Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Luke-Chapter 24

Luke 24.1-53 tells us about the discovery of Yeshua’s resurrection and the announcement by two angels about it; how the women returned to tell the talmidim about what happened and were not believed, Peter and John race to the tomb to see it for themselves, Yeshua’s appearance to two talmidim on the road to Emmaus and their conversation about how the Messiah had to suffer, starting with Moses and the Prophets; Yeshua reveals himself to them; their report to the eleven; Yeshua’s appearance to all of them, his final instructions and ascension to heaven.

v 1…But on the first day of the week (Sunday, Nisan 18) at early dawn (Yeshua had arisen earlier, around sunset of Nisan 17) they (the women from Galilee-23.55) came to the tomb, bringing the spices they had prepared (on Friday, Nisan 16-they rested on the weekly Sabbath, Nisan 17), and others were with them.

v 2…And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb (he was already gone),

v 3…but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Yeshua (they saw how and where his body was laid in 23.55).

v 4…And it happened that while they were perplexed about this, behold, two men (angels; two witnesses of the resurrection) suddenly stood near them in dazzling apparel;

v 5…and as the women were terrified and bowed their faces to the ground, the two men said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead (this is the basic definition of clean and unclean, what is “in place” and “out of place”, proper and improper)?

v 6…He (Yeshua) is not here, but has risen. Remember how he spoke to you while he was in Galilee (before you came for Passover-Matt 17.22-23; Mark 8.31, 9.30-31),

v 7…saying that the son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.”

v 8…And they remembered his words (how he specifically said this),

v 9…and returned from the tomb and reported all these things to the eleven and all the rest (the trial of Yeshua was the justice of men, and God overturned their earthly verdict by vindicating Yeshua and raising him from the dead).

v 10…Now they (the women) were Mary Magdalene, and Joanna and Mary the mother of James; also the other women with them were telling these things to the shaliachim.

v 11…And these words appeared to them as nonsense, and they would not believe them.

v 12…But Peter arose (with John) and ran to the tomb (John outran him-John 20.3-4); stooping and looking in, he saw the linen wrappings only (John 19.40), and went away to his home (temporary home in Jerusalem-John 20.9-10) marveling at that which had happened (he did not understand it).

v 13…And behold, two of them (of his talmidim, not the shaliachim) were going that very day to a village named Emmaus (hot springs), which was about seven miles from Jerusalem.

v 14…And they were conversing with each other about all the things which had taken place (the whole Passover scenario, and were among the group the women told about the resurrection, which they didn’t believe-v 22.-24).

v 15…And it came about that while they were conversing and discussing, Yeshua himself approached, and began traveling with them (as a fellow pilgrim).

v 16…But their eyes were prevented (by God) from recognizing him.

v 17…And he said to them, “What are these words that you are exchanging with one another as you were walking?” And they stood still looking sad (what sad story are you talking about that makes you seem so sad).

v 18,…And one of them, named Cleopas (a talmid but not the Cleopas of John 19.25, but possibly Luke’s source for this story), answered and said to him, “Are you the only one visiting Jerusalem (or have just arrived) and unaware of the things which have happened here in these days?”

v 19…And he said, “What things?” And they said to him, “The things about Yeshua the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deeds and word in the sight of God and the people,

v 20…and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to the sentence of death and crucified him (he didn’t hesitate to charge them with his death, so did Peter in Acts 4.10.

v 21…But we were hoping (trusting) that it was he who was going to redeem Israel (as the Messiah). Indeed, besides all this, it is the third day (literal Greek, “Today is after the three days since these things were done).

v 22…But also some women (certain women-Luke 24.9-10) among us amazed us. When they were at the tomb early in the morning,

v 23…and did not find his body (in the tomb where they saw it last), they came, saying that they had also seen a vision of angels, who said he was seen alive.

v 24…And some of those (talmidim) who were with us (Peter and John in particular-John 20.2-3) went to the tomb and found it exactly as the women also had said; but him they did not see.”

v 25…And he said to them, “O foolish men and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken (now he is going to help their unbelief, but how much evidence did they need)!

v 26…Was it not necessary for the Messiah to suffer these things and to enter into his glory (which he had before the world was-John 14.1-3; John 17.1-5; Acts 1.9-11)?”

v 27…And beginning with Moses (Torah) and with all the prophets (with Matt 13.52 as a basis) he explained to them the things concerning himself in all the Scriptures (the Tanak-Rom 15.4; Acts 13.23, 17.1-3, 24.24, 28.23-27, 26.22 tell us Paul did the same thing, according to Isa 8.20 and John 5.39-47).

