Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Luke-Chapter 4

Luke 4.1-44 tells us about the testing of Yeshua in the wilderness, the beginning of his ministry in Galilee, his rejection in Nazareth, the healing of a demon-possessed man and Peter’s mother-in-law, and many others.

v 1…And Yeshua, full of the Ruach Ha Kodesh (under his control and purposes), returned from the Jordan, and was led about by the Ruach in the wilderness.

v 2…For forty days (the number of testing and alluding to the 40 years Israel was tested in the wilderness; he may have been there from Elul 1 to Tishri 10, called the “days of repentance” in Matt 3.11) while tested by the devil. And he ate nothing during those days; and when they were ended, he became hungry.

v 3…And the devil said to him, “If you are (exist as) the son (heir and king) of God, tell these stones to become bread.”

v 4…And Yeshua answered him, “It is written (already recorded-Deut 8.3), ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but every word of God (there is more than just physical food to live on, there is the one true bread-John 6.32, 48-51, 58).’ “

v 5…And he led him up and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment in time (instantaneous flash or vision of the organized structure of earth’s governments).

v 6…And the devil said to him, “I will give you all this domain and its glory (which was an arrogant claim because he had no real power to do so unless Yehovah permitted it); for it has been handed over to me (which was a lie-the world and everything in it belongs to Yehovah-Deut 10.14; Psa 24.1; Exo 9.29), and I give it to whomever I wish (another lie; these kingdoms and who governs them is in the power of Yehovah; Satan cannot dispose of something that he does not control).

v 7…Therefore, if you worship before me, it shall all be yours (another lie, it belonged to Yeshua by creation-John 1.1-2).”

v 8…And Yeshua answered and said to him, “It is written (already recorded in Deut 6.13), ‘You shall worship the Lord (Yehovah) your God and serve him only (all others excluded).’ “

v 9…And he led him to Jerusalem and set him on the pinnacle of the Temple (this included the outer walls-this was the southwest corner overlooking the busy conjunction of a major north-south street running through Jerusalem; there would have been many people there to impress if he had jumped. In addition, this southwest corner was also the “place of trumpeting” where a priest stood to blow a trumpet heard all over the city. This was done on the Sabbath to distinguish between the holy and the common. A stone has been found at the bottom of the wall that said, “to the place of trumpeting”-Josephus, The Jewish War, Book 5, Chapter 9.12), and said to him, “If you are (exist as) the sone (the heir and king) of God, cast yourself down from here (that would be quite an announcement);

v 10…for it is written (already recorded, ‘He will give his angels charge concerning you to guard you,’

v 11…and, ‘ON their hands they will bear you up, lest you dash your foot against a stone (Ha Satan knows the Scriptures and he quotes Psa 91.11-12 closely, but he is twisting it to an evil purpose to test Yeshua).’ “

v 12…And Yeshua answered and said to him, “It is said (Deut 6.16), ‘You shall not tempt (force a test on) the Lord (Yehovah) your God (Yeshua is quoting from the Torah reading “Eikev” which goes from Deut 7.12 to 11.25. It is one of the last Torah readings of the year. Now, if Yeshua went into the wilderness on Elul 1 and the beginning of the days of repentance leading to Tishri 10 Yom Kippur in Matt 3.11-14, that would mean he comes out 40 days later on Yom Kippur and that’s when John identifies him in John 1.29. That means “Eikev” was read in the synagogues while Yeshua was in the wilderness and possibly at the very time of this testing).’ “

v 13…And when the devil had finished every temptation he departed from him until an opportune time (he was not done yet-John 14.30).

v 14…And Yeshua returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit (under his control and purposes-the word “power” is “dunamei” where we get the word (dynamite”-Yeshua is entering a miraculous public ministry); and news about him spread through all the surrounding district.

v 15…And he began teaching in their synagogues and was praised by all.

v 16…And he came to Nazareth (Galilee was the first to go into the Assyrian exile), now the first to hear about the Basar-Isa 9.1) where he had been brought up; and as was his custom, he entered the synagogue on the Sabbath and stood to read.

v 17…And the book (scroll) of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him (by the chazzan or shammash of the synagogue), and he found the place where it was written (this may have been the haftorah reading for that Sabbath “Nitzavim” in the fall; the reading cycle would begin again after Sukkot),

v 18…”The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel (basar) to the poor. He has sent me (as a shaliach or agent) to proclaim release (from sin) to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind (to give good counsel to the spiritually blind also), to set free those who are downtrodden (wounded and bruised),

v 19…to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord (he stops here and does not complete the rest of the verse that says, “and the day of vengeance of our God.” This will be fulfilled at his second coming on Tishri 10 Yom Kippur-Matt 24.29-31).”

