The festival of Shavuot and Sukkot are linked. Agriculturally, you brought the first tithe at Shavuot and the second tithe at Sukkot (2 Chr 31.4-7). Spiritually, the Ruach ha Kodesh entered in Acts 2 and water is the main theme for both festivals. Yeshua spoke of the Ruach (Spirit) coming at Shavuot at Sukkot (John 7.39). Ezek 43.1-5 is the haftorah reading for Shavuot, which speaks of the Ruach entering the Temple. Passover was not considered over until Shavuot, and Shavuot was not considered over until Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret, the 8th day. Therefore, Passover was not considered over until Shemini Atzeret. They overlap, related to the harvest with the beginning linked to the end.
In 1 Cor 15.20-28 we have a reference to the First Fruits of the Barley, again with the theme of the harvest. You begin to count the Omer to “fill the measure.” You have an allusion to the resurrection with each coming “in his own order” which is pictured by the counting of the Omer (v 23). Then we “come to the end” and the last enemy (death) is put under his feet (v 25). This alludes to Hoshanna Rabbah, the seventh and last day of Sukkot, which means the “Great Salvation.” We then enter the “8th day” called Shemini Atzeret which is the Olam Haba. The harvest is directly related to biblical eschatology. These concepts always carry the idea of “ascending” which is a major theme of Sukkot. In the morning of each day of Sukkot, the people ascended into the courts for the Beit ha Shoevah (house of the water-pouring) ceremonies. But at night, the priests “descend” into the lower courts for a ceremony called Simchat Beit ha SHoevah, which means “rejoicing in the house of the water-pouring.” This is the goal of man and what we are headed towards. We will “ascend” to God’s throne and his presence. As we ascend to him, this creates joy, and this rejoicing breaks forth as the Lord “descends” back down to us. The festival of Sukkot “rehearses” this concept in the courts of the Temple, where everyone rejoices together. This rehearsal shows us that all tears will be wiped away, the mourners will be comforted, the sick are healed and earth is set in order as the Messiah has come, and the Kingdom breaks forth (Rev 7.9-17).
Rev 22 deals with the Olam Haba (the world to come), the 8th day of Sukkot. There is no sin and death, sickness or pain. Everyone is in glorified bodies at this time. Rev 22.1-2 talks about the “waters” and the “healing of the nations” because there is no sickness and death. When Adam sinned, the Garden of Eden was protected. Why? To guard the Tree of Life. If man ate from this tree they were sealed forever in a body that would sin. Now we see that the nations freely eat from it in glorified bodies that cannot sin so that Adam’s sin cannot be repeated ever again, starting the whole thing over again. God takes away the desire to sin and free will has nothing to do with this. Ezek 47.1-12 says the same thing. Dan 9.24 says that seventy weeks are decreed to the Jewish people, to “finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring everlasting righteousness, to seal up the vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy.” Yeshua will accomplish all this, but not right away. The city will need to be cleansed of all bodies and rubble, the land also. The Temple has been desecrated and a new one built and rededicated back to God. This “dedication” will take place on Chanukah, 75 days after Yeshua returns. Lets look at Dan 12.11-12 where it says, “And from the time that the regular sacrifice is abolished and the abomination of desolation is set up there will be 1290 days (On Adar 10, 30 days before the mid-point of the Birth-pains in Nisan 10, the abomination of desolation will be set up, around Purim. The korbanot will cease because the Temple is desecrated. The 1290 days cover the 30 days to Nisan 10, and from Nisan 10 to Tishri 10, 1260 days, and Yeshua’s coming on Yom Kippur). How blessed is he who keeps waiting and attains to the 1335 days (this time period covers from Nisan 10 to Tishri 10, a total of 1260 days, and the coming of Yeshua on Yom Kippur. Add the 75 days to Chanukah with 1260 days, and you have 1335 days and Chanukah. This verse is saying that if you see this Temple dedication on Chanukah, 75 days after Yeshua returns on Tishri 10 and Yom Kippur, you are truly blessed because you are in the Kingdom and have been judged righteous).”
The details on this Messianic Temple can be found in Ezekiel Chapters 40 through 48. Once the Messianic Kingdom is over, we enter into the “8th day” or Shemini Atzeret, the Olam Haba and the “world to come.” But, there are a few things that need to be taken care of first. Those that survived the Birth-pains and were deemed righteous (Matt 25) will go into the Kingdom with physical bodies. They will have children and it is these descendants, and their children, that will live in the Kingdom with physical bodies, along with us who have glorified bodies. They will need to be taught the Torah and some of those will believe, and some will not. At the end of the Messianic Kingdom, the unrighteous will be judged at the Great White Throne judgment and then sentenced to the Lake of Fire (Rev 20.11-15). The righteous will receive glorified bodies and enter into the Olam Haba along with all believers from all time. There will be no need of a Temple then, because the Lord will live among us just like in the Garden of Eden (Rev 21.22-27). From there we go into a future that the Lord has planned for us, but little in formation about it is given in the Scripture because it cannot be fathomed or understood by our finite minds. But the Lord has promised it will be good and we have all of eternity to look forward to, and engage in whatever he has for us. It won’t be boring, that’s for sure.
Rosh Ha Shannah-The Sequel Tape Series, Hatikva Ministries