The Book of Zechariah-Chapter 9

The ninth to the fourteenth chapters will be prophetical. They will have the same thrust, dealing with the enemies of Israel and what happens to them, along with blessings to Israel. This chapter is going to deal with three areas, Lebanon and Syria, Tyre and Sidon and the Philistine area. Israel has the same security concerns today, and these prophecies will have a future fulfillment.
1) The burden (a prophecy, God doesn’t want things to come to this) of the word of the Lord is against (not good) the land of Hadrach (not a name of a country but he was an Aramean king who formed confederacies) with Damascus as its resting place (where the wrath will “rest”), for the eyes of men, especially the tribes of Israel, are toward the Lord (in their affliction, they will seek the Lord),
2) And Hamath (a Syrian kingdom, north of Damaascus) also, which borders on it; Tyre and Sidon, thoughthey are very wise (in their own eyes),
3) For Tyre and Sidon (Lebanon) built herself a fortress (half mile out in the the sea, with 150 foot walls) and piled up silver like dust, and gold like the mire of the streets (plenty of it).
4) Behold, the Lord will dispossess her (through Alexander in 332 AD) and cast her wealth into the sea; and she will be consumed with fire.
5) Ashkelon (named after onions) will see and be afraid (at the destruction of Tyre). Gaza too will writhe in great pain; Also Ekron, for her expectation has been confounded (they expected Tyre would withstand Alexander, and stop him from going south). Moreover, the king will perish from Gaza (government fell, King Betis killed), and Ashkelon will not be inhabited.
6) And a mongrel race (Hebrew “mamzer” meaning not the rightful heir) will dwell in Ashdod, And I will cut off the pride of the Philistines (the city of Gath is not mentioned with the other four Philistine cities. Gath was passed over, as in Amos 1.6-8; Zeph 2.4 and Jer 25.20; and they occur in the same order as in Jeremiah, whose prophecies Zechariah had in mind. Gath was somewhat inland and may have been out of the path of Alexander as he moved his army down the coast).
7) And I will remove their blood from their mouth (hate speech against Israel; the Philistines would actually drink the blood of their enemies; eating food that defiles), and their detestable things from between their teeth (the impure foods eaten by them). Then they also will be a remnant for our God (serve the Lord in Messianic times), and be like a clan (“aluph” meaning a leader over a 1000), and Ekron like a Jebusite (original inhabitants of Jerusalem, subjugated by David and incorporated with the Jews, with certain privileges).
8) But I will camp around my house ( the Jewish people and the Temple, to protect) because od an army, because of him (Alexander) who passes by and returns (he passed by Jerusalem); and no oppressor will pass over them any more, for now I have seen with my eyes (concern for their welfare again).
9) Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king (Messiah-Zechariah switches from the coming of Alexander to the coming of Messiah. This was fulfilled by Yeshua in what is called “the triumphal entry” into Jerusalem and the Temple on Nisan 10, four days before Passover, when the congregational lamb was chosen and presented in the Temple for sacrifice on the 14th. Yeshua presents himself as the lamb, also declaring that he is the Messiah based on the eschatological expectation of this verse. Nisan 10 will also be the exact halfway point of the Birth-pains when the false messiah presents himself as God and demands to be worshipped and the two witnesses are killed. The Jewish people will flee into the wilderness for 1260 days, from Nisan 10 to Tishri 10, or Yom Kippur) is coming to you; he is just and endowed with salvation (unlike Alexander), humble and mounted on a donkey (idiom for “a king” because they used donkeys-Judges 10.4; 12.14; 1 Kings 1.33-44; 2 Sam 15.2, 18.9; and “no more war” because horses will not be used; it also refers to the “old, stubborn nature”), even on a colt, the foal of a donkey (speaks of the new nature, second generation).
10) And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim (live in peace-Micah 5.9; unlike Alexander) and the horse from Jerusalem; and the bow of war will be cut off. And he (Messiah) will speak peace to the nations (unlike Alexander) and his dominion will be from sea to sea (Red Sea to the Mediterranean), and from the River (Euphrates) the ends of the earth (Messiah will have what Alexander was after).
11) As for you also, because of the blood of the covenant with you (my promise to you; the “aleph-tav” precedes “blood of the covenant” in Hebrew because the Messiah is the agent of that covenant), I have set your prisoners free from the waterless pit (a pit, dungeon of exile).
12) Return to the stronghold (to the land of Israel, Messiah seen as the “rock”), O prisoners who have the hope (literally “of the hope”-Jer 17.13); this very day I am declaring that I will restore double to you (like Job, who was a picture of the Jewish people).
13) For I will bend Judah (the south) as my bow, I will fill the bow with Ephraim (north). And I will stir up your sons, O Zion, against your sons, O Greece (the sages saw this verse as applying to the Hasmoneans and the Maccabees resulting in Chanukah. God was going to give victories over Alexander’s successor. But it has a greater fulfillment in the Birth-pains when “replacement theology” will be the basis for the religion of the false messiah, which will be Christianity, whose basis is Greek thought. On the other hand, Hebrew thought is the basis for the Torah and the Scriptures). And I will make you like a warrior’s sword.
14) Then the Lord will appear over them (like the cloud in the wilderness), and his arrow will go forth as lightning, and the Lord will blow his trumpet (like the word given at Sinai; Yeshua returns to Jerusalemm on Yom Kippur-Matt 24.31; Isa 27.13; Joel 2.15;) and will march in the storm winds (whirlwind) of the south (Teman/Midian, where Sinai is. Yeshua will return to this area, march north to Jerusalem from the southeast-Deut 33.2; Judges 5.4-5; Hab 3.7; Isa 63.1; Matt 24.27).
15) The Lord of hosts (the armies) will defend them and they (Judah and Ephraim) will devour (the flesh of their enemies), and trample on the sling stones (that had been thrown at them) and they will drink (an idiom meaning “utterly destroy” their enemies), and be boisterous as with wine (celebrate); and they will be filled like a sacrificial basin (with the blood of their enemies), drenched like the corners of the altar (after the blood is poured out.The priests would pour out the blood at the NE and SW corner, hitting two sides at once. These terms are giving the idea that they will have a bloody victory. Zechariah is using Temple terms because it was on their mind).
16) And the Lord their God will save them in that day (an idiom for “when the Messiah comes”) as the flock of his people, for they are as the stones of a crown (not worthless, like the sling stones, but “living stones”-1 Pet 2.5) lifted as banner (Hebrew “nes” meaning a sign, miracle-Isa 11.10; 13.2,18) in his land.
17) For what comeliness and beauty will be theirs! Grain will make the young men flourish (make it grow), and new wine the virgins (supply material prosperity).

Posted in Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Tanach, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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