v 20…And he closed the book (scroll) and gave it back to the attendant (the chazzan or shammash), and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue was fixed upon him.

v 21…And he began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled (given meaning, confirmed) in your hearing (the offer of the kingdom of God started with John in Matt 3.2 and Yeshua is the agent of God to bring it about according to this Scripture).”

v 22…And all were speaking well of him and wondering at the gracious words which were falling from his lips; and they were saying: Is this not Joseph’s son (in other words, where did he learn all this or think this way; but this is also a messianic title for the Messiah, along with “son of David”)?”

v 23…And he said to them, “No doubt you will quote this proverb to me, ‘Physician heal thyself (do your healing and miracles at home, among us, his hometown people. They thought they had a right to his favor); whatever we heard was done in Capernaum do here in your hometown as well.”

v 24…And he said, “Truly I say to you, no prophet is welcome in his hometown (or received in his city).

v 25…But I say to you in truth (now he is going to give two examples of prophets not honored in Israel, and going to the non-Jews), there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the sky was shut up for three years and six months, when a great famine came over all the land;

v 26…And yet Elijah was sent to none of them (the other poor widows of Israel) but only to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow (a non-Jew).

v 27…And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet; and none of them was cleansed but only Naaman the Syrian.”

v 28…And all in the synagogue were filled with rage as they heard these things (God’s calling of the non-Jews always provoked their response; this foreshadowed the response of the nation later on when non-Jews could be saved without becoming Jewish by ritual circumcision-Acts 22.21-22; Rom 11.12-14. The idea that Yeshua was the Messiah was not the most controversial issue of the first century among Jews, it was the acceptance of the non-Jews into the kingdom of God without having to be circumcised ritually; this will be the main issue in the book of Galatians, not whether or not a believer should keep the Torah).

v 29…And they rose up and cast him out of the city, and led him to the brow of the hill on which their city had been built, in order to throw him down the cliff (part of the stoning process).

v 30…But passing through their midst, he went his way (how he did this is not recorded, but his time had not yet come and he could not die outside of Jerusalem).

v 31…And he came down to Capernaum (village of the comforter), a city in Galilee (circuit). And he was teaching them on the Sabbath days.

v 32…And they were amazed (shook up) at his teaching, for his message was with authority (he knew what he was talking about, it penetrated them-Luke 5.1).

v 33…And there was a man in the synagogue possessed by the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice,

v 34…”Ha (“Aha” with fear)! What do we have to do with you (what communication or association do we have with you-the answer is “None”), Yeshua of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us (doomed in the final judgment-they knew)? I know who you are-the Holy One of God (Messiah, King, Heir, Redeemer, Savior; the demon knew what others refused to see and believe)!”

v 35…And Yeshua rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet (muzzled) and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in their midst, he went out of him without doing him any harm.

v 36…And amazement came upon them all (they were shook up), and they began discussing with one another and saying, “What is this message (word-what is there in his word)? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits and they come out (they did not know who he was, they thought he was just a man, but the demons knew).

v 37…And the report about him was getting out into every locality in the surrounding district (there was faith in Galilee, unlike Nazareth).

v 38…And he arose and left the synagogue, and entered Simon’s (Peter; Hebrew “Shimon” meaning to hear) home. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever Luke uses a Greek medical term here used by physicians); and they made a request of him on her behalf.

v 39…And standing over her, he rebuked the fever and it left her; and she immediately arose and began to wait on them.

v 40…And while the sun was setting (at the end of the Sabbath-v 31; this alludes to how Israel’s day was setting-their opportunity was closing), all who had any sick with various diseases brought them to him (they didn’t want to violate the Sabbath, but this shows how they were in bondage to their traditions-Yeshua will show that healing could be done on the Sabbath and they didn’t have to wait-Luke 14.3-6; Matt 12.10-13), and laying his hands on every one of them, he was healing them.

v 41…And demons also were coming out of many, crying out and saying, “You are (exist as) the son (heir) of God!” And rebuking them, he would not allow them to speak, because they knew he was the Messiah (“King”-he did not need their testimony and did not want who he was to be made known by them).

v 42…And when day came, he departed and went to a lonely place, and the multitudes were searching for him, and came to him and tried to keep him from going away from them (contrast their reaction to the reaction in Nazareth).

v 43…But he said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God (his rule, his movement in action) to the other cities also, for I was sent (as a shaliach/agent) for this purpose (his mission, his destiny).

v 44…And he kept preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Feasts of the Lord, The Tanach, Tying into the New Testament

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