Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Luke-Chapter 5

Luke 5.1-39 will tell us about the first talmidim, the healing of a leper and a paralyzed man, the calling of Levi/Matthew, and fasting.

v 1…Now it came about (came to be as a result of the excitement of his teachings and miracles) that while the multitude was pressing around him and listening to the word of God (the Torah about the kingdom of God, etc), he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret (meaning “harp”-see our teaching called “Why Yeshua Taught in Galilee and the Sea of Galilee” on this site for a deeper meaning into this lake);

v 2…and he saw two boats (not engaged in fishing or commerce) lying (anchored) by the edge of the lake, but the fishermen had gotten out of them, and were washing their nets (cleaning them for the next day).

v 3…And he got into one of the boats, which was Simon’s (Hebrew “Shimon” meaning to hear), and asked him to put out a little way from the land (away from shore so that the crowds would not overturn the boat). And he sat down and began teaching the multitudes from the boat.

v 4…And when he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep water and let down your nets for a catch (as a reward for using his boat as a platform to speak from).”

v 5…And Simon answered and said, “Master, we worked hard all night and caught nothing, but at your word (advice) I will let down the nets.”

v 6…And when they had done this, they enclosed (encircled) a great quantity of fish, and their nets began to break (tear apart);

v 7…and they signaled to their partners in the other boat, for them to come and help them. And they came, and filled both of the boats, so that they began to sink (too much weight).

v 8…But when Simon Peter saw, he fell down at Yeshua’s knees (feet), saying, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord (as defined by the Torah-he recognized he was in the presence of one sent from God)!”

v 9…For amazement (he was shook up) had seized and all his companions because of the catch of fish which they had taken;

v 10 and so also James (Jacob) and John (Yochanon) sons of Zebedee (Benai Zabbadai) who were partners with Simon. And Yeshua said to Simon, “Do not fear, from now on you will be catching men (literally “sons of Adam”).

v 11…And when they had brought their boats to land, they left everything and followed him (their world as they knew it; they were being prepared all along for this by Yehovah so they were ready).

v 12…And it came about (occurred) that while he was in one of the cities, behold (see), there was a man full of leprosy (Hebrew “tzara’at” and one with tzara’at was called a “metzora.” This is not the modern “leprosy” called Hansen’s Disease. This “tzara’at” is something different because the symptoms don’t match, you went to a priest not a doctor, they change quickly, and one totally covered with tzara’at is declared “clean” in Lev 13.13. All of this makes no medical sense, but it is a hint to the spiritual nature of the problem; uncleanness contaminates and it is a heart issue) and when he saw Yeshua, he fell on his face and implored him, saying, “Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean (ritually).”

v 13…And he stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, “I am willing, be cleansed.” And immediately the leprosy (tzara’at) left him

v 14…And he ordered him to tell no one, “But go and show yourself to the priest (lest out of ill-will for Yeshua they refuse to say he was clean) and make an offering for your cleansing, just as Moses (Torah) commanded (Lev 14.1-32) for a testimony to them (the Torah commands).”

v 15…But the news about him was spreading even farther, and great multitudes were gathering to hear him and to be healed of their sicknesses.

v 16…But he himself would often slip away to the wilderness to pray (effective prayer requires this).

v 17…And it came about one day (“one of the days”) that he was preaching and there were some Pharisees (probably from Beit Shammai) and teachers of the Law (Torah) sitting there, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem; and the power of the Lord was present for him to perform healing (for the multitude).

v 18…And behold, men were carrying on a bed a man who was paralyzed, and they were trying to bring him in, and to set him down in front of him (in hopes that this would move him to compassion and heal him).

v 19…And not finding a way to bring him in because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down through the tiles with his stretcher, right in the center, in front of Yeshua.

v 20…And seeing their faith (by action, works-Jam 2.18), he said, Friend, (literally “adam” or man), your sins (have been and) are forgiven (this is not a command for sin to depart, but a proclamation of the man’s pardoned state).”

v 21…And the scribes and the Pharisees (from Beit Shammai who opposed Yeshua) began to reason (within themselves-religion always opposes faith), “Who is this who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God alone?”

v 22…But Yeshua, aware of their reasonings (within themselves), answered and said to them, “Why are you reasoning in your hearts (he said this to expose them)?

v 23…Which is easier to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Rise and walk (obviously to say your sins are forgiven can’t be seen, so to heal the man could be seen, showing that for Yeshua, both were seen as easy; neither of these could be accomplished by a mere man)?

v 24…But in order that you may know that the son of Man (Bar Enosh of Dan 7.13 and a Messianic title) has authority on earth to forgive sins (so that you know his sins were forgiven because you will see him walk; and they can’t accuse him of blasphemy), he said to the paralytic, ‘I say to you, rise, and take up your stretcher and go home (you will see him walk, so you know his sins are forgiven too).”

v 25…And at once he rose up before them and took up what he had been lying on and went home (now they can’t accuse him of blasphemy), glorifying God.

v 26…Abd they were all seized with astonishment (shook up) and began glorifying God; and they were filled with fear (awe) saying, “We have seen remarkable things today (contrary to the natural order of things).”

v 27…And after that he went out (of the house), and noticed a tax-gatherer named Levi sitting in the tax office, and he said to him, “Follow me.”

v 28…And he left everything behind (the world as he knew it; he was being prepared beforehand for this by Yehovah so he was ready), and rose up and began to follow him.

v 29…And Levi gave a big banquet for him (a meal consecrated to God, or a “Lord’s Supper”) in his home; and there was a great crowd of tax-gatherers and other people who were reclining at table with them (to meet Yeshua).

v 30…And the Pharisees (from Beit Shammai and opposed Yeshua) and their scribes began grumbling at his talmidim (they found fault in this), saying, “Why do you eat and drink with tax-gatherers and sinners (unlike these Pharisees who ate in what they called a “Chavurah” with select individuals who followed their halakah)?”

v 31…And Yeshua answered and said to them “It is not those who are well that need a physician, but those who are sick.

v 32…I have not come to call the righteous men but sinners to repentance (they should have found no fault in this).”

v 33…And they said to him, “The talmidim of John often fast and offer prayers; the talmidim of the Pharisees also do the same; but yours eat and drink.”

v 34…And Yeshua said to them, “You cannot make the attendants of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them, can you?

v 35…But the days will come; and when the bridegroom is taken away from them, then they will fast in those days (this will explain the following parable in v 36-40).”

v 36…And he was also telling them a parable (midrashic aggadah): “No one tears a piece from a new garment (fasting when Yeshua is gone) and puts it on a old garment (Yeshua’s teaching is from old and eternity and he was still with them-John 7.16), otherwise he will both tear the new, and the piece from the new will not match the old (a proper time for everything).

v 37…And no one puts new wine (fasting when Yeshua is gone) into old wineskins (Yeshua’s teachings were of old and eternity from Yehovah-John 7.16); otherwise the new wine will burst the skins, and it will be spilled out and the skins will be ruined.

v 38…But new wine (fasting) must be put into fresh wineskins (fast when Yeshua the bridegroom is gone).

v 39…And no one after drinking old wine wishes for new, for he says, ‘The old is good (there is a proper time for everything-for now, not fasting when Yeshua is present is a good thing because the Messiah is with you-there is a teaching in the Mishnah, tractate Nezikin, Avot 4.20 that compares a skilled Torah teacher to a wineskin, and his knowledge to “old wine” and says, “And he that learns from the aged, to what is he like? To one that eats ripe grapes and drinks old wine. Look not on the jar but on what is in it; there may be a new jar that is full of old wine and an old one in which is not even new wine”).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Luke-Chapter 4

Luke 4.1-44 tells us about the testing of Yeshua in the wilderness, the beginning of his ministry in Galilee, his rejection in Nazareth, the healing of a demon-possessed man and Peter’s mother-in-law, and many others.

v 1…And Yeshua, full of the Ruach Ha Kodesh (under his control and purposes), returned from the Jordan, and was led about by the Ruach in the wilderness.

v 2…For forty days (the number of testing and alluding to the 40 years Israel was tested in the wilderness; he may have been there from Elul 1 to Tishri 10, called the “days of repentance” in Matt 3.11) while tested by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days; and when they were ended, he became hungry.

v 3…And the devil said to him, “If you are (exist as) the son (heir and king) of God, tell these stones to become bread.”

v 4…And Yeshua answered him, “It is written (already recorded-Deut 8.3), ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but every word of God (there is more than just physical food to live on, there is the one true bread-John 6.32, 48-51, 58).’ “

v 5…And he led him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment in time (instantaneous flash or vision of the organized structure of earth’s governments).

v 6…And the devil said to him, “I will give you all this domain and its glory (which was an arrogant claim because he had no real power to do so unless Yehovah permitted it); for it has been handed over to me (which was a lie-the world and everything in it belongs to Yehovah-Deut 10.14; Psa 24.1; Exo 9.29), and I give it to whomever I wish (another lie; these kingdoms and who governs them is in the power of Yehovah; Satan cannot dispose of something that he does not control).

v 7…Therefore, if you worship before me, it shall all be yours (another lie, it belonged to Yeshua by creation-John 1.1-2).”

v 8…And Yeshua answered and said to him, “It is written (already recorded in Deut 6.13), ‘You shall worship the Lord (Yehovah) your God and serve him only (all others excluded).’ “

v 9…And he led him to Jerusalem and set him on the pinnacle of the Temple (this included the outer walls-this was the southwest corner overlooking the busy conjunction of a major north-south street running through Jerusalem; there would have been many people there to impress if he had jumped. In addition, this southwest corner was also the “place of trumpeting” where a priest stood to blow a trumpet heard all over the city. This was done on the Sabbath to distinguish between the holy and the common. A stone has been found at the bottom of the wall that said, “to the place of trumpeting”-Josephus, The Jewish War, Book 5, Chapter 9.12), and said to him, “If you are (exist as) the sone (the heir and king) of God, cast yourself down from here (that would be quite an announcement);

v 10…for it is written (already recorded, ‘He will give his angels charge concerning you to guard you,’

v 11…and, ‘ON their hands they will bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone (Ha Satan knows the Scriptures and he quotes Psa 91.11-12 closely, but he is twisting it to an evil purpose to test Yeshua).’ “

v 12…And Yeshua answered and said to him, “It is said (Deut 6.16), ‘You shall not tempt (force a test on) the Lord (Yehovah) your God (Yeshua is quoting from the Torah reading “Eikev” which goes from Deut 7.12 to 11.25. It is one of the last Torah readings of the year. Now, if Yeshua went into the wilderness on Elul 1 and the beginning of the days of repentance leading to Tishri 10 Yom Kippur in Matt 3.11-14, that would mean he comes out 40 days later on Yom Kippur and that’s when John identifies him in John 1.29. That means “Eikev” was read in the synagogues while Yeshua was in the wilderness and possibly at the very time of this testing).’ “

v 13…And when the devil had finished every temptation he departed from him until an opportune time (he was not done yet-John 14.30).

v 14…And Yeshua returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit (under his control and purposes-the word “power” is “dunamei” where we get the word (dynamite”-Yeshua is entering a miraculous public ministry); and news about him spread through all the surrounding district.

v 15…And he began teaching in their synagogues and was praised by all.

v 16…And he came to Nazareth (Galilee was the first to go into the Assyrian exile), now the first to hear about the Basar-Isa 9.1) where he had been brought up; and as was his custom, he entered the synagogue on the Sabbath and stood to read.

v 17…And the book (scroll) of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him (by the chazzan or shammash of the synagogue), and he found the place where it was written (this may have been the haftorah reading for that Sabbath “Nitzavim” in the fall; the reading cycle would begin again after Sukkot),

v 18…”The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel (basar) to the poor. He has sent me (as a shaliach or agent) to proclaim release (from sin) to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind (to give good counsel to the spiritually blind also), to set free those who are downtrodden (wounded and bruised),

v 19…to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord (he stops here and does not complete the rest of the verse that says, “and the day of vengeance of our God.” This will be fulfilled at his second coming on Tishri 10 Yom Kippur-Matt 24.29-31).”

v 20…And he closed the book (scroll) and gave it back to the attendant (the chazzan or shammash), and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue was fixed upon him.

v 21…And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled (given meaning, confirmed) in your hearing (the offer of the kingdom of God started with John in Matt 3.2 and Yeshua is the agent of God to bring it about according to this Scripture).”

v 22…And all were speaking well of him and wondering at the gracious words which were falling from his lips; and they were saying: Is this not Joseph’s son (in other words, where did he learn all this or think this way; but this is also a messianic title for the Messiah, along with “son of David”)?”

v 23…And he said to them, “No doubt you will quote this proverb to me, ‘Physician heal thyself (do your healing and miracles at home, among us, his hometown people. They thought they had a right to his favor); whatever we heard was done in Capernaum do here in your hometown as well.”

v 24…And he said, “Truly I say to you, no prophet is welcome in his hometown (or received in his city).

v 25…But I say to you in truth (now he is going to give two examples of prophets not honored in Israel, and going to the non-Jews), there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the sky was shut up for three years and six months, when a great famine came over all the land;

v 26…And yet Elijah was sent to none of them (the other poor widows of Israel) but only to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow (a non-Jew).

v 27…And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet; and none of them was cleansed but only Naaman the Syrian.”

v 28…And all in the synagogue were filled with rage as they heard these things (God’s calling of the non-Jews always provoked their response; this foreshadowed the response of the nation later on when non-Jews could be saved without becoming Jewish by ritual circumcision-Acts 22.21-22; Rom 11.12-14. The idea that Yeshua was the Messiah was not the most controversial issue of the first century among Jews, it was the acceptance of the non-Jews into the kingdom of God without having to be circumcised ritually; this will be the main issue in the book of Galatians, not whether or not a believer should keep the Torah).

v 29…And they rose up and cast him out of the city, and led him to the brow of the hill on which their city had been built, in order to throw him down the cliff (part of the stoning process).

v 30…But passing through their midst, he went his way (how he did this is not recorded, but his time had not yet come and he could not die outside of Jerusalem).

v 31…And he came down to Capernaum (village of the comforter), a city in Galilee (circuit). And he was teaching them on the Sabbath days.

v 32…And they were amazed (shook up) at his teaching, for his message was with authority (he knew what he was talking about, it penetrated them-Luke 5.1).

v 33…And there was a man in the synagogue possessed by the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice,

v 34…”Ha (“Aha” with fear)! What do we have to do with you (what communication or association do we have with you-the answer is “None”), Yeshua of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us (doomed in the final judgment-they knew)? I know who you are-the Holy One of God (Messiah, King, Heir, Redeemer, Savior; the demon knew what others refused to see and believe)!”

v 35…And Yeshua rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet (muzzled) and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in their midst, he went out of him without doing him any harm.

v 36…And amazement came upon them all (they were shook up), and they began discussing with one another and saying, “What is this message (word-what is there in his word)? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits and they come out (they did not know who he was, they thought he was just a man, but the demons knew).

v 37…And the report about him was getting out into every locality in the surrounding district (there was faith in Galilee, unlike Nazareth).

v 38…And he arose and left the synagogue, and entered Simon’s (Peter; Hebrew “Shimon” meaning to hear) home. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever Luke uses a Greek medical term here used by physicians); and they made a request of him on her behalf.

v 39…And standing over her, he rebuked the fever and it left her; and she immediately arose and began to wait on them.

v 40…And while the sun was setting (at the end of the Sabbath-v 31; this alludes to how Israel’s day was setting-their opportunity was closing), all who had any sick with various diseases brought them to him (they didn’t want to violate the Sabbath, but this shows how they were in bondage to their traditions-Yeshua will show that healing could be done on the Sabbath and they didn’t have to wait-Luke 14.3-6; Matt 12.10-13), and laying his hands on every one of them, he was healing them.

v 41…And demons also were coming out of many, crying out and saying, “You are (exist as) the son (heir) of God!” And rebuking them, he would not allow them to speak, because they knew he was the Messiah (“King”-he did not need their testimony and did not want who he was to be made known by them).

v 42…And when day came, he departed and went to a lonely place, and the multitudes were searching for him, and came to him and tried to keep him from going away from them (contrast their reaction to the reaction in Nazareth).

v 43…But he said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God (his rule, his movement in action) to the other cities also, for I was sent (as a shaliach/agent) for this purpose (his mission, his destiny).

v 44…And he kept preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Luke-Chapter 3

Luke 3.1-38 contains an account of the preaching of Yochanon Ha Matvil (John the Immerser) and a genealogy of Yeshua from his mother’s side (the seed of the woman-Gen 3.15).

v 1…Now in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (the “third” Caesar after Julius and Augustus; about 25-26 AD possibly if you date from his appointment as co-regent in 11 AD), when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea (the fifth one; before him was Coponius, Marcus Ambivius, Annins Rufus and Valerius Gratus), and Herod (Antipas, the son of Herod the Great) was Tetrarch (a rank lower than a king) of Galilee, and his brother Philip was Tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis (north and east of the sea of Galilee), and Lysanias was Tetrarch of Abilene (not a son of Herod and ruled the area of Syria, west of Damascus),

v 2…in the high priesthood of Annas (the former high priest and “sagan” or deputy) and Caiaphas (the actual high priest and son-in-law of Annas), the word of God came to John (inspiring him to preach, the son of Zechariah, in the wilderness (of Judea, north of the Dead Sea and around the mouth of the Jordan River).

v 3…And he came into all the district around the Jordan (sometimes around Bethabara or Aenon near Salim) preaching an immersion (tevilah) of repentance (“teshuvah” or to return to God) for the forgiveness of sins (as a type of Elijah, the friend of the bridegroom-Mal 4.5; John 3.29),

v 4…as it is written (already on record) in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, “The voice of one crying in the wilderness (called the “herald” in Jewish eschatology-see the Complete Artscroll Machzor for Sukkot, Hoshanot for Hashana Rabbah, Mesorah Publications, p.803-805), make ready the way of the Lord, make his paths straight (as defined in the Torah, the ethical paths found there).

v 5…Every ravine shall be filled up (the metaphor here is drawn from the practice of going before a king or an important person to clear the road of obstacles and make it level; in spiritual thought, this relates to repentance and walking straight according to the Torah, as opposed to walking in crooked ways or in opposition of the Torah; the ravine or valley symbolize the lowly and depressed people who will be raised up), and every mountain and hill shall be brought low (the haughty and the proud will be humbled); and the crooked (teachings) shall become straight (through correct doctrine), and the rough roads smooth;

v 6…and all flesh (nations, people) shall see the salvation (Hebrew “yeshua” of God (a term for the Messiah and his purposes and provision for sin).”

v 7…He therefore saying to the multitudes (which included priests, Sadducees, Pharisees-Matt 3.7) who were going out (into the wilderness to hear him John 1.6, 30-32) to be immersed by him, “You brood of vipers (family of snakes, similar to what Yeshua said in John 8.44, “You are of your father the devil”; sly and deceptive; a term frequently used in Rabbinic literature), who warned you to flee from the wrath to come (the fire of God’s wrath; and a snake will come out of the wood when it is on fire).

v 8…Therefore bring forth fruits (actions, doctrines) in keeping with your repentance (in line with the Torah, and do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father’ for I say to you that God is able from these stones (what stones? We know Joshua had placed 12 stones in the Jordan where they crossed to symbolize the 12 tribes of Israel in Josh .1-9. It is possible that John is at that very place in this passage) to raise up children to Abraham (based on Ezek 33.23-24).

v 9…And also the axe (the Romans) is already laid at the root of the trees (people of Israel); every tree (person) therefore that does not bear good fruit (in line with the Torah) is cut down and thrown into the fire (the Roman’s were God’s axe and this will literally come true in 70 AD).”

v 10…And the multitudes were questioning him, saying, “Then what shall we do (to escape God’s wrath and judgment)?”

v 11…And he would answer (every time this came up) and say to them, “Let each the man who has two tunics share with him who has none (self-denial); and let him who has food do likewise (bear the burdens of others, practice justice and mercy, etc).”

v 12…And tax-gatherers (hated by the people because they worked for Rome) also came to be immersed, and they said to him, “Teacher (rabbi), what shall we do (to present fruits of our repentance)?”

v 13…And he said to them, “Collect no more than what you have been ordered to (by the governor; be honest and don’t steal or extort; notice he never tells them to stop working for a pagan government).”

v 14…And soldiers (probably Jews in the armed forces, etc) were questioning him, saying, “And we, what shall we do?” And he said to them, “Do not take money from anyone by force, or accuse falsely, and be content with your wages (what is allowed you; mutinies for higher pay has happened before; notice again he does not tell them to stop serving in the military).”

v 15…Now while the people were in a state of expectation (for the coming of the Messiah; they knew Daniel’s prophecies in Chapters 7 and 8 and the fourth kingdom was here, but the kingdom of God was not-Dan 7.17-18) and all were wondering in their hearts (thoughts) about John as to whether he might be the Messiah (but he was from Levi, not Judah, and not a descendant of David; they were not considering this-Luke 1.65-66).

v 16…John answered and said to them all, “As for me, I immerse you with water (a common practice going back thousands of years; a change of status in preparation for the coming of the Messiah; in the spirit of Elijah); but he who is mightier than I is coming (the servant of God, Messiah), and I am not fit to untie the thong of his sandals; he himself will immerse you in the Ruach Ha Kodesh (power of regeneration) and fire (tom purge the unrighteous chaff).

v 17…And his winnowing fork is in his hands to clean out his threshing floor (Yeshua will “stir” up the people and separate the wheat from the chaff), and to gather the wheat into his barn (the kingdom of God); but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire (alluding to the Lake of Fire).”

v 18…So with many other exhortations also he preached (proclaimed) the basar (gospel) to the people.

v 19…But when Herod the tetrarch was reproved by him on account of Herodias, his brother’s wife, and on account of all the wicked things which Herod had done (she was not only his sister-in-law but his niece),

v 20…he added this also to them all, that he locked John up in prison (at a later date).

v 21…Now it came about when all the people were immersed, that Yeshua also was immersed, and while he was praying, heaven opened up (see the notes on Matt 3.16),

v 22…and the Ruach Ha Kodesh descended upon him like a dove (it doesn’t say it was a dove- the “new creation” is being alluded to here-Gen 1.2), and a voice came out of heaven, “Thou art my beloved son, in thee I am well pleased (or “it was good” as in Gen 1.1-5).”

v 23…And when he began his ministry, Yeshua himself was about thirty years of age, being supposedly (referring to the fact Yeshua was not Joseph’s son by the flesh) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli (this genealogy differs from Matthew’s because this is Miriam’s descendants, and Yeshua is the promised seed of the woman in Gen 3.15; this also goes around the curse on Coniah’s seed in Jer 22.30; Miriam is a daughter of David through Nathan, not Solomon; you will notice that the names listed here are priestly names and that makes sense because Miriam was Elizabeth’s cousin, who was a daughter of Aaron-Luke 1.5, 36),

v 24…the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph,

v 25…the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Hesli, the son of Naggai,

v 26…the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda,

v 27…the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri,

v 28…the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er,

v 29…the son of Joshua (Yeshua), the son of Eliezar, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi

v 30…the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim,

v 31…the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan (this is how Yeshua can be king through the laws of inheritance through the mother, established in Num 26.33, 27.1-11; Nathan was the third son of David and Bathsheba-2 Sam 5.14; 1 Chr 3.5, 14.3-4; Yeshua can’t be king through Joseph’s kingly line through Solomon because of Jer 22.11-30), the son of David,

v 32…the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nachshon,

v 33…the son of Amminadab, the son Admin, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah,

v 34…the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor,

v 35…the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Heber, the son of Shelah,

v 36…the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,

v 37…the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan,

v 38…the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God (the first man, the ruler of the kingdom of God on earth, a king; the term “son of God” has several applications; the kings were called “sons of God” and a title for a king in 1 Chr 28.5-6; angels are called the sons of God in Job 1.6, and believers are called sons of God in John 1.12; Rom 8.14,16; Gal 3.26).


Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, The Feasts of the Lord, The Temple, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Luke-Chapter 2

Luke 2.1-52 tells us about the birth of Yeshua, probably at the festival of Sukkot, the angels and the shepherds; his circumcision and naming, his presentation in the Temple 40 days after his birth according to Lev 12.1-8; his return to Nazareth and early childhood and his visit to the Temple at Passover. There are three ways to determine when Yeshua was born: the date of Gabriel’s visit to Zechariah which has already been discussed in Luke 1, Miriam’s conception six months later, and the date of King Herod’s death in the fall of 4 BC, within 40 days of birth. For more information on this in more detail, see the book called “Rosh Ha Shanah and the Messianic Kingdom to Come” by Joseph Good, Hatikva Ministries, p.155-162.

v 1…Now it came about in those days (revolving around the conception of Yeshua and the birth of John) that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus (grand-nephew of Julius Caesar, whose name was Octavian), that a census (head tax) be taken of all the inhabited earth (over which Rome ruled); God did not want any doubt to the ancestry of Yeshua, and Luke had access to this register).

v 2…This was the first (Greek “proton” or first) census (first enrolled) taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria (the proconsul in Damascus).

v 3…And all were proceeding to register for the census (head tax), everyone to his own city (ancestral home; you did this when you came up for a festival; Miriam and Joseph came at Sukkot; Augustus and his edicts were being dictated by the true King of Kings in order to have the Messiah born in Bethlehem; for those who think that Yehovah does not govern or control the affairs of men are greatly mistaken).

v 4…And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem (Hebrew “Beit Lechem” or house of bread-Mic 4.8; Gen 35.16-19; Ruth 4.18-22), because he was of the house and family of David,

v 5…in order to register along with Miriam, who was betrothed (but considered his wife) to him, and was with child.

v 6…And it came about that while they were there (n Bethlehem), the days were completed for her to give birth (to the long-awaited Messiah-Gen 3.15; Isa 7.14).

v 7…And she gave birth to her first-born son (Greek “prototokos” or first of many, not “monogenes” or only as in Luke 7.12, 8.42, 9.38- she would have other sons-Matt 13.55; Mark 6.3); and she wrapped him in swaddling clothes (at Sukkot there were four great lights in the Temple called the “light of the world.” The discarded undergarments, or swaddling clothes, of the priests were used as wicks for these lights), and laid him in a manger (a sable, or “sukkah”-Gen 3.17), because there was no room for them in the inn (because it was the festival of Sukkot and many had come to keep the festival; in 2 Sam 19.37 David gives Chimcham a possession in Bethlehem-Jer 41.17; this later had an inn identical to the inn in this passage).

v 8…And in the same region there were shepherds (Temple sheep were grazed here-Mishnah, Shekalim 7.4) staying out in the fields (at a place called Migdal Eder, meaning “tower of the flock”, in the fields near Bethlehem-Mic 4.6-10) and keeping watch (in the towers) over their flock by night (they were diligent).

v 9…And an angel of the Lord stood before them (notice he did not appear to the priests, scribes, Pharisees and Sadducees, etc), and the glory (Hebrew “kivod” and a theme of Sukkot with the four poles and the lights-see Luke 1.38 notes on the prayer said in a sukkah) of the Lord shone around them; and they were terribly frightened (a reverential awe).

v 10…And the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold (see for yourself), I bring you good news (Hebrew “basar”-Isa 40.9, 52.7 about the coming of the Messiah) of great joy (another theme of Sukkot) which shall be for all the people (nations-Sukkot is called the “festival of the nations”);

v 11…for today in the city of Bethlehem there has been born to you a Savior, who is Messiah the Lord (Yehovah is master of all things, one of the divine God-head).

v 12…And this shall be a sign (alluding to Isa 7.14-an identification) for you; you will find a baby wrapped in swaddling clothes (one time a year the priests would take their undergarments and cut them into strips as wicks for the four posts which had vats of oil. These were lit and called the “light of the world”-Mishnah, Sukkah 5.2-3), and laying in a manger (a stable-Greek “phatne” or a place for hitching cattle; Jacob made “sukkot” for his livestock, so phatne is the Greek word for the Hebrew “sukkah”-Gen 33.17).

v 13…And suddenly there appeared with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host (army) praising God and saying,

v 14…”Glory to God in the highest (heaven), and on earth peace (the absence of evil or lack) among men with whom he is pleased (a Sukkot theme).

v 15…And it came about when the angels had gone away from them into heaven, that the shepherds began saying to one another (among themselves), “Let us go straight to Bethlehem then and see this thing that has happened which the Lord has made known to us.”

v 16…And they came in haste and found their way to Miriam and Joseph and the baby as he lay in the manger.

v 17…And when they had seen this they made known the statement which had been told to them about the child (it was not a silent night).

v 18…And all who heard it wondered at the things which were told them by the shepherds.

v 19…But Miriam treasured up all these things, pondering them in her heart (considerations, thoughts-all of these memories comforted her as she considered what has happened since 1.11).

v 20…And the shepherds went back, glorifying and praising God for all that they had heard and seen, just as had been told them.

v 21…And when eight days were completed (if Yeshua was born on the first day of Sukkot, an eight-day festival, he will be circumcised on Shemini Atzeeret or Tishri 22; they were probably in Egypt by this time-Matt 2.13-15) before his circumcision, his name as called Yeshua, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

v 22…And when the days for their purification according to the law (Torah) of Moses were completed (40 days according to Lev 12.1-8-the family departed for Egypt the night he was born, and stayed there until King Herod was dead; they then came back to the Temple for this ceremony within 40 days to complete this ritual), they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord,

v 23…as it is written in the law (Torah ) of the Lord (already documented), “Every male that opens the womb shall be called holy (have a kedusha) to the Lord (Yehovah-Exo 13.12-15)”,

v 24…and to offer a sacrifice (an offering-“korban”) according to what is said in the law (Torah), “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons (Lev 12.8-they gave this because they were poor; the gifts the chachamim, or wise men, gave were dedicated to the Lord and were not for their personal use).”

v 25…Behold (see), there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon and this man was righteous (by faith) and devout, looking for the consolation of Israel (true Israel, and the Ruach Ha Kodesh was with him (the shepherds told everyone that the Messiah had been born in Luke 2.17-18; he is waiting here knowing they had to come to the Temple to fulfill the Torah in Lev 12.1-9).

v 26…And it had been revealed to him by the Ruach Ha Kodesh that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Messiah.

v 27…And he came in the Spirit (under his control and purposes) into the Temple (he knew it was the fortieth day and the family and child had to come for the ritual); and when the parents brought the child Yeshua , to carry out for him the custom of the law (Torah),

v 28…then he took him into his arms and blessed God, and said,

v 29…”Now Lord, thou dost let thy bond-servant depart in peace, according to thy word;

v 30…for my eyes have seen thy salvation (Yeshua means “Yehovah saves”),

v 31…which thou hast prepared in the presence of all the peoples,

v 32…’A light of revelation to the Gentiles (Matt 12.16-21); and the glory of thy people Israel (because God performed what he had promised to them-Gen 3.15, 12.3, 49.10; Isa 53.1-2).’ “

v 33…And Joseph (Joseph was not the biological father so father is not used) and mother were amazed at the things which were being said about him.

v 34…And Simeon blessed them, and said to Miriam his mother, “Behold (see), this child is appointed for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and for a sign (identification) to be opposed (a stumbling block for some-Matt 21.42-46),

v 35…and a sword (of anguish) will pierce even your own soul-to the end that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed (for what they really are-the wicked are revealed by their lies, contradictions, actions and heresies; but the righteous are revealed also).”

v 36…And there was a prophetess named Anna (Chanah meaning grace, favor), the daughter of Phanuel (face of God), of the tribe of Asher (one of the so-called Lost tribes.” She wasn’t lost here and there were many more-Jam 1.1. 2 Chr 30.1-11 says that all twelve tribes were invited to come for the Passover after the Assyrians came). She was advanced in years, having lived with a husband seven years after her marriage,

v 37…and then was a widow to the age of 84 (a long time). And she never left the Temple, serving night and day with fasting and prayer (there seems to be a group of women who served in the Mishkan like this, and later in the Temple-Exo 38.8; Judges 11.39-40; 1 Sam 2.22).

v 38…And at that moment (instant) she came up (still vigorous) and giving thanks to God, continued to speak of him (Yeshua as Messiah) to all who were looking for the redemption (second redemption) of Jerusalem (this was a time of great expectation of the Messiah-Luke 1.65-66, 2.18, 3.15).

v 39…And when they had performed everything according to the law of the Lord (Torah), they returned to Galilee, to their own city of Nazareth (they finally went home).

v 40…And the child continued to grow strong (in spirit), increasing in wisdom (“chachmah”- which is knowing what to do when you have an understanding of Torah facts); and the grace (“chessed” or kindness, mercy) of God was upon him.

v 41…And his parents used to go to Jerusalem every year at the feast of Passover (in obedience to the Torah-Deut 16.16; Exo 23.14-17).

v 42…And when he became twelve they went up according to the custom of the feast (just mentioned);

v 43…and as they were returning, after spending the full number of days (for Passover and all seven days of Unleavened Bread), the boy Yeshua stayed behind in Jerusalem. And Joseph and his mother were unaware of it (of his intention to stay),

v 44…but supposed him to be in the caravan (they traveled in these for safety) and went a days journey (about ten miles); and they began looking for him among their relatives and acquaintances.

v 45…And when they did not find him, they returned to Jerusalem looking for him.

v 46…And it came about that after three days (from their first setting out to go home; the concept of “three days” is very important in the Scriptures-Hos 6.1-3; John 2.1, 2.19; Luke 13.32, etc) they found him in the Temple sitting in the midst of the teachers (of the Sanhedrin, possibly Hillel and Shammai who were alive, including Simeon Ben Hillel, Rabbi Yehuda, Rabbi Joshua, Yochanon Ben Zakkai, and Yonaton Ben Uzziel who wrote a targum on the prophets), both listening to them and asking them questions.

v 47…And all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers (about the Torah).

v 48…And when they saw him, they were astonished (at what they saw, and the teachers he was with); and his mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us this way (reminding him he was still under their authority)? Behold, your father (as his guardian) and I have been anxiously (with breaking heart) looking for you.”

v 49…And he said to them, “Why is it that you were looking for me? Did you not know that I had to be involved in my Father’s business (he was not away from his Father, but involved in the business of his Father’s house)?”

v 50…And they did not understand the statement which he had made to them.

v 51…And he went down (from the Temple) with them and came to Nazareth; and he continued in subjection to them; and his mother treasured all these things in her heart (in her memory and inward thoughts).

v 52…And Yeshua kept increasing (Hebrew “hosif” and related to “yosef” the name of his father-Gen 49.22, 30.24) in wisdom (chachmah) and stature (physically), and in favor (chessed) with God and men (socially).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Luke-Chapter 1

This book was written by a man named Luke, a physician. He was possibly a Hellenistic Jew because Rom 3.2 says the Scriptures were entrusted to the Jewish people, and he was a companion of Paul. Not much is known about him because he never included any personal information about his origins and background. He is also the author of the book of Acts which was also written about the same time, about 60-62 Ad. He says he wrote this book before Acts and he ends Acts with the death of Paul. Although he never identifies himself by name, the frequent use of “we” in Acts tells us he accompanied Paul often. Luke wrote to a man named Theophilus (Luke 1.3; Acts 1.1) meaning “lover of God” who may have been aristocracy, and compiled his information from various witnesses and sources because he did not witness any of the events in this book himself. Luke writes in an aristocratic style, very detailed and scholarly. He sees Yeshua through the eyes of an educated man and writes to those on that level. His writing style is also based on the hermeneutical level called “Remez” meaning a parabolic level with illustrative stories, and presents Yeshua as the “Son of Man.” He also knows he is not the only one writing about Yeshua (v 1), but he wants to write an orderly account of events as if it had been passed down to him from others. It is as if he is writing an autopsy (v 2), giving definitive detail and establishing factual certainties.

v 1…Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us (both oral and written; these were delivered and made more available to him);

v 2…just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses (Greek “autotes” where the word “autopsy” comes from-being a physician Luke is going to “autopsy the life of Yeshua and write it all down) and servants of the word (the Torah was the only “word” they had) have handed them down to us (Luke was not an eyewitness but comied these written and oral accounts),

v 3…it seemed fitting for me as well, having investigated everything carefully from the beginning (he was inspired by God, but he had to do the necessary work), to write (it) for you in consecutive order (from the conception of Yochanon, or John, to the ascension of Yeshua), most excellent Theophilus (who this is in not certain so we will not speculate, but this title is used to address governors in Acts 23.26, 24.3, 26.25),

v 4…so that you might know the exact truth about the things you have been taught (or “katechethes” where we get the word “catechism.” Theophilus was possibly a God-fearer who were called “phobemenoi” in Greek. These were non-Jews who believed in Yehovah and were taught Messiah was coming; they observed the Torah as it applied and attended synagogues to learn Torah; Theophilus has been told that Yeshua was the promised Messiah and this fact will be established throughout this book; Cornelius was a centurion and a God-fearer who was taught by Peter in Acts 10.1-48, and God-fearers were referred to in Acts 13.16 and 13.26 for example; remember, Acts was also written by Luke).

v 5…In the days of Herod (the great, the son of Antipater and a descendant of Esau), king of Judah, there was a certain priest named Zechariah (Yehovah remembers) of the division (course) of Abijah (David divided the priests into 24 courses to serve in rotation in the Temple. Each course would serve a week and be present for the festivals; Abijah was the eighth course-1 Chr 24.10), and he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron (meaning “light-bearer” and women were also priests but could not serve in the Temple, but had other duties) and her name was Elizabeth (Hebrew “Elisheva” meaning “my God’s oath”, and putting thee names together we have “Yehovah remembers his oath of a light-bearer”).

v 6…And they were both righteous in the sight of God (by faith), walking blamelessly (without guile or craftiness to get around the Torah like the rabbis did) in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord (found in the Torah; they had a righteousness apart from the Torah by faith like all the righteous did, but they walked in the Torah because it was what Yehovah desired).

v 7…And they had no child because Elizabeth was barren (could not conceive) and they were both advanced in years (much like Abraham and Sarah, Elkanah and Hannah, Manoach and his wife; priests stopped serving in the Temple at 50 years old).

v 8…Now it came about while he was performing his priestly service (these 24 courses would begin to serve on Nisan 1, then rotate to the next course until all have served, then the rotation would start again. All the priests would serve at the festivals. Being the eighth course, this would have been around the feast of Shavuot or about mid-June) before God in the order of his division (about the tenth week of the religious year) according to the custom of the priestly office (in the Mishnah tractate Tamid and Yoma it will tell us how thee priests served in the Temple), he was chosen by lot to enter the Temple of the Lord to burn incense (there were four lots cast in the morning to see who would officiate in what duty; the priests would stand in a circle and the leader would think of a number and say it, and the priests would put out one or two fingers. Then the leader would count the fingers till he got to the number he randomly called out. The four lots covered the following duties: cleansing the altar, slaying the Tamid lamb, trim the Menorah and offer incense on the altar of incense, lay the sacrificial pieces of the lamb on the altar and pouring the drink offering. Offering incense could only happen one time during the life of any priest, so Zechariah had never done that before so God arranged the number of the lot, who stood where, how many fingers each priest put forth in order for that number to fall on Zechariah).

v 10…And the whole multitude of the people (priests, Levites and the Ma’amad or “standing men”) were in prayer outside (of the Temple building) at the hour of the incense offering (about 9 am).

v 11…And an angel of the Lord (possibly the same angel who appeared to Daniel about the time of the evening Tamid at 3 pm in Dan 9.21; Zechariah went in alone to burn incense as all the priests did and a certain set of prayers were prayed called the “Amidah”) appeared to him standing to the right of the altar of incense (north side).

v 12…And Zechariah was troubled (as was Daniel and John-Dan 10.7-8; Rev 1.17) and fear fell upon him.

v 13…But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your petition has been heard (he was praying the Amidah, a set of 18 benedictions, and number 15 says, “May the branch (tzemach, a term for the Messiah) of David thy servant flourish speedily and may his horn (power) be exalted in your salvation (Hebrew “Yeshua”), for in your salvation (Hebrew “Yeshua”) do we hope all the day (to come). Blessed are you, Yehovah, who produces the horn (power) of salvation (Hebrew “Yeshua”).” It was at this point the angel appeared and told Zechariah his petition for the coming of the Messiah has been heard. Notice in this prayer the name of the Messiah, Yeshua, is mentioned three times), and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will give him the name Yochanon (John).

v 14…And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth.

v 15…And he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and he will drink no wine or liquor (possibly a Nazarite-Num 6), and he will be filled with the Ruach Ha Kodesh (Holy Spirit) while yet in his mother’s womb.

v 16…And he will turn back many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God.

v 17…And it is he who will go before him (the Messiah Zechariah had just prayed for; John is his forerunner) in the spirit (anointing, calling, purpose) and power of Elijah (meaning John would be cut out of the same cloth as Elijah), to turn the heart of the fathers back to the children, and the disobedient to the attitude of the righteous; so as to make ready a people prepared for the Lord (Mal 4.5-6).”

v 18…And Zechariah said to the angel, “How will I know this? For I am an old man and my wife is advanced in years.”

v 19…And the angel answered and said to him, “I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God; and I have been sent to speak to you, and to bring you this good news.

v 20…And behold (since you distrust me), you will be silent and unable to speak until the day when these things take place, because you did not believe my words which will be fulfilled in the proper time (Zechariah could not finish the Amidah prayer or bless the people on the steps of the Temple after he came out of the Holy Place; this was part of his duties).

v 21…And the people (outside) waiting for Zechariah, and were wondering at his delay in the Temple (they knew how long it took to say the prayers at the incense table; he was to come out and pray the priestly blessing over the people).

v 22…But when he came out, he was unable to speak to them (give the blessing), and they realized that he had seen a vision in the Temple; and he kept making sings to them, and remained mute (and apparently he was deaf also-Luke 1.62).

v 23…And it came about, when the days of his priestly service were ended (his week was over), that he went back home.

v 24…And after these days (the days of his service) Elizabeth his wife became pregnant; and she kept herself in seclusion for five months (Zechariah had told her who this child was going to be and she waited to reveal to others what was happening) saying,

v 25…”This is the way of the Lord (how he has dealt with me) in the days when he looked (with favor) upon me, to take away my disgrace among men (to be without children was seen as a calamity since Yehovah promised children to the righteous in Psa 128.1-6).”

v 26…In the sixth month (of her pregnancy) the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee called Nazareth (meaning “branch” and a title for the Messiah, as we have seen in the Amidah prayer of Zechariah in v 13),

v 27…to a virgin betrothed (they were considered married and needed a divorce to separate) to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David (this shows how far the condition of David’s family had fallen, scratching out a living in a backwater town); and the virgin’s name was Miriam (Mary meaning “bitter; rebellion”).

v 28…And coming in (to her house), he said to her, “Hail (prosperity), favored one (to obtain mercy by the sovereign choice of Yehovah, not because she had any special virtue in herself), the lord (Yehovah) is with you (the usual Jewish greeting-Ruth 2.4); Blessed (empowered to succeed) are you among women.”

v 29…But she was greatly troubled at this statement (in addition to even seeing him), and kept pondering what kind of salutation this might be (what does it mean, what is he up to).

v 30…And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Miriam, for you have found favor (obtained mercy) with God (by his sovereign will, not because of any good works she performed).

v 31…Ans behold (see and take note), you will conceive in your womb (this was six months after John’s conception about mid-June, and this is about the time of Chanukah), and bear a son, and you shall name him Yeshua (Yehovah saves-again alluding to the 15th Amidah Zechariah prayed in v 13).

v 32…And he will be great, and will be called the son of the Most High (alluding to a king-1 Chr 28.5-6; Messiah will be the actual “son of God” also), and the Lord (Yehovah) will give him the throne (as king) of his father David (in the Messianic Kingdom; he will literally sit on the throne of David ruling over the kingdom of God, or the “kingdom of the Lord”-1 Chr 28.5; 2 Chr 13.8);

v 33…and he will reign (as king) over the house of Jacob (all twelve tribes) forever; and his kingdom will have no end (Dan 2.4, 7.13-14, 27; Mic 4.7).

v 34…And Miriam said to the angel, “How can this be, since I am a virgin (or by what means will it happen; womb and tomb are related in Hebrew. He will be born, or come out, of a new womb, and later, he will come out of a new tomb).”

v 35…And the angel answered and said to her, “The Ruach Ha Kodesh (Holy Spirit) will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow (like a sukkah-Hertz Authorized Prayer Book, p. 813) you; and for that reason the holy (has a kedusha) offspring shall be called the son of God (also a term for a king which we have seen).

v 36…And behold (take note and see), even your relative Elizabeth (the tribe of Judah and Levi did intermarry tribally; they were cousins and Yeshua had Levitical blood it seems) has also conceived a son in her old age; and she who was called barren is now in her sixth month (making this event about Kislev on the religious calendar, around the time of Chanukah).

v 37…For nothing will be impossible with God (so put your faith in what I just told you).”

v 38…And Miriam said, “Behold (see), the bond-slave of the Lord; be it done to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her (We believe according to these Scriptures that this occurred about the time of Chanukah, which came about at the time of the Maccabees who overthrew Syrian rule. They could not keep Sukkot so the length and liturgy for Chanukah is similar to Sukkot. What Miriam says here is very similar to a prayer that is said on the first night of Sukkot in a sukkah and we would like to quote a portion of it: “May it be thy will, O Lord my God and God of my fathers, to let the divine presence abide among us (Immanuel, God with us-Luke 1.28). Spread over us the canopy (sukkat) of thy peace in recognition of the precept of the Tabernacle (sukkah) which we are now fulfilling, and thereby we establish in fear and love the unity of thy holy and blessed name. Surround us with the pure and holy radiance of thy glory, that is spread over our heads as the eagle over the nest he stirreth up; and thence bid the streams of life flow in upon thy servant (thy handmaid-Luke 1 35-38)). And seeing that I have gone forth from my house abroad (Miriam left her home in Luke 1.39), and am speeding the way of thy commandments, may it be accounted to me as though I had wandered far in thy cause”).

v 39…Now at that time (in Kislev) Miriam arose and went in haste to the hill country, to a city in Judah (she went south, possibly to Hebron where Elizabeth lived, in the area of Jerusalem),

v 40…and entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth (Zechariah was still deaf and dumb).

v 41…And it came about that when Elizabeth heard Miriam’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb (with joy and gladness; this had not happened before and confirmed Miriam’s conception also; this also confirms that there is life in the womb and contradicts today’s abortionists); and Elizabeth was filled with the Ruach Ha Kodesh (was controlled by, according to his purposes).

v 42…And she cried out with a loud voice, and said (inspired by the Ruach Ha Kodesh), “Blessed (empowered to succeed) are you among women (the same thing the angel said in v 28), and blessed is the fruit of your womb (the promised Messiah)!

v 43…And how has it happened to me (that such notice is taken of me and being favored with a child), that the mother of my Lord should come to me (Yeshua was the master of Elizabeth and Miriam even then; let’s quickly dispel the myth of Miriam as proposed by some Christian denominations. First, is she a mediator? No, according to 1 Tim 2.5. Do we pray to her? No, according to Luke 11.1-2. Is she a perpetual virgin? No, according to Matt 1.25, 13.55-56. Is she a sinner? Yes, according to Luke 1.47 and Rom 3.23).

v 44…For behold, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby leaped in my womb for joy (a theme of Sukkot).

v 45…And blessed is she who believed that there would be a fulfillment (given meaning) of what had been spoken to her by the Lord (Luke 1.38; this is in contrast to the doubt of Zechariah in Luke 1.18).”

v 46…And Miriam said: “My soul (spirit, mind, heart are synonymous-see Lam 2.11 notes) exalts the Lord,

v 47…and my spirit (a parallelism) has rejoiced in God my savior (she needed salvation).

v 48…For he has had regard for the humble state (her fallen state as a daughter of Adam, not just her physical status); for behold, from this time on all generations will count me blessed (for having brought the Messiah to the world0Gen 12.1-3, 17.7).

v 49…For the Mighty One has done great things for me (in her conception); and holy (he has a kedusha) is his name.

v 50…And his mercy is upon generation after generation to those fearing him (the concept of the “phobemenoi” came from this term for the non-Jews who believe in Yehovah in the first century and they were called the “God-fearers”-Acts 10.35).

v 51…He has done mighty deeds with his arm (power); he has scattered those who were proud in the thoughts of their heart (intentions, desires).

v 52…He has brought down rulers from their thrones (as he wills, even though they thought they were secure), and has exalted those who were humble (reversing the world’s order).

v 53…He has filled the hungry with good things (spiritually), and sent away the rich (self-righteous) empty-handed.

v 54…He has given help to Israel his servant (Yehovah’s elect-Isa 41.8; Gal 3.29-by sending the Messiah), in remembrance of his mercy (as promised in the Torah),

v 55…as he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and his offspring forever (Gen 17.19).”

v 56…And Miriam stayed with her about three months (until there was visible evidence; this would be about Passover when John was born. She helped Elizabeth), and then returned to her home.

v 57…Now the time had come for Elizabeth to give birth (around Passover) and she brought forth a son.

v 58…And her neighbors and her relatives heard that the Lord had displayed his great mercy toward her; and they were rejoicing with her.

