The Book of Zechariah-Chapter 2

1) Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold there was a man (Messiah) with a measuring line in his hand (this is the third vision; God is the owner and he measures the land for new occupants and settlements. This was fulfilled in successive immigrations with Ezra, and later Nehemiah. This will also have a messianic implication).
2) So I said, “Where are you going?” And he said to me , “To measure Jerusalem (spiritually), to see how wide it is and how long it is.”
3) And behold, the angel who was speaking with me (Zech 1.9) was going out (from Zechariah), and another angel was coming out (from the measuring angel/man in 2.1) to meet him (with a message, sent by the measuring angel/man from 2.1)
4) and said to him, “Run, speak that young man (Zechariah), saying, ‘Jerusalem will be inhabited without walls (idiom for “secure”) because of the multitude of men and cattle (peaceful and prosperous) within it.
5) For I, declares the Lord, will be a wall of fire (protected) around her (Psa 125.2 and I will be the glory (kivod) in her midst (opposite of 1 Sam 4.21 where the glory had departed).”
6) Ho there! (in Hebrew “ho” is “hoi” and it is simply a particle of exhortation, and calling for attention; “oy vey” is from this). Flee from the land of the north (Babylon, “get out now” in other words. The 144,000 will be called to do this-Micah 4.10; Jer 51.6; 50.4; 50.28; Zeph 3.10. They are being told to get out because trouble was coming to Babylon and the land was going into warfare, one by Darius and the other by one of his generals),” declares the Lord, for I have dispersed you as the four winds of the heavens,” declares the Lord.
7) Ho (hoi) Zion! Escape, you who are living with the daughter of Babylon (any of the cities, towns and villages around her, who are the “daughters” of the harlot. Many Jews stayed in Babylon and did not return with Ezra and Nehemiah).
8) For thus says the Lord of hosts (the armies), “After the glory (The Lord’s presence promised in 2.5) he has sent me (Zechariah and Messiah) against the nations which plundered you, for he who touches you, touches the apple (“little man” which is an idiom for “pupil” because when someone is looking at you, you appear as a “little man” in their pupil) of his eye (this is also prophetic of the last days when the Jewish people will flee Babylon before her destruction comes, and return to the land. When Yeshua returns, the glory, he will judge the nations).
9) For behold, I will wave my hand over them (Babylon), so that they will be plunder for their slaves (the Persians took over). Then you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me (Messiah sent by God, context is the second coming).
10) Sing for joy and be glad, O daughter of Zion (the cities and towns around Jerusalem); for behold I am coming and I will dwell in your midst (this is when the Lord helps Israel back to the land, out of Babylon. Eschatologically, this is when Messiah returns-Zeph 3.14-15; Isa 40.10; Isa 62.10; Mal 3.1-3; Ezek 48.35; Zech 14.9),” declares the Lord.
11) And many nations (Gentiles) will join themselves to the Lord in that day (idiom for when the Lord returns) and will become my people (Paul’s reason for going to the Gentiles-Rom 11). Then I will dwell in your midst, and you will know that the Lord of hosts has sent me to you (Zechariah and Messiah).
12) And the Lord will possess Judah as his portion in the holy land and will again choose Jerusalem (be pleased to have his name there).
13) Be silent (“has” in Hebrew meaning “hush” and is a very strong word in Hebrew, meaning be quiet, O man, and think about the word just given, the Lord is coming), all flesh, before the Lord; for he is aroused (in anger) from his holy habitation.”

Posted in Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Tanach, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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