Tanak Foundations-Concepts in Second Kings-Chapter 3 and 4

2 Kings 3.1-27 tells us about Yehoram, king of Israel and his character. He put away the pillar of Baal but did not destroy it. He was idolatrous and clung to the sins of Jeroboam. The king of Moab rebelled against Ahaziah after Ahab died (stopped paying tribute) and Yehoram went out against him later with Yehoshaphat of Judah and developed a battle plan.  Elisha provides water for the army and the defeat of the Moabites.

v 1…Now Jehoram the son of Ahab became king over Israel at Samaria in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat (Yehoshaphat or “Yehovah judges”) king of Judah, and reigned twelve years.

v 2…And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, though not like his father and his mother, for he put away the pillar of Baal which his father had made (he did not destroy it, only removed it from the temple of Baal so it could not be publically worshiped).

v 3…Nevertheless, he clung to the sins of Jeroboam (the calves) the son of Nebat which he made Israel sin, and did not depart from them.

v 4…Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep breeder, and used to pay the king of Israel 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams (as tribute or a present).

v 5…But it came about when Ahab died, the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel (Ahaziah at the time, then he died).

v 6…And Jehoram went out of Samaria at that time and mustered all Israel (who were fit to go to war).

v 7…Then he went and sent word to Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, saying, “The king of Moab has rebelled against me.  Will you go with me to fight against Moab?”  And he said, “I will go up (to encourage religious reforms that had already begun, and to punish Moab for invading Judah in 2 Chr 20.1).  I am as your are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.”

v 8…ANd he said, “Which way shall we go up (a battle plan?”  And he answered, “The way of the wilderness of Edom.”

v 9…So the king of Israel went with the king of Judah and the king of Edom; and they made a circuit pf seven days’ journey (the armies of Israel and Judah had to march a long way to confront Moab. They had to also make sure Edom did not revolt, too. Moab would not expect them from the direction of Edom), and there was no water for the army or for the cattle that followed them.

v 10…Then the king of Israel sais, “Alas!  For the Lord has called these three kings to give them into the hand of Moab (unless they find water).

v 11…But Jehoshaphat said, “Is there not a prophet of the Lord here (he seeks godly counsel because he felt there was a spiritual element to this, but he should have done this first), that we may inquire of the Lord by him?”  And on of the king of Israel’s answered and said, “Elisha the son of Shaphat (judge) is here, who used to pour water on the hands of Elijah (a servant and student; this was part of his training and very humiliating for eastern men ).”

v 12…And Jehoshaphat said, “The word of the Lord is with him (to give an answer).”  So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom went down to him.

v 13…Now Elisha said to the king of Israel, “What do I have to do with you (an idiom for a difference of opinion)?  Go to the prophets of your father and to the prophets of your mother (of Baal; he knew they were nothing).”  And the king of Israel said to him, “No, for the Lord has called these three kings together to give them into the hand of Moab.”

v 14…And Elisha said, “As the Lord of hosts (Yeghovah Tzavaot or “Lord of the armies”) lives, before whom I stand, were it not that I regard the presence of Jehoshaphat the king of Judah I would not look at you nor see you (if it wasn’t for Jehoshaphat he wouldn’t even care or notice you).

v 15…But now bring me a minstrel (to put him in a receptive attitude).”  And it came about, when the minstrel played, that the hand of the Lord came upon him (1 Sam 10.5).

v 16…And he said, “Thus says the Lord, ‘Make this valley full of trenches (to receive water; digging trenches with thirsty and dehydrated men isn’t something that is looked forward to, yet they must do it; God was preparing them for a blessing and he didn’t ask them to do something they couldn’t do; spiritually, if we expect the Lord to teach us with the living water of his word through the Ruach Ha Kodesh, we must did trenches to receive it and it is hard work).’

v 17…For thus says the Lord (Yehovah), ‘You shall not see wind nor shall you see rain, yet the valley shall be filled with water, so that you shall drink, both you and your cattle and your beasts (he was going to give them more than what they needed so they could finish the battle).