v 59…And it came about that on the eighth day they (neighbors, relatives) came to circumcise the child, and they were going to call him Zechariah, after his father.

v 60…And his mother answered and said, “No indeed (not so); but he shall be called Yochanon (John).”

v 61…And they said to her, “There is no one among your relatives who is called by that name (none used it).”

v 62…And they made signs to his father (he was also deaf) as to what he wanted him called.

v 63…And he asked for a tablet (he was also mute), and wrote as follows, “His name is Yochanon!” And they were astonished.

v 64…And at once his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed (his doubts were gone), and he began to speak in praise of God.

v 65…And fear (a normal response when one is confronted by a miracle) came on all those living around them, and all these matters (words) were being talked about in all the hill country of Judea (Jerusalem and the surrounding area).

v 66…And all who heard them kept them in mind, saying, “What then will this child be ?” For the hand of the Lord (Yehovah) was certainly with him.

v 67…And his father Zechariah was filled (controlled by) with the Ruach Ha Kodesh (the Holy Spirit), and prophesied, saying (when Zechariah was struck mute in the Temple, he was to come out and give the priestly blessing. So, now that his speech was restored, his first words were this blessing in v 68-79).

v 68…”Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he has visited (Hebrew “pakod”-in Gen 50.24-25 it says, God will visit you” but in Hebrew it is “pakod yifkod” or “visit, visit.” This alludes to the two redemptions of the Messiah. Yeshua will allude to this concept in Luke 19.44. John’s birth was around Passover and they would have been talking about this verse as it related to the first and second redemption) us and accomplished redemption for his people (in Egypt as a type of the redemption through the Messiah).

v 69…And he has raised up a horn (power) of salvation (“Yeshua” in Hebrew) in the house of David his servant (it must have been known Miriam was of the royal line; also he is quoting form the Amidah prayer that he was praying in the Temple when Gabriel appeared to him. Amidah #15 in modern prayer books says, “Speedily cause the offspring of David, thy servant, to flourish, and lift up his glory by thy divine help because we wait for thy salvation (Hebrew “yeshua”) all the day. Blessed art thou, O Yehovah, who causes the horn (power) of salvation (“yeshua”) to flourish.” This teaches us that the ultimate salvation of Israel is possible only through the Davidic Messiah-Luke 1.14 notes).

v 70…As he spoke by the mouth of his holy (had a kedusha) prophets from of old (Gen 3.15).

v 71…Salvation from our enemies and from the hand (power) of all who hate us (a parallelism);

v 72…to show mercy toward the fathers (as promised in Jer 23.5, 30.10-11; Dan 9.24) and to remember (“zekor” and part of Zechariah’s name) his holy (has a kedusha) covenant (his pledge),

v 73…the oath (part of Elizabeth’s name) which he swore to Abraham our father (Gen 12.1-3, 22.16-18).

v 74…Grant us that we, being delivered from the hand of our enemies (as in 1.71; this points to the future that will result from Yehovah raising up the horn of salvation), might serve him without fear.

v 75…In holiness (kedusha) and righteousness (as defined by the Torah) before him all our days.

v 76…And you, child (now he will prophesy about his son, who is the “voice” of Isa 40.3, 52.10-12, 11.3; Mal 3.1) will be called the prophet of the Most High (the people have been trained in “remez” and knew these verses applied to “Elijah”-Matt 11.11-14, 17.11-12; Mark 9.11-13); for you will go on before the Lord to prepare his ways;

v 77…to give his people knowledge of salvation (“da’at” knowledge of God in Torah facts-Hos 4.6) by the forgiveness of their sins (atonement or reconciliation meaning to “restore a covering”-Rom 3.25 notes),

v 78…because of the tender mercy of our God, with which the sunrise (Messiah) from on high shall visit us (Mal 4.2; Psa 19.4-6),

v 79…to shine upon those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death (Isa 9.2), to guide our feet unto the way of peace (as found in the Torah and the Scriptures).”

v 80…And the child continued to grow, and to become strong in spirit (desires, wisdom, knowledge, intentions), and he lived in the desert (he dwelt in obscurity and was not known by the people, possibly near Hebron, either at Ziph or Maon, like David in 1 Sam 23.14. He was a Nazarite. He was not exposed to or taught by the rabbinical schools).

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Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 16

Mark 16.1-20 will tell us about the resurrection of Yeshua and his instructions to his talmidim as he sends them out as “shaliachim” or “apostles”, and his ascension to heaven.

v 1…And when the sabbath was over (the high sabbath of Nisan 15, the first day of Hag Ha Matzah or “unleavened bread”) Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, brought spices (on Friday, Nisan 16), that they might come (later) and anoint him.

v 2…And very early on the first day of the week (a festival called Yom Ha Bikkurim or “first fruits”), they came to the tomb when the sun had arisen (this would have been Nosan 18).

v 3…And they were saying to one another, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb (the three days and nights were over and the guards were gone they thought)?”

v 4…And looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away (previously), although it was extremely large (Yeshua had resurrected around the previous sundown at the end of Nosan 17).

v 5…And entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting at the right, wearing a white robe; and they were amazed (Matthew describes this person as an angel, and Luke describes two of them).

v 6…And he said to them, “Do not be amazed; you are looking for Yeshua the Nazarene, who has been crucified. He has arisen (the trial of Yeshua was the justice of men. But Yehovah “overruled” their earthly verdict with his justice by vindicating Yeshua’s innocence by raising him from the dead); he is not here; behold (see for yourself) the place where they laid him.

v 7…But go, tell his talmidim and Peter (Peter is mentioned to comfort him and to encourage him to come; he was still included with the others in spite of his denials).”

v 8…And they went out and fled from the tomb, for trembling and astonishment had gripped them; and they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid (to tell anyone else what had happened for fear that they would be accused of stealing the body, etc).

v 9…Now after he had risen early on the first day of the week (possibly around sundown on Saturday, Nisan 17 leading to Sunday. Matt 28.1-2 says “after the sabbaths” which is plural. This would be the sabbath of Nisan 15 and the weekly sabbath that ended at sundown), he first appeared to Mary Magdalene (John 20.14), from whom he had cast out seven demons (just as the manna appeared in the wilderness, Yeshua begins appearing to his people).

v 10…She went and reported to those who had been with him, while they were mourning and weeping (over his death and their desertion of him and their denials).

v 11…And when they had heard that he was alive, and had been seen by her, they refused to believe her (they were still in denial and unbelief).

v 12…And after that, he appeared in a different form to two of them, while they were walking along on their way to the country (Luke 24.13).

v 13…And they went away and reported it to others, but they did not believe them either.

v 14…And afterward he appeared to the eleven (minus Judas) themselves as they were reclining; and he reproached them for their unbelief and hardness of heart (for not believing the witnesses of his resurrection, who confirmed what Yeshua had already told them was going to happen), because they had not believed those who had seen him after he had risen.

v 15…And he said to them (the eleven and the others present), “Go into the world and preach the gospel (the Basar, which was already being preached before Yeshua-Gal 3.8; Heb 4.2) to all creation (the Basar is the redemption which included man and the universe, etc. See our article called “The Basar” for more information on this concept on this website).

v 16…And he who has believed and has been immersed (into God’s benefits and purposes in the kingdom of God; the reason one is immersed-Luke 7.30) shall be saved (save his life from eternal separation0John 5.24), but he who has disbelieved shall be condemned (to eternal separation).

v 17…And these signs will accompany those who have believed (these signs will appear among believers, not that every believer will do all these signs): in my name (his authority) they will cast out demons, they will speak with new tongues (that they never knew),

v 18…they will pick up serpents (literally, as in Acts 28.3, but this is also an idiom for handling the enemy and overcoming false doctrine) and if they drink any deadly poison (an idiom for understanding any attack against our heart and mind with false doctrine, a root of poisonous fruit-Deut 29.18; Rev 8.11; Deut 32.33; this also alludes to the Sotah ceremony, or adultery test, in Num 5.11-30. If the woman was innocent of adultery nothing would happen to her after she drank the water of bitterness) it shall not hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick and they will recover (contrary to certain teachings, these manifestations can still be seen today).”

v 19…So then, when the Lord had spoken to them, he was received up into heaven (at the same place the Shekinah departed in Ezek 11.23; Acts 1.10-12. This shows that Yeshua as a “korban” was accepted-Judges 13.20), and sat down at the right hand of God (his work of redemption is finished and the Father is satisfied).

v 20…And they went out and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them, and confirmed the word by the signs that followed (the purpose of a miracle is to draw your attention to what that person is teaching-Deut 13.1-5). Amen (means “to be trusted, so be it, and it relates to the word “Emunah” meaning faith or confidence leading to action).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 15

Mark 15.1-47 tells us about Yeshua’s mistreatment, death, and burial. Remember, the Sanhedrin had moved out of the Lishkat Ha Gazit, or Chamber of Hewn Stones, and could not render a death sentence. that is why they took Yeshua to Pilate.

v 1…And early in the morning (of Passover, Nisan 14) the chief priests with the elders and scribes and the whole council (all the ones who were with Caiaphas), immediately held a consultation; and binding Yeshua, they led him away, and delivered him up to Pilate (in the fortress Antonia; Yehovah was in control of this whole trial; he wasn’t the one on trial anyway, it was Rome, the Jewish people, Annas, Caiaphas, the Sanhedrin, Pilate, etc).

v 2…And Pilate questioned him, “Are you the king of the Jews (he had heard this before or the chief priests had told him; notice he says “the king” not “a king” meaning the one who is to come)?” And answering he said to him, “You said it (correctly).

v 3…And the chief priests accused him of many things (to impress Pilate).

v 4…And Pilate was questioning him again, saying, “Do you make no answer? See how many charges they bring against you (Luke 23.2)!”

v 5…But Yeshua made no further answer; so that Pilate was astonished (he had never seen a prisoner act liken this before).

v 6…Now at the feast (Passover) he used to release for them one prisoner whom they requested (by custom-John 18.39).

v 7…And the man named Barabbas (“son of the father; his first name was Yeshua according to some scholars; some scholars believe he may have been the eldest son of Abbas Ben Judas, or Judas the Galilean, the official founder of the zealot movement-Acts 5.37); the choice was between two prisoners with the same name; this event will have allusions to the two goats on Yom Kippur; one dies and the other is released; it also has allusions to Yeshua and the False Messiah).

v 8…And the multitude went up and began asking him to do as he had been accustomed to do for them (at the feast).

v 9…And Pilate answered them saying, “Do you want me to release for you the king of the Jews?”

v 10…For he was aware that the chief priests had delivered him up because of envy (of his popularity because of his teachings and miracles, etc).

v 11…But the chief priests stirred up the multitude (they were spread out in the crowd) to release Barabbas for them instead (a murderer and a robber, which shows their character and why Yeshua called them hypocrites).

v 12…And answering again, Pilate was saying to them, “Then what shall I do to him whom you call the king of the Jews (Pilate was there to maintain civil Roman law, not judge or carry out a religious sanction)?”

v 13…And they shouted back (again), “Crucify him (rather than be seen as choosing sides against Caesar and face repercussions)!”

v 14…But Pilate was saying to them, “Why, what evil has he done (he found no guilt in him; remember, he is the lamb of Passover and he had to be without blemish)?” But they shouted all the more, “Crucify him!”

v 15…And wishing to satisfy the multitude (people), Pilate released Barabbas for them, and after having Yeshua scourged (exposing his inward parts, fat, and even kidneys; following Lev 3.1-4 and 7.11 with the peace offering -Korban Shelem), he delivered him over to be crucified.

v 16…And the soldiers took him away into the palace, that is the Praetorium (barracks in the fortress Antonia), and they called together the whole cohort (a cohort had 600 men; they called their comrades who were there and available).

v 17…And they dressed him up in purple (the color of royalty), and after weaving a crown of thorns (like a diadem; this alludes to the ram caught in the thicket in Gen 22.13; this was mocking his kingly office), they put it on him;

v 18…and they began to acclaim him, “Hail, king of the Jews (also meaning Israel-v 32)!”

v 19…And they kept beating his head with a reed (the omer of barley that would be reaped on Yom Ha Bikkurim on the day Yeshua resurrected, or first fruits, was beaten with a reed-Mishnah, Menachot 10.4; this omer is a picture of Yeshua as first fruits of those who would be raised in the first resurrection-1 Cor 15.20), and spitting on him, and kneeling and bowing before him.

v 20…And after they had mocked him, they took the purple off him, and put his garments on him. and they led him out to crucify him (once satisfied, they “unkinged” him and led him out of the Praetorium).

v 21…And they pressed into service a passerby coming from the country, Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus (well known when Mark wrote this, and possibly mentioned in Acts 19.33 and Rom 16.13), that he might bear his cross (the cross-beam; Yeshua was too weak at this point).

v 22…And they brought him to the place, Golgotha (related and having the same root as “Gilgal” meaning to “roll away”; Israel was circumcised there when they entered the land and their reproach was rolled away, and Yeshua will circumcise our hearts as believers and roll away our reproach), which is translated, “place of the skull” (“cranium”-this was on the ground not on a hill).

v 23…And they tried to give him wine mixed with myrrh (Psa 69.21) but he did not take it (the leading women of Jerusalem provided this to dull the pain).

v 24…And they crucified him, and divided up his garments among themselves (Psa 22.16-18), casting lots for them, what every man should take.

v 25…And it was the third hour (about 9 am when the Passover Tamid offering (a lamb) was made in the Temple, what the Temple crier earlier was calling everyone to get ready for, and then the Passover lambs would start being slain right after)when they crucified him (Psa 118.27 was also going to be read as part of the Hallel which was read as the lambs were being slain).

v 26…And the inscription (written sign) of the charge against him read, “The king of the Jews (Matt 27.37 says, “This is Yeshua the king of the Jews” and Luke 23.33 says, “This is the king of the Jews.” John 19.19 says, “Yeshua the Nazarene, the king of the Jews.” So, based on the gospels it reads, “This is Yeshua of Nazareth, the king of the Jews.” Now, Pilate was actually mocking Yehovah in writing this. It is possible this inscription was arranged like this in Hebrew, “Yeshua, beginning with a Yod; ha Notzri, beginning with a Hey; v’melek, beginning with a Vav; ha Yehudim, beginning with a Hey. Arranging them a certain way it forms an acrostic and we have the name YHVH, or Yehovah, over his head. This inscription upset the chief priests because they may have seen the name of Yehovah, so they wanted Pilate to change it to “he said he was the king of the Jews.” But Pilate wouldn’t change it in John 19.21. was Pilate saying in this, “I am crucifying your God?”).

v 27…And they crucified two robbers with him, one on the right and one on the left.

v 28…And the Scripture was fulfilled (given meaning) which says, “And he was reckoned with transgressors (Isa 53.2).”

v 29…And those passing by (on the road before him) were hurling abuse at him, wagging their heads (Psa 22.7), and saying, “Ha! You who were going to destroy the Temple and rebuild it in three days,

v 30…save yourself, and come down from the cross (they did not understand he was talking about his body-John 2.19-21; Yeshua could have down at any time)!”

v 31…In the same way (similar manner) the chief priests along with the scribes were also mocking among themselves saying, “He saved others, he cannot save himself (they knew he worked miracles, but it wasn’t that he couldn’t save himself, but he wouldn’t for our sakes).

v 32…Let Messiah, the king of Israel, now come down from the cross, so that we may see and believe!” And those who were crucified with him were casting the same insult at him (but one of them will change-Luke 23.39-43).

v 33…And when the sixth hour had come (midday), darkness fell over the whole land (a sign of judgment-Isa 5.30, 13.10-11; Joel 2.1-2; Amos 5.20; Zeph 1.14-15) until the ninth hour (or 3 pm-the Passover lambs were being slain between noon and 3 pm in the Temple).

v 34…And at the ninth hour Yeshua cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama shabachtani” which is translated, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me (but Yeshua is not quoting the psalms or he would have said it in Hebrew. Even those who heard him did not understand what he said. This phrase is Aramaic meaning “to this end I was born” or “this is my destiny.” We want to include a quote from the book, “A Key to the Original Gospels” by George Lamsa, p.102-104, which will give us insight into the phrase: “All versions of the gospels have retained these words in the original tongue and given them a different meaning. Matthew, according to Eastern version, does not translate them, because he wrote to the people who had seen Yeshua and heard him preaching. It is also probable that the later writers did not agree on its exact meaning when they translated them into Greek. This term even at present is only used by the Aramaic-speaking people in Assyria, the same language which the Galileans spoke at the time of our Lord. This phrase is Aramaic means, “My God, my God, for this I was kept (this was my destiny-I was born for this).”

Jesus did not quote the Psalms. If he had he would have said these words in Hebrew instead of Aramaic, and if he had translated them from the Hebrew he would have used the Aramaic “nashatani” which means “forsaken me,” instead of the word “sabachtani” which in this case means, “kept me.” Even the soldiers who stood by the cross did not understand what Jesus said in the hour of agony and suffering. They thought that he was calling on Elijah because the word Elijah in Aramaic is “Elia,” which is similar to that for God, “Eli.”

In those last minutes of suffering Jesus watched the crowd which was composed of Rabbis, Priests, men and women of Jerusalem, who had come up to watch him dying. Some insulted him. Others spitting in his face, and others calling his name and challenging his claim that he is a man of God but instead that he was a malefactor and sinner. Jesus only made a statement to himself and to the friends who were standing by and hiding in the crowds near the cross. That he was born for that hour that he may bear witness to the truth and open the way for the others who were to be crucified-that that was his destiny. That there was nothing else that could be given a glorious victory as the cross.

The disciples and women who were from Galilee never for a moment could have thought that Jesus said that God had forsaken him. How could he say that when he told his disciples that the whole world would forsake him, even they, but that the Father would be with him. When he told that if he wished he could bring angels to fight for him, and when he said, “Father, let it be thy wish if I should drink this cup.” These words, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachtani ,” even today are used by Assyrians when they suffer and die unjustly. Instead of complaint and dissatisfaction, they leave everything to God. They believe that it is God’s desire that they should pass through such experiences. This why in the east people do not commit suicide.” He was never forsaken by the Father and there was never any spiritual separation between the Father and Yeshua, and he said that the world may forsake him but the Father never would-John 8.29, 10.11-18, 12.27, 16.32, 18.37; Psa 22.24. The proof that he was not forsaken is he was raised from the dead three days later. A second source for this can be found as “Chaimbentorah.com” in an article called “Word Study: My Destiny” Part 1 and 2).

v 35…And when some of the bystanders heard it, they began saying, “Behold (see), he is calling for Elijah!”

v 36…And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed, and gave him a drink, saying, “Let’s see whether Elijah will come and take him down (Elijah was to come before the Messiah and the renewed covenant-Mal 3.1; this shows they did not understand what he said exactly).”

v 37…And Yeshua uttered a loud cry and breathed his last.

v 38…And the veil (paroket) of the Temple was torn (the veil at the front of the building) in two from top to bottom (This is a mystical expression in Jewish thought. This veil is the one that led to the sanctuary, not the Holy of Holies. In the Diatessaron 52.2, which was an early gospel harmony by Tatian in 160 AD, it says the veil torn was the one at the entry of the sanctuary, not the Holy of Holies. This veil had four colors and was called “The Universe” or “heavens” in Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book 5, Chapter 5.4. In Mark 1.10 the “heavens were opened” at the beginning of Yeshua’s ministry, and at the end the “heavens” were opened again here. This event alludes to the fact that the deeper things of God will now be revealed and understood, in this case, that Yeshua is the Messiah. During the three pilgrim festivals, this veil and the one to the Holy of Holies may have been opened according to Jewish writings-see the book, “The Aryeh Kaplan Anthology Vol II, p. 91-92, footnote 19, which says, “19. Actually the curtains of the Holy of Holies may have been opened during the annual pilgrimages so that the people would be able to see the Ark. See Yoma 54a, Tosafot Yeshenim ad loc, s.v. “U’Marin.” Thus, they may have seen the Ark and Cherubim of Moses when it, see Ritva ibid”). The sanctuary was torn or opened during the time of the sin of King Uzziah according to Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book 9, Chapter 10.4. The meaning here is the things of God not seen or understood up to now will now be “open”).

v 39…And when the centurion, who was standing right in front of him, saw the way he breathed his last, he said, “Truly this man was the son of God (he had seen the earthquake that happened when Yeshua died, and the darkness, etc. Everything put together convinced him that this was no ordinary crucifixion or victim-Matt 27.51-54)!”

v 40…And there were also women looking from afar among whom were Mary Magdalene (of Magdala), and Mary, the mother of James the less (Matt 10.3) and Joses (Joseph), and Salome (the mother of Zebedee’s children James and John).

v 41…And when he was in Galilee, they (these women) used to follow him and minister to him (took care of his common needs), and there were many other women who had come up with him to Jerusalem.

v 42…And when evening had already come, because it was the preparation day (Nisan 14-Passover-Lev 23.5), that is the day before the Sabbath (of Nisan 15-the first day of Unleavened Bread, a sabbath-Lev 23.6-8),

v 43…Joseph of Arimathea came, an honorable counselor (of the Sanhedrin), a man who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God (God’s rule in action); and he gathered up courage and went in before Pilate, and asked for the body of Yeshua (it was not Roman practice to remove the body of one crucified so soon. Now, Arimathea means “high place” and is related to “Ramah” and a Hellenized version of “Haramathaim.” Egypt was the high place for idolatry and in the Exodus story Pharaoh knew Israel was not coming back under his domain because Moses took the bones of Joseph, leaving his tomb empty. In a few days, Satan will know that believers aren’t under his domain because another tomb of Joseph of the high place will be empty).

v 44…And Pilate wondered if he was dead by this time, and summoning the centurion, he questioned him as to whether he was already dead (to verify it).

v 45…And ascertaining this (verification) from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph (for a Jewish burial).

v 46…And bought (Joseph did while it was still the 14th) a linen sheet, took him down, wrapped him in the linen sheet, and laid him in a tomb which had been hewn out in the rock (already); and he rolled a stone against the entrance of the tomb.

v 47…And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses (Joseph) were looking on where he was laid (which tells us how they knew where to go later-Luke 24.1-2. This was late on the 14th, probably a Wednesday afternoon, the fourth day of the week, as people were getting ready to eat the Passover at the beginning of Thursday, the fifth day of the week, on Nisan 15 at sundown).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 14

Mark 14.1-72 tells us about the plot to kill Yeshua, his anointing by a woman, the last meal together and his prediction about his betrayal, along with Peter’s denial.

v 1…Now the Passover (Nisan 14) and Unleavened Bread (Nisan 15-21) was two days off (coming up); and the chief priests and the scribes were seeking how to seize him (their minds were made up and they colluded together) by stealth (this had to be done secretly because many believed in him), and kill him (premeditated murder);

v 2…for they were saying, “Not during the festival lest there be a riot of the people (but Yehovah’s secret counsels before the world was determined that he would be killed on Passover).”

v 3…And there was in Bethany at the home of Simon the Leper (he had been one because lepers were not allowed in a city-Lev 13.16, or this could mean in Aramaic something different because the word “leper” is “Gar’ba” and “Garaba” is a jarmaker, and possibly a translation error), and reclining there came a woman with an alabaster vial (probably Mary, the sister of Lazarus-John 12.1-3) of costly perfume of pure nard (spikenard-in Jewish writings this spice relates to a person who dies before his time because of the good things he has done-the Zohar, Bereshit); she broke the vial and poured it on his head (preparing him for burial-Matt 26.7; John 12.3).

v 4…But some were indignantly saying to themselves, “For what purpose has this perfume been wasted (it was valuable)?

v 5…For this perfume might have been sold for over three hundred Denarii (a year’s wages for a laborer) and given to the poor.” And they were scolding her (John 12.4-5 says this was Judas, but it seems he was not the only one of the talmidim who thought this was a waste).

v 6…But Yeshua said, “Let her alone; why do you bother her? She has done a good deed to me.

v 7…For the poor you always have with you (Deut 15.11) and whenever you wish, you can do them good; but you do not always have me.

v 8…She has done what she could (she may have understood more about what Yeshua has been saying about his death and burial than the others because she listened by the Ruach Ha Kodesh to his words-Luke 10.38-42); she has anointed my body beforehand for burial.

v 9…And truly I say to you, whenever the gospel (Basar) is preached in the whole world (she is in all the gospel accounts, and John said it was Mary), that also which this woman has done shall be spoken of in memory of her (this alludes to the fact that in the future the Ruach Ha Kodesh will inspire the writers of all four gospels to include this story).”

v 10… And Judas Iscariot (a zealot, possibly a member of the Sicarii and followed Beit Shammai) who was one of the twelve, went off to the chief priests, in order to betray him (as foretold in Psa 41.9, 55.12-14).

