Sin needed a remedy and God must provide the ultimate sacrifice (Gen 22.8). The guilt of all will be removed in one day by the Branch, the son of David, who is both King and High Priest ( Isa 11.1; Zech 3.8; 6.11-13). A fountain, a permanent water supply, will open up to cleanse them from sin and iniquity (Zech 13.1). A man will die like the sheep in the Temple as a guilt offering for the iniquity of the people (Isa 53.4-8,10). But afterwards, he will be satisfied with new life (Sa 53.1012). This brings us up to the second of our fall festivals, Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement). This feast is idiomatically called “face to face” because it is the one day the High Priest goes into the Holy of Holies, coming face to face with the Lord.
In 1 Cor 13.8-12, we learn that when the “perfect” comes (the Messianic Kingdom) we will be “face to face” with the Lord (v 12) and we won’t need prophecy and we won’t “know in part” anymore because we will not be looking through a dark glass, but have clear understanding. Rev 22.4 says “they shall see his face” and these allude to Yom Kippur and being in the presence of the Lord. On this day the High Priest went behind the “veils” (there were two) into the very presence of God to sprinkle the blood of a bull and goat, and to bring incense. This “moed” (appointment) of Yom Kippur is all about the second coming of the Messiah.
In Lev 16, we learn of the instructions for the High Priest for the “avodah” (service) of Yom Kippur. One of the instructions was to “sprinkle” blood towards the people. In Isa 52.13-14 we see that the Messiah, when he returns (Zech 12.10,13.1), will “sprinkle many nations” and that was the job of the High Priest on Yom Kippur. We will have two goats on this day stand before the Lord. Lots are cast, and one goat will be designated “L’Adonai” which means “to the Lord” and the other will be designated “L’Azazel” which means to Azazel. Azazel will be a type of Satan and the false messiah. Joel 2.1-2 talk about the days leading up to Rosh ha Shannah and the Yamin Noraim. Joel 2.15 is talking about Yom Kippur because it is a day to “fast” (see Acts 27.9). We also have a trumpet and an assembly. Yom Kippur is the only festival with a trumpet, called the “shofar ha gadol” (the great trumpet-Matt 24.30-31) and an assembly. In Joel 2.16 we see the bride and the bridegroom coming out of their “chuppah” so how long have they been in there? They have been in there for their bridal “week” or a “shavuah” which is the seven year Birth-pains. Then in Joel 2.17, it says that the priests will weep between the porch and the altar. There is only one day during the year when they ministered between the porch (Ulam of the Temple) and the altar (Mitzbe’ach) and that was Yom Kippur (Joel 2.17-20). Notice what you have here, you have a trumpet, a fast, the bride and groom coming out of the wedding chamber on the same day that the priests minister between the porch and the altar.
Messiah is returning to the earth on Yom Kippur and the people will see him “face to face” just like in the Holy of Holies He will sprinkle the nations (Isa 52) and there will be a shofar (trumpet) blast called the “shofar ha gadol” or “great trumpet” (Isa 27.13; Matt 24.30-31). Zech 12 and 14 talk about the end of the seven year Birth-pains in Jerusalem. Joel 2.17 says that the priests will cry to the Lord to spare them, and God answers in Zech 14.3-7. We have several things going on here. The second coming of Yeshua will be after the seven year Birth-pains, and he comes with his bride. The average person, or “chata’im” (sinner) has had plenty of time to do “teshuvah” or repent. Judgment has not been rendered yet. In addition, he could be killed at any time during the Yamin Noraim (days of awe) because that will be the nature of the period.
Let’s say he survives all the bowl judgments, the trumpets and the seals. He even survives the false messiah. He accepts Yeshua the day before he returns on Yom Kippur, will he enter the Kingdom of God? The answer is “yes” he would. But, what if he waits and then see’s Yeshua coming, will he enter the Kingdom of God? The answer is “no.” Remember, Yom Teruah (Rosh ha Shannah) teaches that the “gates are open” in heaven for repentance and to “let the righteous nation enter” (Isa 26.2). Yom Kippur, on the other hand has a closing ceremony called “Neilah” and it means the “closing of the gates.” You must make your decision before then. Matt 24.30-31 and Isa 27.13 says that the people will be gathered by the Shofar ha Gadol, the great trumpet.