v 18…And this is but a slight thing in the sight of the Lord; he shall also give the Moa bites into your hand.

v 19…Then you shall strike every fortified city and every choice city, and fell every good tree (fruit tree; this was forbidden in Deut 20.19-20 but God was punishing Moab and they were to be “cut off”; here is a concept, nothing could justify the setting aside of a commandment unless God says to do it)) and stop all springs of water, and mar every good piece of land with stones.’ ”

v 20…And it happened in the morning about the time of offering the sacrifice (the morning Tamid in the Temple-Num 28.1-8; 1 Kings 18.29, 36; Dan 6.10, 9.21; Jonah 2.4; David in Psa 5.7, 28.1-2; Luke 1.10; Acts 2.15, 3.1, 10.3; Yeshua was tied to the cross at 9 am and died at 3 pm; many times in Scripture we will see certain things happen about the time of the morning, about 9 am, and evening, about 3 pm, Tamid service in the Temple, and these are significant times of prayer and this can be seen by these verses; and it didn’t matter if a Temple stod or not in the case of daniel because he prayed about the time there would have been a service), that behold, water came by the way of Edom (along the mountains and hills, down into the valleys where the army was), and the country was filled with water.

v 21…Now the Moabites heard that the kings had come up to fight against them.  And all who were able to put on armor and older were summoned, and stood on the border (of Moab and Edom).

v 22…And they rose early in the morning and the sun shone upon the water (in the valley), and the Moabites saw the water opposite them as red as blood (by the sun’s reflection on it).

v 23…Then they said, “This is blood, the kings have surely fought together, and they have slain one another.  Now therefore, Moab, to the spoil!”

v 24…But when they came to the camp of Israel (they were not in an orderly rank as they should have been, but came as a mob to take spoil), the Israelites arose and struck the Moabites (being prepared for them, a trap), so that they fled before them; and they went forward into the land slaughtering the Moabites.

v 25…Thus they destroyed the cities and each one threw a stone on every piece of good land and filled it.  So they stopped all the springs of water and felled all the good (fruit) trees, until in Kir-hareseth (city of the potter) only they left its stones (not able to demolish the walls); however, the slingers went about it and struck it (the soldiers that looked over the wall; or this is talking about machines that could throw large stones at the walls).

v 26…When the king of Moab saw that the battle was too fierce for him, he took with him 700 men who drew swords, to break through to the king of Edom (who he thought was the weakest and would let him flee); but they could not.

v 27…Then he took his oldest son who was to reign in his place, and offered him as a burnt offering on the wall (of Kir-Hareseth to appease his pagan gods and to horrify Judah and Israel). There came great wrath against Israel (by the king of Moab determined to hold out), and they departed from him and returned to their own land (knowing that Moab was desperate and barbaric, and would kill to the last man, Israel broke up the siege).

2 Kings 4.1-44 tells us about some of the miracles of Elisha; his prophecy about a son to a Shunammite woman; raising that son from the dead; healing a pot of poisoned gourds; the feeding of one hundred and twenty men with barley loaves.  This chapter will have several stories which will have eschatological implications.  Remember, eschatology is the study of the Messiah and the Redemption.

v 1…Now a certain woman (a type of Israel) of the wives of the prophets (they could marry) cried out to Elisha (a type of the Messiah), “Your servant my husband is dead (a type of spiritual death); .”Elisha knew him); and you know that your servant feared the Lord, and the creditor has come (she is widowed because of a debt she could not pay) to take my two children to be his servants (the sins of the fathers are passed down to the children; she had a debt she could not pay and her sons were given to pay off the debt and the creditor was within his rights.  The Torah allowed him to have the debtor or his children serve him to the Yovel year every fifty years.  This is like us, and we cannot declare spiritual bankruptcy and get out of paying the full amount of our debt, which is death).”

v 2…And Elisha (a type of the Messiah) said to her (under divine inspiration), “What shall I do for you?  Tell me, what do you have in the house?”  And she said, “Your maidservant has nothing in the house except a jar of oil (the blessing).”