v 11…And they were glad when they heard (the chief priests), and promised to give him money (as in a contract). And he began seeking how to betray him at an opportune time.

v 12…And on the first day (“at the first” or “was coming”-Luke 22.1-7; John 13.1; for a condensed version of Yeshua’s final week, we refer you to a possible scenario in a book called, “Chronology of the Crucifixion Week” by Wayne Carver, the Christian-Jew Foundation, Charles Halff, Director, p.36-40; in Luke 22.7 we have included a condensed version of this week as found in the book for your consideration) of Unleavened Bread (this included Passover) when they killed the Passover (lamb-these festivals were coming in a few days) his talmidim said to him, “Where do you want us to go and prepare for you to eat the Passover (it had not arrived yet; to “prepare” would take time; they had to buy the essentials, get tables, pillows, chairs, de-leaven the room, slaughter the lamb, prepare it, etc).

v 13…And he sent two of his talmidim (Peter and John-Luke 22.8), and said to them, “Go into the city and a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him (to the house he was going to);

v 14…and wherever he enters, say to the owner of the house, “The teacher (an eschatological title-Joel 2.23; John 11.28) says, “Where is the guestroom in which I may eat the Passover with my talmidim?

v 15…And he himself will show you a large upper room furnished and ready; and prepare for us there.”

v 16…And the talmidim went out (of Bethany), and came to the city and found just as he had told them; and they prepared (for) the Passover (the talmidim still did not realize he would be dead in a few days, and killed on Passover and not be present at the meal; so instead of explaining all that again he simply tells them where to prepare to eat the Passover meal. They will also eat one final meal together there; see the article on this website called, “Was the Last Supper a Passover Seder” for more information).

v 17…And when it was evening (of the 13th going to the 14th of Nisan) he came with the twelve (they had all met up earlier in the day).

v 18…And as they were reclining and eating, Yeshua said, “Truly I say to you that one of you will betray me-one who is eating with me.”

v 19…They began to be grieved (except for Judas) and to say to him one by one, “Surely not I (is it)?”

v 20…And he said to them, “(It is) one of the twelve, one who dips with me in the bowl (in John 13.26 he says, “He is I, to whom I shall give a sop when I have dipped. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon Iscariot (his father may have also been a zealot and followed Beit Shammai).

v 21…For the son of man (“Bar Enosh” and an eschatological title based on Dan 7.13) is to go (depart from this life) just as it is written of him (Gen 3.15; Isa 53; Psa 22; 40.7-8; Acts 2.23); but woe (lamentations await you) to that man by whom the son of man is betrayed! (It would have been) good for that man if he had not been born (so terrible will be his crime).”

v 22…And while they were eating (this was not a Passover meal), he took bread (Greek “artos” which is a generic term for bread or food; if this was a Passover it would have been “azuman” or unleavened, as in v 12), after a blessing (called the “Ha Motzi”) be broke it; and gave it to them, and said, “Take (it); this is my body (a metaphor for what was going to happen in a few hours).”

v 23…And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks (called the “Ha Gafin”), he gave it to them; and they all drank from it (another metaphor about what was going to happen).

v 24…And he said to them, “This is my blood of the new covenant (it symbolizes his blood that will ratify the “new” or “renewed” covenant of Deut 29.1 through 30.6; Jer 31.31-34; Ezek 36.24-26 and in Hebrew was called the “Brit Chadasha”) which is shed on behalf of many.

v 25…Truly I say to you, I shall never again drink of the fruit of the vine (since this was his last meal with them; some think he may have been taking a Nazarite Vow here which can be seen in Num 6.1-21; a man or a woman is separated to God voluntarily and there is a specific time involved; they could not drink wine or eat grapes or raisins, touch the dead or cut his hair; it is a link back to Eden where Adam could not at from a certain tree, which some think was a vine; there was no death and their covering, like hair; was from God) until the day when I drink it new (renewed) in the kingdom of God (the earthly messianic kingdom).”

v 26…And after singing a hymn (possibly Psa 113-118 called the Hallel, and sung during Passover), they went out to the mount of Olives (east of the city; the Jewish people called it “Har Mashiach” or “mountain of the Messiah” and believed that when the Messiah comes he will go there-Zech 14.4; Acts 1.1-12).

v 27…And Yeshua said to them, “You will all fall away (be offended by me), because it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.’

v 28…But after I have been raised (from the dead, something he has been telling them about, and Mary picked up on in v 8), I will go before you to Galilee (as a shepherd; which he did in Matt 28.7, 10, 16; Mark 16.7).”

v 29…But Peter said to him, “Though all fall away (be offended), yet I will not (this will come back to be dealt with by Yeshua and Pater in John 21.15-17; Yeshua says, “Do you love me more than these (the other talmidim)?” Peter answers, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” After his denials, could Peter say that he loved Yeshua more than the other talmidim? No, and that’s why he does not say it again. They remembered that he boasted, but denied him three times, and Yeshua had him say he loved him three times without boasting in John 21).”

v 30…And Yeshua said to him, “Truly I say to you, that you yourself this very night, before the cock crows (the Temple Crier who announced the tamid service in the morning with a three-fold cry; he would say, “Priests to the steps, Levites to the Duchan, men of Israel to the courts”) twice, shall three times deny me.”

v 31…But he kept saying insistently, “Even if I have to die with you, I will not deny you!” And they all were saying the same thing, too (but they would leave him alone v 50).

v 32…And they came to a place called Gethsemane (oil press); and he said to his talmidim, “Sit until I have prayed (he also told them to pray in Luke 22.40).

v 33… And he took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be very distressed and troubled (over what he knew was coming).

v 34…And he said to them, “My soul is deeply grieved to the point of death; remain here and keep watch (be near me).”

v 35…And he went a little beyond and fell to the ground and praying that if it were possible, the hour (of his death) might pass by (but this was his destiny-John 17.1).

v 36…And he was saying, “Abba, Father (“O my Father” affectionately)! All things are possible for thee; remove this cup from me (his death); yet not what I will, but what thou wilt (Psa 40.8; Heb 10.5-7).”

v 37…And he came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “Shimon, are you asleep (at a time like this)? Could you not keep watch for one hour?

v 38…Keep watching and praying (these two things go together-we need to “watch” before we know what and how to pray, when it is suitable, etc) that you may not come into temptation (be tested); the spirit is willing (to watch) but the flesh is weak (the natural flesh is weak; Peter was self-confident in his flesh, but that was his weakness).”

v 39…And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words.

v 40…And again he came and found them sleeping for their eyes were very heavy (weak flesh and a long day); and they did not know what to answer him (couldn’t excuse themselves, being very tired and sleepy).

v 41…And he came a third time and said to them, “Sleep on now, and rest. It is enough (Yeshua found comfort in no man and his prayer struggle is over, he didn’t need their intercession now); the hour (that has been determined in the secret counsels of Yehovah before the world was) has come; behold (see), the son of man (“Bar Enosh” and an eschatological title from Dan 7.13) is being betrayed into the hands of sinners (there are three types of people, the Tzedakim or righteous, the Chata’im or sinners, and the Rashim or wicked; in Psa 1. 4-6 all three are mentioned).

v 42…Arise, let us be going; behold (see, take note), the one who betrays me is at hand (Hebrew “karav” meaning “near or here now, and it is the root for the word “korban” or the offerings because we draw near to God and he to us).”

v 43…And immediately (he was near) while he was still speaking, Judas (“Yehudah”, like in the sale of Joseph-Gen 37.26-27, one of the twelve, came up, accompanied by a multitude (crowd) with swords and clubs (Roman soldiers, Temple guards, servants of the high priest-Luke 22.50-52; John 18.3) from the chief priests and scribes and the elders of the Sanhedrin-Acts 4.5-6).

v 44…Now he who was betraying him had given them a signal, saying, “Whomever I shall kiss, he is the one; seize him and lead him away under guard (securely, safely).

v 45…And after coming (to Yeshua), he immediately went up to him, saying, “Rabbi!” And kissed him (with greed, treachery and deceit in his heart).

v 46…And they laid hands on him, and seized him (arrested and subdued him).

v 47…But a certain one of those who stood by drew his sword, and struck the servant of the high priest (Peter-John 18.20), and cut off his ear (his right ear-Luke 22.50).

v 48…And Yeshua answered and said to them (the multitude), “Have you come out with swords and clubs to arrest me, as though I was a robber (he will be numbered with the transgressors-Isa 53.12).

v 49…Every day I was with you in the Temple teaching, and you did not seize me (they had many opportunities to do this); but that the Scriptures might be fulfilled (filled up with meaning).”

v 50…And they all left him and fled (Yeshua engaged the forces of evil alone-they said they would not run in v 31; Paul had the same experience at his defense in Rome-2 Tim 4.16).

v 51…And a certain young man was following him, wearing a linen sheet over his nakedness (a nightshirt of some kind), and they seized him (thinking he was one of the talmidim).

v 52…But he left the linen sheet behind and escaped naked (this young man probably lived in a house in or near the garden, and he may have been awakened by all the commotion, ran out in his nightshirt and followed to see what was happening; it was then he was falsely identified to be with Yeshua’s group and they tried to arrest him, but he got away. Mark includes this incident to show the hatred and anger of the men who came to arrest Yeshua, and to show how the power of God spared them from it. Some commentators believe this may have been Mark himself, or some unknown talmid who was there with them, but that is not very probable because he would not have been in a nightshirt).

v 53…And they led Yeshua away to the high priest (Caiaphas); and all the chief priests and elders and the scribes gathered together.

v 54…And Peter had followed him at a distance (having recovered from their initial fear in v 50), right into the courtyard of the high priest (this house has been found called the “Peristyle House” according to some scholars); and he was sitting with the officers (servants), and warming himself by the fire.

v 55…Now the chief priests and the whole council (Sanhedrin who were with Caiaphas) kept trying to obtain testimony against Yeshua to put him to death; and they were finding none (they had no reason to arrest him).

v 56…For many were giving false testimony against him, and their testimony was not consistent (the Torah required at least two witnesses-Deut 17.6, 19.15).

v 57…And some stood up to give false testimony against him saying,

v 58…”We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this Temple made with hands (which he never said) and in three days I will build another made without hands (referring to what he said three and a half years earlier; they, no doubt, believed that he was talking about his death because they had his tomb guarded for three days-Matt 27.63).’

v 59…And not even in this respect was their testimony consistent.

v 60…And the high priest arose and stood up in the midst and questioned Yeshua, saying, “Do you make no answer to what these men are testifying against you (Yeshua knew Caiaphas did not listen to anything he had said)?”

v 61…But he kept silent, and made no answer (fulfilling Isa 53.7). again the high priest was questioning him, and saying to him, “Are you the Messiah, the son of the Blessed One (Yehovah-Matt 26.63)?”

v 62…And Yeshua said, “I am (it is as you have said), and you shall see the son of man (Bar Enosh, an eschatological title from Dan 7.13) coming with the clouds of heaven (as foretold by Daniel in Dan 7.13-14).”

v 63…And tearing his clothes (his street clothes because he could not wear his high priest garments outside of the Temple courts), the high priest said, “What further need do we have of witnesses?

v 64…You have heard the blasphemy (his claim to be deity); how does it seem to you (he wanted everyone to agree with him)?” And they all condemned him to be deserving of death (except for Joseph of Arimathea-Luke 23.51).

v 65…And some began to spit at him, and to blindfold him and to beat him with their fists, and to say to him, “Prophecy!” And the officers (of the high priest) received him (struck him) with slaps.

v 66…And as Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant-girls of the high priest came,

v 67…and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him, and said, “You, too, were with Yeshua the Nazarene (or from Galilee).”

v 68…But he denied, saying, “I neither know nor understand what you are talking about.” And he went out into the porch (next to the house to think about what to do). And the cock crowed (the first of three cries from the Temple crier called the “gever” or “rooster.” No roosters or chickens, however, were allowed in Jerusalem; this was a priest who was appointed to get the other priests ready for the morning Tamid lamb service-Talmud, Yoma 206; Artscroll Machzor for Yom Kippur, p. 196).

v 69…And the maid saw him, and began once more to say to the bystanders, “This is one of them!”

v 70…But again he was denying it. And after a little while the bystanders were again saying to Peter, “Surely you are one of them, for you are a Galilean too (Galileans and Judeans didn’t like each other; the Judeans thought their Hebrew was crude and coarse; Peter’s dialect gave him away-Matt 26.73).

v 71…Be he began to curse (call down a curse upon himself; devoted to destruction) and swear (by Yehovah), “I do not know this fellow (man) you are talking about!”

v 72…And immediately a cock crowed a second time (the Temple crier gave his second call for the Levites to go to the Duchan and get ready to sing the daily psalm for the morning Tamid lamb; the house of Caiaphas was near to the Temple and they could hear the crier). And Peter remembered how Yeshua had made the remark to him, “Before a cock crows twice (the Temple crier), you will deny me three times).” And he began to weep (convicted of his sin).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 13

Mark 13.1-37 will tell us about Yeshua’s predictions about the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem and the overall calamity for Judea. He will also give us an eschatological picture of the birth pains.

v 1…And as he was going out of the Temple, one of his talmidim said to him, “Teacher, behold (see) what wonderful stones and what wonderful buildings (their size, architecture, beauty and strength-six days of battering rams by the Romans made no impression on the walls according to Josephus, Wars of the Jews, Book 6, Chapter 4.1).

v 2…And Yeshua said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone shall be left upon another which will not be torn down (first predicted in 1 Kings 9.7-9; Psa 79.1; Isa 64.11).”

v 3…And as he was sitting on the mount of Olives (very significant that his teachings about the birth pains were done here; the olive tree is a type of Israel and the first press of olives were best; priests were anointed with olive oil and it was used in the Temple; Messiah means “anointed one” leading people out of darkness; to get the fruit from the olive tree it must be shaken violently and some branches break; they can be re-grafted back in and be stronger; Paul’s olive tree theology speaks of this) opposite the Temple (near where the Parah Adumah, or Red Heifer, was slain), Peter and James and John and Andrew (first chosen by Yeshua) were questioning him privately,

v 4…Tell us, when will these things be (the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem), and what shall be the sign when all these things are going to be fulfilled (given meaning; the destruction of the Temple and the tearing down of the stones; they expected some manifestation to occur to announce all this; the Jewish historian Josephus was an eyewitness to this destruction and said in his writings on the Jewish war that there were seven signs-Wars, Book 6, Chapter 5.3-4).”

v 5…And Yeshua began to say to them, “See to it that no one misleads you (delude or deceive).

v 6…Many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am (Messiah-Matt 24.5; Luke 21.8)’ and will mislead many (some will claim they are the Messiah and claim the time for the kingdom is now-Acts 21.38).

v 7…And when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be frightened; those things must take place (man has a fallen nature); but that is not the end (“ha ketz” or the second redemption).

v 8…For nation will rise against nation (race against race repeatedly), and kingdom against kingdom (organized governments); there will be earthquakes in various places (repeatedly); there will be famines (in Judea especially during the reign of Claudius-Acts 11.28) and troubles. These are the beginning of birth pains (the early stages of what is known in Jewish eschatology as the “Chevlai Shell Mashiach” or the birth pains of the Messiah; a general deterioration of things).

v 9…But be on your guard; for they will deliver you up to the courts (Greek “Sanhedrins”) and you will be flogged in synagogues (religious trials) and you will stand before governors and kings (civil trials-Acts 12.1, 26.2) for my sake (on account of me) as a testimony to them.

v 10…And the gospel (Basar) must first be preached to the nations (to all races or ethnic groups-Matt 29.18-20; Mark 16.15; Acts 1.8).

v 11…and when they arrest you and deliver you up, do not be anxious beforehand about what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour (by the Ruach Ha Kodesh); for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit (Ruach Ha Kodesh).

v 12…And brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death.

v 13…And you will be hated by all on account of my name (who they professed), but it is the one who has endured (reproaches and persecutions) to the end (of those troubles; also alludes to the end of the birth-pains) who will be saved (delivered).

v 14…But when you see the abomination of desolation (the bringing of Roman gods on their standards and emblems) spoken by Daniel (this is not in many manuscripts; omitted in the Latin Vulgate, probably borrowed from Matthew) standing where it should not be (into Jerusalem and the Temple) let the reader understand (what Daniel was saying, or when you see the above come to pass), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains (be a fugitive; in the first-century believers fled to Pella in Jordan when the Romans came and before the city was surrounded, 17 miles south of the sea of Galilee, east of the Jordan; during the birth-pains believers will flee from the False Messiah to the Jordan-Moabite wilderness-Rev 12.13-17).

v 15…And let him who is on the housetop not go down to get anything out of his house (you could be trapped and can’t escape);

v 16…and let him who is in the field not turn back (to what is behind) to get his cloak.

v 17…But woe (lamentations await you) to those who are with child (incapable of moving fast; could be left behind) and to those who nurse babes in those days (couldn’t bear to leave the baby behind, but unable to carry them without great difficulty; it would slow them down and cause both to be taken)!.

v 18…But pray that it (the fleeing) may not happen in the winter (rainy season when wadis are full and no food in the fields).

v 19…For in those days will be (future) tribulation such as not occurred since the beginning of the creation which God created, until now (meaning nothing could be compared to all of this since creation to the first century; some commentators believe Yeshua is looking from the fullness looking back).

v 20…Unless the Lord (Yehovah) had shortened the days (past tense-had determined in his secret counsels before the world was that these days would be few; this could also allude to the 2520 days only of the birth-pains) no life (flesh) would be saved (delivered); but for the sake of the elect (Israel who had been cut off temporarily-Isa 65.9; Rom 11.28) whom he chose, he shortened the days (determined they would be few in number).

v 21…And if anyone says to you, ‘Behold (see), here is Messiah (he has come here or there)’; or, ‘Behold, there’; do not believe (give no credit to the report),

v 22…for false messiahs and false prophets will arise, and will show signs and wonders, in order, if possible, to lead the elect astray (but it won’t be possible).

v 23…But take heed; behold, I have told you everything in advance (relating to the destruction of the city and the Temple and the nation).

v 24…But in those days, after that tribulation (of the city, Temple, nation), the sun will be darkened (the Shekinah; all symbols of the presence of God will be gone), and the moon will not give its light (Israel is seen as the moon and they will not reflect the light of God),

v 25…and the stars (leaders, teachers, sages) will be falling from heaven (no divine inspiration and they will compile the oral law in written form called the Mishnah; formed Rabbinic Judaism), and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken (in short, Yeshua is referring to the social, religious and civil upheaval using imagery found in the Tanak-Isa 13.10-13; Ezek 32.7-8, etc).

v 26…And then they shall see the sign of the Son of Man coming in the clouds of heaven with great power and glory (in the power of his judgment and vengeance on Israel for neglecting the Torah, rejecting the Messiah and the kingdom of God).

v 27…And then he will send forth the angels (messengers of the Basar) and will gather together his elect (to obtain salvation; the ones chosen from all eternity unto salvation-Eph 1.4; John 1.13; 2 Tim 2.9; Acts 13.48) from the four winds, from the farthest end of the earth, to the farthest end of heaven (wherever they are under the sun; this includes the non-Jews).

v 28…Now learn the parable (lesson) from the fig tree (he was on the mount of Olives where fig trees grow; he wants them to draw a lesson from the fig tree and its nature); when its branch has already become tender (as the sap rises), and puts forth its leaves (the sprigs in early spring), you know that the summer is bear (at the door).

v 29…even so (as sure as the natural signs in nature tell you that summer is near; use your logic and deductive skills) you too, when you see these things (v 1-27) happening, recognize (use your logic and deductive skills) that he (Messiah) is near, at the door (the bridegroom is coming-Matt 25.1-13).

v 30…Truly I say to you, this generation (the ones in the first century, “that generation”) will not pass away (off the earth) until all these things take place (which were being predicted by Yeshua about the destruction of the city, Temple, and nation).

v 31…Heaven and earth will pass away (the universe as we know it now will be altered-2 Pet 3.10-13) but my words will not pass away (be altered).

v 32…But of that day or hour (definitely) no one knows (they are to watch and understand as it gets closer; this term alludes to a new moon because no one knows exactly when it will be seen every month), not even the angels in heaven (know the specifics), nor the Son (in his human nature as the Son of Man, or Bar Enosh of Dan 7.13), but the Father (who has the times and seasons for executing a judgment on a nation like this-this is also a wedding term alluding to the father who will tell his son when to go get his bride).

v 33…Take heed (watch), keep on the alert and pray; for you do not know when the time is (the period or season until you see the signs).

v 34…As a man going away on a journey, upon leaving his house (but returning) and putting his servants in charge (of his house) to each one is assigned his task, also commanded the doorkeeper to stay on the alert (for the return of the master).

v 35…Therefore, be on the alert (watch) for you do not know when the master of the house is coming, whether in the evening, at midnight, at cockcrowing (predawn when the Temple crier sounded) or in the morning,

v 36…lest he come suddenly (unexpectedly) and find you asleep (careless, unaware of what’s happening).

v 37…And what I say to you (Peter, James, John, Andrew-v 3-4) I say to all (the rest of the talmidim, anyone else around, and all his followers who were concerned about these things), ‘Be on the alert (watch)!’ “

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 12

Mark 12.1-44 tells us Yeshua continues teaching in the Temple and gives a parable (midrashic aggadah) of the evil vine-growers. It also contains an argument with the Pharisees from Beit Shammai and the Herodians overpaying taxes to Rome. There is also a debate with the Sadducees about who will be resurrected at the end of the age. The Pharisees from Beit Shammai, the Herodians, and the Sadducees were in an alliance against Yeshua. We will also learn what is the greatest commandment, and a discussion about in what sense the Messiah is the son of David, and a lesson on giving.

v 1…And he began to speak to them in parables (midrashic aggadot which are stories to illustrate a spiritual point), “A man (Yehovah) planted a vineyard (Israel-Isa 5.1-7) and put a wall around it (the Torah) and dug a vat under the winepress (teaching) and built a tower (the Temple), and rented it out to vine-growers (priests, teachers, scribes, etc) and went on a journey.

v 2…And at the season (for fruit) he sent a slave (a prophet or judge; it is plural in Matt 21.34) to the vine-growers in order to receive of the produce of the vineyard from the vine-growers (such as truth, judgment, justice, righteousness as defined by the Torah).

v 3…And they took him and beat him, and sent him away empty-handed (his ministry was not accepted).

v 4…And again he sent them another slave (servant, prophet, judge) and they wounded him in the head, and treated him shamefully (they rejected the judges and the prophets Yehovah sent).

v 5…And he sent another, and that one they killed; and many others, beating some, killing others (this cycle repeated itself over and over again).

v 6…He had one more, a beloved son (Yeshua); he sent him last to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’

v 7…But those vine-growers said to one another, ‘This is the heir (son of David, a lamp-1 Kings 11.36; John 11.48), come, and let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours (the only way to protect their power and influence over the people)!’

v 8…And they took him, and killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard (as one cursed and having no part in the kingdom-Deut 21.22-23; Gal 3.13; Acts 5.30, 10.39).

v 9…What will the owner (Yehovah) of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the vine growers (the city and Temple destroyed) and will give the vineyard to others (who will believe; part of the basis for Paul’s Olive Tree theology).

v 10…Have you (the teachers and priests) not even read this Scripture, ‘The stone (a type of Messiah) which the builders rejected, this became the chief cornerstone (to build the eschatological kahal-Matt 16.18; 1 Pet 2.6-8; 1 Cor 10.4);

v 11…this came about from the Lord (Yehovah), and it is marvelous in our eyes (this portion of Scripture is Psa 118.22-23 and part of what is called the Hallel, Psa 113-118, and sung in the Temple on Passover as the people offered their lambs and while Yeshua was on the cross)?’ “

v 12…And they were seeking to seize him; and they feared the multitude, for they understood that he had spoken against them. And so they left him, and went away (for now).

v 13…And they sent some Pharisees (from Beit Shammai) and Herodians (also known as “Boethusians”; Herod was the son-in-law of Shimon Ben Boethus, and he elevated this son of Boethus to high priest-see 8.15 notes).

v 14…And they said to him, “Teacher, we know that you are truthful, and defer to no one (impartial-they were trying to deceive him, saying he would not be influenced by anyone, not even Caesar); for you are not partial to any, but teach the way of God in truth (“way” and “truth” are terms for the Torah-Psa 119.1, 60; later on these same people will accuse Yeshua of lying). Is it lawful (permissible in the Torah) to pay tribute to Caesar or not (this was a census or poll tax that all citizens had to pay as a way of counting the people).

v 15…Shall we pay, or shall we not pay?” But he, knowing their hypocrisy (craftiness-Luke 20.23), said to them, “Why are you testing me? Bring me a denarius to look at.”

