Brit Chadasha Foundations-Concepts in Revelation-Chapter 19

Rev 19.1-21 tells us about the praise in heaven concerning the judgment of the Babylonian system; an invitation for the marriage supper of the Messiah; John worships an angel and is rebuked; Yeshua’s return to earth on Yom Kippur at the end of the birth-pains; an invitation to the feast of Leviathan; war with the False Messiah and his capture; the destruction of his followers.

v 1…After these things (the destruction of Babylon and the reaction) I heard, as it were, a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven (all believers in heaven), saying, “Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God;   

v 2…because his judgments are true and righteous (justice has come); for he has judged the great harlot who was corrupting the earth with her immorality, and he has avenged the blood of his bond-servants on her.”

v 3…And a second time they said, “Hallelujah! Her smoke rises up forever and ever (as a reminder).”

v 4… And the 24 elders and the 4 living creatures fell down and worshipped God who sits on the throne saying, “Amen. Hallelujah!”

v 5…And a voice came from the throne (the presence of God) saying, “Give praise to our God, all you his bond-servants, you who fear him, the small and the great.”

v 6… And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude and as the sound of many waters (many peoples) and as the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying, “Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty reigns.

v 7…Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and his bride has made herself ready (actually, it is the Lord who made her ready. Eph 1.4 says that the elect were “betrothed” before the world was, and an “open” betrothal, individually, at conversion. The general and corporate marriage of the Messiah with Israel and believing non-Jews grafted in happens when he returns-Isa 25.6; 62.4; 49.19).

v 8…And it was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints (as defined by the Torah done by faith, because faith without works is dead).”

v9…And he said to me, “Write, Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper (wedding supper is “Chillula” in Hebrew and it will be on earth-Isa 25.6. This is also called a “meal consecrated to God” or a “Lord’s Supper”-1 Cor 11.26; Matt 22.1-14; Luke 12.35; Neh 8.1-12) of the Lamb.” And he said to me, “These are true words of God.

v 10…And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said to me, “Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brethren who hold the testimony of Yeshua (believe he is the Messiah); worship God. For the testimony of Yeshua is the spirit of prophecy.”

v 11…And I saw heaven opened (idiom for deeper insight and revelation, this is the second coming of Yeshua on Yom Kippur and vengeance as written in Isa 61.1-2, uses Yom Kippur terminology. Yeshua stopped at 61.2a in his first coming, but 61.2b will be fulfilled at his second) and behold, a white horse (as opposed to the counterfeit in Rev 6.2), and he who sat upon it is called Faithful and True (Rev 3.13); and in righteousness he judges (Isa 11.1-5; Matt 23.23. The judgment of the nations by Yeshua begins the messianic age-Isa 2.1-4) and wages war (he comes as the warrior/priest this time, not the suffering servant).

v 12…And his eyes are a flame of fire (penetrating deep-Matt 10.26), and upon his head are many diadems ( this is worn by kings, with titles and names); and he has a name written which no one knows except himself (to speculate what this name is foolish, not even John knew).

v 13… And he is clothed with a robe (a tallit) dipped in blood (this is the blood of his enemies-Isa 63.1-3); and his name is called the Word of God (1 Sam 3.1, 21; Prov 30.5-6; Psa 119. 114-the name of this warrior is an active agent, a person, telling how the nations will be conquered).

v 14… And the armies which were in heaven (including angels-Matt 16.24 and believers-Jude 14; Matt 24.30, but will not do the fighting. Believers are coming to reign-1 Cor 6.2; Rev 20.4-6), clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following him on white horses (not literally-this is an idiom meaning strength and power).

v 15… And from his mouth comes a sharp sword (idiom for a sharp mind in the Torah-Psa 45.3; 149.6; Heb 4.12; Eph 6.17), so that with it he may smite the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron (the unchanging Torah-Psa 2.9; Isa 2.3), and he treads the winepress of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty (Rev 14.18-20; Isa 63).

v 16… And on his robe and on his thigh (the tzitzit on the corners of a tallit have knots and are tied a certain way, signifying the name of God. As he sits on the horse, the tzitzit fall along his thigh) he has a name written “King of Kings and Lord of Lords (God’s name is linked with the commandments because the Gematria is 613).

v 17…And I saw an angel standing in the sun (openly); and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds which fly in the mid-heaven (the unclean ones), “Come, assemble for the great supper of God (this is called the “Seudah Shell Lev’yi’tan” or the “banquet of Leviathan.” Leviathan is a picture of the false messiah, meaning “twisted serpent” in Isa 27.1. The believers are called to the wedding supper, but the unbeliever is going to the feast of Leviathan when Yeshua returns-Luke 17.34-37; Matt 24.27-28; Isa 27.1; Ezek 29; Ezek 32; Zeph 1.7);

v 18… in order that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of commanders and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them and the flesh of all men, both free men and slaves, and small and great (this is an idiom for “a great disaster, impending doom”).

v 19…And I saw the beast (the false messiah, Leviathan; Azazel) and the kings of the earth and their armies, assembled (in Jerusalem-Zech 14.1-5) to make war ( Psa 2) against him who sat on the horse, and against his army (who is coming from the southeast-Matt 24.27-31; Isa 42.10-12; Isa 34.1-7, 63.1; Hab 3.3. Contrary to what is traditionally taught, the Lord will not return to the Mount of Olives initially. He returns to Bozrah in Edom-Isa 63.1-6; Hab 3.3-4; Isa 42.10-13 to name just a few verses).

v 20… And the beast was seized (this is Yom Kippur and the false messiah is taken like Azazel “to the wilderness”) and with him the false prophet, who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshipped his image (icon); these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone (this is an idiom meaning “not a natural death”-Psa 55.15. They will go to the Lake of Fire, or Gehenna, but this may literally come to pass in the physical, just like other events were fulfilled literally on the biblical festivals. After all the fighting is over, Yeshua will ascend the Mount of Olives, with an earthquake-Zech 14.4-5. The Dead Sea was known as the “lake of fire” in the first century. The Romans called it “Lake Asphaltus” because of the oil that would come up and catch fire. Now, on Yom Kippur, the Azazel goat was taken to a cliff near the Dead Sea and thrown off a cliff. After the earthquake when the Lord returns, the topography will be changed in the area. The Dead Sea will come up to the cliff where the Azazel goat was cast off, and the false messiah and false prophet may literally be thrown into the Dead Sea, or lake of fire, which will most likely be on fire after the earthquake opens the Dead Sea up again, and it catches fire due to all the trapped gases).

v 21… And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of him who sat upon the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh (in the wedding supper, believers go to eat. In the feast of Leviathan, the unbelievers are the supper and eaten-Ezek 29.3-5; 32.1-6; Isa 27.1; Luke 17.33-37).

Posted in Idioms, Phrases and Concepts, Prophecy/Eschatology, Tying into the New Testament, Verse-by-Verse Bible Studies

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