v 3…Then he said, “Go, borrow vessels at large for yourself from all your neighbors, empty vessels; do not get a few.

v 4…And you shall go in and shut the door behind you (to be alone and not interrupted while the miracle happened, by the creditor or the neighbors, etc) and your sons, and pour out into the all these vessels, and you shall set aside what is full (she had to do this herself to get the blessing).

v 5…So she went from him and shut the door behind her and her sons; they were bringing the vessels to her and she poured.

v 6…And it came about when the vessels were full, that she said to her son, “Bring me another vessel.”  And he said to her, “There is not one vessel more.”  And the oil stopped (salvation, grace, and redemption will flow as long as there is a vessel-Matt 25.3-4; 1 John 2.20).

v 7…Then she came and told the man of God.  And he said, “Go, sell the oil and pay your debt (the grace of God, the oil, covers all our debts), and you and your sons can live off the rest (the amount of work put in, like the trenches in Chapter 2, determines the amount of blessing and provision received).”

v 8…Now there came a day when Elisha passed over to Shunem (double rest; a territory in Issachar-Josh 19.18, not far from Carmel and on the way to Samaria, Bethel, and Jericho as he visited the school of the prophets), where there was a prominent woman, and she persuaded him to eat food.  And so it was, as often as he passed by he turned in there to eat food (hospitality).

v 9…And she said to her husband, “Behold now, I perceive that this is a holy man of God (in Hebrew this is understood as ” a man of a holy God”) passing by us continually.

v 10…Please, let us make a little walled upper chamber and let us set a bed for him there, and a table and a chair and a lampstand; and it shall be, when he comes to us, that he can turn in there (a new room).”

v 11…One day he came there and turned in to the upper chamber and rested.

v 12…Then he said to Gehazi (valley of vision) his servant, “Call this Shunammite.”  And when he called her, she stood before him.

v 13…And he (had) said to him (to Gehazi before he went to call her), “Say now to her, ‘Behold, you have been careful  for us with all this care (in all that you have provided); what can I do for you?  Would you be spoken for to the king or to the captain of the army?”  And she answered, “I live among my people (she was content with her life).”

v 14…So he said, “What then is to be done for her?”  And Gehazi answered, “Truly she has no son and her husband is old (like Abraham and Sarah).”

v 15…And he said, “Call her.”  When he had called her, she stood in the doorway.

v 16…Then he said, “At this season (Hebrew “moed”) next year you shall embrace a son (a son of promise like Isaac and Yeshua).”  And she said, “No, my lord, O man of God, do not lie to your maidservant (and make up stories).

v 17…And the woman (a type of Israel) conceived and bore a son at that season (moed) the next year, as Elisha had said to her.

v 18…When the child (look for Yeshua in this story) was grown, the day came that he went out to his father to the reapers (when Yeshua was grown he was sent out by his father Yehovah to the reapers Israel-Matt 21.33-40).

v 19…And he said to his father, “My head, my head (this alludes to Yeshua t the place of the skull).”  And he said to his servant (a type of the Ruach Ha Kodesh), “Carry him to his mother.”

v 20…When he had taken him and brought him to his mother, he sat on her lap until noon, and died (in her presence like Yeshua).

v 21…And she went up and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut the door behind him, and went out (remember this room was a “new room” in v 10; Yeshua was placed in a new tomb and the door was shut behind him also-Matt 27.60-61).

v 22…Then she called to her husband and said, “Please send me one of the servants and one of the don keys that I may run to the man of God and return.”

v 23…And he said, “Why will you go to him today?  It is neither new moon or sabbath (to assemble with a teacher).”  And she said, “Peace (shalom).”

v 24…Then she saddled a donkey and said to her servant, “Drive and go forward; do not slow down the pace for me unless I tell you.”

v 25…So she went and came to the man of God to Mount Carmel (about 16 miles away; where Elijah was and there may have been a school of prophets there).  And it came about when the man of God saw her at a distance (he was up high and could see her), that he said to Gehazi his servant, “Behold, yonder is the Shunammite (he was surprised).