v 16…And they brought one. And he said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” And they said to him, “Caesar’s.”

v 17…And Yeshua said to them, “Render (give over) to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s (man is in God’s image, so give what is due to him in the Torah).” And they were amazed (marveled) at him.

v 18…And the Sadducees who say there is no resurrection (they were in alliance with Beit Shammai, the Zealots, and the Sicarii because they did not like Romans/non-Jews; they also did not believe in angels-Acts 32.7, or any Scripture outside of the Torah) came to him (they were next up), and questioning him (as if they were open-minded, but this was a fixed doctrine in their sect), saying,

v 19…”Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, and leaves no child, his brother should take his wife, and raise up offspring to his brother (Deut 25.5-10 and possibly the scenario in John 4.18).

v 20…There were seven brothers; and the first one took a wife, and died leaving no offspring.

v 21…And the second one took her and died, leaving behind no offspring, and the third likewise;

v 22…and so all seven left no offspring. Last of all the woman died, too.

v 23…In the resurrection (which Yeshua claimed will take place, but the Sadducees didn’t believe in one), when they rise again (John 5.28-29, 6.39-40), which one’s wife will she be? For all seven had her as a wife.”

v 24…Yeshua said to them, “Is this not the reason you are mistaken, that you do not understand (know the facts of) the Scriptures or the power of God (about the resurrection-Matt 22.29; Luke 30.34)?

v 25…For when they rise from the dead (he states the one thing they don’t believe as a fact), they neither marry, nor are they given in marriage, but they are like angels in heaven (spiritual body-1 Cor 15.44).

v 26…But regarding the fact that the dead rise again (again he refutes them and states what they didn’t believe as a fact; today there are some who believe in “soul sleep” or “annihilation” when one dies, but the following verses should be considered: Ecc 12.7; Rev 6.9-10; Luke 16.19-31; 1 Pet 3.18-19; Luke 12.4, 25.43; 2 Cor 5.6-9; Matt 22.31-32; Luke 24.37-39; John 11.25-26; Rev 20.4, 19.20, 20.10; Ezek 26.20, 32.17-32; Job 10.21-22; Phil 1.21-22; Dan 12.2; Luke 23.43), have you not read in the book of Moses (the Torah, the only Scriptures the Sadducees believed had any authority), in the bush how God spoke to him, saying, “I am (exist in the present tense) the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob (they were living at that moment)?

v 27…He is not the God of the dead, but of the living (they were still alive awaiting the resurrection where they will join their new bodies); you are greatly mistaken.”

v 28…And one of the scribes came and heard their arguing (debating, reasoning), and recognizing that he had answered them well (accurately like a lawyer), asking him, “What commandment is the first (foremost in importance in relation to ethical and moral values) of all?”

v 29…Yeshua answered, “The first (in rank and priority) is, “Hear (“shema” implying obey) O Israel; Yehovah our God is one Lord (Yehovah-no one else, a composite unity-v 32);

v 30…and you shall love the Lord (Yehovah) your God (eloheynu) with all your heart (affections), and all your soul (faculties), and with all your mind (intellect, understanding), and with all your strength (energy).’

v 31…The second (in priority) is this, ‘You shall love your neighbor (this is not a feeling, but an action toward your neighbor that is beneficial to him as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these (the first is in regards to our relation to God, and the second is in regard to other people as seen in Exo 20.1-17.”

v 32…And the scribe said to him (lawyer), “Right, teacher, you have truly stated that he is one; and there is no one else besides him;

v 33…and to love him with all your heart and with all your understanding and with all your strength, and to love one’s neighbor as himself, is much more than all the burnt offerings and sacrifices (he combines Lev 19.18 and Hos 6.6 and 1 Sam 15.22).”

v 34…And when Yeshua saw that he answered intelligently (sensibly), he said to him, “You are not far (different or opposite in the sense of spiritual movement) from the kingdom of God (he was not in the kingdom yet as far as God ruling over him in action, but understood that love and obedience was required, but he needed to put his faith in the only one who could allow him into the kingdom-Acts 17.24-27). And after that, no one would venture to ask him any more questions (finding they could not get an advantage because they kept coming up short in their reasoning; he had silenced the Pharisees, the Herodians, the Sadducees and the scribes and were bewildered and humiliated).

v 35…And Yeshua answering began to say, as he taught in the Temple, “How do the scribes say that the Messiah is the son of David (an heir and no more than that-Rom 1.3-4)?

v 36…David himself said by the Holy Spirit (Ruach Ha Kodesh), ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put thine enemies beneath your feet.” ‘

v 37…David calls him ‘Lord” and so in what sense is he his son (how can one call his own son Lord unless he is both human and deity-Messiah was inferior to David in the flesh, but superior to him as Lord because of his two natures)?” And the crowd enjoyed listening to him (elated that his wisdom silenced his detractors).

v 38…And in his teaching he was saying, “Beware of the scribes who like to walk around in long robes (enlarged tzitzit because they were pretentious) and love respectful greetings in the market places (where they were noticed),

v 39…and chief seats in the synagogues (where the rulers and elders sat), and places of honor at banquets (their chavurahs where meals consecrated to God were eaten, etc).

v 40…They are the ones who devour widow’s houses (convincing them to support their work or the Temple; they would try to impress them as being religious men and take their income, sometimes leaving them in financial need), and for appearances sake offer long prayers (to look spiritual); these will receive greater condemnation.”

v 41…And he sat down opposite the treasury (where 13 chests stood shaped like trumpets for people to put money into for various reasons), observing how the multitude were putting money into the treasury (into one of the 13 chests); and many rich people were putting in large sums.

v 42…And a poor widow came and put two small copper coins (possibly given from the charity she received-Acts 6.1; Deut 14.22; 1 Tim 5.3-16) which amount to a cent (no fanfare like in v 38-39; maybe her estate was devoured by those in v 40).

v 43…And calling his talmidim to him, he said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all the contributors to the treasury;

v 44…for they all put in out of their surplus, but she, out of her poverty, put in all she owned, all she had to live on (this was the lesson Yeshua was trying to teach the ruler in Matt 19.16-22, Mark 10.17-27 and Luke 18.18-23).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 11

Mark 11.1-33 tells us about Yeshua’s entry into Jerusalem on Nisan 10; the cursing of the fig tree; his controversy with the money changers in the Temple and his reproof of the chief priests, scribes, and elders concerning his authority.

v 1…And as they approached Jerusalem, at Bethphage (house of unripe figs-an allusion to Israel) and Bethany (house of figs), near the mount of Olives (several miles east), he sent two of his talmidim (to prepare for the fulfillment of Zech 9.9).

v 2…And he said to them, “Go into the village opposite you (Bethany), and immediately as you enter it, you will find a colt tied (Matt 21.2 says an “ass tied, and a colt with her-the donkey is a type of the old, stubborn nature and the colt a type of a converted nature, or second generation birth-Job 11.12), on which no one yet has ever sat (but Yeshua can control its nature-Num 19.2; Deut 21.3; 12 Sam 6.7); untie it and bring it.

v 3…And if someone says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ you say, ‘The Lord (Yehovah) has need of it (for his purposes) and immediately he will send it back here (return it when he is finished with it).”

v 4…And they went away and found a colt tied at the door outside in the street (where two ways meet); and they untied it.

v 5…And some of the bystanders were saying to them (what Yeshua had prepared the talmidim for), “What are you doing untying the colt?”

v 6…And they spoke to them just as Yeshua had told, and they gave them permission (didn’t question it any further).

v 7…And they brought the colt to Yeshua and put their garments on it (to make him more comfortable, like a saddle);

v 8…And many spread their garments in the road (like a carpet to welcome a king), and others leafy branches (a token of joy like at Sukkot) which they had cut from the fields.

v 9…And those who went before (came from Jerusalem), and those who followed after (from Jericho), were crying out “Hosanna (give victory)! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord (Yehovah);

v 10…blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David (in respect to the Messiah who is David’s son); hosanna in the highest (the people were gathering because it was Passover and Nisan 10 is the day when lambs were separated and inspected for blemishes, sickness and if kosher they were to be offered four days later on Passover-Exo 12.1-43; the people were selecting their lambs and Yehovah had selected his lamb and Yeshua is saying here by his actions, “I am going to be your Passover lamb” as he rode down the mount of Olives towards Jerusalem; Yeshua would be inspected for four days and found to be without sin or blemish; also, this day is 483 years or 173,880 days after Neh 2.1 and fulfills Dan 9.25 where it predicts that the Messiah will come).

v 11…And he entered Jerusalem into the Temple; and after looking around (an inspection, and he did not like what he was seeing), he departed for Bethany with the twelve, since it was already late (probably stayed with Lazarus and his two sisters).

v 12…On the next day (Nisan 11) when they had departed Bethany, he became hungry.

v 13…And seeing at a distance a fig tree (in this story it will be a type of Israel-Hos 9.10; Nahum 3.12; Zech 3.10) in leaf (making a show that it was fruitful, like Israel. He went if perhaps he would find anything on it, and he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for the time of figs was not yet (Then why did Yeshua look? Because he is going to use this unproductive tree as a lesson; looking for fruit when there is would be none would only stimulate the curiosity of the talmidim; when Yeshua is doing this he is into the fourth year of his ministry, and a tree and its fruit are holy to Yehovah in the fourth year. A person cannot eat from a tree until its fifth year. A tree that is unfruitful is called “forbidden” or “uncircumcised” in Lev 19.2-25. Israel went into exile for being “uncircumcised” or unfruitful in the time of Jeremiah-Jer 8.13, 9.26. No figs equals no people; no fig tree, no peace. when Yeshua came during his fourth year he expected to find fruit for Yehovah. That means they should have fulfilled their calling, and corporately accepted Yeshua as Messiah. Even though it was early, the kingdom was being offered-Isa 60.22. The leaves were there, but there wasn’t any fruit. This will lead to Luke 19.41-44 and 21.1-36. He said they were to learn the lesson of the fig tree in Luke 21.29. Now they were going into exile and the people will be scattered. Yeshua is using this tree as an object lesson).

v 14…And he answered and said to it (responded to its fruitless testimony), “May no one ever eat from you again (the tree is cursed for its misleading appearance that suggested fruitfulness, but it was void of the fruits expected. This was the case in Israel in the first century).

v 15…And they came to Jerusalem (from Bethany). And he entered the Temple and began to cast out those who were buying and selling in the Temple (in what was called the “Bazaars of Annas” at the southern end of the complex. They belonged to the sons of annas who provided animals approved for offerings for a price. He was cleansing his father’s house of leaven/sin right before Passover) and overturned the tables of the moneychangers (they would exchange pagan money with idols pictured on them for a shekel, often at high prices. It was the fact that they did this in a sanctified (had a kedusah) area that was the main problem. This is the second time Yeshua did this. The first time was in John 2.13-15) and the seats of those who were selling doves (Yeshua declares these people to be thieves and were desecrating the services of Yehovah).

v 16…And he would not permit anyone to carry goods through the Temple (anything that was for common use. The Temple was to be used for the worship of Yehovah not a short cut).

v 17…And he began to teach and said to them, “Is it not written (documented), ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations?’ But you have made it a robber’s den (Isa 56.7; Jer 7.8-11).”

v 18…And the chief priests and the scribes heard it and sought how to destroy him (the Sanhedrin had moved out of the Lishkat ha Gazit, or Chamber of Hewn Stone, to the eastern end of Royal Stoa, with the bazaars of Annas at the western end, in protest over some atrocities committed by Pilate. So, they could hear what was going on. In moving, the Sanhedrin could not issue a death sentence. This will figure into why they could not kill Yeshua and they needed the Romans to do it. Yehovah had already planned that the Messiah was going to be crucified, not the normal Jewish methods of execution. All of this was in the plan of God); for they were afraid of him (because he was making great changes and the people were not listening to them like before), for all the multitude was astonished at his teaching (his doctrines relating to the Torah).

v 19…And whenever evening came, they would go out of the city (probably to Bethany-he did not stay in Jerusalem these last few days).

v 20…And as they were passing by in the morning, they saw the fig tree (of v 14) withered from the roots (the tree was entirely dead, like Israel was in their oral laws, worship, and doctrines of the teachers, etc).

v 21…And being reminded, Peter said to him, “Rabbi, behold (take notice) the fig tree which you cursed has withered (Israel and their teachings and oral laws were not fruitful; Israel was going into exile 40 years later).”

v 22…And Yeshua answered saying to them, “Have faith (confidence in action) in God (and his Torah-they already possessed it, God has given it so don’t look for “other truth” in some oral law, traditions, or some rabbinical system).

v 23…Truly I say to you, whoever says to this mountain (Jerusalem and the Temple Mount), ‘Be taken up and cast into the sea (Jerusalem and the Temple will be destroyed, and the people scattered in the sea of the nations; their teachings are an obstacle to true faith), and does not doubt in his heart but believes that what he says is going to happen, it shall be granted him (what Yeshua is saying is this: with faith in God and his Torah the false teachings coming from the Temple and the Sanhedrin, controlled by Beit Shammai at the time, can be overcome, and they will enter the kingdom of God. A keen mind in the Torah is an idiom meaning “an uprooter of mountains.” Israel was at the “foot” of Mount Sinai when the Torah was given. In Hebrew “at the foot” is “tachat” meaning “under.” Faith will remove the Torah’s judicial aspect, the death penalty for sin, from crushing them, and removed. Without faith, this judicial aspect of the Torah will crush them. In the first century there was a concept that Sinai was seen as a wedding chuppah over their heads if they accepted the Torah. If they didn’t, it would call and crush them under its weight of Torah-Matt 21.44).

v 24…Therefore I say to you all things for which you pray and ask, believe that you have received them, and they shall be granted you (possess or obtain it).

v 25…and whenever you stand (a common position in prayer-2 Chr 6.13), forgive (meaning to “lay it away, don’t bring it up again”) if you have anything against anyone (their “debt” to you), so that your father also who is in heaven may forgive your transgressions (your debt to Yehovah).

v 26…But if you do not forgive (lay it away, keep bringing the debt up again), neither will your father who is in heaven forgive your transgressions (we must be free from an unforgiving spirit/attitude/heart).”

v 27…And they came again to Jerusalem. And he was walking in the Temple (courts), the chief priests, and the scribes, and elders (in the Sanhedrin, interpreters of the Torah or the oral law) came to him.

v 28…And saying to him, “By what authority (what source) are you doing these things (cleansing the Temple, overturning tables, whipping the sellers, etc), or who gave you this (kind) of authority to do these things (they really didn’t want to know)?”

v 29…And Yeshua said to him, “I will ask you one question (if you really want to know), and you answer me, I will (then) tell you by what authority I do these things (because it will be the same authority).

v 30…Was the baptism (immersion) of John (that he supervised) from heaven (Yehovah), or from men (originate from man-made traditions or oral laws)? Answer me (directly, right now).”

v 31…And reasoning with one another (in a debate among themselves), saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’

v 32…But if we say, ‘From men?’-they were afraid of the multitude, for all considered John to have been a prophet indeed.

v 33…And answering Yeshua, they said, “We don’t know.” And Yeshua said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things (If they didn’t believe John, they would not have believed Yeshua either. He said a similar thing in John 5.39-47. If they did not believe Moses, how would they ever believe him).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 10

Mark 10.1-52 includes teachings about marriage and divorce, Yeshua blessing the children, his instructions to the rich young man, a prediction about his death, serving others, and his healing of a blind beggar.

v 1…And rising up (from Galilee), he went from there to the region of Judea, and beyond the Jordan (where Yochanon had preached); and crowds gathered around him again (crowding him) and, according to his custom, he once again began to teach them.

v 2…And some Pharisees (most likely from Beit Shammai who opposed him) came up to him, testing (examining) him (to see if he said anything that opposed the Torah of Moses), and began to question him whether it was lawful (in the Torah) for a man to divorce his wife (for any reason).

v 3…And he answered and said to them, “What did Moses (Torah) command you (Deut 24.1-4)?”

v 4…And they said, “Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.”

v 5…But Yeshua said to them, Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you this commandment (from God).

v 6…But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female.

v 7…For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother,

v 8…and the two shall become one flesh (“echad”, a composite unity); consequently they are no longer two, but one flesh (Gen 2.23).

v 9…What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate (these questions are not about the right to get divorced, everyone agreed that you could; even Yehovah divorced Israel-Jer 3.8-10; this debate is over the legal grounds for a divorce; however, even though divorce, war, servanthood or slavery was allowed, it did not reflect his perfect character).”

v 10…And in the house the talmidim began questioning him about this again.

v 11…And he said to them, “Whoever divorces (or separates) his wife and marries another woman (except for uncleanness, which is the Hebrew “ervah” meaning an indecency, shame or improper behavior-See Matt 5.32 and 19.8-9 notes on this website), commits adultery against her (he is freeing Deut 24.1-4 from all the false interpretations of the Pharisees-Matt 19.1-9; the word used in Hebrew in Deut 24.1-4 is “ervat” and is understood as that which makes continued life together impossible; Exo 21.10 gives other reasons for a divorce; in short Yeshua is saying that one must have a biblical cause);

v 12…and if she herself divorces (or separates) from her husband and marries another man (without biblical cause), she is committing adultery (if they are sent out without a divorce).”

v 13…And they (the crowds) began bringing children (including infants-Luke 18.15) so that he might touch them (to show affection to them, to show they had value); and the talmidim rebuked them.

v 14…But when Yeshua saw this, he was indignant (not happy with them), and said to them, “Permit the children (these would be children of pre-school to primary age) to come to me; do not hinder them; for the kingdom of God (his movement and rule) belongs to such as these (those who come on their own in humility-9.37).

v 15…Truly I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom like a child (laying aside all pride) shall not enter it.”

v 16…And he took them in his arms (embraced them) and began blessing them, laying his hands on them (like a patriarch-Gen 27.28).

v 17…And as he was setting out on a journey (on his way), a man ran up to him and knelt before him (in respect), and asking him, “Good teacher, what thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life?”

v 18…And Yeshua said to him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good except God alone (not that he was denying the fact that he was good, but he was trying to lead this man to a true knowledge of who he was).

v 19…You know the commandments (in the Torah), do not commit murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not bear false witness, do not defraud, honor your father and mother.”

v 20…And the man said to him, “Teacher (rabbi), I have kept all these things from my youth up.”

v 21…And looking at him, Yeshua felt a love for him, and said to him, “One thing you lack (to be perfect, mature); go and sell all you possess (the twelve gave everything in v 28, and the widow did in Mark 12.43-44), and give it to the poor (this is called “tzedekah” or charity), and you shall have treasure in heaven; and come follow me (be my student).”

v 22…But at these words his face fell (he loved the things of this world) and went away grieved, for he was one who owned much property (he had two problems; he thought he could be saved by works, and he loved his possession).

v 23…And Yeshua looking around, said to his talmidim, “How hard (but not impossible) it will be for those who are wealthy to enter the kingdom of God (his movement and rule in action).”

v 24…And the talmidim were amazed (astonished) at his words. But Yeshua answered again and said to them, “Children (scholars would call their students this), how hard it is (for those who trust in riches) to enter the kingdom of God (his movement and rule in action).

v 25…It is easier for a camel (“gamal” in Hebrew and “gamla” in Aramaic) to go through the eye of a needle (an expression found in Jewish literature; in a midrash on the Song of Solomon and the Talmud, Berakot 55b meaning “difficulty” or a narrow opening) than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God (by his own works; Yeshua is saying that riches can be a hindrance and distraction to repentance; the eye of the needle. We can’t serve two masters; it is hard for a rich man but not impossible for Yehovah-see “Hebrew Word Study-the Camel and the Needle’s Eye” by Chaim and Laura at “Chaimben torah.com”).”

v 26…And they were even more astonished and said to him, “Then who can be saved?”

v 27…Looking upon them, Yeshua said, “With men it is impossible, but not with God; for all things are possible with God (Yehovah can change hearts, even a rich man who trusts in his riches).”

v 28…Peter began to say to him, “Behold (take note) we have left everything and followed you (we’ve laid up treasures in heaven-Matt 19.27 adds, “What shall there be for us?”).”

v 29…Yeshua said, Truly I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or farms (lands) for my sake and for the gospel’s sake (the “basar”);

v 30…but that he shall receive a hundred times as much now in the present age (the Olam Ha Zeh), the six thousand years from creation to the Messianic Kingdom), houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and farms (lands), along with persecutions, and in the world to come (Olam Haba after the seven thousand year plan of God is completed, the “eighth day” or eternal life).

v 31…But many who are first (the rich, privileged, selfish, those who get ahead in this life) will be last; and the last (those rejected by the world) will be first (receive a great reward in the kingdom of God).”

v 32…And they were on the road, going up (called an “aliyah”) to Jerusalem, and Yeshua was walking on ahead of them (as their leader and shepherd-Psa 23.1-3) and they were amazed (at his courage) and those who followed were fearful (of what awaited them because they were aware of the threats). And again he took the twelve aside and began to tell them what was going to happen to him (what was decreed by Yehovah in the Scriptures).

v 33…”Behold (take note), we are going up to Jerusalem, and the son of man (Bar Enosh of Dan 7.13), an eschatological title) will be delivered up to the chief priests and the scribes (who were in an alliance with Beit Shammai going back to 20 BC); and they will condemn him to death, and will deliver him up to the Gentiles (what was determined by Yehovah before the world was even created-1 Pet 1.18-20; Rev 13.8; Acts 2.22-23, 3.12-17, 4.8-17; 1 Thes 2.14-16).

v 34…And they shall mock him and spit on him and scourge him, and kill him, and three days later he will rise again.”

v 35…And James and John, the two sons of Zebedee came up to him (through their mother-Matt 20.20-28) saying to him, “Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask you.”

v 36…And he said to them, “what do you want me to do for you (knowing full well what they wanted).

v 37…And they said to him (by their mother or agreeing with what she said), “Grant that we sit in your glory (the kingdom after his resurrection), one on your right, and one on your left (judging the twelve tribes of Israel to confirm they were the greatest-Mark 9.33-34).”

v 38…But Yeshua said to them, “You do not know what you are asking for (since they were carnal men and they thought the kingdom was carnal; they did not realize what it took to be great in the kingdom). Are you able to drink the cup that I drink (experience the same suffering I do), or to be baptized (overwhelmed) with the baptism with which I am baptized (overwhelmed with suffering)?”

v 39…And they said to him, “We are able (they were obviously ignorant of their weaknesses and the extent of Yeshua’s sufferings).” And Yeshua said to them, “The cup (of suffering) that I drink you shall drink; and you shall be baptized (overwhelmed) with the baptism with which I am baptized (overwhelmed-this was fulfilled when James was killed in Acts 12.2).

v 40…But to sit on my right or left (judging the twelve tribes of Israel), this is not mine to give, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared (by the Father-Matt 20.23).”

v 41…And hearing this (the request by James and John), the ten began to feel indignant (jealous resentment, showing their carnality, too) toward James and John.

v 42…And calling them to himself (who were at a little distance but could hear), Yeshua said to them (to reprove their pride, vanity, and ambition), “You know that whose who are recognized as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over (subject others to themselves) them; and their great men exercise authority over them.

v 43…But it is not so among you (let it not be so among you), but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant (just the opposite of what James and John sought);

v 44…and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be servant of all (volunteer, common servant);

v 45…for even the son of man (Bar Enosh, Messiah) did not come to be served (in common things), but to serve (in common things) and to give his life (his all, his soul) for a ransom for many (for all the elect; those appointed to eternal life-Eph 1.4; 2 Tim 1.9; Acts 13.48).”

v 46…And they came to Jericho (on their way to Jerusalem). And as he was going out from Jericho with his talimidim and a great multitude, a blind beggar (like we were before he delivered us) Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus (Ben Teman), was standing by the road (waiting for charity).

v 47…And when he heard that it was Yeshua the Nazarene (he heard his name mentioned by those who believed in him and those who didn’t), he began to cry out and say, “Yeshua, son of David (he did not say “Yeshua of Nazareth” but by a messianic title “Messiah Ben David), have mercy on me (he didn’t want money but mercy)!”

v 48…And many were sternly telling him to be quiet (don’t call him by a messianic title), but he began crying out all the more, “Son of David (Messiah Ben David), have mercy on me!”

v 49…And Yeshua stopped (hearing his voice and his belief in him as Messiah) and said, “Call him (lead him to me).” And they called the blind man, saying to him, “Take courage, arise (because he is calling for you, he wants you).”

v 50…And casting aside his cloak (his outer garment that could hinder his walk, a type of “putting off the old man”-Eph 4.22-24), he jumped up (in haste), and came to Yeshua.

v 51…And answering him, Yeshua said, “what do you want me to do for you (more than anything else)?” And the blind man said to him, “Rabboni (my teacher), to regain my sight.”