v 28…And they approached the village where they were going, and he acted as though he would go farther (he is “passing by” in his glory like with Moses in Exo 33.18-20, and with the talmidim on the lake in Mark 6.48).

v 29…And they urged him, saying, “Stay with us (Yeshua was not going to force himself on them, they had to ask. He is not playing games because no guile was in him-1 Pet 2.22) for it is getting toward evening, and the day is now nearly over.” And he went in to stay with them.

v 30…And it came about that when he had reclined at the table with them, he took the bread (Greek “artos”-the generic term for bread in general. This bread was unleavened) and blessed (Yehovah), breaking, he gave it to them.

v 31…And their eyes were opened and they recognized him; and he vanished from their sight (hidden from them).

v 32…And they said to one another, “Was not our hearts burning within us while he was speaking to us on the road, while he was explaining to us the Scriptures (their sadness was turning to joy as he explained to them clearly that the Scriptures were being played out right before their eyes and were true, and he was the Messiah)?”

v 33…And they arose that very hour and returned (seven miles) to Jerusalem, and found gathered together the eleven and those who were with them,

v 34…saying, “The Lord has really risen, and has appeared to Simon (sometime after Peter was at the tomb, and before these two returned to Jerusalem from Emmaus; Paul records this meeting but nothing is recorded about what happened in the meeting but Yeshua certainly comforted him in his distress, knowing he denied knowing him and now knowing Yeshua had resurrected; all of this was put to rest).”

v 35…And they began to relate their experiences on the road and how he was recognized by them in the breaking of the bread.

v 36…And while they were telling these things, he himself stood in their midst (like the manna appeared in the wilderness) and said to them, “Peace to you (Shalom Aleichem).”

v 37…But they were startled (terrified) and frightened and thought they were seeing a spirit (a phantom or apparition; perhaps Yeshua’s physical appearance in his glorified body had changed).

v 38…And he said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your hearts (you should be full of joy and gladness right now)?

v 39…See my hands and my feet (the wounds that were made there; John adds “and side” in John 20.20), that it is myself; touch me and see, for a spirit (phantom) does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have (they could see and feel his flesh and bones and this does not mean that he did not have blood, they could not see and feel blood; the resurrection body is not lacking in anything that the mortal body has, but something has been added to the perishable-1 Cor 15.53-54; Yeshua in his resurrected body is in the Olam Haba, or world to come; he is appearing to people still in the Olam Ha Zeh with limited, perishable bodies; the Scriptures do not state all the capabilities of the new body or whether it has blood or not specifically, however, we know if the Lord wills it, the physical body is not bound by the laws of physics because Peter walked on water, and Philip was transported in Acts 8.35, and the shaliachim were transported out of prison with the doors shut, with guards at the door. They were found in the Temple teaching-Acts 5.17-25).”

v 40…And when he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet.

v 41…And while they still could not believe (their own eyes) for joy and were marveling, he said to them, “Have you anything here to eat (to give them more proof he was not an apparition)?”

v 42…And they gave him a piece of broiled fish and some honeycomb;

v 43…and he took it and ate in their sight (to show them he could).

v 44…And he said to them, “These are my words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about me in the Law (Torah) of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled (given meaning).”

v 45…Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures (even with the best teacher and training men have ever had, they still needed the illumination of God and his grace to drive away the darkness (2 Cor 4.3-6),

v 46…and he said to them, “Thus it is written (already on record), that the Messiah should suffer and rise again from the dead the third day;

v 47…and that repentance for the forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name (by those representing me) to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem (Acts 2.1-4-wherever his elect ones are).

v 48…You are my witnesses of these things.

v 49…And behold, I am sending forth the promise of my Father upon you (the kingdom of God in action and power, through the Ruach Ha Kodesh-Acts 1.4-8), but you are to stay in the city (stay put for now) until you are clothed with power from on high (what Adam had lost is going to be restored-he was clothed in Gen 2.25 and had no sin, and needed no atonement, or a restored covering, until Gen 3.10; Yeshua will restore the Kivod, the radiance of God in Acts 2.3; the Shekinah, the presence of God in John 20.22-23; and the Ruach Ha Kodesh, the power of God in Acts 2.4, before they are sent out into the world).”

v 50…And he led them out as far as Bethany (ten days before Shavuot in Acts 1.3-4), and he lifted up his hands and blessed them.

v 51…And it came about that while he was blessing them, he parted from them and was carried up into heaven.

v 52…And they returned to Jerusalem with great joy,

v 53…and were continually in the Temple praising God (at the times of worship and the prayer services; this was strange behavior and a strange place to be if Yeshua came to do away with all of this. There are only two possibilities: they disobeyed him or he never said that the Torah was done away with).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

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