v 26…Please run now to meet her and say to her, ‘Is it well (ha shalom) with you?  Is it well (ha shalom) with your husband?  Is it well (ha shalom) with your child?”  And she answered, “It is well (shalom; for the most part).”

v 27…When she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught hold of his feet.  And Gehazi came near to push her away (he thought she was troublesome to Elisha), but the man of God  said, “Let her alone, for her soul is troubled within her, and the Lord has hid it from me and has not told me.”

v 28…Then she said, “Did I ask for a son from my lord?  Did I not say, ‘Do not deceive me’?”

v 29…Then he said to Gehazi, “Gird up your loins and take my staff in your hand and go your way; if you meet any man, do not salute him, and if anyone salutes you, do not answer him; and lay my staff on the lad’s face.”

v 30…And the mother of the lad said, “As the Lord lives and as you yourself live, I will not leave you.”  And arose and followed her (she wanted Elisha to go not Gehazi; she knew he wasn’t “right” and this will be confirmed in 2 Kings 5.20-27).

v 31…Then Gehazi passed on before them and laid the staff on the lad’s face, but there was neither sound nor response (the first time of no sign of life).  So he returned to meet him and told him, “The lad has not awakened.”

v 32…When Elisha came into the house, behold the lad was dead and on his bed (in this aspect, Elisha will be a type of the Ruach Ha Kodesh/Holy Spirit).

v 33…So he entered and shut the door behind them both (he did not want anyone to see what motions, gestures or postures he put himself into) and prayed to the Lord.

v 34…And he went up and lay on the child (like Elijah did in 1 Kings 17.21-23), and put his mouth on his mouth and his eyes on his eyes and his hands on his hands, and he stretched himself on him (in the form of a cross), and the flesh of of the child became warm (this is the second attempt and there are now signs of life).

v 35…Then he returned and walked in the house back and forth (praying) and went up and stretched himself on him (the third attempt), and the lad sneezed seven times  and the lad opened his eyes (a type of the resurrection of Yeshua).

v 36…And he called Gehazi and said, “Call this Shunammite.”  So he called her.  And when she came in to him, he said, “Take up your son (just as there was three attempts, Yeshua resurrects after three days and nights).”

v 37…Then she went in and fell at his feet and bowed herself to the ground, and she took up her son and went out.

v 38…When Elisha returned to Gilgal (a school was there), there was a famine in the land (we will have another miracle and this will be connected with food).  As the sons of the prophets were sitting down before him (he was teaching them), he said to his servant, “Put on the large pot and boil stew for the sons (students) of the prophets.”

v 39…Then one went out into the field to gather herbs and found a wild vine and gathered from it his lap full of wild gourds (a type of false doctrine), and came and sliced them into the pot of stew, for they did not know what they were.

v 40…So they poured out for the men to eat.  And it came about as they were eating of the stew, that they cried out and said, “O man of God, there is death in the pot.”  And they were unable to eat.

v 41…But he said, “Now bring meal (a type of the word of God).”  And he threw it into the pot, and he said, “Pour it out for the people that they may eat.”  Then there was no harm in the pot (the word of God cannot be destroyed by false doctrine).

v 42…Now a man came from Baal-shalish (“three times Lord” and alludes to the triune Godhead), and brought the man of God bread of the first fruits; twenty loaves of of barley and fresh ears of grain in his sack.  And he said, “Give them to the people that they may eat (they were in the north and they were forbidden to go to Jerusalem to properly give it to the priests as in Lev 23.10-14, so he gave it to the Lord’s prophets).”

v 43…And his attendant said, “What shall I set before a hundred men (there didn’t seem to be enough for a 100 men).”  But he (Elisha) said, “Give them to the people that they may eat, for thus says the Lord, ‘They shall eat and some left over.’ ”

v 44…So he set it before them, and they ate and had some left over, according to the word of the Lord (this alludes to the miracles of Yeshua in Matt 14.17-20 and Mark 6.37-44).

Posted in All Teachings, Articles, Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, The Festivals of the Lord, The Tanak, The Temple, Tying into the New Testament

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