v 52…And Yeshua said to him, “Go your way’ your faith (“emunah” meaning confidence, action) has made you well.” And immediately he received his sight and followed Yeshua in the way (going right along with the crowd in the road to Jerusalem).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 9

Mark 9.1-50 will tell us about what is called the “Transfiguration” and another healing, a teaching about the “return” of Elijah, humility, and temptation.

v 1…And he was saying to them, “Truly I say to you, there are some of these who are standing here who will not taste death (experience it) until they see the kingdom of God after it has come in power (a manifestation of it-Matt 17.1-8; Luke 9.28-36; Acts 2.1-13 was the start).”

v 2…And six days later (a picture of the Olam Ha Zeh, or after the 6000 years of this present world the kingdom comes) Yeshua took with him Peter and James and John and brought them up to a high mountain (possibly Mount Hermon which was the place of the Covenant between the Halves in Gen 15.1-21 according to scholars-mountains symbolize kingdoms) by themselves. And he was transfigured before them (a type of the coming of the Messianic Kingdom);

v 3…and his garments became radiant and exceedingly white (a picture of the future glory) as no launderer on earth can whiten them )Matt 17.2 says his face shone like the sum and this alludes to what happened to Moses in Exo 34.29-35).

v 4…And Elijah appeared to them along with Moses (a picture of the two witnesses of the Torah and the Prophets-Rom 3.21; Luke 16.31), and they were conversing with Yeshua (Yeshua taught the Torah and the Prophets).

v 5…And Peter answered and said to Yeshua, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three sukkot (tabernacles), one for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah (the festival of Sukkot is being alluded to here; it teaches the coming of the Messianic Kingdom, and it has themes such as light, radiance, glory, sukkahs, etc.).”

v 6…For he did not know what to answer, for they became terrified.

v 7…Then a cloud (a type of the presence of God, the Shekinah) formed, overshadowing them (like in the wilderness-Exo 33.22), and a voice came out of the cloud, “This is my beloved son, listen to him (Deut 18.15-19)!”

v 8…And all at once they looked around and saw no one with them anymore, except Yeshua only.

v 9…And as they were coming down from the mountain, he gave them orders not to relate to anyone what they had seen, until the son of man should rise from the dead.

v 10…And they seized upon that statement (kept it to themselves), discussing with one another what rising from the dead might mean (“Is that literal?” “Is he going to die?” “How does that fit in with our perception of the Messiah?” etc).

v 11…And they began questioning him, saying, “Why is it that the scribes say that first (before the kingdom) that Elijah must come (Mal 4.5-6 is the basis)?”

v 12…And he said to them, “Elijah does come first and restore everything. And how is it written of the son of man that he should suffer many things and be treated with contempt (one of the things “Elijah” sets right is how the Scriptures tell of the abuse, sufferings and rejection of the Messiah, especially as the “voice” of Isa 40.3-5, and his message goes from Isa 40.6 to Isa 66.24).

v 13…But I say to you, that Elijah has indeed come (in the person of Yochanon ha Matvil; he came in the spirit and power of Elijah as seen in Luke 1.17, which means he was “cut out of the same cloth”), and they did to him whatever they wished, just as it is written of him (to make the people ready for Yehovah-Mal 3.1, 4.5-6; Luke 1.17; Matt 11.7-14).”

v 14…And when they came (back) to his talmidim, they saw a large crowd around them, and some scribes arguing with them (debating).

v 15…And immediately, when the entire crowd saw him, they were amazed (his face still had a trace of his transfiguration, like Moses did-Exo 34.29-30), and running to greet him.

v 16…And he asked them, “What are you discussing with them (he knew anyway)?”

v 17…And one of the crowd answered him (a father steps in to answer the question), “Teacher, (messianic title based on Joel 2.23; Isa 30.20-21; John 11.28), I brought you my son, possessed with a spirit which makes him mute;

v 18…and whenever it seizes him, it dashes him (to the ground) and he foams (at the mouth), and grinds his teeth (in pain), and stiffens out. And I told your talmidim to cast it out, and they could not do it (perhaps the discussion with the scribes was about this fact, and the scribes were taunting them and questioning their understanding about the “shedim” or demons).”

v 19…And he answered them (the people who took the side of the scribes in the debate against the talmidim, the unbelieving talmidim, and the father of the boy) and said, “O unbelieving generation, how long shall I be with you (a rebuke)? How long shall I put up with you (endure your unbelief)? Bring him to me!”

v 20…And they brought the boy to him. And when he saw him, immediately the spirit threw him into a convulsion (the spirit knew what was coming), and falling to the ground, he began rolling about and foaming at the mouth (with intent to hurt him one last time-Rev 2.12).

v 21…And he asked his father, “How long has this been happening to him (Yeshua knew but this is for the benefit of those there and for our benefit)? And he said, “From childhood (Ha Satan has affected man since his “childhood”; Yeshua does nothing but keeps conversing with the father and ignores these manifestations).

v 22…And it has often thrown him into the fire (to scare him) and into the water to destroy him. But if you can do anything, take pity on us and help us (the whole family).”

v 23…And Yeshua said to him, “If you can (have faith; the problem is not Yeshua’s power so he uses an “if” in reference to the faith of the father)! All things are possible to him who believes.”

v 24…Immediately the boy’s father cried out and saying with tears (a sign of his inner turmoil), “I do believe (trust to a certain point); help my unbelief (his belief needs strengthening; we’ve all been there with imperfect, defective, weak faith).”

v 25…And when Yeshua saw that the crowd was rapidly gathering (and confusion could erupt), he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, “You deaf and dumb spirit (not that the spirit was deaf and dumb, but has caused it in the boy), I command you (ordered it based on his authority), come out of him and do not enter him again (he said this to help the father so he wouldn’t worry about its return).”

v 26…And after crying out and throwing him into terrible convulsions (being filled with rage and anger, having to relinquish his hold), it came out; and (the boy) became so much like a corpse that most said, “He is dead (they thought there was no life in him)!”

v 27…But Yeshua took him by the hand and raised him (from the ground); and he got up.

v 28…And when he had come into the house, his talmidim questioned him privately, “Why is it that we could not cast it out?”

v 29…And he said to them, “This kind (some spirits are more powerful or obstinate and resistant to being cast out) cannot come out by anything but prayer and fasting (they didn’t separate themselves to hear from Yehovah on what to do, like Ezra did in Ezra 8.21-23; there will be times we need to do this).”

v 30…And from there they went out and began to go through Galilee, and he was unwilling for anyone to know (he needed some private time with his talmidim so he could teach and inform them of important issues).

v 31…For he was teaching his talmidim and telling them, “The son of man (an eschatological title based on Dan 7.13-“Bar Enosh”) is to be delivered up into the hands of men (said as if it was already determined and agreed upon, which it was since before the foundation of the world-Luke 24.7), and they will kill him, and when he has been killed, he will rise again three days later (he makes sure he mentions the resurrection to comfort them).”

v 32…But they did not understand this statement (how could it be that he should be killed; they had seen that he did nothing but good, so who would want to kill him, he didn’t deserve that), and they were afraid to ask him (lest he rebuke them of their ignorance, stupidity, and unbelief; they already saw and heard what happened to Peter in 8.33).

v 33…And they came to Capernaum; and when he was in the house (a residence away from the crowd), he questioned them, “What were you discussing on the way (he already knew but he was showing them that man will account for every idle word)?”

v 34…But they kept silent, for on the way they had discussed with one another which (of them was) the greatest (who would have the most prestige in the kingdom).

v 35…And sitting down, he called the twelve and said to them, If anyone wants to be first (have preeminence, have the chief position), he shall be last of all, and servant of all (he must have his ambition checked in at the door, and let him subject himself to everyone, even when they neglect you and treat you with contempt; be willing to perform the lowest tasks and services).”

v 36…And taking a child, he stood him in the midst of them (so all could see); and taking him in his arms (in an embrace), he said to them,

v 37…”Whoever receives one child like this (a believer with child-like faith and trust) in my name (in his authority) is receiving me (embraces me); and whoever receives me is not receiving me (only), but him who sent me (Yehovah/Father).”

v 38…And John said to him, “Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in your name (possibly a talmid of John, who had not begun to follow Yeshua-Acts 19.1-7), and we tried to hinder him because he was not following us (but he was doing it for the same rea1sons they were-the kingdom was being offered).”

v 39…But Yeshua said, “: Do not hinder him (for you know not what manner of spirit you are of; Yeshua came to save people, not destroy them), for there is no one who shall perform a miracle in my name, and be able soon afterward to speak evil of me (this is an actual miracle, not fake ones like the seven sons of Sceva tried to do in Acts 19.13-18).

v 40…For he who is not against us is for us (working on our behalf, promoting the same teaching and interests).

v 41…For whoever gives you a cup of water to drink in my name because you are of Messiah, truly I say to you, he shall not lose his reward (in the kingdom; rewards, like salvation, cannot be forfeited).

v 42…And whoever causes one of these little ones that believe in me to stumble (be offended, scandalized), it would be better for him a millstone be laid about his neck and he be cast into the sea (a severe punishment awaits anyone who hinders a weaker believer in Yeshua and causes him to quit, or raises doubts in him, or scandalizes him).

v 43 And if you hand (actions) causes you to stumble; cut it off (his sense is actions are to be given up if they draw us into evil; it is better to part with anything that is detrimental to us in doing the right thing, including people)., it is better for you to enter life crippled (eternal) than having two hands (enjoying persons and things that will ruin us), to go into hell (Gehenna-this word comes from “Gei Hinnom” or the valley of Hinnom), into unquenchable fire,

v 44…where their worm (consciences) does not die (filling them with anguish, misery, remorse, and remembrances of what could have been if they had only believed when told), and the fire (of their memories) is not quenched (it will never cease to torment them).

v 45…And if your foot (where you walk or those who support us) causes you to stumble (scandalized), cut it off (give it up if you have to); it is better for you to enter life (eternal) lame, than having two feet, to be cast into hell (Gehenna-this word comes from the valley of Hinnom-Isa 66.24),

v 46…where their worm (conscience) does not die, and the fire (of their remembrances and remorse) is not quenched (it will never cease to torment them; they will wish they had taken the path of a true believer-Isa 66.24).

v 47…And if your eye (what we look at; the eye is dear to us, like an intimate friend-Deut 32.10) causes you to stumble (scandalizes us), cast it out (stop looking at it, get rid of it); it is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye (with some rewards), than having two eyes, to be cast into hell (Gehenna-Isa 66.24),

v 48…where their worm (conscience) does not die, and the fire (of their remembrances and remorse) is not quenched (it will never cease to torment them-Isa 66.24).

v 49… For everyone (who believes) will be salted with fire (preserved by affliction; giving up personal liberties for others; to influence others for the kingdom; an acceptable offering and a well-pleasing aroma to God must have salt, it speaks of eternal preservation-Lev 2.13; Matt 5.13; 1 Pet 1.17, 3.15-16; Col 4.6).

v 50…Salt is good (it preserves, a seasoning), but if the salt becomes unsalty (loses its influence), with what will you make it salty again (to restore its strength)? Have salt in yourselves (preserve the strength of your testimony, and walk in the Torah), and have peace with one another (the result of the good salt-the covenant of salt is also the covenant of peace-Num 18.19; 25.12-13).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 8

Mark 8.1-38 tells us about two more miracles of Yeshua, the feeding of the four thousand and the healing of a blind man. It also talks about Peter’s confession that Yeshua is the Messiah and Yeshua’s prophecy about his own death and resurrection.

v 1…In those days (about the time he healed the deaf man) again, when there was a great multitude and they had nothing to eat, he summoned his talmidim and said to them,

v 2…”I feel compassion for the multitude because they have remained with me now three days (Matt 15.32), and have nothing to eat;

v 3…and if I send them away fasting to their home, they will faint on the way (to some this would be a “bad confession” but it was a concern based in fact); and some of them have come from a distance (Yeshua is not only interested in our spiritual well-being, but he is also interested in our physical well-being).”

v 4…And his talmidim answered him, “Where will anyone be able to satisfy these men with bread in the wilderness?”

v 5…And he was asking them, “How many loaves do you have ?” And they said, “Seven (number of completion).”

v 6…And he directed the multitude to sit down on the ground; and taking the seven loaves, he gave thanks (probably said the “Ha Motzi” prayer) and broke them, and giving them to his talmidim, to serve them, and they served them to the multitude.

v 7…They also had a few small fish and after he had blessed them (Matt 15.36 says he said the prayer over both the bread and the fish), he ordered these to be served as well.

v 8…And they ate and were satisfied; and they picked up seven more large baskets full of what was left over of the broken pieces (there is a wordplay in Hebrew with the words “satisfied” and “seven.” Yeshua’s bread is the word of God, the Torah, and it satisfies and is complete-John 5.46-47).

v 9…And about four thousand (Yeshua is from the fourth tribe of Judah, and came around four thousand years after creation, and the sun is a picture of the Messiah in Mal 4.2 and was created on the fourth day) were there; and he sent them away.

v 10…And immediately he entered the boat with his talmidim, and came to the district of Dalmanutha (near Magdala0Matt 15.39).

v 11…And the Pharisees (Matt 16.1 says some Sadducees were there. There was an alliance between Beit Shammai and the Sadducees going back to 20 BC, so these Pharisees were probably from Beit Shammai who opposed Yeshua-see out teachings called “Torah and New Testament Foundations-the Pharisees, Sadducees and Yeshua” and “Torah and New Testament Foundations-the Sanhedrin, Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai” on this website for more information) came out and began to argue with him, seeking from him a sign from heaven to test him.

v 12…And sighing deeply in his spirit, his heart, mind-their hearts were hard and he sighed audibly), he said, “Why does this generation seek for a sign (he had showed them many prophetic signs already)? Truly I say to you, so sign will be given to this generation (no further signs demanded shall be given.”

v 13…And leaving them, he again embarked and went away to the other side (probably to the Bethsaida area, northeast of the lake-v 22).

v 14…And they had forgotten to take bread (as they crossed); and did not have more than one loaf in the boat with them.

v 15…And he was giving orders to them, saying (emphasizing), “Watch out! Beware of the leaven (leavening is the pervading influence of their teaching) of the Pharisees (from Beit Shammai-in Mark 12.13 they try to trap him-Matt 16.6 includes the Sadducees) and the leaven (the pervading influence of their teaching) of Herod (the Herodians-the Boethusians were one stream of the Sadducees because Herod had appointed Shimon Ben Boethus as high priest because he was Herod’s father-in-law).

v 16…And they began to discuss (reason) with one another that they had no bread (he said this because they had no bread).

v 17…And Yeshua, aware of this (their reasoning), said to them, “Why do you discuss that you have no bread? Do you not see or understand (what I meant)? Do you have a hardened heart (so the seed of my words cannot produce)?

v 18…Having eyes, do you not see (they saw the miracles but had no spiritual perception)? And having ears (to hear and take in the words), do you not hear (spiritual truth in things)? And do you not remember,

v 19…when I broke the five loaves for the five thousand (five loaves are symbolic of the Torah), how many baskets full of the broken pieces you picked up?” They said to him, “Twelve (the word of God is sufficient to teach the twelve tribes)?

v 20…And when I broke the seven (perfect number of completion) for the four thousand, how many large baskets full of broken pieces did you pick up?” And they said to him, “Seven (perfect number of completion).”

v 21…And he was saying to them, “Do you not understand (Yeshua’s teaching from the Torah is from God, who is the master teacher; his teaching is perfectly complete and true, and it will feed and satisfy you, you don’t need the oral law of the elders, Pharisees, scribes, Sadducees and the Herodians-Matt 23.1-3)?”

v 22…And they came to Bethsaida. And they brought a blind man to him, and entreated him to touch him.

v 23…And taking the blind man by the hand, he brought him out of the village; and after spitting on his eyes, and laying his hands upon him, he asked him, “Do you see anything?”

v 24…And he looked up and said, “I see men, for I am seeing them like trees, walking about (he had gained some sight).”

v 25…Then again he laid his hands upon the eyes’ and he looked intently and was restored, and began to see everything clearly (obviously Yeshua could have healed him immediately, so what is going on? Taking him by the hand and leading him out of the village alludes to the election of a believer and separating us from the others. Spitting on his eyes alludes to the word going forth out of the mouth of God. Laying his hands on the person and asking if he sees speaks of being born again, but we only see spiritual things dimly-1 Cor 13.9-13. But the Lord does not give up on us because we don’t see much spiritually at first, he continues until we see everything clearly).

v 26…And he sent him to his home, saying, “Do not enter the village (don’t go back to where you were before-Bethsaida had already rejected Yeshua and his ministry in Matt 11.21).

v 27…And Yeshua went out, along with his talmidim (out of Bethsaida, going north up the Jordan Valley about 30 miles), to the villages of Caesarea Philippi, also called “Banias”- there was a shrine to “Pan” there called the “gate of Hades”); and on the way he questioned his talmidim, saying to them, “who do people say that I am (Matt 16.13 says “son of man” and in dan 7.13 “son of man” is “Bar Enosh” and clearly refers to the Messiah, so this is an eschatological title and question)?”

v 28…And they told him, saying, “John the Baptist (Herod wasn’t the only one who thought this); and others Elijah; but still others, one of the prophets (Matt 16.14 says, “Jeremiah” so some saw a connection between the “weeping prophet” and the Messiah, a man of sorrows).”

v 29…And he continued by questioning them, “But who do you say that I am (in Greek this is an imperative, tense and sharp)?” Peter answered and said to him, “Thou art the Messiah (Matt 16.16 includes, “the son of the living God” and a term that can mean Yehovah’s king-1 Cor 28.5-7; Psa 1.6-7).”

v 30…And he warned them to tell no one about him (just yet; to avoid a revolt by some who would try and make him an earthly king at that time, angering Rome and Jewish rulers; he doesn’t want them to think he is going to proclaim himself a king, either. That is not why he came).

v 31…And he began to teach them that the son of man (Bar Enosh of Dan 7.13 and an eschatological title) must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.

v 32…And he was stating the matter plainly, and Peter took him aside and began to rebuke (reprimand) him.

v 33…But turning around (so all the talmidim could hear) and seeing his talmidim) he rebuked Peter, and said, “Get behind me, Satan (in other words, “Peter, you are an adversary to me”-2 Sam 19.22 says the same thing); for you are not setting your mind on God’s interests, but man’s (the way man sees things, which was the Messiah would come and overthrow the Romans and be a worldly leader who makes everyone happy, particularly his “favorites.” Some of this is based on Daniel’s interpretation of the vision in Chapter 2, but the spiritual task Yeshua came to do had not entered into their minds yet).

v 34…And he summoned the multitude with his talmidim, and said to them, “If any man wishes to come after me, let him deny (dethrone) himself (of his carnal desires and selfishness), and take up his cross (the cross was a one-way trip, and a parallelism with “deny himself) and follow me.

v 35…For whoever wishes to save his life (in self-preservation when called to lay your life down) shall lose it (by living for yourself you may save your physical self, but suffer the second death); and whoever loses his life (for Yeshua and others-John 12.24-26) for my sake (as it relates to the Torah, the truth, etc) and the gospel’s (the Basar as it relates to the redemption) shall save it (may physically die, but he will have life in the Olam Haba).

v 36…For what does it profit a man (in the long run) to gain the whole world (if that were possible), and forfeit his soul (lose everything)?

v 37…For what shall a man give in exchange for his own soul (to redeem it from its state of misery-Luke 16.30-31)?

v 38…For whoever is ashamed of me and my words (based in the Torah) in this adulterous and sinful generation, the son of man (Bar Enosh of Dan 7.13, an eschatological title) will also be ashamed of him when he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy (they have a kedusha) angels.”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 7

Mark 7.1-37 tells us about Yeshua’s confrontation with the Pharisees from Beit (house) Shammai over ritual handwashing and the traditions of the elders in the Oral Law; and he heals two individuals who were sick.

v 1…And the Pharisees (from Beit Shammai) and some of the scribes gathered together around him when they had come from Jerusalem (there was an alliance between Shammai and the Sadducees from 20 BC to 30 AD when Beit Shammai ruled in the Sanhedrin),

v 2…and had seen that some of his talmidim were eating their bread (already kosher-this issue is not about eating unkosher or kosher food) with impure hands (not ritually clean according to the halakah of Beit Shammai; the other main group of Pharisees were called Beit Hillel, the school Paul was from), that is, unwashed (ritually according to Beit Shammai).

v 3…For the Pharisees (from Shammai) and all the Jews (meaning “many”) do not eat unless they carefully wash their hands, thus observing the traditions of the elders (Beit Shammai)-this was their oral law and each group had their own halakah. Yeshua will be addressing Beit Shammai here and they were opposed to Yeshua. Beit Hillel only required hand washing at Festivals, so they disagreed on this, along with over three hundred other things. The oral law said this was done to make people aware of the concept of “priesthood” but the Torah never required this. This tradition is man-made and by making it a “heavy transgression” they undermined the authority of the Torah that never required it in the first place. Christianity has done the same thing by requiring Sunday worship over the Sabbath; saying you can eat foods forbidden by the Torah like pork, catfish; Easter has replaced Passover, etc. This is a ritual ceremony. We don’t need experts trained in the oral law to explain the written Torah. His word is clear in Deut 30.11-14 so that even a small child can understand it in Deut 31.9-13. Yeshua said in Matt 23.1-3 that we should not obey the oral traditions of Beit Shammai (see Matt 23.1-3 notes in our study of Mathew on this site),

v 4…and when they came from the market place (where they may have contracted ritual impurity according to their traditions), they do not eat unless they cleanse themselves (by tevilah, or immersion, or rachatz, meaning washing) and there are many other things which they have received (in their oral law) in order to obaseve such as the washing of cups and pitchers and copper pots.

v 5…And the Pharisees (from Beit Shammai based on what they are saying here) and the scribes asked him, “Why do your talmidim not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with impure hands (the word walk is “halakah”)?”

v 6…And he said to them, “Rightly did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites as it is written, ‘This people honors me with their lips (confession), but their hearts (desires, thoughts, intentions) is far from me (Isa 29.13),

v 7…but in vain (empty) do they worship me, teaching as doctrines (of God) the precepts of men (thus adding to the Torah, which they cannot do-Deut 4.2; Prov 30.5-6).’

v 8…Neglecting (setting aside) the commandments of God you hold to the traditions of men (in their oral traditions-if Yeshua came to do away with the law, or Torah, why would he reprove them for doing just that?).”

v 9…He was also saying to them, “You nicely set aside the commandments of God in order to keep (incorporating into their lives their oral traditions by doing specific things, at specific places, at specific times by specific people) your traditions (in the oral law).

v 10…For Moses said (they were to obey Moses in the Torah in Matt 23.2-3), ‘Honor your father and your mother’, and ‘He who speaks evil of father and mother, let him be put to death’,

v 11…but you say, ‘If a man says to his father and mother, anything of mine you might have been helped by is korban ( a dedicated offering), that is given to God (and can’t be used for anything else),

v 12…you no longer permit him to do anything for his father or mother (this was the position of Beit Shammai);

v 13…invalidating (nullifying) the word of God by your tradition (in the oral law) which you have handed down and you do many things such as that (Yeshua is not giving ‘zero weight’ to the traditions, but does insist that human traditions should not violate or invalidate the word of God. Giving to parents is a higher law than their traditions).”

v 14…And summoning the multitude again, he began saying to them, “Listen to me, all of you, and understand;

v 15…there is nothing outside the man which is going into him and defile him, but the things which proceed out of man are what defile the man (v 20-23).

v 16…If any man has ears to hear (to perceive doctrinal truth), let him hear (be instructed).”

v 17…And when leaving the multitude, he had entered the house (a residence), his talmidim questioned him about the parable (midrashic aggadah).

v 18…And he said to them, “Are you too so uncomprehending? Do you not see that whatever goes into the man from the outside cannot defile him (“defile” is the word “koino” in Greek and it means, “common, profane.” If he was talking about levitical or ceremonial uncleanness, as in Lev 11 and eating unclean foods, the Greek word “akathartos” would have been used. What Yeshua is saying was nothing to do with eating unclean animals, they already knew not to do that);

v 19…because it does not go into his heart (desires), but into his stomach and eliminated (into the toilet), purging all foods (by digestion and elimination-some translations say here, “declaring all foods clean” which is not accurate. If Yeshua is saying you can eat pig now he would have been violating the Torah and that would have invalidated him as the Messiah. But we know that is not what he meant because he was without sin-1 John 3.4).

v 20…And he was saying, “That which proceeds out of the man (from his heart and desires), that is what defiles the man (his actions that violate the Torah).

