse, but many translations have it. Even Thayer’s Greek Lexicon and other commentators fall into the Greek, mythological meaning because they are coming from a Greek, replacement theology mindset, and not from a Hebraic mindset. This is exactly what we have been saying and this verse is a prime example. In Greek mythology, Tartarus is a place of the dead, where immoral spirits went. Tartarus, the place, is never found in the New Testament. The verb of action “tartaroo” appears in our verse, so translators who were adopting Greek philosophy decided to use the meaning of Tartarus of the pagans to apply to Peter’s “tartaroo” thus coming up with “casting down to hell” in our verse. Tartaroo does not mean Tartarus, it means “the act of imprisoning, restraining and degradation.” Peter was not applying pagan Greek concepts here. The noun Tartarus is not even present in “tartaroo” the verb. Peter uses “tartaroo” here to tell us that God imprisoned the angels that sinned (Gen 6.2-4) and these angels are the “power of the air” (Eph 2.2; 6.12) and it is reasonable to assume that these angels “demonize” people by appearing in occult practices and deception. Their “prison” is the earth’s atmosphere (Matt 8.28-32; 12.22-28). Their fall was from honor and dignity to dishonor and condemnation. The meaning of the verse is that “God spared not the angels who sinned, but degraded (tartaroo) them…”) and committed them to chains of darkness (the darkness of this present world, the guilt of sin, no forgiveness, no redeemer, unbelief, black despair, driven from the realms of light and joy), reserved for judgment (at the appointed time-Matt 8.29)
5) and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when he brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly (the Sons of God were the righteous who intermarried with unbelieving women, whoever they chose-Gen 6.2. This was a problem throughout the Scriptures-Neh 10.28-30. Yeshua mentions this in Matt 24.38-39, they were too busy. This has nothing to do with angels cohabiting with human females, producing some super race. This again is mythology. That is genetically impossible according to Genesis, where his creatures procreate “according to their own kind.” Angels do not have human DNA and cannot produce anything from a human female, but that is another story);
6) and he condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction by reducing them to ashes, having made them an example (Greek “hupodeigma” meaning “something that is shown or visible.” In the first century, they could see these cities according to Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book 4, Chapter 8) to those who would live ungodly thereafter;
7) and if he rescued righteous Lot, oppressed by the sensual conduct of unprincipled men (he didn’t like it);
8) for by what he saw and heard that righteous man, while living among them, and felt his righteous soul tormented day after day with their lawless deeds,
9) the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from temptation, and keep (Greek “tereo” meaning to watch over in a continuing action) the unrighteous under punishment (by continuing action) for the day of judgment (Yom Ha Din in Hebrew. There are two days of the year that are called Yom Ha Din, Rosh Ha Shannah and Yom Kippur),
10) and especially those who indulge the flesh (strange flesh-Jude 7) in corrupt desires and despise authority. Daring, self-willed, they do not tremble when they revile dignitaries (civil magistrates),
11) whereas angels (good ones), who are greater than in might and power do not bring a reviling judgment against them (the dignitaries, magistrates) before the Lord (Jude 8).
12) But these (the ungodly), like unreasoning animals, born as creatures of instinct to be captured and killed, reviling where they have no knowledge, will in the destruction of those creatures also be destroyed,
13) suffering wrong as the wages of doing wrong. They count it a pleasure to revel in the daytime. They are stains and blemishes, reveling in their deceptions, as they carouse with you (they were among the believers, the fale prophets-2 Pet 2.1),
14) having eyes full of adultery and never cease from sin; enticing unstable souls, having a heart trained in greed, accursed children;
15) forsaking the right way (the Torah) they have gone astray, having followed the way of Balaam (which is when God says no, they find a way around it for money or personal gain, covetousness), the son of Beor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness (Prov 10.16; Rev 2.14),
16) but he received a rebuke for his own transgression (by an angel in Num 22.32 also); a dumb donkey, speaking with a vice of a man, restrained the madness of the prophet (the donkey signified his stiff-necked attempt to curse Israel).
17) These are springs without water (false prophets/teachers-Jer 2.13), and mists (clouds) driven by a storm (their own covetousness), for whom the black darkness (they darkened counsel by their words without knowledge, so this is fitting) has been reserved (Isa 66.24; Mark 9.44).
18) For speaking out arrogant words of vanity they (the false prophets and teachers) entice by fleshly desires, by sensuality, those who barely escape from the ones who live in error,
19) promising them freedom (from the Torah-v 21- but the Torah is a law of liberty (James 1.25; Psa 119.45) because it is truth, and truth sets you free-John 8.31-32- and it is not burdensome-1 John 5.3) while they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by what a man is overcome, by this he is enslaved.
20) For if after they have escaped the defilements of the world (this is an outward reform, a form of godliness-Heb 6.1-8) by the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Yeshua Ha Mashiach (a profession of knowledge of him, they are again entangled in them and are overcome, the last state has become worse for them than the first (their case is now worse, more bold, outward in their sins and these can seldom recover).
21) For it would be better for them (not so aggravated) not to have known the way of righteousness (faith in Yeshua as defined by the Torah), than having known it, to turn away from the holy commandment delivered to them (as found in the Torah).
22) It has happened to them according to the true proverb, “A dog returns to its own vomit” (Prov 26.11) and “A sow (Hebrew “chazer” which also means “return”), after washing, to wallowing in the mire” (Matt 7.6-Their sin was declaring a false liberty by turning people from the Torah. The word “wallowing” in Hebrew is “p’lish’tim” where the word “Philistine” comes from. It means “to roll about in or to give oneself over to, to revel in.” The name Israel was replaced by “Palestine” by the Romans, which is the same as Philistine).

Posted in Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Understanding the New Testament, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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