Isa 27.1-11 talks about an eschatological character called Leviathan. This creature is a picture of the false messiah. He is called the sea monster in Psa 104.26 and he is compared to Pharaoh. Rev 13.1-2 talks about a sea creature rising up out of the sea, this is Leviathan. This creature is alluded to in and called “tannim” (serpent) in Ezek 29.1-7 and 32.1-8. Again, the “tannim” is likened to Pharaoh (Pharaoh had a serpent on his crown). He is given for the birds to eat in Rev 19.21; Ezek 29.5 and 32.4. In the Encyclopedia Judaica, he is called a “seven-headed beast” and this fits our biblical description of him. Leviathan is a sea monster in Psa 104.26, and twisted serpent, or sea monster in Isa 27.1, the fleeing serpent in Job 26.13, the serpent on “tannim” in Ezek 29.1-5, the sea monster in Ezek 1-8, Leviathan makes a covenant in Job 41.4, has heads (plural) which is seen in Rev 13.1 that are crushed in Hab 3.13 and Psa 74.13-14. This will also be consistent with the prophecy in Gen 3.15.
The Shofar ha Gadol, or great trumpet, is blown at the closing ceremony on Yom Kippur called Neilah, meaning the closing of the gate. Remember, Yeshua said there would be a Shofar ha Gadol blown at his second coming in Matt 24.30-31. As you can see, as long as you have the “blueprints” of the festivals, Sabbath, idioms and phrases you can build your eschatological house on solid ground and it won’t fall down. Let’s look at an overall eschatological picture of these festivals and their fulfillment from the ministry of Yeshua. John calls him the “lamb of God” and that is Passover. He is immersed in water by him, which alludes to his “burial” on Unleavened Bread, he “rises” out of the water in a “resurrection” which refers to the festival of First Fruits, when he rose from the dead, the Spirit descended on him which alludes to Shavuot in Acts 2, there was a wedding in Cana, which refers to Yom Teruah/Rosh ha Shannah, he “takes away the sins of the world” which is a reference to Yom Kippur, and his 40 days in the wilderness alludes to the 40 years Israel lived in “sukkot” and alludes to the festival of Sukkot.
So, what do we have so far in our first two fall festivals. We have the resurrection occurring on Yom Teruah, or Rosh ha Shannah at the end of the 6000 years from creation. The Natzal, or “rapture” is when the believers will be “plucked up” to heaven to be with the Lord (1 Ths 4.15-16; 1 Cor 15.51-52; Isa 26.19-20). There will be a wedding (Psa 45) and a coronation (Psa 2, Rev 4-5) as the believers enter into the “Days of the Chuppah” (Isa 26.20; Joel 2.15-16) which is a seven, or shavuah, and in this case the seven is seven years. A the same time, those on earth will be going into the Yamin Noraim, or the Birth-pains for seven years. There will be two groups at first, the sinners and the wicked. Out of the sinners, many will believe in Yeshua during the Birth-pains. One idiom for Yom Teruah (and there are many) is “the last trumpet” (1 Cor 15.52) alluding to Gen 22 and the Akedah.
Yom Kippur teaches the second coming of the Messiah. The throne in heaven will be moved to earth on this day. The believers in heaven will join those who have made it through the Birth-pains, or Yamin Noraim. We will have a “sprinkling of the nations” by the Messiah and a fountain of cleansing will be opened up. An idiom for Yom Kippur (and there are many) is “Shofar ha Gadol” or “the great trumpet” (Matt 24.30-31; Isa 27.13). This trumpet is blown to signal that the time for repentance is over, and to start gathering the unbelievers and the believers t Jerusalem for judgment (Matt 25). Just like the Azazel goat on Yom Kippur is killed in the wilderness, the false messiah will be cast away into the Lake of Fire (Rev 19.20). Everything connected with this festival teaches the second coming of Yeshua on that day.
If Yeshua returns on Yom Kippur, then the Birth-pains will start on Yom Kippur. That means that the Natzal, or “rapture” of the believers will happen ten days prior, on Tishri 1, Yom Teruah (Rosh ha Shannah). So, if the Birth-pains begin on a Yom Kippur, then the half-way point of the Birth-pains (1260 days later) will be Nisan 10. This is the day ISrael separated a lamb from the flock and observed it for blemishes for four days. Then on Passover, the 14th of Nisan, it was killed and eaten. Likewise, Yeshua entered Jerusalem on this day and was separated from the flock because he never stayed in Jerusalem again. He was observed for blemishes (sin) for four days by the priests and the people, and they found him to be blameless. Then on Nisan14, he was killed just like the other Passover lambs. All of this took place on Nisan 10, and will again. Eschatologically, the false messiah will declare himself God and Messiah on this day, the exact half-way point of the Birth-pains. He will then persecute the Jewish people and any other believer for 1260 days (Dan 7.25; Rev 12.14-17. At the end of that 1260 day period, it is Yom Kippur and the coming of Yeshua. From Yom Kippur, Tishri 10, if you count 75 days, you will come to the festival of Chanukah. That is when Yeshua himself will dedicate Ezekiel’s Temple that will be used during the Messianic Kingdom.
In Part 4, we will pick up here and begin to talk about our third fall festival, the festival of Sukkot, and begin to discuss how this fits into the eschatological picture God has given us in the Fall Festivals.