v 21…For from within, out of the heart (desires) of man, proceed the evil thoughts and fornications, thefts, murders, adulteries,

v 22…deeds of coveting and wickedness, deceit, sensuality, envy, slander, pride and foolishness.

v 23…All these evil things proceed from within and defile the man (in other words, to eat kosher foods with unwashed hands ritually does not defile him, or make the food unclean-Matt 15.20. The issue being dealt with here is not whether or not you can eat food forbidden in Lev 11.1-23).”

v 24…And from there he arose (from Capernaum) and went away to the region of Tyre (and Sidon-Matt 15.21). And when he had entered a house, he wanted no one to know (for privacy and that the non-Jews would not flock to him -Mark 1.45; Matt 16.20), yet he could not escape notice.

v 25…But after hearing of him, a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, immediately came and fell at his feet (in respect and reverence).

v 26…Now the woman was a Gentile (a Canaanite-Matt 15.22), of the Syrophoenician race (Syrian language and Phoenician by nationality). And she kept asking him (she was shouting after them as they were leaving-Matt 15.23) to cast the demon out of her daughter.

v 27…And he was saying to her, “Let the children be satisfied first (he was sent to the children of Israel first; the Jew first-Rom 1.16, 10.1110-13), for it is not good to take the children’s bread (what was meant for Israel) and throw it to the dogs (as they were outside the covenant at this time, but not for long. Yeshua did not use the normal word for “dogs” here but a softened one that meant “little dogs.” In Greek, a diminutive is usually affectionate and he took the “bite” out of the usage).”

v 28…But she answered (with great faith) and said to him, “Yes, Lord, even the dogs (little dogs) under the table feed on the children’s crumbs (and satisfy their need for survival-she only wanted a morsel for her daughter, a small favor for a little dog).”

v 29…And he said to her, “Because of this answer (he only marveled at two things, faith and unbelief), go your way; the demon has gone out of your daughter.”

v 30…And going back to her home, she found the child lying on the bed, the demon having departed (at once-Matt 15.28).

v 31…And again he went out from the region of Tyre, and came through Sidon to the sea of Galilee within the region of Decapolis.

v 32…And they brought to him one who was deaf and spoke with difficulty, and they entreated him to lay his hand on him.

v 33…And he took him aside (from the multitude by himself-all of us are deaf and need to be separated from the world through “election”-Eph 1.4), and put his fingers into his ears, and after spitting (spittle is a sign of strength, and no spittle denotes weakness-Psa 22.15), he touched his tongue (with the saliva-this alludes to his spiritual ear being opened, and spitting and touching his tongue speaks of the application of the Torah and his word. Everything he does here are types of what he does spiritually for us-Mark 8.23);

v 34…and looking up to heaven (as the source for all blessings) with a deep sigh (in compassion for his condition because sin had been brought into the world), he said to him, “Ephratha (Aramiac)!” That is, “Be opened!”

v 35…And his ears were opened, and the impediment of his tongue was removed, and he began speaking plainly (in a correct manner).

v 36…And he gave them orders (to those who brought the man) not to tell anyone (he had work to do and did not want to be hindered-Matt 16.20; Mark 1.45, 7.24), but the more he ordered them, the more widely they continued to proclaim it.

v 37…And they were utterly astonished, saying, “He has done all things well (not a big show or fakery); he makes even the deaf to hear and the dumb to speak.”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 6

Mark 6.1-56 tells us about the rejection of Yeshua in his hometown of Nazareth, and the sending out of his talmidim to other areas where they will also suffer rejection. It also tells us about the arrest and death of Yocahnon ha Matvil (John the Immerser), Yeshua walking on the sea during a wind storm, and the healing of many sick people as they touched his tzitzit, or fringes, on the corners of his garment.

v 1…And he went out from there (Capernaum) and he came into his hometown (Nazareth) and his talmidim followed him.

v 2…And when the Sabbath had come, he began to teach in the synagogue; and the many listeners were astonished (at his doctrine) saying, “Where did this man get these things, and what is this wisdom given to him (he didn’t go to any rabbinical schools, so where did he get his ability to explain the Scriptures), and such miracles as these performed by his hands (the people of Nazareth thought they were familiar with him and knew everything about him)?

v 3…Is this not the carpenter (a building technician in stone or wood; but this is also an idiom for a scholar or learned man; they may have thought that his father taught him and he learned from him. To illustrate this point, we would like to quote from two sources. The first source is the book of Yechezkel (Ezekiel) commentary by the Artscroll Tanach Series, Mesorah Publications, p. 74-75, where we will paraphrase in parenthesis for clarity, a commentary on Ezel 1.2: “King Yehoyachin’s exile: This is to be the nucleus from which a new, regenerated Israel would grow. Included in it were the best of Israel’s sons. The carpenters and locksmiths mentioned in 2 Kings 24.14 were no ordinary workers. The sages identify them as the greatest teachers of Torah in the nation. They silenced everyone who would want to argue with them (the root for carpenter also means “silence” as well as carpentry) with their brilliance; and when they spoke everyone else would close his mouth (the root for close is also the root for locksmith).” A second source is from the book, “Jesus the Jew” by Geza Vermes, Macmillan Publications Co, and it says, “Jesus the Carpenter: his secular profession remains uncertain. Tradition has it he was a carpenter and learned his trade from his father, but this is the fragile evidence that after his first and last sermon in the synagogue of Nazareth, the townsfolk could not understand how ‘the carpenter’, or the ‘carpenter’s son’, could have acquired such great wisdom. Was he a carpenter by himself, or was he only the son of a carpenter? The confused state of the Greek text of the Gospels usually indicates either (a) a doctrinal difficulty thought by some to demand rewording; or (b) the existence of a linguistic problem in the expression in Hellenistic terms of something typically Jewish. Here the second alternative applies. The congregation in the synagogue voices astonishment. ‘Where does he get it from?’ ‘What wisdom is this…? ‘Is not this the carpenter/the son of the carpenter…?’ Now those familiar with the language spoken by Jesus are acquainted with the metaphorical use of ‘carpenter’ and ‘carpenter’s son’ in ancient Jewish writings. In Talmudic sayings the Aramaic noun denoting carpenter or craftsman (naggar) stands for a ‘scholar’ or ‘learned man.’ “) the son of Miriam (the heir of Miriam, meaning “bitter”) and brother (Mark 3.31) of James (Jacob), of Joses (Joseph) and Judas (Yehudah, and Simon (Shimon)? Are not his sisters (he had at least two) here with us?” And they took offense (were scandalized, offended wrongfully) at him (they thought they knew him enough to think that he could not have learned his doctrine or obtained his power for miracles through any agency they knew of, it must be something sinister or unlawful; they were not even entertaining the thought that he may be the Messiah and his power came from Yehovah).

v 4…And Yeshua said to them, “A prophet is not without honor (respect) except in his hometown and among his own relatives and in his own household (Yehovah can work with people who have no belief at all, but not unbelief).

v 5…And he could do no miracle there except he laid hands on a few sick people and healed them (not that he didn’t have the power, and some did have faith).

v 6…And he wondered (marveled) at their unbelief (Yeshua sometimes required faith in him with those he was about to heal; not that faith contributed to their cure because Yeshua raised people who were dead or example; but it was the way and means he was pleased to communicate his power; when people express their faith in him it gives him the opportunity to work a miracle and draw attention to his teachings; these people here did not even ask for such a favor from him, so it gave no opportunity to do a mighty miracle). And he was going around (in a circuit) the villages teaching (he did not let their rejection stop him with his business concerning the kingdom of God).

v 7…And he summoned the twelve and began to send them out in pairs (as “shaliachim” or his agents as witnesses-Ecc 4.9-12; Luke 7.19, 10.1, 14.3; Acts 13.1-3; 15.39-41, 19.22); and he was giving them authority over the unclean spirits (they needed to overcome the opposition of the enemy);

v 8…and he instructed them that they should take nothing for their journey, except a mere staff (to walk with, or against animals and robbers, etc); no bread, no bag, no money in their belt (they were going to be provided for-Matt 10.10);

v 9…but to wear sandals (to protect their feet over rough terrain); and (he added), “Do not put on two tunics (an inner and an outer one-they were not to appear wealthy among the common people, and Yeshua wanted them to be totally reliant on Yehovah).”

v 10…And he said to them, “Wherever you enter a house, stay there until you leave town (the focus was their ministry, and to be content with where they were-1 Tim 6.6-8).

v 11…And any place that does not receive you or listen to you, as you go from there, shake off the dust from the soles of your feet, for a testimony against them (a symbolic act of renunciation-it would be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, or Yom Ha Din, than for that city-Matt 10.11-15).”

v 12…And they went out and preached that men should repent (and turn to Yehovah and his Torah).

v 13…And they were casting out many demons and were anointing with oil many sick people and healing them (the word for “anointing” here is “alepho” and it means to rub with medicinal oil-Jam 5.14. The word “chrio” is the word used for the sacred, ritual, and religious act of anointing, and it is not used here).

v 14…And King Herod (Antipas-a tetrarch) heard (of him) for his name had become well known; and (people) were saying, “John the Baptist (Yochanon ha Matvil) has risen from the dead, and therefore these miraculous powers are at work in him (this shows that superstition has replaced the Torah in these people).”

v 15…But others were saying, “He is Elijah (whose return was prophesied in spirit and power; reincarnation is not found in the Torah either).” And others were saying, “He is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old (who went about the country preaching and working miracles-this was closer to the truth than the other rumors-Deut 18.15).”

v 16…But when Herod heard, he kept saying, “John whom I beheaded (beheading was done standing up according to the Mishnah, Sanhedrin 7.3, following the Roman practice), he has risen (his conscience was bothering him).

v 17…For Herod himself had sent and had John arrested and bound in prison on account of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip (Herod Philip II), because he had married her (Herodias divorced her uncle/husband Philip to marry Herod Antipas her uncle/brother-in-law, and this was forbidden by the Torah on the grounds of consanguinity, or having descended from the same ancestor-Lev 18.6);

v 18…for John had been saying to Herod, “It is not lawful for you to have your brother’s wife.”

v 19…And Herodias had a grudge against him and wanted to kill him and could not do so (Herod stopped her);

v 20…For Herod feared John (respected him), knowing he was a righteous and holy man (had a kedusha, set apart as a messenger of God-Isa 40.3), and kept him safe (from Herodias and others). And when he heard him, he was very perplexed, but he used to enjoy listening to him (he was a “stony ground” listener-Mark 4.5).

v 21…And a strategic (convenient) day came (for Herodias) when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet for his lords and military commanders and the leading men of Galilee (the great men of the court, army and the province);

v 22…and when the daughter of Herodias herself came in (to the hall where everyone was) and danced, she pleased Herod and his dinner guests; and the king said to the girl, “Ask me for whatever you want and I will give it to you.”

v 23…And he swore to her, “Whatever you ask of me, I will give it to you; up to half of my kingdom (similar to Ahasuerus in Est 5.3-6, 7.2).”

v 24…And she went out (of the hall) and said to her mother (not a good example to begin with), “What shall I ask for?” And she said, “The head of John the Baptist.”

v 25…And immediately she came in haste (prodded by her mother) before the king and asked, saying, “I want you to give me right away (tonight) the head of John the Baptist on a platter (obviously this was the result of collusion between the daughter and a wicked woman who wanted revenge).”

v 26…And although the king was very sorry (grieved and shocked that he was manipulated into murder), because of his oaths and because of his dinner guests (Matt 15.7-9; Num 30.2, 10; Ecc 9.2), he was unwilling to refuse her (deny her, send her away, grieve her, defraud her of the promise).

v 27…And immediately the king sent an executioner (a military official) and commanded (him) to bring back his head. And he went and beheaded him in the prison,

v 28…and brought his head on a platter (into the banquet hall, and gave it to the girl; and the girl gave it to her mother (showing their collusion and she was the one who coveted it).

v 29…And when his talmidim heard about this, they came and took away his body and laid it in a tomb (what can be gleaned from this event? We see the depravity of people, drunkenness can lead to wicked acts and promises, our grudges and revenge can lead to murder, rash oaths can bring destruction, a conscience can be affected for life for evil acts done, and believers in Yeshua can expect to suffer and he hated for exposing the evil in their generation).

v 30…And the apostles (Hebrew “shaliachim” or agents of Yeshua) gathered together with Yeshua; and they reported to him all that they had done and taught (in their ministry to the lost sheep of the house of Israel-Matt 10.5-6).

v 31…And he said to them, “Come away by yourselves to a lonely place and rest a while (free from the noise and stresses of the past days, they were fatigued).” And they did not even have to eat (being constantly interrupted by those interested in what was happening).

v 32…And they went away in the boat to a lonely place by themselves (out of the reach of Herod on the east side of the sea of Galilee).

v 33…And the people saw them going (to Bethsaida on the northeast edge of the lake-Luke 9.10), and many recognized him and they ran there together on foot from all the cities and got there ahead of them (outran them around the north end of the lake ).

v 34…And disembarking, he saw a great multitude (this was just after Passover-John 6.49), and he felt compassion for them because they were like sheep without a shepherd (all they had was blind rabbinical guides, especially from Beit Shammai); and he began to teach them many things.

v 35…And when it was already quite late (in the day), his talmidim came up to him and began saying, “The place is desolate and it is already quite late (to teach, and for them to start going home);

v 36…send them away so that they may go into the surrounding countryside (fields) and villages and buy themselves something to eat (they brought no provisions).”

v 37…But he answered and said to them, “You give them something to eat (before they leave to find a sleeping spot for the night; this is a test for them because he knew what he was going to do). And they said to him, “Shall we go and spend two hundred denarii on bread and give them something to eat (probably all they had on hand)?”

v 38…And he said to them, “How many loaves do you have? Go look!” And when they found out, they said, “Five and two fish (these were barley loaves because this was after Passover-John 6.9).”

v 39…And he commanded them all to recline by groups on the green grass.

v 40…And they reclined in companies of hundreds and fifties (like Elisha in 2 Kings 4.42-44).

v 41…And he took the five loaves (bread is symbolic of the Torah/word of God) and the two fishes (from a young boy in John 6.7-9), and looking up toward heaven (to Yehovah and the throne), he blessed (Yehovah and probably prayed the “Ha Motzi” which is in Hebrew, “Baruch atah Yehovah, eloheynu melek ha olam, ha motzi lechem min ha eretz” or “Blessed are you, O Yehovah, king of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth”) and broke the loaves and he kept giving them to the talmidim to set before them; and he divided up the two fish among them all.

v 42…And they all ate and were satisfied (filled).

v 43…And they picked up twelve full baskets (symbolizing that his teaching and government was enough for the twelve tribes of Israel, and the loaves on the Shulchan Lechem ha Pannim or “table of the bread of the faces” in the Temple) of the broken pieces, and also of the fish.

v 44…And there were five thousand men (women and children were not included in this number) who ate the loaves (five loaves symbolic of the Torah and his glory is revealed, but they could not comprehend it-John 1.15).

v 45…And immediately he made his talmidim get into the boat and go ahead of him to the other side to Bethsaida (house of fishing), while he himself was sending the multitude away (to their homes).

v 46…And after bidding them farewell, he departed to the mountain to pray (a place where he could not be disturbed).

v 47…And when it was evening, the boat was in the midst of the sea, and he was alone on the land.

v 48…And seeing them straining at the oars, for the wind was against them, at about the fourth watch of the night (between 3 am and 6 am), he came to them, walking on the sea (Yeshua is showing them that he has dominion over the sea, which is a type of the domain of ha Satan and Leviathan-Exo 14.19-25; Isa 27.1, 57.20; Rev 13.1; Psa 74.13; Job 26.12-13) and he intended to pass by (when Yehovah reveals his glory, he is said to be “passing by”-Exo 33.12-33. But most of the time we don’t comprehend it; we need to ask for understanding and invite him to teach us, in this case, “into the boat”; he doesn’t play games and there is no guile in him).

v 49…But when they saw him walking on the sea (showing his dominion over the waters), they supposed that it was a ghost (a form he never assumed-Luke 24.37), and cried out (amazed);

v 50…for they all saw him and were frightened. But immediately he spoke to them and said to them, “Take courage; it is I, do not be afraid (be encouraged; they invited him into the boat-John 6.21).

v 51…And he got into the boat with them, and the wind stopped; and they were greatly astonished (to see it was Yeshua and his power over the storm; they said “certainly you are God’s son” or “king” in Matt 14.3),

v 52…for they had not gained any insight from the incident of the loaves (v 44-they did not comprehend the care and compassion he had for them and let it slip away-John 1.5; Job 9.10-11; but he will give us insight if we ask him “to stay”-Luke 24.28); but their heart was hardened (made dull and insensitive).

v 53…And when they crossed over they came to the land at Gennesaret (between Magdala and Capernaum on the northwest side) and moored to the shore.

v 54…And when they had come out of the boat, immediately the people recognized him,

v 55…and ran about that whole country and began to carry about on their pallets those who were sick, to the place they heard he was.

v 56…And whenever he entered villages, or cities, or countryside (agricultural areas), they were laying the sick in the marketplaces (where they expected Yeshua to pass by), and entreating him that they might just touch the fringe (where the tzitzit were Num 15.37-41) of his cloak (Mal 4.2; Mark 5.28); and as many touched it were being cured).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 5

Mark 5.1-43 tells us about three individuals who were dealing with life and death situations; a man with an unclean spirit living in tombs, a woman with an unclean issue, and a young girl who had died before Yeshua could get to her.

v 1…And they came to the other side of the sea (Galilee), into the country of the Gerasenes (“alien, stranger, foreigner” and probably “Kursi or Gergesa but the site is uncertain; and the same as the “Gadarenes in Matt 8.28 and Luke 8.26. There is a concept here centered around the sea of Galilee. Yeshua did much teaching there, around the sea of Galilee. It is also called “Genesseret” and it comes from the Hebrew “kinor” meaning a harp; this sea is shaped like a harp-see Psa 33.2-3 and Psa 49.4 notes on this site; Rev 14.2-3 says, “And I heard a voice from heaven, like the sound of many waters, like the sound of loud thunder, and the voice which I heard was like the sound of harpists playing on their harps.” Harps are a picture of the heart-Prov 20.27. The harp is the only instrument that can be played by the wind, a type of the Ruach ha Kodesh, or Holy Spirit. Our hearts (harps) are stimulated the same way. The Spirit “plucks” our heartstrings. That is why Yeshua taught so much around the “harp” of the sea of Galilee).

v 2…And when he had come out of the boat, immediately a man (Matt 8.28 says there were two, but Mark makes mention of the main individual) from the tombs with an unclean spirit met him;

v 3…and he had his dwelling among the tombs (unclean carries the idea of “out of place, the living among the dead). And no one was able to bind him anymore, even a chain (to hold him; he had supernatural strength);

v 4…because he had often been bound with shackles and chains, and the chains had been torn apart by him, and the shackles broken in pieces, and no one was strong enough to subdue him (he could not be managed in any way).

v 5…And constantly night and day among the tombs and in the mountains (where some tombs were), he was crying out and gnashing himself with stones.

v 6…And seeing Yeshua from a distance, he ran up and bowed down before him (acknowledging his power and superiority);

v 7…and crying out with a loud voice, he said, “What do I have to do with you, Yeshua, son of the most high God? I implore you by God, do not torment me (by being cast out, or his power diminished, or by being sent to the pit which awaits him)!”

v 8…For he had been saying to him, “Come out of the man, you unclean spirit (there was no fighting or doubt about Yeshua’s power and authority)!”

v 9…And he was asking him, “What is your name (Yeshua knew it, and how many he was dealing with, but this was said to show just how miserable his condition was)?” And he said to him, “My name is Legion; for we are many (they were organized, united and irresistible in power, like a Roman legion of five or six thousand men).

v 10…And he began to entreat (ask) him earnestly not to send them out of the country (because there were many who didn’t know Yehovah there).

v 11…Now there was a big herd of swine (pigs symbolize the enemies of God and apostates-Isa 65.3-4, 66.17; 2 Pet 2.22) feeding there on the mountainside (around the lake).

v 12…And they entreated him, saying, “Send us into the swine so that we may enter them (Why? To work their mischief by destroying the property of others and turn their hearts against Yehovah. If the owners were Jewish, this was an illegitimate trade-Deut 14.8. If they were non-Jews, it insulted their region because they were probably idolatrous).

v 13…And he gave them permission (this permission was just). And coming out, the unclean spirits entered the swine; and the herd rushed down the steep bank into the sea, about two thousand; and they were drowned in the sea (this is a picture of the judgment that awaits the enemies of God and the apostates in the Lake of Fire)

v 14…And those who tended them (not the owners), ran away and reported it in the city (populated area)) and in the country (in the fields). And the people came to see what it was that had happened (with their own eyes-Matt 8.34).

v 15…And they came to Yeshua and observed the man who had been demon-possessed sitting down, clothed (like a new man) and in his right mind (a new heart), the very man who had the “Legion”; and they became frightened (of Yeshua and his power because their superstitions told them the demons should have overcome just one man).

v 16…And those who had seen it described to them how it had happened to the demon-possessed man, and all about the swine (how they requested to enter the swine and how Yeshua allowed it).

v 17…And they began to entreat him to depart from their region (they saw him as one who would hurt their finances; they loved the world more and felt they would suffer “loss” if he stayed. They did not want to change. They were more comfortable having the demon-possessed man around than Yeshua).

v 18…And as he was getting into the boat (he turned his back on them), the man who had been demon-possessed was entreating him that he might accompany him (he wants to be around Yeshua, unlike the others).

v 19…And he did not let him, but he said to him, “Go home to your people (relatives and community; his house-Luke 8.39) and report to them what great things the Lord (Yehovah) has done for you, and how he had mercy on you (he had a ministry with his own family and associates in a non-Jewish world in a way Yeshua could not at this time; Yeshua was sent to the lost sheep of the house of Israel first).

v 20…And he went off and began to proclaim (he obeyed Yeshua) in Decapolis (ten Greek cities on the eastern side of the sea, including Damascus) what great things Yeshua had done for him; and everyone marveled (at the power of Yeshua and all the benefits that had come upon the man).

v 21…And when Yeshua had crossed over again in the boat to the other side (from Gadara to Capernaum), a great multitude gathered about him; and he stayed by the seashore (possibly with Levi/Matthew).

v 22…And one of the synagogue officials (a zekan or elder) named Jairus (“Yairus” meaning Yehovah enlightens) came up, and upon seeing him, fell at his feet,

v 23…and entreated him earnestly, saying, “My little daughter (she was twelve-Luke 8.42) is at the point of death; please come and lay your hands on her (called “semicha” and part of the steps when offering a korban in the Temple. It is an elementary teaching of the faith in Heb 6.2. It means “to lean” and put your weight on, not a magical gesture “establishing a point of contact”-it was to show the following action was from the one who laid hands on the person or animal); that she may get well and live.”

v 24…And he went off with him (immediately); and a great multitude was following him and pressing in on him (to see what he was going to do.

v 25…And a woman who had a hemorrhage (called a “zavah” in Lev 15.25-27-she was ritually unclean and could not enter the Temple because she was considered ritually unclean and could not touch anyone and considered as if she was in her menstrual impurity) for twelve years (same age as the little girl),

v 26…and had endured much at the hands of many physicians (who had numerous “treatments), and had spent all she had and was not helped at all, but rather had grown worse (this alludes to those who suffered under false doctrine and spent much money and were not helped),

v 27…after hearing about Yeshua, came up in the crowd behind (probably weak) and touched his cloak (the border of his talit where the tzitzit were, the fringes-Num 15.37-41; 1 Sam 15.28; Mal 4.2; Mark 6.56).

v 28… For she thought, “If I just touch his garments, I shall get well (she touched the tzitzit or fringes hanging on the corners of his outer garment, believing Mal 4.2 which says, “But for you who fear my name the sun of righteousness (Messiah) will rise with healing in his wings.” The term “wing” is “kanaf” in Hebrew and it means the corners of the garment where the tzitzit hung-Zech 8.23).

v 29…And immediately the flow of her blood was dried up; and she felt in her body that she was healed of her affliction (the tzitzit stood for the Torah and whoever keeps it can “grasp” the presence of Yehovah).

v 30…And immediately Yeshua, perceiving in himself that the power had gone from him (like a fountain gushing forth-Jer 17.12-14; Luke 6.19), turned around in the crowd and said, “Who touched my garments (he knew who did it, but he said it to illicit a confession from her so that the healing would be known)?”

v 31…And his talmidim said to him, “You see the multitude pressing in on you and you say, ‘Who touched me (they thought this was a strange comment, but they did not even know a healing had manifested)?”

v 32…And he looked around to see the woman who had done this (he knew who and where she was-he was pleased with what she did).

v 33…But the woman fearing and trembling (about what the Torah said in Lev 15.25-27; she should not have been around so many people; she may have thought he would reprove her for her improper method), aware of what had happened to her, came and fell down before him and told him the whole truth.

v 34…And he said to her, “Daughter (instead of reproof, he kindly speaks to her as a believer and a child of Abraham), your faith (in me by your actions) has made you well; go in peace and be healed of your affliction (“continue to be well” as a confirmation to her).

v 35…While he was speaking (poor Jairus is having to wait through all this as his daughter is dying) they came from (the house of ) the synagogue official, saying, “Your daughter has died; why trouble the teacher (a term for the Messiah-Isa 30.20; John 11.28; in Joel 2.23 the “early rain” is “moreh tzedekah” meaning “teacher of righteousness) any more.

v 36…But Yeshua overhearing what was being spoken, said to the synagogue official, “Do not be afraid, only believe (or keep on believing-v 23).

v 37…And he allowed no one to follow him (to witness what was about to happen through his power over death) except Peter and James and John (Mark gives special status to these three for the first time-Yeshua’s inner circle) the brother of James.

v 38…And they came to the house of the synagogue official; and he beheld a commotion (of people) and loudly weeping and wailing (with hand gestures, etc).

v 39…And entering in, he said to them, “Why make a commotion and weep? The child has not died (permanently) but is asleep (and will shortly wake up).”

v 40…And they were laughing at him (they took his words literally and thought what he said was absurd; they tried to humiliate him). But putting them all out (it is good not to be surrounded by unbelief; an ordered expulsion), he took along the child’s (Hebrew “yaldah” being twelve) father and mother and his own companions, and entered where the child was.

v 41…And taking the child by the hand, he said to her, “Talitha cumi” which is an Aramaic phrase meaning “little girl, arise.” Some believe this phrase means, “she who is in the talit, arise.” You can clearly see the word “talit” here and in the corners of that talit was the tzitzit, the same ones the woman touched in v 28. He may have put the tzitzit in her hand. Being twelve he would have said, “Yaldah cumi (if he spoke Hebrew).” If she was thirteen to seventeen he would have said, “Almah cumi.” If she was eighteen or unmarried, he would have said “Betulah cumi.” Is it possible that the same outer garment or talit that was used to heal the woman with a twelve year hemorrhage was wrapped around the girl with tzitzit? What is the message here? The tzitzit are given to remind us about the Torah in Num 15.37-41. This alludes to the fact that the Torah and the Scriptures are greater than defilement and death).

v 42…And immediately the girl got up and to walk; for she was twelve years old (twelve is the number of authority and perfect governmental order, namely the kingdom of God, and time and borders among other things).

v 43…And he gave them strict orders that no one should know about this (this applied while he was in the area to avoid attention, and the jealousy of the religious authorities, and any attempt to make him a “king” to oppose the Romans, etc. He had come to be rejected by the people and to die and he had more work to do. The full revelation of who he was will come later. Many have asked, “If Yeshua was the Messiah why did so many reject him?” But the opposite is true. If everyone accepted him, then he could not have been the Messiah. The prophets wrote that the Messiah was to be rejected and killed, rising from the dead on the third day. That is why he said on the cross, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachtani” which means in Aramaic, “this is my destiny, to this end I was born”); and he said that something should be given to her to eat (to show that her functions had returned to normal).”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 4

Mark 4.1-41 deals with the kingdom of God and those who enter into it. The kingdom is understood as God’s movement in action, and those who are ruled, and Yeshua is the main representative of that movement. He was preaching the Basar (gospel, good news) because the kingdom was being offered (“the kingdom is here now”). He also will calm a storm in the sea showing his dominion over the kingdom of Satan and Leviathan.

v 1…And he began to teach again by the seashore (he went out of the house to the shore). And such a very great multitude gathered before him that he got into a boat (the one standing by in 3.9) in the sea and sat down; and all the multitude were by the seashore in the land (standing ready to listen).

v 2…And he was teaching them many things in parables (midrashic aggadot), and was saying to them in his teaching (doctrine),

v 3…”Listen! Behold (see), the sower went out to sow;

v 4…and it came about that as he was sowing, some seed fell beside the road (soil not broken up, trodden down), and the birds came (a type of Ha Satan and his kingdom) and ate it up (seeking what they can devour).

v 5…Other (seed) fell on the rocky ground where it did not have much soil (superficial earth and soil); and immediately it sprang up but had no depth of soil).

v 6…And after the sun had risen, it was scorched (a superficial believer scorched by affliction), and because it had no root (rocks below the soil), it withered away (the word was only head knowledge but in the heart or desires).

v 7…And other seed fells among the thorns (the cares of this world, etc), and the thorns grew up and choked it (the word), and it yielded no crops (fruit).

v 8…And other (seed) fell into good soil (which was prepared beforehand to receive the seed of the sower) and as they grew up and increased, they were yielding a crop and were producing thirty, sixty, and a hundredfold.”

v 9…And he was saying, “He who has ears to hear (to perceive doctrinal truth), let him hear (be instructed).”

v 10…And as soon as he was alone, his talmidim, along with the twelve, began asking him about the parables (midrashic aggadot).

v 11…And he was saying to them, To you has been given the mystery (“sowd”, the secret and hidden meaning) of the kingdom of God (his movement in action, or those who are ruled); but those who are outside (of this inner council-Ezek 13.9 uses “sowd” in the Hebrew) get everything in parables,

v 12…in order that while seeing, they may see and not perceive; and while hearing, they may not hear and not understand lest they return again and be forgiven (Isa 6.9-10)”

v 13…And he said to them, “Do you not understand this parable? And how will you understand all the parables (if you don’t understand this simple parable, how will you understand the more difficult ones that are coming-Prov 1.1-7)?

v 14…The sower sows the word (the Torah, the Scriptures).

v 15…And these (such hearers as above in v 13) are the ones who are beside the road where the word is sown; and when they hear, immediately Satan comes and takes away the word which has been sown in them.

v 16…And in a similar way these are the ones on whom seed was sown on the rocky places, who, when they hear the word immediately receive it, with joy.

v 17…And they have no root in themselves, but are temporary (only); then, when affliction and persecution arises because of the word, immediately they fall away (are offended at the Tanak-it was the only scripture they had).

v 18…And others are the ones on whom seed was sown among the thorns; these are the ones who have heard the word,

v 19…and the worries of the world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the desires for other things enter in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

v 20…And those are the ones on whom seed was sown on the good ground; and they hear the word and accept it, and bear fruit thirty, sixty, and a hundredfold.”

v 21…And he was saying to them, “A lamp is not brought to be put under a bushel, is it, or under a bed? Is it not (brought) to be put on the lampstand (candlestick)?

v 22…For nothing is hidden, except to be revealed (sooner or later); nor has anything been secret, but that it should come to light (the Scriptures were designed to be read and understood-Deut 30.11-14; they are not difficult to understand, even a seven-year-old can understand them-Deut 31.10-12).

v 23…If any man has ears to hear (to perceive doctrinal truth), let him hear (and be instructed).”

v 24…And he was saying to them, “Take care (heed) what you listen to (be diligent to listen, study, meditate on the word and dispense it to others). By your standard of measure it shall be measured to you; and shall be given you besides (in other words, if we faithfully listen to the Tanak, gospels, epistles, and to what Yeshua is saying, and understand it and teach it to others, a larger measure will return to us, giving us greater insight and understanding).

v 25…For whoever has (understanding and light of the word), to him shall more be given; and whoever does not have (understanding and light of the word), even what he has shall be taken away from him (because it was of no good use, he thought he has understanding and light but didn’t and his “light” is put out).”

v 26…And he was saying, “The kingdom of God (his movement in action and those ruled by it) is like a man who casts seed upon the ground,

v 27…and goes to bed at night and gets up by day, and the seed spouts up and grows-how, he himself does not know (it’s a mystery to him-John 3.5-8).

v 28…The earth produces crops by itself (without any help by man); first the blade, then the head (ear) then the mature grain in the head (a progression from start to finish).

v 29…But when the crop permits (is brought forth and ripe), he immediately puts in the sickle, because the harvest has come (harvest is a picture of death, or the end of the age-the elect of God are brought to perfection and have brought forth all the fruit they were ordained to bring forth).”

v 30…And he said, “(continuing to bring out clearer concepts on the kingdom of God), “How shall we compare (picture) the kingdom of God (those who are ruled by his movement), or by what parable (aggadah) shall we present it (to show what it is like)?

v 31…It is like a mustard seed, which, when sown upon the ground, though it is smaller than all the seeds that are upon the ground (Yeshua and his followers were small in number at first),

v 32…Yet when it is sown, grows up and becomes larger than all the garden plants and forms large branches, so that the birds (in this case by context the birds are believers) of the air and rest under its shade (Dan 2.35 speaks of a stone that becomes a great mountain and fills the whole earth).”

v 33…And with many such parables he was speaking the word (of God, the Tanak) to them as they were able to hear (perceive and understand) it.

v 34…And he was not speaking to them without parables; but he was explaining everything privately to his own talmidim (at a later time).

v 35…And on that day (that he spoke these parables) when evening had come, he said to them, “Let us go over to the other side (of the sea of Galilee).”

v 36…And leaving (sending away the multitude), they took him along (in a ship) with them, just as he was (alone), in the boat; and other boats were with him.

v 37…And there arose a fierce gale of wind and the waves were breaking over the boat so much that the boat was already filling up (the sea is seen as the domain of Leviathan/Satan-Psa 107.23-30; Job 26.12-13); this alludes to the boat being our life, and we get tossed around by the storms of life, temptations, fear, anger, passion, etc).

v 38…And he himself was in the stern, asleep (tired from the work of the day) on a cushion (the storm didn’t wake him); and they awoke him (but the voice of the talmidim got his attention) and said to him, “Teacher (rabbi), do you not care that we (including Yeshua in this) are perishing?”

v 39…And being aroused (he arose), he rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “Hush, be still.” And the wind died down and it became perfectly calm.

v 40…And he said to them, “why are you so afraid (since he was with them)? How is it that you have no faith (he was the Messiah and the Messiah was not destined to drown, besides, he already told them they were going to crossover)?”

v 41…And they became very much afraid and they said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him (he is not just a man; only Yehovah has this kind of power-Psa 89.8-9).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 3

Mark 3.1-35 tells us about a controversy about healing on the Sabbath; the sending out of the talmidim as “shaliachim” or sent ones; another controversy with the scribes and a meeting with Yeshua and his relatives.

v 1…And he entered again into a synagogue (possibly at Capernaum); and a man was there with a withered hand.

v 2…And they (the ruler of the synagogue and some Pharisees from Beit Shammai, etc) were watching him to see if he would heal him on the Sabbath, in order that they may accuse him (to have something to accuse him of before a religious court).

v 3…And he said to the man with the withered hand, “Rise and come forward (from his seat into the midst of the worshipers)!”

v 4…And he said to them, “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save a life or to kill?” But they kept silent (the Torah says in Lev 18.5 it was, and Yeshua said it was in Luke 6.9-10).

v 5…And after looking around at them in anger (sternly), grieved at their hardness of heart (blindness to what the Torah says), he said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored.

v 6…And the Pharisees (from Beit Shammai who said it was not lawful) went out and immediately taking counsel with the Herodians (or Boethusians-Herod married the daughter of Boethus to elevate a son of Boethus to high priest-Mark 8.13; 12.13. The house of Hillel, or Beit Hillel, of the Pharisees said it was lawful to do good on the Sabbath. These two houses debated over halakah at this time and had over 350 halakhic differences) against him (Yeshua), on how they might destroy him.

v 7…And Yeshua withdrew to the sea (Galilee) with his talmidim; and a great multitude from Galilee followed; and also from Judea (Judah in the south).

v 8…And from Jerusalem, and from Idumea (Edom) and beyond the Jordan (east side of it), and the vicinity of Tyre and Sidom (Phoenicia), a great multitude heard of all that he was doing and came to him.

v 9…And he told his talmidim that a boat should stand ready for him because of the multitude, in order that they might not crowd him;

v 10…for he healed many, with the result that all those who had afflictions (plagues) pressed about him in order to touch him.

v 11…And whenever the unclean spirit beheld him, they would fall down before him (they were subject to him), saying, “You are the son of God (in the physical sense, but also a term for a king-1 Chr 28.5-7)!”

v 12…And he earnestly warned them not to reveal his identity (he didn’t want the testimony of a demon, or did he need it; he wanted the people to accept his word without their input).

v 13…And he went up to a mountain (near Capernaum) and summoned those whom he himself wanted (that were in the plan of God and fit for the calling according to God’s will, not theirs) and they came to him.

v 14…And he appointed twelve, that they might be with him and that he might send them out to teach (as shaliachim or “apostles” in English, meaning “sent ones-Luke 6.13; we have a definition of “shaliach” from the Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion” by Werblowsky and Wigoner, Adama Books, which says: “AGENT (Hebrew shaliach): the main point of the Jewish law of agency is expressed in the dictum “A person’s agent is regarded as the person himself” (Ned. 72b; Kidd. 41b). Therefore any act committed by a duly appointed agent is regarded as having been committed by the principal, who therefore bears full responsibility for it with consequent complete absence of liability on the part of the agent. A number of results stem from the basic premise. The agent must be of the same legal status and standing as the principal. The appointment of a minor, imbecile, or deaf-mute as agent is invalid, as is any appointment by them (Bava Kama 6.4). Similarly, the death of the principal automatically voids the agency. Betrothal or divorce by proxy is effected by appointing the proxy as an agent. The agent is regarded as acting in his principal’s interest and not to his detriment, and in any dispute as to whether the agent exceeded the terms of his agency this consideration is taken into account. The only exception to the plenipotentiary powers of the agent within the terms of his agency is the rule that “One cannot be an agent for a transgression” (Kidd. 42b); the law of agency applies only to legal acts, and a person committing a crime as the agent of a principal is held responsible for his act”).

v 15…And to have authority to cast out demons (that is the “why” he chose them).

v 16…And he appointed the twelve: Simon (Shimon), to whom he gave the name Peter (Kefa in Aramaic),

v 17…and James (Ya’akov or Jacob), the son of Zebedee (Zabdi) and John (Yocahnon) the brother of James (Jacob), to them he gave the name Boanerges (“Bene reghesh” in Hebrew) which means “sons of thunder”;

v 18…and Andrew (Andrai) and Philip (Pilip in Hebrew), and Bartholomew (Bar Talmai in Aramaic), and Matthew (Matityahu in Hebrew, also known as Levi), and Thomas (Tomas from “ta’om” meaning “twin”), and James (Jacob) the son of Alphaeus (Cleopas or Clopas in Hebrew), and Thaddaeus (Taddai in Hebrew), and Simon (Shimon) the Cananaean (“Kanai” or “zealot”)

v 19…and Judas (Yehuda) Iscariot (“ish Keriot” or man from Kerioth, or “ha Sicari” meaning assassin) who also betrayed him.

v 20…And he came into a house (in Capernaum, probably Peter and Andrew’s), and the multitude gathered again, to such an extent that they could not even eat a meal.

v 21…And when his own people (kinsmen-v 31) heard, they went out to take custody of him; for they were saying, “He has lost his senses” (they thought he was exhausted, overwhelmed and overworked, and in an unhealthy state of mind; they did not understand who he was yet-Matt 12.46-50).

v 22…And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem were saying, “He is possessed of Beelzebul (a Philistine deity-2 Kings 1.2),” and “He casts out demons by the ruler of the demons.”

v 23…And he called them (the scribes) to himself and began speaking to them in parables (midrashic aggadot), “How can Satan (the accuser) cast out Satan (the accuser)?

v 24…And if a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot stand (Satan has tried to sow or mix his word into God’s Torah/word; but God’s word is the only good seed-Matt 13.1-30; Luke 8.4-15; the two cannot mix-Gen 1.11; Lev 19.19; Dan 2.31-45; Isa 49.24-26; Hab 3.13).

v 25…And if a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand.

v 26…And if Satan is risen up against himself and is divided, he cannot stand, but he is finished!

v 27…But no one can enter the strong man’s house (Satan) and plunder his property unless he (Messiah) first binds the strong man and then he will plunder his house.

v 28…Truly I say to you (scribes), all sins shall be forgiven the sons of men, and whatever blasphemies (calling something without a kedusha as having a kedusha; or something with a kedusha as not having a kedusha) they utter;

v 29…but whoever blasphemes against the Ruach ha Kodesh (Holy Spirit, who is not a force but a person) never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin (it cannot be blotted out because he is the one who draws a believer to salvation to begin with; their hearts must be “plucked” like a harp string” by the Spirit-John 3.5-21; Rom 8.26-30)”

v 30…because they were saying, “He has an unclean spirit.”

v 31…And his mother and his brothers (their names were Jacob, Joseph, Shimon and Yehudah-Matt 13.55-56, and he had two sisters) arrived and standing outside they sent word to him, and called him.

v 32…And a multitude was sitting around him, and they said to him, “Behold (see), your mother and your brothers (and sisters) are outside looking for you.”

v 33…And answering them, he said, “Who are my mother and my brothers (and sisters)?

v 34…And looking about on those who were sitting around him, he said, “Behold (see), my mother and my brothers (and sisters)!

v 35…For whoever does the will of God (the Torah commandments as they apply-Deut 33.9; their loyalty to Yehovah, like the Levites, transcended any personal considerations and relationships; they refused to join in with the idolatrous worship of the golden calf and were praised), he is my brother and sister and mother.”

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Mark-Chapter 2

Mark 2.1-27 tells us about Yeshua’s first confrontations with the scribes and the Pharisees from the School of Shammai; his healing of the paralytic and forgiveness of sins; his calling of Levi and others; the need to fast and whether one can pick grain on the Sabbath.

v 1…And when he had come back to Capernaum several days afterward, it was heard that he was at home (his dwelling, or possibly Peter’s house).

v 2…And many were gathered together, so that there was no longer room (in the house), even near the door (they could not come near the door); and he was speaking the word to them (informally).

v 3…And they came bringing to him a paralytic carried by four men (possibly a quadriplegic).

v 4…And being unable to get to him (Yeshua) on account of the crowd, they removed the roof above him (the clay slabs or tiles); and when they had dug an opening, they let down the pallet on which the paralytic was lying.

v 5…And Yeshua seeing their faith (the word for faith is “emunah” and it means confident action) said to the paralytic, “My son (a child of God), your sins are forgiven (it must have been the root of his sickness-for what son is he whom the father does not chasten).

v 6…But there were some of the scribes sitting there and reasoning in their hearts (thoughts),

v 7…”Why does this man speak that way? He is blaspheming (blasphemy is calling something “holy” or having a kedusha, when it doesn’t, or calling something “unholy” or not having a kedusha when it does), who can forgive sins but God alone (and they were right, so Yeshua deals with them as men entitled to an answer).”

v 8…And immediately Yeshua, perceiving in his spirit (his divine nature knows our most secret thoughts) that they were reasoning that way within themselves, said to them, “Why are you reasoning about these things in your hearts (not for questioning that none but God can forgive sins, but for thinking he was blasphemous in what he said)?

v 9…Which is easier to say (for me) to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven (what you can’t see)’; or to say, ‘Arise and take up your pallet and walk (what you can see).’

v 10…But in order that you may know that the son of man (“Bar enosh” of Dan 7.13 and an eschatological term for the Messiah) has authority on earth to forgive sins,” he said to the paralytic,

v 11…”I say to you, rise, take up your pallet and go home.”

v 12…And he arose (to show his sins were forgiven) and immediately took up the pallet and went out in the sight of all (or “against them all” because he had to make his way through the crowd; he is now strong enough to do that); so that they were amazed and were glorifying God, saying, “We have never seen anything like this (by any of the religious leaders, etc).

v 13…And he went out again by the seashore (sea of Galilee); and all the multitude (who had been at the house) were coming to him, and he was teaching them (his teaching was always based on the Torah).

v 14…And as he passed by, he saw Levi (also known as Matthew-Matt 9.9) the son of Alpheus, sitting in the tax office, and he said to him, “Follow me (he wasn’t even looking for Yeshua, but Yeshua was looking for him).”

v 15…And it came about that he was reclining in his house (Levi’s), and many tax-gatherers and sinners (these groups were infamous to the Pharisees of Beit, or “house”, of Shammai) were dining with Yeshua and his talmidim (disciples or students; after the twelve are empowered by the Ruach ha Kodesh they will be known as shaliachim, or sent ones); for there were many of them, and they were following him.

v 16…And when the scribes of the Pharisees (of Beit Shammai who opposed Beit Hillel, the two main schools of the Pharisees; we know this is Beit Shammai because they limited contact with sinners or “chata’im”; and remember everyone is divided into one of three categories; we have the tzadikim or righteous, the chata’im or sinners, and the rashim or wicked, and tax-gatherers-Matt 9.11. The tax men worked for Rome, and Beit Shammai was allied with the Zealots who hated Rome, so anyone who worked with Rome was hated; Beit Hillel tried to reach out to the sinners and tax men, etc) saw that he was eating with the sinners and tax-gatherers they began saying to his talmidim, “Why is he eating and drinking with tax-gatherers and sinners?”

v 17…And hearing this, Yeshua said to them, “It is not those who are healthy who need a physician, but those who are sick (a proverbial expression).”

v 18…And John’s talmidim and the Pharisees (probably from Shammai) were fasting (that day for some reason, and were not happy about all the feasting in v 15); and they came and said to him, “Why do John’s talmidim (who stressed repentance) and the talmidim of the Pharisees (of Shammai who fasted twice a week-Luke 18.12) fast, but your talmidim do not fast (according to their rabbinical traditions)?”

v 19…And Yeshua said to them, “While the bridegroom (Yeshua) is with them, the attendants of the bridegroom do not fast, do they? So long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast (it would not be suitable for them to fast because wherever the groom was there should have been joy and feasting).

v 20…But the days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them (Yeshua’s physical presence will not be with them), and they will fast in that day (Yeshua is claiming to be the Messiah in these verses).

v 21…No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth (fasting after Yeshua is gone) on an old garment (Yeshua’s teachings were from old because they came from God-John 7.16, and he was still with them), otherwise the patch pulls away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear results.

v 22…And no one puts new wine (fasting when Yeshua is gone) into old wineskins (Yeshua is the old wineskin and still present with them, so it was a time of joy in the old wine; his teachings were from old), otherwise, the wine will burst the skins and the wine is lost, and the skins ruined; but put new wine into fresh skins (Yeshua will not be present one day and then it will be a proper time to fast-see Matt 9.15-17 comments; everything into their proper receptacles).”

v 23…And it came about that he was passing through the grainfields on the Sabbath and his talmidim began to make their way along while picking the heads (and rubbing them together to get the grain to eat).

v 24…And the Pharisees (probably from Beit Shammai who had a tradition that this was a sub-category for threshing, which was not allowed on the Sabbath) were saying to him, “See here, why are they doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath (according to their rabbinical traditions)?”

v 25…And he said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was in need and became hungry, he and his companions:

v 26…how he entered into the house of God (the Mishkan) in the time of Abiathar the high priest (Ahimelech was the high priest but his son Abiathar was born by the time this happened, so it happened “in the time of Abiathar” and this is an accurate statement-Mat 12.1-7; the particle here may be rendered “about or before Abiathar was high priest; he was the sagan, or deputy high priest), and ate the consecrated bread (from the Shulchan Ha Lechem ha Pannim or the “table of the bread of the faces” that only the priests could eat after it was taken off that table on the Sabbath) when it was not lawful for anyone to eat except for the priests, and he gave it also to those who were with him (we have the same situation here as in 1 Sam 21; it was a Sabbath and they were good men in need, and the high priest gave them permission to do it after asking Yehovah, like Ahimelech did in 1 Sam 22.10; the main concept is this, if the needs of the Temple outweigh the Sabbath, what about the needs of men? The answer is “Yes”-Mark 2.27)?”

v 27…And he was saying to them, “The Sabbath was made for man and not man for the Sabbath, consequently, the son of Man (Messiah as in Dan 7.13) is Lord even of the Sabbath (necessity has no law; in 2 Chr 30.18-20 we have the example in Hezekiah’s day; many ate the Passover as written in the Torah without purifying themselves, and the Lod pardoned the people. The Torah was given for the people, not the people for the Torah; within the framework of the Torah there is a concept called the “Hierarchy of Principles.” Certain needs take precedence-v 25-26; if they knew Yeshua was the Messiah and high priest, they would have had no cause to criticize those who had permission to do this; it’s the same with the priests who work on the Sabbath in the Temple-Matt 12.5; Yeshua is Yehovah, Messiah, the high priest, the “Temple” and the Lord of the Sabbath, and he makes the rules, not the rabbis through their rabbinical decrees and traditions).”

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